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The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on aids or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Cost-effectiveness of primary prophylaxis of AIDS associated cryptococcosis in Cambodia Cost-effectiveness of primary prophylaxis of AIDS associated cryptococcosis in Cambodia Cost-effectiveness of primary prophylaxis of AIDS associated cryptococcosis in Cambodia Micol R, Tajahmady A, Lortholary O, Balkan S, Quillet C, Dousset JP, Chanroeun H, Madec Y, Fontanet A, Yazdanpanah Y Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) cost-effective. Authors' conclusions The authors concluded that cryptococcal antigen screening and fluconazole prophylaxis were both cost-effective strategies for the prevention of AIDS associated cryptococcosis over a short time horizon. Systematic primary prophylaxis might be preferable for patients with a CD4 count of 50 cells per microlitre or less. CRD commentary Interventions: The comparators appear to have been the possible strategies for the prevention of cryptococcosis in a high endemic
Evaluating the clinical validity of laser fluorescence as an aid in detecting non-cavitated caries lesions. UTCAT547, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Use Laser Fluorescence Only As An Adjunctive Aid In Diagnosing Noncavitated Carious Lesions Clinical Question When detecting non-cavitated occlusal caries lesions in adult dentition, does the use of DIAGNOdent compared to visual examination offer a better
Literacy interventions for students with physical and developmental disabilities who use aided AAC devices: a systematic review Literacy interventions for students with physical and developmental disabilities who use aided AAC devices: a systematic review Literacy interventions for students with physical and developmental disabilities who use aided AAC devices: a systematic review Machalicek W, Sanford A, Lang R, Rispoli M, Molfenter N, Mbeseha MK CRD summary This review concluded (...) that participants who used aided AAC devices seem to benefit from systematic instruction. The authors made several recommendations for future research. In terms of methodology, this review was carried out reasonably robustly. The authors’ conclusions are appropriately cautious given the limited quality of included trials. Authors' objectives To evaluate aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in young people with physical and developmental disabilities. Searching English-language studies were
Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts Development of a toolkit and glossary to aid in the adaptation of health technology assessment (HTA) reports for use in different contexts Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could
A decision aid to support informed choices about bowel cancer screening among adults with low education: randomised controlled trial. 20978060 2010 10 27 2010 11 01 2016 12 15 1756-1833 341 2010 Oct 26 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ A decision aid to support informed choices about bowel cancer screening among adults with low education: randomised controlled trial. c5370 10.1136/bmj.c5370 bmj.c5370 To determine whether a decision aid designed for adults with low education and literacy can (...) support informed choice and involvement in decisions about screening for bowel cancer. Randomised controlled trial. Areas in New South Wales, Australia identified as socioeconomically disadvantaged (low education attainment, high unemployment, and unskilled occupations). 572 adults aged between 55 and 64 with low educational attainment, eligible for bowel cancer screening. Patient decision aid comprising a paper based interactive booklet (with and without a question prompt list) and a DVD, presenting
The diabetes mellitus medication choice decision aid: a randomized trial 19786674 2009 09 29 2009 10 15 2010 03 05 1538-3679 169 17 2009 Sep 28 Archives of internal medicine Arch. Intern. Med. The diabetes mellitus medication choice decision aid: a randomized trial. 1560-8 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.293 Patient involvement in the choice of antihyperglycemic agents could improve adherence and optimize glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We conducted a pilot, cluster (...) randomized trial of Diabetes Medication Choice, a decision aid that describes 5 antihyperglycemic drugs, their treatment burden (adverse effects, administration, and self-monitoring demands), and impact on hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) levels. Twenty-one clinicians were randomized to use the decision aid during the clinical encounter and 19 to dispense usual care and an educational pamphlet. We used surveys and video analysis to assess postvisit decisional outcomes, and medical and pharmacy records
Asset ownership and health and mental health functioning among AIDS-orphaned adolescents: findings from a randomized clinical trial in rural Uganda 19520472 2009 07 06 2009 09 23 2017 02 20 1873-5347 69 2 2009 Jul Social science & medicine (1982) Soc Sci Med Asset ownership and health and mental health functioning among AIDS-orphaned adolescents: findings from a randomized clinical trial in rural Uganda. 191-8 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.05.019 This study evaluated an economic empowerment (...) intervention designed to promote life options, health and mental health functioning among AIDS-orphaned adolescents in rural Uganda. The study used an experimental design in which adolescents (N=267) were randomly assigned to receive an economic empowerment intervention or usual care for orphaned children. The study measured mental health functioning using 20 items of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS: 2)--a standardized measure for self-esteem-and measured overall health using a self-rated health
Men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Globally, men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to bear a high burden of HIV infection. In sub-Saharan Africa, same-sex behaviours have been largely neglected by HIV research up to now. The results from recent studies, however, indicate the widespread existence of MSM groups across Africa, and high rates of HIV infection, HIV risk behaviour, and evidence of behavioural links between MSM and heterosexual networks have been reported (...) . Yet most African MSM have no safe access to relevant HIV/AIDS information and services, and many African states have not begun to recognise or address the needs of these men in the context of national HIV/AIDS prevention and control programmes. The HIV/AIDS community now has considerable challenges in clarifying and addressing the needs of MSM in sub-Saharan Africa; homosexuality is illegal in most countries, and political and social hostility are endemic. An effective response to HIV/AIDS
Family support for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV/AIDS. BACKGROUND: Care and support play a critical role in assisting people who are HIV-positive to understand the need for prevention and to enable them to protect others. As the HIV/AIDS pandemic progresses and HIV-seropositive individuals contend with devastating illness, it seemed timely to inquire if they receive support from family members. It also was important to develop a normative idea of how much family support (...) exists and from whom it emanates. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of family support on morbidity, mortality, quality of life, and economics in families with at least one HIV-infected member, in developing countries. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following databases were searched:The Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, AIDSLINE, CINAHL, Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI), EMBASE, BIOSIS, SCISEARCH, the Cochrane HIV/AIDS group
Ultrasound in Peripheral Pulmonary Air-Fluid Lesions: Color Doppler Imaging as an Aid in Differentiating Empyema and Abscess 19255298 2009 06 05 2009 07 07 2016 11 25 1931-3543 135 6 2009 Jun Chest Chest Ultrasound in peripheral pulmonary air-fluid lesions. Color Doppler imaging as an aid in differentiating empyema and abscess. 1426-32 10.1378/chest.08-2188 The aim of this study was to reevaluate the clinical significance of sonographic appearances, in particular the application of color
S3 detection as a diagnostic and prognostic aid in emergency department patients with acute dyspnea 19232777 2009 05 22 2009 06 19 2009 05 22 1097-6760 53 6 2009 Jun Annals of emergency medicine Ann Emerg Med S3 detection as a diagnostic and prognostic aid in emergency department patients with acute dyspnea. 748-57 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.029 Dyspneic emergency department (ED) patients present a diagnostic dilemma. Recent technologic advances have made it possible to capture information
Interventions for improving the psychosocial well-being of children affected by HIV and AIDS. BACKGROUND: As a result of HIV-related mortalities more than 13 million children under the age of 15 have lost a parent due to HIV and AIDS. There are also many children who have HIV-positive parents or primary caregivers; these children are affected by HIV and AIDS and are potentially vulnerable to HIV transmission. Children affected by HIV and AIDS are more vulnerable and face greater challenges (...) to their psychosocial well-being compared to other children of the same age. Interventions have been adopted with the aim of improving the psychosocial well-being of children affected by HIV and AIDS. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions that aim to improve the psychosocial well-being of children directly affected by HIV and AIDS. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic databases were systematically searched using pre-defined search terms. Internet searches
Impact of computer-aided detection on the cost-effectiveness of CT colonography 19188317 2009 02 03 2009 03 10 2016 11 25 1527-1315 250 2 2009 Feb Radiology Radiology Impact of computer-aided detection on the cost-effectiveness of CT colonography. 488-97 10.1148/radiol.2502080685 To analyze the cost-effectiveness of adding computer-aided detection (CAD) to a computed tomographic (CT) colonography screening program and to compare it with other options of colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention