Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

281. Linking family planning with HIV/AIDS interventions: a systematic review of the evidence

Linking family planning with HIV/AIDS interventions: a systematic review of the evidence Linking family planning with HIV/AIDS interventions: a systematic review of the evidence Linking family planning with HIV/AIDS interventions: a systematic review of the evidence Spaulding AB, Bain Brickley D, Kennedy C, Almers L, Packel L, Mirjahangir J, Kennedy G, Collins L, Osborne K, Mbizvo M CRD summary The authors concluded that interventions linking family planning and HIV (human (...) , Almers L, Packel L, Mirjahangir J, Kennedy G, Collins L, Osborne K, Mbizvo M. Linking family planning with HIV/AIDS interventions: a systematic review of the evidence. AIDS 2009; 23(Supplement 1): S79-S88 PubMedID DOI Original Paper URL Other publications of related interest WHO, IPPF, UNAIDS, UNFPA, University of California. Sexual and reproductive health and HIV linkages: evidence review and recommendations. 2009. Available at: [Accessed August 2010]. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned

DARE.2009

282. Effectiveness of nonresuscitative first aid training in laypersons: a systematic review

Effectiveness of nonresuscitative first aid training in laypersons: a systematic review Effectiveness of nonresuscitative first aid training in laypersons: a systematic review Effectiveness of nonresuscitative first aid training in laypersons: a systematic review Van de Velde S, Heselmans A, Roex A, Vandekerckhove P, Ramaekers D, Aertgeerts B CRD summary The authors’ concluded that programmes for first aid that also trained participants to overcome inhibitors of emergency helping behaviour (...) could lead to better help and higher helping rates for single-victim emergencies. This was generally a well-conducted review and the authors' cautious conclusions, which acknowledged the limitations in the evidence, appear reliable. Authors' objectives To determine the effects of nonresuscitative first aid training on competence and helping behaviour in laypersons Searching PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), C2-SPECTR, CINAHL, British Nursing Index, SPORTDiscus

DARE.2009

283. Computer-aided psychotherapy for anxiety disorders: a meta-analytic review

Computer-aided psychotherapy for anxiety disorders: a meta-analytic review Computer-aided psychotherapy for anxiety disorders: a meta-analytic review Computer-aided psychotherapy for anxiety disorders: a meta-analytic review Cuijpers P, Marks IM, van Straten A, Cavanagh K, Gega L, Andersson G CRD summary The authors concluded that computer-aided psychotherapy was as effective as face-to-face psychotherapy, but that the results should be treated with caution due to a number of methodological (...) limitations. In light of the poor quality of the included studies and the possibility of reviewer error and bias, the authors' caution is justified. Authors' objectives To evaluate the impact of computer-aided psychotherapy on anxiety symptoms and work or social function of people with anxiety disorders. Searching MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Social Sciences Citation Index and EMBASE were searched up to March 2008 for studies in English. Experts in computer-aided psychotherapy

DARE.2009

284. Impact of computer-aided detection on the cost-effectiveness of CT colongraphy

Impact of computer-aided detection on the cost-effectiveness of CT colongraphy Impact of computer-aided detection on the cost-effectiveness of CT colongraphy Impact of computer-aided detection on the cost-effectiveness of CT colongraphy Regge D, Hassan C, Pickhardt PJ, Laghi A, Zullo A, Kim DH, Iafrate F, Morini S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) , the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary The aim was to examine the cost-effectiveness of adding computer-aided detection to colonography using computed tomography in screening for colorectal cancer for men and women aged 50 to 100 years. The authors concluded that the addition of computer-aided detection improved the colorectal cancer prevention rate and was cost-effective with inexperienced

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2009

285. Computer-aided self-exposure therapy for phobia/panic disorder: a pilot economic evaluation

Computer-aided self-exposure therapy for phobia/panic disorder: a pilot economic evaluation Computer-aided self-exposure therapy for phobia/panic disorder: a pilot economic evaluation Computer-aided self-exposure therapy for phobia/panic disorder: a pilot economic evaluation McCrone P, Marks IM, Mataix-Cols D, Kenwright M, McDonough M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary (...) ) achieved it at lower values (£115 or £65). At values above £160, clinician-led exposure was more likely to be cost-effective than FearFighter. These results were highly sensitive when practice nurses were assumed to provide the treatment. Authors' conclusions The authors concluded that computer-aided self-exposure using FearFighter was as effective as and cheaper than clinician-led exposure, but it became less cost-effective when nurses administered the treatment instead of psychotherapists

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2009

288. Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety in screening settings

Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety in screening settings Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety in screening settings | Evidence-Based Nursing This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your (...) user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in via your Society Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety in screening settings Article Text Treatment Review: cancer-related decision aids improve patient knowledge overall and reduce anxiety

Evidence-Based Nursing (Requires free registration)2009

289. Peer group support intervention reduces psychological distress in AIDS orphans

Peer group support intervention reduces psychological distress in AIDS orphans Peer group support intervention reduces psychological distress in AIDS orphans | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log (...) in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Peer group support intervention reduces psychological distress in AIDS orphans Article Text Therapeutics Peer group support intervention reduces psychological distress in AIDS orphans Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Question Question: Is peer group intervention effective in improving the psychosocial

Evidence-Based Mental Health2009

290. Are cancer-related decision aids effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Are cancer-related decision aids effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis Are cancer-related decision aids effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis Are cancer-related decision aids effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis O'Brien MA, Whelan TJ, Villasis-Keever M, Gafni A, Charles C, Roberts R, Schiff S, Cai W CRD summary This review concluded that cancer-related decision aids were effective in increasing patient knowledge compared with usual practice without increasing (...) anxiety particularly in the area of cancer screening. The authors conclusions reflected the evidence presented, but due to various methodological biases and few studies for some outcomes, their reliability is uncertain. Authors' objectives To investigate the effectiveness of cancer-related decision aids in screening, prevention and treatment; specifically, whether decision aids were more effective than usual practice and whether one type of decision aid was more effective than another. Searching

DARE.2009

291. Computer-aided detection mammography for breast cancer screening: systematic review and meta-analysis

Computer-aided detection mammography for breast cancer screening: systematic review and meta-analysis Computer-aided detection mammography for breast cancer screening: systematic review and meta-analysis Computer-aided detection mammography for breast cancer screening: systematic review and meta-analysis Noble M, Bruening W, Uhl S, Schoelles K CRD summary This review assessed the diagnostic performance of computer-aided detection mammography for breast cancer screening. No conclusions were (...) drawn for diagnostic performance. The authors' statement that the benefits and risks of computer-aided detection should be considered carefully as data were not available to determine whether the incremental cancer detection rate was associated with changes in patient outcomes was a reasonable interpretation. Authors' objectives To assess the diagnostic performance of computer-aided detection mammography in screening for breast cancer. Searching Seventeen bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE

DARE.2009

292. Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts

Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts Chase D, Rosten C, Turner S, Hicks N, Milne R Record Status (...) This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Chase D, Rosten C, Turner S, Hicks N, Milne R. Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts. Health Technology Assessment 2009; 13(59): 1-142 Authors' conclusions Report describes the development of a health technology assessment (HTA

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2009

293. Adjunctive Aids for Oral Cancer Examinations Do Not Provide Earlier Diagnostic Effectiveness

Adjunctive Aids for Oral Cancer Examinations Do Not Provide Earlier Diagnostic Effectiveness UTCAT265, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In the Primary Care Setting, the Value of Adjunctive Aids for Oral Cancer Examinations Remains Unanswered Clinical Question Should clinicians use oral cancer adjunctive aids for earlier detection of oral cancer? Clinical Bottom Line Systematic reviews revealed (...) that there is no evidence to support the use of adjunctive aids for the screening of pre-malignant or malignant oral lesions in a general practice setting. Tissue biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis. (See Comments on the CAT below) Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Patton/2008 23 articles compared literature of effectiveness of toluidine blue (TB), ViziLite Plus with TBlue, ViziLite, Microlux DL

UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library2009

294. Physician training in the use of a decision aid increased patient participation in decision making for CVD prevention

Physician training in the use of a decision aid increased patient participation in decision making for CVD prevention Physician training in the use of a decision aid increased patient participation in decision making for CVD prevention | Evidence-Based Medicine This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name (...) or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Physician training in the use of a decision aid increased patient participation in decision making for CVD prevention Article Text Quality improvement Physician training in the use of a decision aid increased patient participation in decision making for CVD prevention

Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)2009

295. Effectiveness of Nonresuscitative First Aid Training in Laypersons: A Systematic Review

Effectiveness of Nonresuscitative First Aid Training in Laypersons: A Systematic Review DEFINE_ME_WA This site requires Cookies to be enabled to function. Please ensure Cookies are turned on and then re-visit the desired page.

Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine2009

297. Hypothermia: First Aid and Management

Hypothermia: First Aid and Management AUSTRALIAN RESUSCITATION COUNCIL GUIDELINE 9.3.3 HYPOTHERMIA: FIRST AID MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION: For normal function of most body systems and organs the human body’s temperature is kept controlled between narrow limits (about 37 0 C). Hypothermia is when the body’s temperature is below 35 0 C. As the body’s temperature falls, systems and organs progressively fail until death occurs, usually from cardiac arrest. Infants and elderly people are at greater risk (...) OF RECOMMENDATION Class A - Recommended REFERENCES: 1. First Aid Science Advisory Board. Part 10: First Aid. Circulation, 2005.112:115-125. FURTHER READING ARC Guideline 8 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Australian Resuscitation Council2009

298. Harness Suspension Trauma ? First Aid Management

Harness Suspension Trauma ? First Aid Management Guideline 9.1.5 Page 1 of 2 July 2009 AUSTRALIAN RESUSCITATION COUNCIL AUSTRALIAN RESUSCITATION COUNCIL GUIDELINE 9.1.5 HARNESS SUSPENSION TRAUMA – FIRST AID MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION Suspension trauma, or orthostatic shock, has been reported to affect victims who are suspended within a body harness for a prolonged period of time (5 to 30 minutes). 1,2 It presents with the development of a range of symptoms which may result in unconsciousness (...) in a full-body safety harness, and a prototype harness accessory. [Evaluation Studies. Journal Article] Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene. 5(4):227-31, 2008. 2. Lee C., Porter K.M. Suspension trauma. [Journal Article. Review. Emergency Medicine Journal. 24(4):237-8, 2007. 3. Adish A., Robinson L., Codling A., Harris-Roberts J., Lee C., Porter K. Evidence based review of the current guidance on first aid measures for suspension trauma. Health and Safety Executive. Research Report RR708. May

Australian Resuscitation Council2009

299. Antimotility agents for chronic diarrhoea in people with HIV/AIDS.

Antimotility agents for chronic diarrhoea in people with HIV/AIDS. BACKGROUND: AIDS-related diarrhoea is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV positive individuals, especially in the sub-Saharan Africa where 70% of deaths from HIV occur. It often compromises quality of life both in those receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the ART naive. Empirical antidiarrhoeal treatment may be required in about 50% of cases which are non-pathogenic or idiopathic and in cases resulting from (...) consistency and eliminate the toxins. Due to its potential impact on the management of chronic diarrhoea in persons with HIV/AIDS, we reviewed the effectiveness of antimotility agents in controlling chronic diarrhoea in immunocompromised states caused by HIV/AIDS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antimotility agents in controlling chronic diarrhoea in people with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane HIV/AIDS Register and

Cochrane2008

300. Prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients requesting physicians' aid in dying: cross sectional survey.

Prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients requesting physicians' aid in dying: cross sectional survey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety in terminally ill patients pursuing aid in dying from physicians. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: State of Oregon, USA. PARTICIPANTS: 58 Oregonians, most terminally ill with cancer or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, who had either requested aid in dying from a physician or contacted an aid in dying advocacy (...) received a prescription for a lethal drug did not meet criteria for depression; three did. All three depressed participants died by legal ingestion within two months of the research interview. CONCLUSION: Although most terminally ill Oregonians who receive aid in dying do not have depressive disorders, the current practice of the Death with Dignity Act may fail to protect some patients whose choices are influenced by depression from receiving a prescription for a lethal drug.

BMJ2008 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro