Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

1. Treatment for Insomnia and Disrupted Sleep Behavior in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

1 2 ABC: Aberrant Behavior Checklist 3 ASD: autism spectrum disorder 4 ADHD: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 5 AEs: adverse events 6 BR: bedtime resistance 7 CAM: complementary and alternative medicine 8 CBT: cognitive behavioral therapy 9 CSHQ: Children’s Sleep Habit Questionnaire 10 CSHQ-BR: Children’s Sleep Habit Questionnaire-Bed Resistance 11 CSHQ-SOD: Children’s Sleep Habit Questionnaire-Sleep Onset Delay 12 DBC: Developmental Behavior Checklist 13 FDA: Food and Drug (...) decreased awareness of social and environmental clues that help habituate sleep–wake cycles. 22 Abnormalities in GABAergic, glutamatergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic systems in ASD 23 16 are also possible contributors. Coexisting conditions such as epilepsy, nocturnal 1 gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD), anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, psychosis, and 2 attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can further contribute to sleep problems. Core 3 or co-occurring ASD symptoms

2020 American Academy of Neurology

2. Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD

disorder or ADHD Share: Reading time approx. 6 minutes There are theories that different types of nutritional or dietary interventions, where specific food items are excluded from the diet or where nutritional supplements are added, may affect the symptoms of persons with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder. This applies, for example, to gluten-free and casein-free diet, ketogenic diet (a strict option of a low carbohydrate diet) or diet where sugar or various (...) ): AHRQ (US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality); 2018. Catala-Lopez F, Hutton B, Nunez-Beltran A, Page MJ, Ridao M, Macias Saint-Gerons D, et al. The pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: A systematic review with network meta-analyses of randomised trials. PLoS One 2017;12:e0180355. Sonuga-Barke EJ, Brandeis D, Cortese S, Daley D, Ferrin M, Holtmann M, et al. Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD

2018 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

3. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents

, Ph.D. AHRQ Publication No. 18-EHC005-EF January 2018 ii Key Messages Purpose of Review To update a previous review by comparing strategies to diagnose, treat, and monitor children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Key Messages • Evidence was insufficient on imaging or electroencephalogram to diagnose ADHD in children 7–17 years of age. • Little evidence adds to the 2011 report that found that methylphenidate is effective for children under age 6 with ADHD (...) . Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health Boston, MA Peter Jensen, M.D. Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN viii Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents Structured Abstract Objectives. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common pediatric neurobehavioral disorder often treated in the primary care setting. This systematic review updates and extends two previous Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) systematic evidence reviews

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

4. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis and management

this guideline into practice 51 Context 53 More information 54 Update information 55 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis and management (NG87) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 4 of 62This guideline replaces CG72 and TA98. This guideline is the basis of QS39. Ov Overview erview This guideline covers recognising, diagnosing and managing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children (...) , young people and adults. It aims to improve recognition and diagnosis, as well as the quality of care and support for people with ADHD. Who is it for? Healthcare professionals Commissioners and providers People with ADHD, and their families and carers Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis and management (NG87) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 5 of 62Recommendations Recommendations People

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

5. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review

Crescenzo , Samuele Cortese , , Nicoletta Adamo , Luigi Janiri Statistics from Altmetric.com Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric conditions, with a pooled worldwide prevalence estimated at about 5% in school-aged children and persistence of impairing symptoms in adulthood in up to 65% of cases. The pooled estimated prevalence of ADHD (as categorical diagnosis) in adults is around 2.5%. ADHD is characterised by a persistent and impairing (...) value of combining pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. References Faraone SV , Asherson P , Banaschewski T , et al . Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder . Moffitt TE , Houts R , Asherson P , et al . Is adult ADHD a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder? Evidence from a four-decade longitudinal cohort study . Seixas M , Weiss M , Muller U . Systematic review of national and international guidelines on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder . Thapar A , Cooper M

2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

7. Social skills training for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years. (Abstract)

Social skills training for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is associated with hyperactivity and impulsivity, attention problems, and difficulties with social interactions. Pharmacological treatment may alleviate the symptoms of ADHD but this rarely solves difficulties with social interactions. Children with ADHD may benefit from interventions designed to improve their social skills. We (...) examined the benefits and harms of social skills training on social skills, emotional competencies, general behaviour, ADHD symptoms, performance in school of children with ADHD, and adverse events.To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of social skills training in children and adolescents with ADHD.In July 2018, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, 4 other databases and two trials registers.We also searched online conference abstracts, and contacted experts in the field

2019 Cochrane

8. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 1 Quality Department Guidelines for Clinical Care Ambulatory ADHD Guideline Team Team Leaders John M O'Brien, MD Family Medicine Jennifer G. Christner, MD Child Behavioral Health Team Members Bernard Biermann, MD, PhD Child/Adolescent Psychiatry Barbara T Felt, MD Child Behavioral Health R Van Harrison, PhD Medical Education Paramjeet K Kochhar, MD General Pediatrics Consultant Darcie-Ann Streetman, PharmD College of Pharmacy Initial Release August, 2005 (...) of child’s self-identified impression of function, both strengths and weaknesses • Clinician’s observations of child’s behavior • Physical and neurologic examination Note: From ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents, American Academy of Pediatrics, Nov. 2011 Table 4. Treatment Options for ADHD For pre-school aged children, first line is behavior therapy. If not significantly improved, prescribe

2013 University of Michigan Health System

9. Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism

found below this term in the MeSH hierarchy; [MAJR] = MeSH Major Topic; [TIAB] = Title or abstract; [TI] = Title; [AU] = Author; [TW] = Text Word; Systematic[SB] = Filter for retrieving systematic reviews; * = Truncation Search terms Items found Population: 1. “Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders”/ 2747 2. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/ 27226 3. "Attention deficit* ".ab,kw,ti. 27852 4. ("Attention deficit*" adj6 hyper*).ab,kw,ti. 24598 5. ("ADHD" or "ADDH").ab,kw,ti (...) found Population: 1. [mh “Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders”] 2809 2. [mh “Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity”] 2482 3. (“Attention Deficit Disorder*”:ab,ti) 3751 4. ("Attention deficit*":ab,ti NEAR hyper*:ab,ti) 3529 5. (“adhd”:ti,ab,kw OR “addh”:ti,ab) 4168 6. 1 OR 2 OR 3 OR 4 OR 5 5506 7. [mh "Autistic Disorder"] 867 8. [mh "Autism Spectrum Disorder"] 1211 9. ("Autism" or Autist* or "ASD" OR "Autism spectrum*"):ti,ab 3467 10. 7 OR 8 OR 9 3523 11. 6 OR 10 8787

2019 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

10. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD (...) ) Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Occupational therapy (OT) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encompasses a wide array of interventions, with the aim of increasing function in all aspects of life and settings (school, home, etc.). Specific interventions vary and are determined by the occupational therapist depending on the presenting problems, deficits, and the therapist's determination of the best course of treatment. OT interventions for ADHD can

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

11. ADHD

examination by a physician/medical doctor - Psychological 2016 10. Bupropion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) in adults. BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although (...) in improving family and social relationships. On the other hand, it has frequent, sometimes severe, adverse effects. In practice, it is best to avoid guanfacine. The diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children is based on non-specific behavioural symptoms: inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The disruptive impact on family 2017 17. ADHD in Children and Adolescents ADHD in Children and Adolescents -- Clinical Recommendation Welcome Search Search Specify your search

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

12. Sleep disorders in children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: melatonin

, Starreveld JS et al. (2003) Melatonin for treatment of sleeping disorders in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a preliminary open label study. European Journal of Pediatrics 162: 554–5 van der Heijden KB, Smits MG, Someren EJ et al. (2007) Effect of melatonin on sleep, behavior, and cognition in ADHD and chronic sleep-onset insomnia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 46: 233–41 Waldron D, Bramble D, Gringas P (2005) Melatonin: prescribing practices (...) , characterised by poor quality of sleep, in adults who are aged 55 years or over. Additional melatonin products are available from special-order manufacturers or specialist importing companies, or can be purchased directly online. No high-quality studies were identified that provided evidence for the efficacy of prolonged- release melatonin tablets (licensed in the UK) used off-label in children with sleep disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Limited evidence for unlicensed

2013 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

13. ADHD in Children and Adolescents

of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). Key Recommendations Any child 4 through 18 years of age who presents with academic or behavioral problems and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity should be evaluated for ADHD. The diagnosis of ADHD should be based on the criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (...) medications for ADHD and may be treated with behavioral therapy. Medication doses should be titrated to achieve maximum benefit with minimum adverse effects. Access the article with full recommendation for more information on ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents. * Please note that the AAP has also developed a Process of Care Supplemental Appendix document, available on the AAP website, which

2016 American Academy of Family Physicians

14. Pharmacological treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pharmacological treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. This is an update of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 4, 2011.Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent of the comorbid psychiatric disorders that complicate tic disorders. Medications commonly used to treat ADHD symptoms include stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine; non-stimulants, such as atomoxetine; tricyclic (...) antidepressants; and alpha agonists. Alpha agonists are also used as a treatment for tics. Due to the impact of ADHD symptoms on the child with tic disorder, treatment of ADHD is often of greater priority than the medical management of tics. However, for many decades, clinicians have been reluctant to use stimulants to treat children with ADHD and tics for fear of worsening their tics.  OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological treatments for ADHD in children with comorbid tic disorders on symptoms

2018 Cochrane

15. ADHD in children and youth: Part 2?Treatment

ADHD in children and youth: Part 2?Treatment Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder. Three position statements have been developed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, following systematic literature reviews. Statement objectives are to: 1) Summarize the current clinical evidence regarding ADHD, 2) Establish a standard for ADHD care, and 3) Assist Canadian clinicians in making well-informed, evidence-based decisions to enhance care of children (...) the literature, and expert consensus. Keywords: ADHD; Adverse effects; Combined interventions; Medication management

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

16. Parent Training Interventions for Attention Deficity Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children Aged 5 to 18 years Full Text available with Trip Pro

behaviour or wellbeing (ADHD‐related or not). 3.1.2 Types of participants Children and young people aged five to 18 years (or with a mean age above five years) in whom the main problem was ADHD (or hyperkinetic disorder) diagnosed using DSM or ICD operationalised diagnostic criteria. The diagnoses must have been clinical diagnoses by specialists with or without the use of semi‐structured or structured interview instruments. Acceptable diagnoses included: • AttentionDeficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (DSM (...) Parent Training Interventions for Attention Deficity Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children Aged 5 to 18 years Parent Training Interventions for Attention Deficity Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children Aged 5 to 18 years - Zwi - 2012 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Parent Training Interventions for Attention

2012 Campbell Collaboration

17. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

2017 DynaMed Plus

18. Effects of L-theanine and Caffeine on Attention and Attention-related Brain Activity of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Posted: May 24, 2018 Last Verified: May 2018 Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement: Plan to Share IPD: Undecided Layout table for additional information Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Pathologic Processes Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior (...) additive effects in improving attention in adults. However, the specific actions of these substances have not been examined in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), who are characterized by impaired attention, hyperkinesia and impulsivity. Therefore, the investigators plan to study the functional activity of brains (both at rest and when performing standard tasks designed to measure attention) in children diagnosed with ADHD using functional magnetic resonance

2018 Clinical Trials

19. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children

of mental disorders, 5th ed., (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. As a result, ADHD can limit academic, interpersonal, and occupational success and can also lead to greater risk-taking and accidents. Schonwald A, Lechner E. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: complexities and controversies. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2006;18:189-195. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16601502?tool=bestpractice.com In addition, patients with ADHD are more likely to have co-existing psychiatric (...) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Common childhood-onset disorder characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity demonstrated across 2 or more settings (such as home

2018 BMJ Best Practice

20. Efficacy Study of Vayarin in Children With Autism and Comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Dr Sung Min, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore: Phosphatidylserine Omega-3 Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Autistic Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Autism Spectrum Disorder Pathologic Processes Child Development Disorders, Pervasive Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic (...) Efficacy Study of Vayarin in Children With Autism and Comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Efficacy Study of Vayarin in Children With Autism and Comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2017 Clinical Trials