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Top results for aids

41. Deep learning for cardiac computer-aided diagnosis: benefits, issues & solutions

Deep learning for cardiac computer-aided diagnosis: benefits, issues & solutions 29184897 2018 11 13 2306-9740 3 2017 mHealth Mhealth Deep learning for cardiac computer-aided diagnosis: benefits, issues & solutions. 45 10.21037/mhealth.2017.09.01 Cardiovascular diseases are one of the top causes of deaths worldwide. In developing nations and rural areas, difficulties with diagnosis and treatment are made worse due to the deficiency of healthcare facilities. A viable solution to this issue (...) is telemedicine, which involves delivering health care and sharing medical knowledge at a distance. Additionally, mHealth, the utilization of mobile devices for medical care, has also proven to be a feasible choice. The integration of telemedicine, mHealth and computer-aided diagnosis systems with the fields of machine and deep learning has enabled the creation of effective services that are adaptable to a multitude of scenarios. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of heart disease

mHealth2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

42. Invisible work: Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS in Central Uganda

Invisible work: Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS in Central Uganda 28969498 2018 07 02 2018 11 13 1813-4424 14 1 2017 12 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance SAHARA J Invisible work: Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS in Central Uganda. 93-109 10.1080/17290376.2017.1379429 HIV/AIDS has led to increased mortality and morbidity, negatively impacting adult labour especially in HIV/AIDS burdened Sub-Saharan Africa (...) . There has been some exploration of the effects of HIV/AIDS on paid child labour, but little empirical work on children's non-paid child work. This paper provides quantitative evidence of how child and household-level factors affect children's involvement in both domestic and family farm work for households with a person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) compared to non-PLWHA households using the 2010/2011 Centre for Health Economics Uganda HIV questionnaire Survey. Descriptive analysis and multivariate

SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

43. Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation

Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation 29201807 2018 11 13 2231-5047 7 2 2017 Jul-Dec Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation. 185-187 10.5005/jp-journals-10018-1246 Spontaneous perforation (...) available, especially in low socioeconomic countries, we hereby report a case of spontaneous common bile duct (CBD) perforation, which was diagnosed preoperatively by estimation of ascitic fluid-to-serum bilirubin ratio, a simple, quick, and cost-effective test. How to cite this article: Huda F, Naithani M, Singh SK, Saha S. Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation. Euroasian J Hepato

Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

44. Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS

Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS 29038705 2018 11 13 2008-5842 9 9 2017 Sep Electronic physician Electron Physician Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. 5250-5256 10.19082/5250 One of the most important public health issues is men's sexual and reproductive health. Men are the most important counterparts in the prevention of sexual transmitted (...) diseases and HIV/AIDS. A low level of men's referral to utilize healthcare services and the stigmatization of reporting sexually transmitted diseases in society due to cultural issues calls for the designation of strategies for improving the men's healthcare conditions. In addition, it is required to assess men's healthcare needs with consideration of cultural-contextual, social, and economic issues. The aim of this study was to explore the reproductive healthcare needs of men regarding sexual

Electronic physician2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

45. Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: Perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution

Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: Perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution 28934916 2018 07 02 2018 11 13 1813-4424 14 1 2017 12 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance SAHARA J Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: Perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution. 77-84 10.1080/17290376.2017.1374878 The prevention of HIV and AIDS (...) , especially amongst young people, is very important, as they are the future leaders. South Africa carries a high burden of the HIV and AIDS disease, and efforts at the prevention of the disease need to be intensified. University students are also at risk, and prevention efforts need to be intensified to ensure that students graduate and enter the world of work to become productive citizens. Failure to pay attention to preventative behaviour amongst university students may have negative socio-economic

SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

46. Contemporary HIV/AIDS research: Insights from knowledge management theory

Contemporary HIV/AIDS research: Insights from knowledge management theory 28922967 2018 07 02 2018 11 13 1813-4424 14 1 2017 12 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance SAHARA J Contemporary HIV/AIDS research: Insights from knowledge management theory. 53-63 10.1080/17290376.2017.1375426 Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has (...) of the Witwatersrand , Johannesburg , South Africa. eng Journal Article Review South Africa SAHARA J 101226212 1729-0376 IM X SAHARA J. 2016;13:53-9 27128878 AIDS. 2008 Jul 31;22(12):1411-5 18614863 Br Med Bull. 2015 Sep;115(1):67-76 26307550 JAMA. 1995 Jul 5;274(1):35-43 7791256 AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1997 May 1;13(7):529-31 9135870 Big Data. 2013 Jun;1(2):85-99 27442063 Psychol Sci. 2011 Jan;22(1):34-8 21148457 Retrovirology. 2009 Mar 09;6:27 19272145 SAHARA J. 2016;13:8-16 26781444 SAHARA J. 2016;13:17-34

SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

47. TLR5 signaling in murine bone marrow induces hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation and aids survival from radiation

TLR5 signaling in murine bone marrow induces hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation and aids survival from radiation 29296826 2018 11 13 2473-9529 1 21 2017 Sep 26 Blood advances Blood Adv TLR5 signaling in murine bone marrow induces hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation and aids survival from radiation. 1796-1806 10.1182/bloodadvances.2017006981 Administration of the bacterial protein flagellin to mice activates innate immune signaling that protects against an array of challenges (...) , including ionizing radiation. Herein, we define the underlying mechanism for this protection. We report that flagellin treatment induces proliferation and mobilization of bone marrow cells that aid survival following irradiation. Specifically, treatment of mice or bone marrow cells ex vivo with flagellin induced Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5)-dependent and NOD-like receptor C4-independent proliferation of Lin - Sca-1 + Kit + (LSK) cells, which includes both hematopoietic stem cells that provide long-term

Blood advances2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

48. New Opportunities in Exposure Assessment of Occupational Epidemiology: Use of Measurements to Aid Exposure Reconstruction in Population-Based Studies

New Opportunities in Exposure Assessment of Occupational Epidemiology: Use of Measurements to Aid Exposure Reconstruction in Population-Based Studies 28695485 2018 05 23 2018 11 13 2196-5412 4 3 2017 09 Current environmental health reports Curr Environ Health Rep New Opportunities in Exposure Assessment of Occupational Epidemiology: Use of Measurements to Aid Exposure Reconstruction in Population-Based Studies. 355-363 10.1007/s40572-017-0153-0 Exposure assessment efforts in population-based

Current environmental health reports2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

49. Spotlight: Pneumocystis Pneumonia in a Patient Without AIDS, A Clinical Vignette

Spotlight: Pneumocystis Pneumonia in a Patient Without AIDS, A Clinical Vignette Spotlight: Pneumocystis Pneumonia in a Patient Without AIDS, A Clinical Vignette | Clinical Correlations Spotlight: Pneumocystis Pneumonia in a Patient Without AIDS, A Clinical Vignette September 20, 2017 By Martin Fried, MD Peer reviewed Learning Objectives Why does impaired cellular immunity increase the risk for Pneumocystis jiroveci Pneumonia (PJP)? How do acquired humoral immune deficiencies, such as the use (...) weeks appears to be the MSKCC prophylactic policy that is then referenced-forward. Summary : Pneumocystis pneumonia is a life-threatening infection that was first recognized in the HIV-infected population. In the early days of the AIDS epidemic the prevalence of PCP in patients with low CD4+ T cell counts helped us understand the importance of cellular immunity in controlling the infection. The observed clinical differences between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients with PCP clarified the role

Clinical Correlations2017

50. Do Less Harm: Evaluating HIV Programmatic Alternatives in Response to Cutbacks in Foreign Aid.

Do Less Harm: Evaluating HIV Programmatic Alternatives in Response to Cutbacks in Foreign Aid. Background: Resource-limited nations must consider their response to potential contractions in international support for HIV programs. Objective: To evaluate the clinical, epidemiologic, and budgetary consequences of alternative HIV program scale-back strategies in 2 recipient nations, the Republic of South Africa (RSA) and Côte d'Ivoire (CI). Design: Model-based comparison between current standard (...) of budget cuts are not yet known, nor is the degree to which other international partners might step in to restore budget shortfalls. Conclusion: Scaling back international aid to HIV programs will have severe adverse clinical consequences; for similar economic savings, certain programmatic scale-back choices result in less harm than others. Primary Funding Source: National Institutes of Health and Steve and Deborah Gorlin MGH Research Scholars Award.

Annals of Internal Medicine2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

51. Molecular Diagnostics for AIDS Lymphoma Diagnosis in South Africa and the Potential for Other Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Molecular Diagnostics for AIDS Lymphoma Diagnosis in South Africa and the Potential for Other Low- and Middle-Income Countries 30241211 2018 12 07 2378-9506 4 2018 Sep Journal of global oncology J Glob Oncol Molecular Diagnostics for AIDS Lymphoma Diagnosis in South Africa and the Potential for Other Low- and Middle-Income Countries. 1-6 10.1200/JGO.17.00043 Vogt Samantha L SL Samantha L. Vogt and Richard Ambinder, Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD; Moosa (...) Mar;2(1):42-9 8287225 N Engl J Med. 1983 Dec 29;309(26):1593-9 6417538 Oncotarget. 2017 Jan 31;8(5):8765-8774 28060738 Lancet Infect Dis. 2013 Apr;13(4):349-61 23531388 PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e47542 23094059 Blood. 2010 Apr 15;115(15):3017-24 20130244 J Clin Oncol. 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4123-8 16896005 Lancet Oncol. 2015 May;16(5):541-9 25842160 J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Mar 1;56(3):292-5 21317587 AIDS Res Ther. 2017 Mar 14;14(1):13 28292305 Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Jun;14(6):527-32 24438820 Int

Journal of global oncology2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

52. Patient Decision Aids to Engage Adults in Treatment or Screening Decisions.

Patient Decision Aids to Engage Adults in Treatment or Screening Decisions. Clinical Question: Are patient decision aids (PtDAs) associated with (1) improved decision quality defined as a decision informed by the evidence and a value-based decision; (2) improved decision-making processes defined as feeling informed, defining clear values related to the decision, and active participation in making the decision; and (3) better patient and health system outcomes compared with either usual care (...) or a non-PtDA intervention? Bottom Line: Patient decision aids are associated with improved decision quality and decision-making processes without worse patient or health system outcomes.

JAMA2017

53. Does foreign aid crowd out government investments? Evidence from rural health centres in Rwanda

Does foreign aid crowd out government investments? Evidence from rural health centres in Rwanda 29082015 2018 11 13 2059-7908 2 3 2017 BMJ global health BMJ Glob Health Does foreign aid crowd out government investments? Evidence from rural health centres in Rwanda. e000364 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000364 Rural healthcare facilities in low-income countries play a major role in providing primary care to rural populations. We examined the link of foreign aid with government investments and medical (...) multilevel random-effects model in regression analyses and examined the robustness of results to a range of alternative specification, including scale of dependent variables, estimation methods and timing of aid effects. Both government and foreign donors increased their direct investments in the 330 rural healthcare centres during the period. Foreign aid was positively associated with government investments (0.13, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.19) in rural health centres. Aid in the previous year was positively

BMJ global health2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

54. Exploring the perception of aid organizations’ staff about factors affecting management of mass casualty traffic incidents in Iran: a grounded theory study

Exploring the perception of aid organizations’ staff about factors affecting management of mass casualty traffic incidents in Iran: a grounded theory study 28894534 2018 11 13 2008-5842 9 7 2017 Jul Electronic physician Electron Physician Exploring the perception of aid organizations' staff about factors affecting management of mass casualty traffic incidents in Iran: a grounded theory study. 4773-4779 10.19082/4773 Traffic incidents are of main health issues all around the world and cause (...) purposively selected experienced managers, paramedics and staff of aid organizations in different provinces of Iran in 2016. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in order to develop the theory. The transcribed interviews were analyzed through open, axial and selective coding. Despite the recent and relatively good improvements in facilities and management procedure of mass casualty traffic incidents in Iran, several problems such as lack of coordination, lack of centralized and integrated command

Electronic physician2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

55. Personal Sound Amplification Products vs a Conventional Hearing Aid for Speech Understanding in Noise

Personal Sound Amplification Products vs a Conventional Hearing Aid for Speech Understanding in Noise 28672306 2017 08 22 2018 11 13 1538-3598 318 1 2017 07 04 JAMA JAMA Personal Sound Amplification Products vs a Conventional Hearing Aid for Speech Understanding in Noise. 89-90 10.1001/jama.2017.6905 Reed Nicholas S NS Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Betz Joshua J Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg (...) States Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA. 2017 Nov 14;318(18):1831 29136438 Aged Aged, 80 and over Equipment Design Female Hearing Aids Hearing Loss rehabilitation Humans Male Middle Aged Speech Perception 2017 7 4 6 0 2017 7 4 6 0 2017 8 23 6 0 ppublish 28672306 2635618 10.1001/jama.2017.6905 PMC5817472 Ear Hear. 2012 Jan-Feb;33(1):112-7 21829134 Arch Intern Med. 2012 Feb 13;172(3):292-3

JAMA2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

56. Clinical Calculator for Early Mortality in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: An Analysis of Patients From 28 Clinical Trials in the Aide et Recherche en Cancerologie Digestive Database

Clinical Calculator for Early Mortality in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: An Analysis of Patients From 28 Clinical Trials in the Aide et Recherche en Cancerologie Digestive Database 28414610 2017 04 17 2017 06 24 1527-7755 35 17 2017 Jun 10 Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology J. Clin. Oncol. Clinical Calculator for Early Mortality in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: An Analysis of Patients From 28 Clinical Trials in the Aide et Recherche en (...) Cancérologie Digestive Database. 1929-1937 10.1200/JCO.2016.71.5771 Purpose Factors contributing to early mortality after initiation of treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer are poorly understood. Materials and Methods Data from 22,654 patients enrolled in 28 randomized phase III trials contained in the ARCAD (Aide et Recherche en Cancérologie Digestive) database were pooled. Multivariable logistic regression models for 30-, 60-, and 90-day mortality were constructed, including clinically

EvidenceUpdates2017

57. Addressing varenicline adherence through repackaging in a dose administration aid

Addressing varenicline adherence through repackaging in a dose administration aid 29354559 2018 11 13 2230-5254 6 2017 Integrated pharmacy research & practice Integr Pharm Res Pract Addressing varenicline adherence through repackaging in a dose administration aid. 131-135 10.2147/IPRP.S132091 Ensuring adherence to prescribed smoking cessation medications, such as Champix ® (varenicline), is essential during a quit attempt as non-adherence can significantly reduce the likelihood of achieving (...) prolonged smoking abstinence. The use of dose administration aids may improve adherence, though medication stability on repackaging is not guaranteed, due to a lack of available data from manufacturers supporting this practice. To determine the suitability for repackaging varenicline tartrate tablets into a dose administration aid, by assessing its physical and chemical stability after being repackaged and stored at ambient conditions for 6 weeks. Varenicline tartrate (1.0 mg) tablets were repackaged

Integrated pharmacy research & practice2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

58. The Use of Transdermal Buprenorphine Patches in Aiding in Opioid Withdrawal: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

The Use of Transdermal Buprenorphine Patches in Aiding in Opioid Withdrawal: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines The Use of Transdermal Buprenorphine Patches in Aiding in Opioid Withdrawal: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need The Use of Transdermal Buprenorphine Patches in Aiding in Opioid Withdrawal: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines The Use of Transdermal Buprenorphine Patches in Aiding in Opioid Withdrawal: Clinical Effectiveness (...) and Guidelines Published on: June 8, 2017 Project Number: RA0911-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness regarding the use of buprenorphine patches for aiding in opioid withdrawal prior to starting a patient on buprenorphine/naloxone? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of buprenorphine patches for aiding in opioid withdrawal prior to starting a patient on buprenorphine/naloxone? Key Message One non

Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review2017

59. Effect of Combined Patient Decision Aid and Patient Navigation vs Usual Care for Colorectal Cancer Screening in a Vulnerable Patient Population: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Combined Patient Decision Aid and Patient Navigation vs Usual Care for Colorectal Cancer Screening in a Vulnerable Patient Population: A Randomized Clinical Trial 28505217 2017 05 15 2017 05 15 2168-6114 2017 May 15 JAMA internal medicine JAMA Intern Med Effect of Combined Patient Decision Aid and Patient Navigation vs Usual Care for Colorectal Cancer Screening in a Vulnerable Patient Population: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.1294 Colorectal cancer (CRC (...) ) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center

EvidenceUpdates2017

60. Aid effectiveness and programmatic effectiveness: a proposed framework for comparative evaluation of different aid interventions in a particular health system

Aid effectiveness and programmatic effectiveness: a proposed framework for comparative evaluation of different aid interventions in a particular health system 29202075 2018 11 13 2397-0642 2 2017 Global health research and policy Glob Health Res Policy Aid effectiveness and programmatic effectiveness: a proposed framework for comparative evaluation of different aid interventions in a particular health system. 7 10.1186/s41256-017-0029-8 Against a backdrop of changing concepts of aid (...) effectiveness, development effectiveness, health systems strengthening, and increasing emphasis on impact evaluation, this article proposes a theory-driven impact evaluation framework to gauge the effect of aid effectiveness principles on programmatic outcomes of different aid funded programs in the health sector of a particular country. The foundation and step-by-step process of implementing the framework are described. With empirical evidence from the field, the steps involve analysis of context, program

Global health research and policy2017 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro