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Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) Malaysian Health Technology Assessment (MaHTAS) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Malaysian Health Technology Assessment (MaHTAS). Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal (...) Support (HPS) . Putrajaya: Malaysian Health Technology Assessment (MaHTAS). 2014 Authors' objectives To review evidence on the safety, efficacy/effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Colorec Bowel Aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) for the prevention and treatment of patients with constipation, haemorrhoid and anal fissure. Authors' conclusions There were three retrievable articles (one randomised controlled trial, one non-randomised controlled trial and one pre and post intervention study
The use, prevalence and potential benefits of a diary as a therapeutic intervention/tool to aid recovery following critical illness in intensive care: a literature review 25488139 2015 04 24 2015 12 28 2015 04 24 1365-2702 24 9-10 2015 May Journal of clinical nursing J Clin Nurs The use, prevalence and potential benefits of a diary as a therapeutic intervention/tool to aid recovery following critical illness in intensive care: a literature review. 1406-25 10.1111/jocn.12736 To critically
The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model Wilson EC, Emery JD, Kinmonth AL, Prevost AT, Morris HC (...) FM. The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model. Value in Health 2013; 16(2): 356-366 PubMedID DOI Other publications of related interest Walter FM, Morris HC, Humphrys E, et al. Management of suspicious pigmented lesions in primary care: randomised controlled trial of adding a SIAscopic diagnostic aid to best practice. BMJ 2012; 345: e4110. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH
Sleep clinical record: an aid to rapid and accurate diagnosis of paediatric sleep disordered breathing 23018902 2013 06 03 2014 01 29 2015 11 19 1399-3003 41 6 2013 Jun The European respiratory journal Eur. Respir. J. Sleep clinical record: an aid to rapid and accurate diagnosis of paediatric sleep disordered breathing. 1355-61 10.1183/09031936.00215411 Overnight polysomnography (PSG) is an expensive procedure which can only be used in a minority of cases, although it remains the gold standard
Decision Making in Prostate Cancer Screening Using Decision Aids vs Usual Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial 23896732 2013 12 31 2014 01 16 2016 12 15 2168-6114 173 18 2013 Oct 14 JAMA internal medicine JAMA Intern Med Decision making in prostate cancer screening using decision aids vs usual care: a randomized clinical trial. 1704-12 The conflicting recommendations for prostate cancer (PCa) screening and the mixed messages communicated to the public about screening effectiveness make it critical (...) to assist men in making informed decisions. To assess the effectiveness of 2 decision aids in helping men make informed PCa screening decisions. A racially diverse group of male outpatients aged 45 to 70 years from 3 sites were interviewed by telephone at baseline, 1 month, and 13 months, from 2007 through 2011. We conducted intention-to-treat univariate analyses and multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for baseline outcome measures. Random assignment to print-based decision
Patient decision aids for cancer treatment: are there any alternatives? Patient decision aids for cancer treatment: are there any alternatives? Patient decision aids for cancer treatment: are there any alternatives? Spiegle G, Al-Sukhni E, Schmocker S, Gagliardi AR, Victor JC, Baxter NN, Kennedy ED CRD summary This well-conducted review concluded that patient decision aids and other decision support interventions for cancer treatment were similar in effectiveness. These conclusions reflected (...) the evidence presented. Although the methods of synthesis were appropriate, the high or unclear risk of bias associated with many trials and the few patient characteristics reported mean that the conclusions should be interpreted with caution. Authors' objectives To identify types of decision support interventions for breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung cancer treatments and to compare the effectiveness of these decision support interventions with patient decision aids. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL
The Oswestry Risk Index: an aid in the treatment of metastatic disease of the spine 23365031 2013 01 31 2013 04 04 2016 05 25 2049-4408 95-B 2 2013 Feb The bone & joint journal Bone Joint J The Oswestry Risk Index: an aid in the treatment of metastatic disease of the spine. 210-6 10.1302/0301-620X.95B2.29323 The revised Tokuhashi, Tomita and modified Bauer scores are commonly used to make difficult decisions in the management of patients presenting with spinal metastases. A prospective cohort
Effect of HIV infection on pregnancy-related mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: secondary analyses of pooled community-based data from the network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA). BACKGROUND: Model-based estimates of the global proportions of maternal deaths that are in HIV-infected women range from 7% to 21%, and the effects of HIV on the risk of maternal death is highly uncertain. We used longitudinal data from the Analysing Longitudinal Population (...) -based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA) network to estimate the excess mortality associated with HIV during pregnancy and the post-partum period in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: The ALPHA network pooled data gathered between June, 1989 and April, 2012 in six community-based studies in eastern and southern Africa with HIV serological surveillance and verbal-autopsy reporting. Deaths occurring during pregnancy and up to 42 days post partum were defined as pregnancy related. Pregnant or post-partum person
The medical use of cannabis for reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS. BACKGROUND: The use of cannabis (marijuana) or of its psychoactive ingredient delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as a medicine has been highly contested in many settings.There have been claims that smoked or ingested cannabis, either in its natural form or artificial form (pharmaceutically manufactured drug such as dronabinol), improves the appetites of people with AIDS, results in weight gain and lifts (...) mood, thus improving the quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review were to assess whether cannabis (in its natural or artificially produced form), either smoked or ingested, decreases the morbidity or mortality of patients infected with HIV. SEARCH METHODS: The search strategy was conducted to July 2012 and was based on that of the Cochrane HIV/AIDS Review Group. We searched the following databases: CENTRAL/CCTR, MEDLINE and EMBASE. In addition, searching was performed where
Short-term outcomes of screening mammography using computer-aided detection: a population-based study of medicare enrollees. BACKGROUND: Computer-aided detection (CAD) has rapidly diffused into screening mammography practice despite limited and conflicting data on its clinical effect. OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between CAD use during screening mammography and the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive breast cancer, invasive cancer stage, and diagnostic testing
Clinical prediction model to aid emergency doctors managing febrile children at risk of serious bacterial infections: diagnostic study. OBJECTIVE: To derive, cross validate, and externally validate a clinical prediction model that assesses the risks of different serious bacterial infections in children with fever at the emergency department. DESIGN: Prospective observational diagnostic study. SETTING: Three paediatric emergency care units: two in the Netherlands and one in the United Kingdom
Mimics of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy â€“ Diagnostic Clues to Aid Early Identification of Phenocopies 26835038 2016 02 02 2018 11 13 2050-3369 2 1 2013 Apr Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev Mimics of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - Diagnostic Clues to Aid Early Identification of Phenocopies. 36-40 10.15420/aer.2013.2.1.36 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cause of cardiomyopathy worldwide. Significant advances and widespread availability
Decision aid tools to support women's decision making in pregnancy and birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis Decision aid tools to support women's decision making in pregnancy and birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis Decision aid tools to support women's decision making in pregnancy and birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis Dugas M, Shorten A, Dube E, Wassef M, Bujold E, Chaillet N CRD summary This review found that decision-aid tools had different potential to effectively (...) assist health professionals in providing information to pregnant women and provided support in shared decision-making. The small effect sizes for each tool type and lack of information on outcome measurements means that the reliability of the authors' conclusions is unclear. Authors' objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of different decision-aid tools to support the decision making in pregnancy and birth. Searching Ten databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and DARE were searched for studies
Changes in plasma HIV RNA levels and CD4+ lymphocyte counts predict both response to antiretroviral therapy and therapeutic failure. VA Cooperative Study Group on AIDS. Changes in plasma HIV RNA levels ... preview & related info | Mendeley E-mail address Password ( ) Remember me …or sign in with Search Main Navigation › Short URL Annals of Internal Medicine ( 1997 ) Volume: 126 , Issue: 12 , Pages: 939-945 PubMed: Available from or Find this paper at: Abstract BACKGROUND: Markers are needed (...) for assessing response to antiretroviral therapy over time. The CD4+ lymphocyte count is one such surrogate, but it is relatively weak. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of changes in plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA level and CD4+ lymphocyte count with progression to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). DESIGN: Analysis of data from a subset of patients in a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial. SETTING: Six Veterans Affairs medical centers and one U.S. Army medical center
Anemia and erythropoiesis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and Kaposi sarcoma treated with zidovudine. Anemia and erythropoiesis in pati... preview & related info | Mendeley E-mail address Password ( ) Remember me …or sign in with Search Main Navigation › Short URL Annals of Internal Medicine ( 1988 ) Volume: 108 , Issue: 3 , Pages: 372-376 PubMed: Available from or Find this paper at: Abstract We evaluated the development of anemia as part of a trial of zidovudine (...) therapy in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with Kaposi sarcoma. Patients were randomized to one of three treatment groups or a placebo group. Transfusion-requiring anemia (hemoglobin less than 100 g/L) developed in 6 of 15 patients on zidovudine therapy at a mean of 6 weeks after starting treatment. A fall in the reticulocyte count was the earliest peripheral blood indicator of toxicity. Mean corpuscular volume increased markedly in patients on zidovudine therapy
Effects of testosterone and exercise on muscle leanness in eugonadal men with AIDS wasting. Effects of testosterone and exerc... preview & related info | Mendeley E-mail address Password ( ) Remember me …or sign in with Search Main Navigation › Short URL Annals of Internal Medicine ( 2000 ) Volume: 133 , Issue: 6 , Pages: 2166-2171 PubMed: Available from or Find this paper at: Abstract Loss of lean body and muscle mass characterizes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) wasting syndrome (...) tomography varies inversely with whole body fat and increases with testosterone and training. Anabolic therapy in these patients increases muscle leanness. Related papers S Grinspoon , C Corcoran , K Parlman , M Costello , D Rosenthal , E Anderson , et al. in Annals of Internal Medicine (2000) 4 readers G J Wagner , J G Rabkin in International journal of STD AIDS (1998) 2 readers R Tricker , R Casaburi , T W Storer , B Clevenger , N Berman , A Shirazi , in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology
Early or deferred zidovudine therapy in HIV-infected patients without an AIDS-defining illness. Early or deferred zidovudine ther... preview & related info | Mendeley E-mail address Password ( ) Remember me …or sign in with Search Main Navigation › Short URL Annals of Internal Medicine ( 1995 ) Volume: 122 , Issue: 11 , Pages: 856-866 PubMed: Available from or Find this paper at: Abstract PURPOSE: To do a meta-analysis on the efficacy of early or deferred zidovudine monotherapy in patients (...) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection but not the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). DATA SOURCES: Articles on zidovudine monotherapy published through May 1994. STUDY SELECTION: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials addressing the efficacy of zidovudine monotherapy in HIV-infected persons without an AIDS-defining illness. DATA EXTRACTION: Progression to any primary trial end point; any clinical end point; and AIDS or death. Data were stratified according to disease stage at study entry