Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

101. Current knowledge of burn injury first aid practices and applied traditional remedies: a nationwide survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Current knowledge of burn injury first aid practices and applied traditional remedies: a nationwide survey Burn first aid awareness has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. We present a report on the knowledge and practices of the Saudi population with regard to burn first aid and the application of traditional remedies.An internet-based survey was conducted to assess the public's knowledge on first aid practices and home remedies applied for burn injuries among Saudi adults.A total (...) of 2758 individuals responded to the survey. There were 1178 (42.7 %) respondents who had previously received burn first aid information. One thousand five hundred fifty respondents had a history of burn exposure in which burn injury first aid was applied as follows: 1118 (72.1 %) removed clothing and accessories from the injured area; water was applied by 990 (63.9 %); among those who applied water, 877 (88.6 %) applied cold water; and only 57 (5.8 %) did so for more than 15 min. Wrapping the burn

2016 Burns & trauma

102. Lateral Cephalometric Measurements Aid in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

Lateral Cephalometric Measurements Aid in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) UTCAT3104, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Lateral Cephalometric Measurements Aid in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Clinical Question In adult and adolescent patients, will lateral cephalometric measurements compared to polysomnography provide enough information for OSA diagnosis? Clinical Bottom Line Lateral

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

103. Gendered differences in AIDS and AIDS-related cause of death among youth with secondary education in South Africa, 2009–2011 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gendered differences in AIDS and AIDS-related cause of death among youth with secondary education in South Africa, 2009–2011 The prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is higher among females than males in Sub-Saharan Africa. Education is associated with better health outcomes. For this and other reasons, African countries have made a concerted effort to increase youth education rates. However, in South Africa males have lower secondary (...) education rates than females, yet females have a higher prevalence of HIV/AIDS. This study examines if a gender disparity exists in AIDS mortality rates among youth with secondary education in South Africa.This study uses descriptive statistics and life table techniques. A sample of 4386 deaths of youth with secondary education is used. Of this total sample, 987 deaths were among males and 340 were among females with secondary education.This study shows that AIDS mortality is higher among females than

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

104. The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage on strategies to end the AIDS epidemic Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage on strategies to end the AIDS epidemic 28924622 2018 11 13 2468-2667 1 1 2016 Nov The Lancet. Public health Lancet Public Health The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage on strategies to end the AIDS epidemic. e6-e7 10.1016/S2468-2667(16)30007-X Hogg Robert S RS Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Puskas Cathy C Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University (...) , Burnaby, Canada. BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Parashar Surita S Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Montaner Julio S G JSG BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Division of AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. eng R01 DA036307 DA NIDA NIH HHS United States Journal Article 2016 10 12 England Lancet Public Health 101699003 2017

2016 The Lancet. Public health

105. Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS Oral health care of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a growing area of concern, taking into consideration the increased life expectancy of patients resulting from antiretroviral therapy. There is insufficient literature regarding the impact of dental implants in AIDS patients. This study investigated the long-term clinical outcome of implant (...) placement in patients diagnosed with AIDS.This monocentric study included AIDS patients with CD4 <200 cells/μL, age 18 years or older, and a minimum of one edentulous space requiring implant. All patients in the study were undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). HAART includes nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), protease inhibitors (PIs), and integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). Typical treatment

2016 International journal of implant dentistry

106. Measuring and valuing informal care for economic evaluations of HIV/AIDS interventions: methods and application in Malawi Full Text available with Trip Pro

Measuring and valuing informal care for economic evaluations of HIV/AIDS interventions: methods and application in Malawi Economic evaluation studies often neglect the impact of disease and ill health on the social network of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the wider community. An important concern relates to informal care requirements which, for some diseases such as HIV/AIDS, can be substantial.To measure and value informal care provided to PLHIV in Malawi.A modified diary that divided

2016 Value in health regional issues

107. Third-world realities in a first-world setting: A study of the HIV/AIDS-related conditions and risk behaviors of sex trade workers in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada Full Text available with Trip Pro

Third-world realities in a first-world setting: A study of the HIV/AIDS-related conditions and risk behaviors of sex trade workers in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada The transmission and prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among those employed as sex trade workers (STW) is a major public health concern. The present study describes the self-reported responses of 340 STW, at-risk for contracting HIV. The participants were recruited by selective targeting between 2009 and 2010 from (...) descent, without a high school diploma, and had an annual income of less than $10,000. Using multivariate regression analysis, four significant independent risk indicators were associated with STW reporting a greater that 50% chance of acquiring HIV/AIDS, including experiencing sexual assault as a child, injecting drugs in the past four weeks, being homeless, and a previous Chlamydia diagnosis. These findings provide important evidence of the essential sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

108. BAHA© bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss

BAHA© bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss Brito V, Rey-Ares L, Pichon-Riviere A, Augustovski F, García Martí S, Alcaraz A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, López A Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA (...) database. Citation Brito V, Rey-Ares L, Pichon-Riviere A, Augustovski F, García Martí S, Alcaraz A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, López A. BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss. Buenos Aires: Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS). Documentos de Evaluación de Tecnologías Sanitarias, Informe de Respuesta Rápida N° 467. 2016 Authors' conclusions Evidence of low methodological quality shows an improvement in tone perception and word recognition with the use

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

109. The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could

2016 NIHR HTA programme

110. Randomized clinical trial of the use of glyceryl trinitrate patches to aid arteriovenous fistula maturation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Randomized clinical trial of the use of glyceryl trinitrate patches to aid arteriovenous fistula maturation Arteriovenous fistulas are critical for haemodialysis, but maturation rates remain poor. Experimental and anecdotal evidence has supported the use of transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patches. The aim of this RCT was to determine whether use of a GTN patch aids arteriovenous fistula maturation.Patients referred for arteriovenous fistula formation were eligible. The GTN or placebo

2016 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

111. The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study

The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study Hubbard G (...) , Treweek S. The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study. Health Services and Delivery Research 2016; 4(24) Authors' objectives Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors are not meeting the recommended physical activity levels associated with improving their chances of survival and quality of life. Rehabilitation could address this problem. The aims of the Cardiac Rehabilitation In Bowel cancer

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

112. Medical students’ perceptions about the added educational value of student-run HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in the Dominican Republic Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical students’ perceptions about the added educational value of student-run HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in the Dominican Republic This purpose of this report was to examine the perceptions of medical students about the strengths, limitations, and recommendations for improvement of the first known student-run HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in the Dominican Republic (DR), as they relate to the added value applied to their educational training.A retrospective review was conducted (...) on evaluation reports completed by five medical students who coordinated the implementation of three annual HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in five DR communities, between 2012 and 2014. Thematic analysis was used to identify emerging themes related to perceived strengths, limitations, and recommendations for improvement and develop an acronym related to program strengths as value added to medical education.Students highlighted that program strengths were the use of social media technology to facilitate

2016 Global health research and policy

113. Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress

Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress'', 1 July 2016 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress AIDS and tuberculosis still rank among the leading causes of death worldwide (...) . But large-scale access to treatments has enabled a marked reduction in TB- and AIDS-related deaths in the last 15 years. At the end of 2014, about 37 million people worldwide were living with HIV, including 2 million new patients diagnosed during the year. In 2014, 1.2 million people died from an AIDS-related disease. High as these figures are, they reflect a marked improvement in recent years: the annual number of new cases of HIV infection has fallen by 35% since 2000, and the number of deaths has

2016 Prescrire

114. Oral HPV-Associated Papillomatosis in AIDS. (Abstract)

J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections pathology Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome complications Adult HIV-1 Human papillomavirus 11 isolation & purification Human papillomavirus 6 isolation & purification Humans Male Mouth Diseases pathology virology Papillomavirus Infections complications pathology Warts pathology 2016 6 30 6 0 2016 6 30 6 0 2016 7 9 6 0 ppublish 27355537 10.1056/NEJMicm1512047 (...) Oral HPV-Associated Papillomatosis in AIDS. 27355537 2016 07 07 2016 06 30 1533-4406 374 26 2016 Jun 30 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Oral HPV-Associated Papillomatosis in AIDS. 2585 10.1056/NEJMicm1512047 Limeres Posse Jacobo J University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Scully Crispian C University College London, London, United Kingdom crispian.scully@ucl.ac.uk. eng Case Reports Journal Article United States N Engl

2016 NEJM

115. How peer conversations about HIV/AIDS media messages affect comprehension and beliefs of young South African women Full Text available with Trip Pro

How peer conversations about HIV/AIDS media messages affect comprehension and beliefs of young South African women Most existent research on the effects of interpersonal discussions about health campaign messages is based on surveys. In this study, we analysed actual conversations about an HIV/AIDS poster to find out possible effects. Young South African women in 59 dyads (n = 118) participated in conversations about a deliberately puzzling HIV and AIDS poster that cautioned the target group (...) conversation partner increased the chance of acquiring adequate subsequent comprehension. We found, in general, that conversations did not decrease undesirable beliefs. One important undesirable belief even became reinforced after the conversations. Conversations among peers might be valuable in health campaigns, but our study shows that intended positive effects do not automatically follow.

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

116. Influence of HIV/AIDS on Cervical Cancer: A Retrospective Study From Tanzania Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of HIV/AIDS on Cervical Cancer: A Retrospective Study From Tanzania Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in women in Tanzania. Any impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on cervical precancerous lesions and invasive cervical cancer has a significant implication, as for any public health concern, especially in an area such as the Morogoro region in Tanzania, which has one of the highest rates of cervical cancer in the world.A comparative retrospective (...) , the prevalence of extensive or large precancerous lesions was 40.5% in HIV-positive women and 13.5% in HIV-seronegative women. The prevalence of invasive cervical cancer was 8% in HIV-seronegative women and 11% in HIV-positive women. The risk factors for the cervical lesions were HIV-positive status (OR, 6.8; 95% CI, 4.2 to 11.2; P < .001) and being older than 30 years of age (OR, 11.99; 95% CI, 6.86 to 21.21; P < .001).HIV/AIDS has a highly statistically significant association with (P < .001) and a great

2016 Journal of global oncology

117. Living Day by Day: The Meaning of Living With HIV/AIDS Among Women in Lebanon Full Text available with Trip Pro

Living Day by Day: The Meaning of Living With HIV/AIDS Among Women in Lebanon We examined the meaning of living with HIV/AIDS among women in Lebanon. Ten women living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) described their experiences via semistructured in-depth interviews. They navigated a process of HIV diagnosis acceptance that incorporated six overlapping elements: receiving the news, accessing care, starting treatment, navigating disclosure decisions, negotiating stigma, and maintaining stability. Through (...) of living with HIV/AIDS among women in a Middle Eastern country.

2016 Global qualitative nursing research

118. Difficulties facing healthcare workers in the era of AIDS treatment in Lesotho Full Text available with Trip Pro

Difficulties facing healthcare workers in the era of AIDS treatment in Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa is most affected by the AIDS pandemic and Lesotho is no exception. In many countries, healthcare workers are at the forefront of the fight against AIDS. This study explores the difficulties facing healthcare workers in Lesotho using a combination of qualitative methods--focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. The findings suggest that healthcare workers are afraid of contracting HIV from (...) the AIDS pandemic facing the continent.

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

119. ‘Public enemy no. 1’: Tobacco industry funding for the AIDS response Full Text available with Trip Pro

‘Public enemy no. 1’: Tobacco industry funding for the AIDS response This article analyzes the history of tobacco industry funding for the AIDS response - a largely ignored aspect of private donor involvement. Primary documents from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and AIDS organizations are analyzed, alongside existing literature on the tobacco control and AIDS responses. Research on the tactics of transnational tobacco companies has documented how they have used various charitable (...) causes to subvert tobacco control efforts and influence public health policy. This raises questions, which this paper seeks to answer, about if donations by tobacco companies to AIDS organizations have been used for similar means, and if so how AIDS organizations have responded to tobacco industry overtures. Two examples illustrate how tobacco companies initially tried to use the AIDS response to counter tobacco control measures: (1) During the 1990s, Philip Morris, one of the largest corporate

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

120. Effectiveness of braces designed using computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and finite element simulation compared to CAD/CAM only for the conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of braces designed using computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and finite element simulation compared to CAD/CAM only for the conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Clinical assessment of immediate in-brace effect of braces designed using CAD/CAM and FEM vs. only CAD/CAM for conservative treatment of AIS, using a randomized blinded and controlled study design.Forty AIS patients were prospectively recruited

2016 European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain