Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

1. First aid glucose administration routes for symptomatic hypoglycaemia. (PubMed)

First aid glucose administration routes for symptomatic hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia is a common occurrence in people with diabetes but can also result from an imbalance in glucose homeostasis in the absence of diabetes. The best enteral route for glucose administration for suspected hypoglycaemia in a first aid situation is unknown.To assess the effects of first aid glucose administration by any route appropriate for use by first-aid providers (buccal, sublingual, oral, rectal) for symptomatic (...) hypoglycaemia.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL as well as grey literature (records identified in the WHO ICTRP Search Portal, ClinicalTrials.gov and the EU Clinical Trials Register) up to July 2018. We searched reference lists of included studies retrieved by the above searches.We included studies involving adults and children with documented or suspected hypoglycaemia as well as healthy volunteers, in which glucose was administered by any enteral route appropriate for use by first-aid

2019 Cochrane

2. Biomedical risk assessment as an aid for smoking cessation. (PubMed)

Biomedical risk assessment as an aid for smoking cessation. A possible strategy for increasing smoking cessation rates could be to provide smokers with feedback on the current or potential future biomedical effects of smoking using, for example, measurement of exhaled carbon monoxide (CO), lung function, or genetic susceptibility to lung cancer or other diseases.The main objective was to determine the efficacy of providing smokers with feedback on their exhaled CO measurement, spirometry (...) genetic susceptibility to lung cancer and measurement of CO only (RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.56; n = 189).There is little evidence about the effects of biomedical risk assessment as an aid for smoking cessation. The most promising results relate to spirometry and carotid ultrasound, where moderate-certainty evidence, limited by imprecision and risk of bias, did not detect a statistically significant benefit, but confidence intervals very narrowly missed one, and the point estimate favoured

2019 Cochrane

3. Diagnostic accuracy of the T-MACS decision aid with a contemporary point-of-care troponin assay

Diagnostic accuracy of the T-MACS decision aid with a contemporary point-of-care troponin assay The rapid turnaround time of point-of-care (POC) cardiac troponin (cTn) assays is highly attractive for crowded emergency departments (EDs). We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Troponin-only Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes (T-MACS) decision aid with a POC cTn assay.In a prospective diagnostic accuracy study at eight EDs, we included patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Effects of a Personalized Web-Based Decision Aid for Surrogate Decision Makers of Patients With Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of a Personalized Web-Based Decision Aid for Surrogate Decision Makers of Patients With Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Treatment decisions commonly have to be made in intensive care units (ICUs). These decisions are difficult for surrogate decision makers and often lead to decisional conflict, psychological distress, and treatments misaligned with patient preferences.To determine whether a decision aid about prolonged mechanical ventilation improved (...) prognostic concordance between surrogate decision makers and clinicians compared with a usual care control.Multicenter, parallel, randomized, clinical trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01751061).13 medical and surgical ICUs at 5 hospitals.Adult patients receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation and their surrogates, ICU physicians, and ICU nurses.A Web-based decision aid provided personalized prognostic estimates, explained treatment options, and interactively clarified patient values to inform a family

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

5. Hearing aids make communication easier for people with mild hearing loss

Hearing aids make communication easier for people with mild hearing loss Hearing aids make communication easier for people with mild hearing loss Discover Portal Discover Portal Hearing aids make communication easier for people with mild hearing loss Published on 19 December 2017 doi: Hearing aids for people with mild-to-moderate hearing loss make communication easier and improve listening ability. Quality of life improved alongside the improvements in hearing. There were no reports of adverse (...) effects for hearing aids. Hearing loss can have a far-reaching impact on people’s mental and physical health, taking a toll on their quality of life. It can be simply viewed as a natural part of ageing, but this review highlights the positive impact that hearing aids can have on conversation and socialisation before people’s hearing loss becomes more severe. Despite hearing loss being common, it can take on average ten years to get appropriate treatment. These findings suggest that raising public

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries

Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries Discover Portal Discover Portal Diabetes drug aids fertility in women with polycystic ovaries Published on 15 February 2018 doi: The diabetes drug metformin may help women with polycystic ovarian syndrome who are having problems getting pregnant, but it is unclear whether it works better than an alternative fertility drug that stimulates the ovaries. This study updates

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

7. Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions

Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions Discover Portal Discover Portal Large ten-year trial on treatment of localised prostate cancer will aid management decisions Published on 15 September 2016 doi: New, long-term research indicates that active monitoring, with prompt treatment if needed, may be a better option than radical surgery or radiotherapy

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

8. Avioq htlv-i/ii microelisa system - for use in screening individual human donors, including volunteer donors of whole blood and blood components, and other living donors for the presence of anti-HTLV-I/HTLV-II, and for use as an aid in clinical diagnosis

Avioq htlv-i/ii microelisa system - for use in screening individual human donors, including volunteer donors of whole blood and blood components, and other living donors for the presence of anti-HTLV-I/HTLV-II, and for use as an aid in clinical diagnosis Search Page - Drug and Health Product Register Language selection Search and menus Search Search website Search Topics menu You are here: Summary Basis of Decision - - Health Canada Expand all Summary Basis of Decision (SBD) for Contact

2019 Health Canada - Drug and Health Product Register

9. Protocol for a systematic review of randomized trials of knee arthroplasty decision aids and shared decision making approaches

Protocol for a systematic review of randomized trials of knee arthroplasty decision aids and shared decision making approaches Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

10. The effectiveness of community models of care on clinical and person-centred outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review of the evidence

The effectiveness of community models of care on clinical and person-centred outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review of the evidence Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

11. Effectiveness of oral hygiene aids in primary dentition - a systematic review

Effectiveness of oral hygiene aids in primary dentition - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2019 PROSPERO

12. Motivational interview on the reduction of sexual risk behavior in people living with HIV/aids: a systematic review

Motivational interview on the reduction of sexual risk behavior in people living with HIV/aids: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

13. First aid cooling techniques for heat stroke and exertional hyperthermia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First aid cooling techniques for heat stroke and exertional hyperthermia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

14. A machine learning aided systematic review and meta-analysis of attentional bias to somatosensory stimuli in chronic pain patients

A machine learning aided systematic review and meta-analysis of attentional bias to somatosensory stimuli in chronic pain patients Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record

2019 PROSPERO

15. First aid interventions by laypeople for acute oral poisoning. (PubMed)

First aid interventions by laypeople for acute oral poisoning. Oral poisoning is a major cause of mortality and disability worldwide, with estimates of over 100,000 deaths due to unintentional poisoning each year and an overrepresentation of children below five years of age. Any effective intervention that laypeople can apply to limit or delay uptake or to evacuate, dilute or neutralize the poison before professional help arrives may limit toxicity and save lives.To assess the effects of pre (...) doses (MDAC), alone or in combination with other first aid interventions (a cathartic) and/or hospital treatments. Six studies investigated syrup of ipecac plus other first aid interventions (SDAC + cathartic) versus ipecac alone. The collected evidence was mostly of low to very low certainty, often downgraded for indirectness, risk of bias or imprecision due to low numbers of events.First aid interventions that limit or delay the absorption of the poison in the bodyWe are uncertain about the effect

2018 Cochrane

16. Does improvement towards a normal cervical sagittal configuration aid in the management of cervical myofascial pain syndrome: a 1- year randomized controlled trial

Does improvement towards a normal cervical sagittal configuration aid in the management of cervical myofascial pain syndrome: a 1- year randomized controlled trial There is a growing interest concerning the understanding of and rehabilitation of the sagittal configuration of the cervical spine as a clinical outcome. However, the literature on the topic specific to conservative treatment outcomes of patients with chronic myofascial cervical pain syndrome (CMCPS) has not adequately addressed

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

17. ADSTEP: Preliminary Investigation of a Multicomponent Walking Aid Program in People With Multiple Sclerosis

ADSTEP: Preliminary Investigation of a Multicomponent Walking Aid Program in People With Multiple Sclerosis To evaluate the effect of the Assistive Device Selection, Training and Education Program (ADSTEP) on falls and walking and sitting activity in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS).Randomized controlled trial.Veterans affairs medical center.PwMS (N=40) using a walking aid at baseline who had fallen in the previous year.Participants were randomly assigned to ADSTEP or control. ADSTEP had 6 (...) weekly, 40-minute, 1-on-1 sessions with a physical therapist, starting with walking aid selection and fitting, followed by task-oriented progressive gait training. Control was usual medical care with the option of ADSTEP after the study.The following were assessed at baseline, intervention completion, and 3 months later: falls, timed Up and Go, timed 25-foot walk, 2-minute walk, Four Square Step Test, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive

2018 EvidenceUpdates

18. Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines for treatment of paediatric HIV-1 infection 2015: optimizing health in preparation for adult life

Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines for treatment of paediatric HIV-1 infection 2015: optimizing health in preparation for adult life Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines for treatment of paediatric HIV-1 infection 2015: optimizing health in preparation for adult life ABamford,*ATurkova,*HLyall, CFoster, NKlein, DBastiaans, DBurger, SBernardi, KButler, EChiappini, 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 8 P Clayden, 9 M Della Negra, 10 V Giacomet, 11 C (...) Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Emma Children’s Hospital Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 24 Imperial College, London, UK and 25 Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK The 2015 Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines provide practical recommendations on the management of HIV-1 infection in children in Europe and are an update to those published in 2009. Aims of treatment have progressed signi?cantly over the last decade, moving far beyond limitation

2018 The Children's HIV Association

19. Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review (PubMed)

Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review Expert-consensus guidelines have been developed for how members of the public should assist a person with a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.This review aimed to examine the range of guidelines that have been developed and how these have been implemented in practice.A narrative review was carried out based on a systematic search for literature on the development or implementation (...) of the guidelines.The Delphi method has been used to develop a wide range of guidelines for English-speaking countries, Asian countries and a number of other cultural groups. The primary implementation has been through informing the content of training courses.Further work is needed on guidelines for low- and middle-income countries.A.F.J. is an unpaid member of the Board of Mental Health First Aid International (trading as Mental Health First Aid Australia), which is a not-for-profit organisation.

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2018 BJPsych open

20. Tobacco carcinogen research to aid understanding of cancer risk and influence policy (PubMed)

Tobacco carcinogen research to aid understanding of cancer risk and influence policy Education regarding the health effects associated with tobacco use has made important progress worldwide over the last few decades. Still, tobacco remains a significant cause of cancer and other diseases. As a result, significant worldwide morbidity and mortality is still attributable to tobacco use in modern times. Research into tobacco products, the carcinogens they contain, and how users metabolize them

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2018 Laryngoscope investigative otolaryngology