Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

1. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers (...) of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review Article Text Clinical reviews Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review Free Franco De

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2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

2. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD (...) ) Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Occupational therapy (OT) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encompasses a wide array of interventions, with the aim of increasing function in all aspects of life and settings (school, home, etc.). Specific interventions vary and are determined by the occupational therapist depending on the presenting problems, deficits, and the therapist's determination of the best course of treatment. OT interventions for ADHD can

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

3. Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD

Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum (...) disorder or ADHD Share: Reading time approx. 6 minutes There are theories that different types of nutritional or dietary interventions, where specific food items are excluded from the diet or where nutritional supplements are added, may affect the symptoms of persons with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder. This applies, for example, to gluten-free and casein-free diet, ketogenic diet (a strict option of a low carbohydrate diet) or diet where sugar or various

2018 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

5. Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments

Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments Sonuga-Barke EJ, Brandeis D, Cortese S, Daley (...) D, Ferrin M, Holtmann M, Stevenson J, Danckaerts M, van der Oord S, Dopfner M, Dittmann RW, Simonoff E, Zuddas A, Banaschewski T, Buitelaar J, Coghill D, Hollis C, Konofal E, Lecendreux M, Wong IC, Sergeant J, European ADHD Guidelines Group CRD summary Free fatty acid supplementation and artificial food colour exclusions appeared to have benefits for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); the evidence for behavioural interventions was limited. The authors’ conclusions seem reliable

2014 DARE.

6. Medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children

Medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children

2017 DynaMed Plus

7. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. (PubMed)

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental condition characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, along with deficits in executive function, emotional regulation and motivation. The persistence of ADHD in adulthood is a serious clinical problem.ADHD significantly affects social interactions, study and employment performance.Previous studies (...) suggest that cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective in treating adults with ADHD, especially when combined with pharmacological treatment. CBT aims to change the thoughts and behaviours that reinforce harmful effects of the disorder by teaching people techniques to control the core symptoms. CBT also aims to help people cope with emotions, such as anxiety and depression, and to improve self-esteem.To assess the effects of cognitive-behavioural-based therapy for ADHD in adults.In June

2018 Cochrane

8. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

2017 DynaMed Plus

9. Non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in school settings: systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative research

Non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in school settings: systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative research Non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)delivered in school settings: systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative research Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page

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2015 NIHR HTA programme

11. Bupropion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. (PubMed)

Bupropion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although psychostimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment for ADHD, not all (...) adults respond optimally to, or can tolerate, these medicines. Thus, alternative non-stimulant treatment approaches for ADHD have been explored. One of these alternatives is bupropion, an aminoketone antidepressant and non-competitive antagonism of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Bupropion is registered for the treatment of depression and smoking cessation, but is also used off-label to treat ADHD.To assess the effects and safety of bupropion for the treatment of adults with ADHD.We searched

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2017 Cochrane

12. ADHD in Children and Adolescents

ADHD in Children and Adolescents ADHD in Children and Adolescents -- Clinical Recommendation Welcome Search Search Specify your search AAFP.org Patient Care Clinical Practice Guideline ADHD in Children and Adolescents ADHD: Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents (Reaffirmed, May 2016) The guideline on ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment (...) of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). Key Recommendations Any child 4 through 18 years of age who presents with academic or behavioral problems and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity should be evaluated for ADHD. The diagnosis of ADHD should be based on the criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

2016 American Academy of Family Physicians

13. Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents - assessment of adverse events in non-randomised studies. (PubMed)

Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents - assessment of adverse events in non-randomised studies. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. The psychostimulant methylphenidate is the most frequently used medication to treat it. Several studies have investigated the benefits of methylphenidate, showing possible favourable effects on ADHD symptoms, but the true magnitude (...) of the effect is unknown. Concerning adverse events associated with the treatment, our systematic review of randomised clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated no increase in serious adverse events, but a high proportion of participants suffered a range of non-serious adverse events.To assess the adverse events associated with methylphenidate treatment for children and adolescents with ADHD in non-randomised studies.In January 2016, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, 12 other databases

2018 Cochrane

14. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine'', 1 October 2017 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Attention deficit (...) hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine In children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), guanfacine has no proven efficacy in improving family and social relationships. On the other hand, it has frequent, sometimes severe, adverse effects. In practice, it is best to avoid guanfacine. The diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children is based on non-specific behavioural symptoms: inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The disruptive impact

2017 Prescrire

15. Methylphenidate in Children With ADHD With or Without Learning Disability.

Methylphenidate in Children With ADHD With or Without Learning Disability. To explore treatment response to Osmotic Release Oral System(®) (OROS) methylphenidate in children with ADHD with and without comorbid learning disability (LD).Data were analyzed from two 6-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover studies evaluating individually determined doses of OROS methylphenidate versus placebo in 135 children (ages 9 to 12 years) with ADHD with or without an LD in reading (...) , math, or both. The sample was demographically diverse, with 31% females and more than 40% minority, predominantly African American and Hispanic. On two laboratory school days, participants received either OROS methylphenidate or placebo and were given a battery of cognitive and behavioral tests.Treatment with OROS methylphenidate led to improvement in ADHD Rating Scale scores for participants with or without comorbid LD. Both groups performed better during treatment with OROS methylphenidate than

2014 Journal of attention disorders

16. Efficacy of the Elimination Diet in Children with ADHD: A Systematic Review

Efficacy of the Elimination Diet in Children with ADHD: A Systematic Review "Efficacy of the Elimination Diet in Children with ADHD: A Systematic R" by Lola Achilova < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Spring 5-7-2011 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background: Food sensitivity has long been implicated in ADHD symptoms. However no definitive recommendations regarding diet have been made due to lack (...) of significant findings. Recently two studies examined an elimination diet and its effect on behavior in children with ADHD. Both studies showed significant improvement in behavior using the Abbreviated Conners Scale (ACS) and ADHD rating scale questionnaires (ARS). Data introduced in this systematic review is evaluated using GRADE criteria. Method: An exhaustive search of available medical literature was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, Web of Knowledge and PubMed. The following search terms were used: ADHD

2011 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

17. Pharmacological treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. (PubMed)

Pharmacological treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. This is an update of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 4, 2011.Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent of the comorbid psychiatric disorders that complicate tic disorders. Medications commonly used to treat ADHD symptoms include stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine; non-stimulants, such as atomoxetine; tricyclic (...) antidepressants; and alpha agonists. Alpha agonists are also used as a treatment for tics. Due to the impact of ADHD symptoms on the child with tic disorder, treatment of ADHD is often of greater priority than the medical management of tics. However, for many decades, clinicians have been reluctant to use stimulants to treat children with ADHD and tics for fear of worsening their tics.  OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological treatments for ADHD in children with comorbid tic disorders on symptoms

2018 Cochrane

18. ADHD

ADHD Top results for adhd - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4 (...) ) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for adhd The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

19. Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. (PubMed)

Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD can persist into adulthood and can affects individuals' social and occupational functioning, as well as their quality of life and health. ADHD is frequently associated with other mental disorders such as substance use disorders and anxiety and affective disorders. Amphetamines (...) are used to treat adults with ADHD, but uncertainties about their efficacy and safety remain.To examine the efficacy and safety of amphetamines for adults with ADHD.In August 2017, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, 10 other databases, and two trials registers, and we ran citation searches for included studies. We also contacted the corresponding authors of all included studies, other experts in the field, and the pharmaceutical company, Shire, and we searched the reference lists

2018 Cochrane

20. Management of ADHD in preschool-aged children

Management of ADHD in preschool-aged children Management of ADHD in preschool-aged children Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Management of ADHD in preschool-aged children View/ Open Date 2013-09 Format Metadata Abstract Behavior therapy interventions, such as parent training, are first-line treatment (...) for ADHD in preschool-aged children (three to five years of age). (Strength of Recommendation [SOR]: B, based on a systematic review of a small number of heterogeneous randomized controlled trials [RCTs].) Medication is an option for children with moderate to severe ADHD if behavior therapy has not been effective and if the benefits outweigh the harms. (SOR: B, based on a systematic review of a small number of heterogeneous RCTs.) Alternative therapies, such as elimination diets, have limited evidence

2014 Clinical Inquiries