Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

421. Impact of cancer-related decision aids

Impact of cancer-related decision aids Impact of cancer-related decision aids Impact of cancer-related decision aids O'Brien M A, Villias-Keever M, Robinson P, Skye A, Gafni A, Brouwers M, Charles C, Baldassarre F, Gauld M Authors' objectives The objectives of the review were to describe the different cancer-related decisions aids that have been developed, and to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions. Searching The following electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE (from 1977 (...) designs of evaluations included in the review Studies of any design were eligible for inclusion. Specific interventions included in the review For the purposes of this review a decision aid was defined as an intervention designed primarily to help patients, or patients and clinicians together, with making cancer-related health care decisions when options are available for prevention, screening and treatment. At a minimum, it should target some component of decision-making (e.g. information exchange

DARE.2002

422. A systematic review of the management of oral candidiasis associated with HIV/AIDS

A systematic review of the management of oral candidiasis associated with HIV/AIDS A systematic review of the management of oral candidiasis associated with HIV/AIDS A systematic review of the management of oral candidiasis associated with HIV/AIDS Albougy H A, Naidoo S Authors' objectives The authors' stated objectives were to assess the management of oral candidiasis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), and to evaluate management (...) the inclusion or exclusion of case studies. Specific interventions included in the review Studies that compared at least two topical or systemic interventions used to treat oral candidiasis were eligible for inclusion. The interventions in the included studies were itraconazole, fluconazole, clotrimazole, nystatin, ketoconazole, amphotericin B and voriconazole. Some studies compared different active treatments. Participants included in the review Studies involving only people with HIV/ AIDS were eligible

DARE.2002

423. Are biomarkers useful treatment aids for promoting health behavior change: an empirical review

Are biomarkers useful treatment aids for promoting health behavior change: an empirical review Are biomarkers useful treatment aids for promoting health behavior change: an empirical review Are biomarkers useful treatment aids for promoting health behavior change: an empirical review McClure J B Authors' objectives To examine the empirical evidence that informing individuals of their biomarker status is an effective means of increasing motivation to change or promote behaviour modification (...) #037933; National Cancer Institute, grant number 1K07 CA84603-01. Bibliographic details McClure J B. Are biomarkers useful treatment aids for promoting health behavior change: an empirical review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2002; 22(3): 200-207 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Disease Transmission, Infectious /prevention & Environmental Exposure /adverse effects /prevention & Health Behavior; Health Promotion; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic /statistics

DARE.2002

424. Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial

Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial Kennedy A D M, Sculpher M J, Coulter A, Dwyer N, Rees M, Abrams K R, Horsley S, Cowley D, Kidson C, Kirwin C, Naish C, Stirrat G Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study compared decision aids in the form of an information pack provided with or without a structured preference elicitation interview to women patients with uncomplicated menorrhagia

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2002

425. State AIDS drug assistance programs: equity and efficiency in an era of rapidly changing treatment standards

State AIDS drug assistance programs: equity and efficiency in an era of rapidly changing treatment standards State AIDS drug assistance programs: equity and efficiency in an era of rapidly changing treatment standards State AIDS drug assistance programs: equity and efficiency in an era of rapidly changing treatment standards Johri M, Paltiel A D, Goldie S J, Freedberg K A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Several alternative programmes to assist human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons who are uninsured, or have limited resources, were examined. In the USA there were 54 state AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs). These differed in their formulary and access policies, geographic region, and state

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2002

426. Bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA): an evidence-based analysis

Bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA): an evidence-based analysis Bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA): an evidence-based analysis Bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA): an evidence-based analysis Citation Bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA): an evidence-based analysis. Toronto: Medical Advisory Secretariat, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MAS) 2002; Volume 2, Number 3: 43 Authors' objectives This review of the evidence assess the effectiveness and cost-efffectiveness of bone-anchored hearing (...) aids (BAHAs) in improving the hearing of people with conduction or mixed hearing loss. Authors' conclusions - Level 4 evidence showed that the BAHA is safe; exit site infection and loss of fixture are the most common complications. - Improved hearing ability can be achieved for a small subset of patients with conduction or mixed hearing loss that cannot undergo surgical repair or wear a conventional bone conduction hearing aid. - For those with chronic discharging middle ear infection or congenital

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2002

427. Computer-aided detection (CAD) in mammography

Computer-aided detection (CAD) in mammography Computer-aided detection (CAD) in mammography Computer-aided detection (CAD) in mammography BlueCross BlueShield Association Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. The BlueCross BlueShield Association Technology Evaluation Center website ( ) includes the most recent 3 years of TEC Assessments. To request older (...) reports, please use the “contact us” feature on the website. Citation BlueCross BlueShield Association. Computer-aided detection (CAD) in mammography. Chicago: BlueCross BlueShield Association (BCBS). TEC Assessment 17(17). 2002 Authors' objectives The objective of this Assessment is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of using computer-aided detection (CAD) as an adjunct to mammography. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Breast Neoplasms /diagnosis; Computers

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2002

429. Report on the regional counsultation on health sector strategy for improving HIV/AIDS and STD response in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Cairo, Egypt, 16-18 September 2001

Report on the regional counsultation on health sector strategy for improving HIV/AIDS and STD response in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Cairo, Egypt, 16-18 September 2001 WHO IRIS: Report on the regional counsultation on health sector strategy for improving HIV/AIDS and STD response in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Cairo, Egypt, 16-18 September 2001 Browse Related links Files in This Item: File Description Size Format 74.67 kB Adobe PDF Title: Report (...) on the regional counsultation on health sector strategy for improving HIV/AIDS and STD response in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Cairo, Egypt, 16-18 September 2001 Authors: Issue Date: 2002 Publisher: World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Place of publication: Cairo Language: English Description: 23 p. Subject: Gov't Doc #: WHO-EM/STD/032/E/L URI: Appears in Collections: Items in WHO IRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise

WHO2002

430. Reduced hearing, ownership, and use of hearing aids in elderly people in the UK--the MRC Trial of the Assessment and Management of Older People in the Community: a cross-sectional survey.

Reduced hearing, ownership, and use of hearing aids in elderly people in the UK--the MRC Trial of the Assessment and Management of Older People in the Community: a cross-sectional survey. 11988245 2002 05 03 2002 05 22 2016 11 24 0140-6736 359 9316 2002 Apr 27 Lancet (London, England) Lancet Reduced hearing, ownership, and use of hearing aids in elderly people in the UK--the MRC Trial of the Assessment and Management of Older People in the Community: a cross-sectional survey. 1466-70 Reduced (...) hearing in elderly people is important because it is disabling and potentially treatable. We aimed to assess the prevalence of reduced hearing in elderly people and levels of ownership of hearing aids and use. We have done a cross-sectional survey of people aged at least 75 years in 106 family practices in the UK. We obtained self-reported data on hearing difficulties for 32,656 people and gave 14,877 a whispered voice test (response rate 78%). 2537 (8%) of 32,656 participants reported a lot

Lancet2002

431. Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial.

Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial. 12460093 2002 12 03 2002 12 18 2016 11 24 0098-7484 288 21 2002 Dec 04 JAMA JAMA Effects of decision aids for menorrhagia on treatment choices, health outcomes, and costs: a randomized controlled trial. 2701-8 Decision aids can increase patient involvement in treatment decision making. However, questions remain regarding their effects and cost implications. To evaluate

JAMA2002

432. Aerobic exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS.

Aerobic exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS. BACKGROUND: The profile of HIV infection is constantly changing. Although once viewed as an illness progressing to death, among those with access to antiretroviral therapy, HIV infection can now present as a disease with an uncertain natural history, perhaps a chronic manageable disease for some. Thus, the needs of persons infected with HIV have increasingly included management of impairments, disabilities and handicaps. Exercise (...) is a key management strategy employed by rehabilitation professionals to address these issues and assist persons living with HIV/AIDS. Exercise has been shown to improve strength, cardiovascular function, and psychological status in seronegative populations (~~Bouchard 1993~~) but what are the effects of exercise for adults living with HIV infection? If the risks and benefits of exercise for people living with HIV infection are better understood, appropriate exercise prescription may be practiced

Cochrane2002

433. Do patents for antiretroviral drugs constrain access to AIDS treatment in Africa?

Do patents for antiretroviral drugs constrain access to AIDS treatment in Africa? Public attention and debate recently have focused on access to treatment of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in poor, severely affected countries, such as those in Africa. Whether patents on antiretroviral drugs in Africa are impeding access to lifesaving treatment for the 25 million Africans with human immunodeficiency virus infection is unknown. We studied the patent statuses of 15 antiretroviral drugs (...) and sales taxes, and, above all, a lack of sufficient international financial aid to fund antiretroviral treatment. We consider these findings in light of policies for enhancing antiretroviral treatment access in poor countries.

JAMA2001

434. A systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer(R) (update and re-appraisal) 2001

A systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer(R) (update and re-appraisal) 2001 A systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer(R) (update and re-appraisal) 2001 A systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer(R) (update and re-appraisal) 2001 Scott NA, Wolfenden H, Knight JL, Linacre RN, Bidstrup BP, Maddern GJ (...) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Scott NA, Wolfenden H, Knight JL, Linacre RN, Bidstrup BP, Maddern GJ. A systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer(R) (update and re-appraisal) 2001. Stepney: Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2001

435. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers

Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers Medical Services Advisory Committee Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made (...) for the HTA database. Citation Medical Services Advisory Committee. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers. Canberra: Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) 2001: 140 Authors' objectives This report aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers. Authors' conclusions MSAC recommends that, on the strength of evidence pertaining to minimally

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2001

436. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers

Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers Medical Services Advisory Committee Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Medical Services Advisory (...) Committee. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers. Canberra: Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) 2001: 142 Authors' objectives This report aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) with the aid of tissue stabilisers. Authors' conclusions MSAC recommends that, on the strength of evidence pertaining to off-pump coronary artery bypass with the aid of tissue stabilisers, public funding should be supported

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2001

437. The clinical and cost effectiveness of advances in hearing aid technology: report to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence

The clinical and cost effectiveness of advances in hearing aid technology: report to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence The clinical and cost effectiveness of advances in hearing aid technology: report to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence The clinical and cost effectiveness of advances in hearing aid technology: report to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence Taylor R S, Paisley S, Davis A Authors' objectives To assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness (...) of developments in hearing aid technology, in particular digital hearing aids, compared with the current NHS analogue hearing aid range. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Science Citation Index (SCI), the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, DARE, NHS EED, and HTA were searched electronically without any restriction on the date or language. The keywords used to search MEDLINE were listed in an appendix, whilst those for other databases were available from the authors

DARE.2001

438. Systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer: update and re-appraisal 2001

Systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer: update and re-appraisal 2001 Systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer: update and re-appraisal 2001 Systematic review of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of the Octopus Tissue Stabilizer: update and re-appraisal 2001 Scott N A, Wolfenden H, Knight J L, Linacre R N, Bidstrup B P, Maddern G J Authors (...) ' objectives To identify any literature published subsequent to the ratification of the ASERNIP-S report (see Other Publications of Related Interest no.1) on the safety and efficacy of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with the aid of tissue stabilisers, which may constitute a change in the evidence-base, and consequently, the ASERNIP-S classifications derived from that evidence-base. Searching The authors searched MEDLINE (January 1966 to 08 February, 2001), Current Contents (week 1, 1993 to week 6

DARE.2001

439. Decision aids: are they worth it? A systematic review

Decision aids: are they worth it? A systematic review Decision aids: are they worth it? A systematic review Decision aids: are they worth it? A systematic review Estabrooks C, Goel V, Thiel E, Pinfold P, Sawka C, Williams I Authors' objectives To identify the outcomes influenced by consumer decision aids (CDAs), and the particular effects of CDAs on these outcomes. Searching The search strategy of O'Connor et al. (see Other Publications of Related Interest no.1) was used initially (...) , an intervention needed to be a structured CDA or a structured decision aid combined with a personal support intervention. The decisions needed to be real, not hypothetical, and involve treatment or screening. The researchers included lifestyle and treatment decisions, but excluded clinical trial entry decisions, advance directive decisions, informed consent decisions and lifestyle-only decisions (e.g. smoking cessation). Participants included in the review The participants needed to be the decision-makers

DARE.2001

440. Are biomarkers a useful aid in smoking cessation: a review and analysis of the literature

Are biomarkers a useful aid in smoking cessation: a review and analysis of the literature Are biomarkers a useful aid in smoking cessation: a review and analysis of the literature Are biomarkers a useful aid in smoking cessation: a review and analysis of the literature McClure J B Authors' objectives To review the theoretical rationale and empirical evidence regarding the use of feedback about biomarkers in smoking cessation. Searching PubMed was searched from 1966 to May 2000, and PsycLIT from (...) that provided minimal or no assistance. Repeated assessment and feedback was effective for increasing both quit attempts and cessation attempts. The possibility that biomarker feedback can result in significant psychological distress cannot be ruled out, especially among already emotionally vulnerable individuals. Authors' conclusions Preliminary evidence suggested that the use of biomarker feedback may improve motivation to quit smoking and, when combined with best practices treatment, could aid

DARE.2001