Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

81. Social capital and HIV/AIDS in the United States: Knowledge, gaps, and future directions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Social capital and HIV/AIDS in the United States: Knowledge, gaps, and future directions Social capital is a well-established predictor of several behavioral health outcomes. However, we know less about the relationship with prevention, transmission, and treatment of HIV/AIDS outcomes in the United States (US).In 2017, we conducted a scoping review of empirical studies investigating the relationships between social capital and HIV/AIDS in the US by searching PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Web (...) of Science, and Sociological Abstracts with no restriction on publication date, for articles in English language. Sample search terms included: HIV infections OR HIV OR AIDS OR acquired immunodeficiency syndrome OR human immunodeficiency virus AND social capital OR social control, informal OR social participation OR social cohesion OR generalized trust OR social trust OR collective efficacy OR community mob* OR civic participation.We identified 1581 unique manuscripts and reviewed 13 based on eligibility

2018 SSM - population health

82. Reading aids for adults with low vision. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reading aids for adults with low vision. The purpose of low-vision rehabilitation is to allow people to resume or to continue to perform daily living tasks, with reading being one of the most important. This is achieved by providing appropriate optical devices and special training in the use of residual-vision and low-vision aids, which range from simple optical magnifiers to high-magnification video magnifiers.To assess the effects of different visual reading aids for adults with low vision.We (...) searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register) (2017, Issue 12); MEDLINE Ovid; Embase Ovid; BIREME LILACS, OpenGrey, the ISRCTN registry; ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP). The date of the search was 17 January 2018.This review includes randomised and quasi-randomised trials that compared any device or aid used for reading to another

2018 Cochrane

83. Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spending on health and HIV/AIDS: domestic health spending and development assistance in 188 countries, 1995-2015. Comparable estimates of health spending are crucial for the assessment of health systems and to optimally deploy health resources. The methods used to track health spending continue to evolve, but little is known about the distribution of spending across diseases. We developed improved estimates of health spending by source, including development assistance for health (...) , and, for the first time, estimated HIV/AIDS spending on prevention and treatment and by source of funding, for 188 countries.We collected published data on domestic health spending, from 1995 to 2015, from a diverse set of international agencies. We tracked development assistance for health from 1990 to 2017. We also extracted 5385 datapoints about HIV/AIDS spending, between 2000 and 2015, from online databases, country reports, and proposals submitted to multilateral organisations. We used spatiotemporal

2018 Lancet

84. Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries

Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries Discover Portal Discover Portal Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries Published on 15 February 2018 doi: The diabetes drug metformin may help women with polycystic ovarian syndrome who are having problems getting pregnant, but it is unclear whether it works better than an alternative fertility drug that stimulates the ovaries. This study updates

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

85. Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions

Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions Discover Portal Discover Portal Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions Published on 15 September 2016 doi: New, long-term research indicates that active monitoring, with prompt treatment if needed, may be a better option than radical surgery or radiotherapy

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

86. Identification of the necessary data elements to report AIDS: a systematic review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Identification of the necessary data elements to report AIDS: a systematic review. The main focus of the surveillance system of AIDS in Iran is on direct clinical care for HIV, and other supportive facilities and secondary programmes have been somewhat neglected. Creating templates for reporting AIDS in Iran that can fulfil the needs of all information stakeholders, is a necessity for the Public Health Information Exchange (PHIE) system.The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive (...) reporting template of the PHIE system for HIV/AIDS in Iran.This study was performed in 2017. Through a systematic review of the Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed databases and Google Scholar search engine from 2000 to 2016, the necessary data elements are identified by the main keywords of the "Minimum Data Set" and HIV / AIDS collection.As many as 28 studies were enrolled in the research. The MDS was designed for the following categories: 1) administrative, managerial, and policy-makers

2018 Electronic physician

87. Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial

Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Kenning C, Lovell K, Hann M, Agius R, Bee P E, Chew-Graham C, Coventry P A, van der Feltz-Cornelis C M, Gilbody S, Hardy G, Kellett S (...) , Kessler D, McMillan D, Reeves D, Rick J, Sutton M & Bower P Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Kenning C, Lovell K, Hann M, Agius R, Bee P E, Chew-Graham C, Coventry P A, van der Feltz-Cornelis C M, Gilbody S, Hardy G, Kellett S, Kessler D, McMillan D, Reeves D, Rick J, Sutton M & Bower P. Collaborative case management to aid return

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

88. Cross-country Association of Press Freedom and LGBT freedom with prevalence of persons living with HIV: implication for global strategy against HIV/AIDS Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cross-country Association of Press Freedom and LGBT freedom with prevalence of persons living with HIV: implication for global strategy against HIV/AIDS Human behaviors are affected by attitudes and beliefs, which in turn are shaped by higher-level values to which we have ascribed. In this study, we explore the relationship between two higher-level values, press freedom and LGBT freedom, and HIV infection with national data at the population level.Data were the number of persons living with HIV

2018 Global health research and policy

89. End-of-Life Care Patient Decision Aids - Call for Submissions for Certification

End-of-Life Care Patient Decision Aids - Call for Submissions for Certification I not a bot. Resume. Are you not a robot? Click on the button to continue: I not a bot. Resume.

2018 MedicalVideos

90. Accounting for youth audiences’ resistances to HIV and AIDS messages in the television drama Tsha Tsha in South Africa Full Text available with Trip Pro

Accounting for youth audiences’ resistances to HIV and AIDS messages in the television drama Tsha Tsha in South Africa Theoretical debates and literature on E-E efforts in Africa have largely focussed on understanding how and why interventions on HIV and AIDS are effective in influencing behaviour change among target communities. Very few studies have sought to investigate and understand why a substantial number of targeted audiences resist the preferred readings that are encoded into E-E (...) interventions on HIV and AIDS. Using cultural studies as its conceptual framework and reception analysis as its methodology, this study investigated and accounted for the oppositional readings that subaltern black South African youths negotiate from Tsha Tsha, an E-E television drama on HIV and AIDS in South Africa. Results from the study show that HIV and AIDS messages in Tsha Tsha face substantial resistances from situated youth viewers whose social contexts of consumption, shared identities, quotidian

2018 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

91. HIV/AIDS and older adults in Cameroon: Emerging issues and implications for caregiving and policy-making Full Text available with Trip Pro

HIV/AIDS and older adults in Cameroon: Emerging issues and implications for caregiving and policy-making The burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the elderly population in three divisions within the Northwest Region of Cameroon was examined. Data for this paper were extracted from a larger study which had been conducted concerning the burden of HIV infection and AIDS on the older adults in the Northwest Region of Cameroon (...) . Using in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), data were collected from 36 participants who were purposively selected from the three divisions which had been chosen randomly. 6 FGD sessions were held with 30 women aged 60 years and above and who were affected by HIV infection and AIDS, while IDIs sessions were held with 6 male community leaders. The results revealed that HIV infection and AIDS has added another dimension to the role of older persons. HIV infection and AIDS

2018 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

92. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening]

[Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Cologne: Institut fuer Qualitaet und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). IQWiG-Berichte

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

93. [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01]

[Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1. [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Cologne

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

94. Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial

Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above

2018 NIHR HTA programme

95. Development and External Validation of an Automated Computer-Aided Risk Score for Predicting Sepsis in Emergency Medical Admissions Using the Patient`s First Electronically Recorded Vital Signs and Blood Test Results Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development and External Validation of an Automated Computer-Aided Risk Score for Predicting Sepsis in Emergency Medical Admissions Using the Patient`s First Electronically Recorded Vital Signs and Blood Test Results To develop a logistic regression model to predict the risk of sepsis following emergency medical admission using the patient's first, routinely collected, electronically recorded vital signs and blood test results and to validate this novel computer-aided risk of sepsis model (...) ; Northern Lincolnshire and Goole Hospital: 21.4% = 612/2,864). The C-statistic for computer-aided risk of sepsis in York Hospital (all sepsis 0.78; sepsis: 0.73; severe sepsis: 0.80) was similar in an external hospital setting (Northern Lincolnshire and Goole Hospital: all sepsis 0.79; sepsis: 0.70; severe sepsis: 0.81). A cutoff value of 0.2 gives reasonable performance.We have developed a novel, externally validated computer-aided risk of sepsis, with reasonably good performance for estimating

2018 EvidenceUpdates

96. Cryptococcal choroiditis in advanced AIDS with clinicopathologic correlation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cryptococcal choroiditis in advanced AIDS with clinicopathologic correlation To describe a case of disseminated cryptococcal meningitis with multifocal choroiditis and provide optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings correlated with described histopathology in a patient with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).The patient was a 54-year-old man with AIDS who presented with dyspnea and headache followed by acute vision loss. OCT demonstrated a lesion with a small area of fluid (...) of cryptococcal choroiditis and provides a review of the updated treatment recommendations for disseminated infection in a patient with advanced AIDS. Although currently fundoscopy has proven most useful in directing the diagnostic algorithm in choroiditis in the setting of advanced immunosuppression, OCT may provide insight into the spread of Cryptococcus within the eye.

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

97. To determine the effectiveness of training interventions for informal caregivers of older people to aid in their rehabilitation and recovery following hospital admission

To determine the effectiveness of training interventions for informal caregivers of older people to aid in their rehabilitation and recovery following hospital admission Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation

2018 PROSPERO

98. Magnitude and causes of first line antiretroviral therapy regimen change among HIV/AIDS patients in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Magnitude and causes of first line antiretroviral therapy regimen change among HIV/AIDS patients in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2018 PROSPERO

99. Disparities in retention in care among adults living with HIV/AIDS: protocol for a systematic review

Disparities in retention in care among adults living with HIV/AIDS: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2018 PROSPERO

100. A systematic review of the definitions of the communication techniques, approaches, and aids used by health professionals during interactions with patients who do not have specific communication disabilities

A systematic review of the definitions of the communication techniques, approaches, and aids used by health professionals during interactions with patients who do not have specific communication disabilities Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2018 PROSPERO