Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

101. Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin?

Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin? BestBets: Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin? Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin? Report By: Caroline Boyes - Specialist Registrar in Paediatrics Institution: General Paediatrics, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK Date Submitted: 28th October 2010 Date Completed: 28th October 2010 Last Modified: 28th October 2010 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a child (...) with epilepsy and ADHD] does [methylphenidate (MPH)compared with placebo or no MPH] increase [the number of seizures]? Clinical Scenario A 10-year-old boy with well controlled epilepsy on sodium valproate attends your clinic. On a previous clinic visit his mother complained that he was hyperactive, impulsive and could not concentrate. This was affecting his school work. You sent Conners' Questionnaires to his parents and the school, and asked the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) nurse to

BestBETS2010

102. Efficacy of meta-cognitive therapy for adult ADHD

Efficacy of meta-cognitive therapy for adult ADHD 20231319 2010 08 09 2010 08 24 2017 02 20 1535-7228 167 8 2010 Aug The American journal of psychiatry Am J Psychiatry Efficacy of meta-cognitive therapy for adult ADHD. 958-68 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09081123 The authors investigated the efficacy of a 12-week manualized meta-cognitive therapy group intervention designed to enhance time management, organization, and planning in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Eighty (...) -eight clinically referred adults who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD according to clinical and structured diagnostic interviews and standardized questionnaires were stratified by ADHD medication use and otherwise randomly assigned to receive meta-cognitive therapy or supportive psychotherapy in a group modality. Meta-cognitive therapy uses cognitive-behavioral principles and methods to impart skills and strategies in time management, organization, and planning and to target depressogenic and anxiogenic

EvidenceUpdates2010 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

103. Adjunctive divalproex versus placebo for children with ADHD and aggression refractory to stimulant monotherapy

Adjunctive divalproex versus placebo for children with ADHD and aggression refractory to stimulant monotherapy 19884222 2009 12 02 2009 12 14 2017 02 20 1535-7228 166 12 2009 Dec The American journal of psychiatry Am J Psychiatry Adjunctive divalproex versus placebo for children with ADHD and aggression refractory to stimulant monotherapy. 1392-401 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09020233 The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of divalproex for reducing aggressive behavior among (...) children 6 to 13 years old with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and a disruptive disorder whose chronic aggression was underresponsive to a prospective psychostimulant trial. Children received open stimulant treatment during a lead-in phase that averaged 5 weeks. Agent and dose were assessed weekly and modified to optimize response. Children whose aggressive behavior persisted at the conclusion of the lead-in phase were randomly assigned to receive double-blind, flexibly dosed

EvidenceUpdates2010 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

104. Early school-based screening and intervention programmes for ADHD did not improve children's outcomes at age 10

Early school-based screening and intervention programmes for ADHD did not improve children's outcomes at age 10 Early school-based screening and intervention programmes for ADHD did not improve children's outcomes at age 10 | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name (...) or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Early school-based screening and intervention programmes for ADHD did not improve children's outcomes at age 10 Article Text Therapeutics Early school-based screening and intervention programmes for ADHD did not improve children's outcomes at age 10 Statistics from

Evidence-Based Mental Health2010

105. Children with ADHD at increased risk of adolescent ADHD, ODD, anxiety or depression and functional impairment

Children with ADHD at increased risk of adolescent ADHD, ODD, anxiety or depression and functional impairment Children with ADHD at increased risk of adolescent ADHD, ODD, anxiety or depression and functional impairment | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password (...) ? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Children with ADHD at increased risk of adolescent ADHD, ODD, anxiety or depression and functional impairment Article Text Prognosis Children with ADHD at increased risk of adolescent ADHD, ODD, anxiety or depression and functional impairment Statistics from Altmetric.com

Evidence-Based Mental Health2010

106. Review: ADHD impairs quality of life, but children and young people with ADHD perceive less impairment than parents

Review: ADHD impairs quality of life, but children and young people with ADHD perceive less impairment than parents Review: ADHD impairs quality of life, but children and young people with ADHD perceive less impairment than parents | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name (...) or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: ADHD impairs quality of life, but children and young people with ADHD perceive less impairment than parents Article Text Prognosis Review: ADHD impairs quality of life, but children and young people with ADHD perceive less impairment than parents Statistics from

Evidence-Based Mental Health2010

107. Duration of effect of oral long-acting stimulant medications for ADHD throughout the day

Duration of effect of oral long-acting stimulant medications for ADHD throughout the day Duration of effect of oral long-acting stimulant medications for ADHD throughout the day Duration of effect of oral long-acting stimulant medications for ADHD throughout the day Brams M, Moon E, Pucci M, Lopez FA CRD summary This review found that most long-acting stimulants conferred benefits in populations with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder for up to 12 hours as measured by mathematics tests (...) . Methodological flaws and a lack of information about the quality of the studies mean that the results should be interpreted with some caution and made the reliability of the authors' conclusions unclear. Authors' objectives To determine the duration of effect of long-acting stimulant treatment in patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using analogue classroom protocols. Searching MEDLINE, BIOSYS and EMBASE were searched to June 2009 for relevant published studies; search terms were

DARE.2010

108. Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood

Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log (...) in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood Article Text Prognosis Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Question Question: What is the prevalence of psychopathology in girls with and without

Evidence-Based Mental Health2010

109. CPG on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Child and Adolescent Population

CPG on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the Child and Adolescent Population

GuiaSalud2010

110. Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training

Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu (...) Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training Article Text Therapeutics Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Question Question: Does neurofeedback training produce greater

Evidence-Based Mental Health2010

111. Conners? Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren

Conners? Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren Conners’ Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search (...) for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Conners’ Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren Article Text Diagnosis Conners’ Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article

Evidence-Based Mental Health2010

112. Comparing the efficacy of stimulants for ADHD in children and adolescents using meta-analysis

Comparing the efficacy of stimulants for ADHD in children and adolescents using meta-analysis Comparing the efficacy of stimulants for ADHD in children and adolescents using meta-analysis Comparing the efficacy of stimulants for ADHD in children and adolescents using meta-analysis Faraone SV, Buitelaar J CRD summary The authors concluded that amphetamine products may be moderately more efficacious than methylphenidate products for children and adolescents (...) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Lack of direct comparison combined with inadequate reporting of review methods and limited validity assessment means that the authors’ conclusions should be interpreted with caution. Authors' objectives To compare the efficacy of methylphenidate and amphetamine for children and adolescents with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using evidence from double-blind placebo-controlled randomised trials (RCTs). Searching PubMed, ERIC, EMBASE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, E-Psyche

DARE.2010

113. Cognitive behavioral therapy vs relaxation with educational support for medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial.

Cognitive behavioral therapy vs relaxation with educational support for medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. 20736471 2010 08 25 2010 08 27 2016 12 15 1538-3598 304 8 2010 Aug 25 JAMA JAMA Cognitive behavioral therapy vs relaxation with educational support for medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. 875-80 10.1001/jama.2010.1192 Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood (...) is a prevalent, distressing, and impairing condition that is not fully treated by pharmacotherapy alone and lacks evidence-based psychosocial treatments. To test cognitive behavioral therapy for ADHD in adults treated with medication but who still have clinically significant symptoms. Randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for 86 symptomatic adults with ADHD who were already being treated with medication. The study was conducted at a US hospital between

JAMA2010 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

114. Evaluating dopamine reward pathway in ADHD: clinical implications.

Evaluating dopamine reward pathway in ADHD: clinical implications. CONTEXT: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)--characterized by symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity--is the most prevalent childhood psychiatric disorder that frequently persists into adulthood, and there is increasing evidence of reward-motivation deficits in this disorder. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate biological bases that might underlie a reward/motivation deficit by imaging key components of the brain (...) dopamine reward pathway (mesoaccumbens). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We used positron emission tomography to measure dopamine synaptic markers (transporters and D(2)/D(3) receptors) in 53 nonmedicated adults with ADHD and 44 healthy controls between 2001-2009 at Brookhaven National Laboratory. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We measured specific binding of positron emission tomographic radioligands for dopamine transporters (DAT) using [(11)C]cocaine and for D(2)/D(3) receptors using [(11)C]raclopride

JAMA2009 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

115. Assessing the value of atomoxetine in treating children and adolescents with ADHD in the UK

Assessing the value of atomoxetine in treating children and adolescents with ADHD in the UK Assessing the value of atomoxetine in treating children and adolescents with ADHD in the UK Assessing the value of atomoxetine in treating children and adolescents with ADHD in the UK Prasad S, Arellano J, Steer C, Libretto SE Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) Health Service. The methodology was valid, but most of the details of the methods and results were published in another paper. The authors’ conclusions appear to be robust. Type of economic evaluation Cost-utility analysis Study objective This study was an economic evaluation of atomoxetine for children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with alternative treatments, such as psychostimulants, in various subgroups of patients depending on their previous treatment history

NHS Economic Evaluation Database.2009

116. Atomoxetine for ADHD in Children and Adolescents

Atomoxetine for ADHD in Children and Adolescents [73] Atomoxetine for ADHD in Children and Adolescents | Therapeutics Initiative Independent Healthcare Evidence > > [73] Atomoxetine for ADHD in Children and Adolescents In Letter #69 we summarized the evidence for the CNS stimulants, methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine and mixed amphetamine salts, to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and concluded “Better benefit and harm evidence is necessary before long-term CNS (...) stimulant treatment can be recommended.” That Letter did not assess atomoxetine (Strattera®) the newest drug indicated for treatment of ADHD. The rate of prescribing of atomoxetine in British Columbia (BC) in 2008 and 2009 is similar to mixed amphetamine salts (Adderall®), about one third of dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®) and about one sixth of methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Concerta®). Approved indications: ADHD in children aged 6 or older, adolescents, and adults. Mechanism of action: Atomoxetine

Therapeutics Letter2009

117. Review: prevalence of adult ADHD declines with age

Review: prevalence of adult ADHD declines with age Review: prevalence of adult ADHD declines with age | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: prevalence of adult ADHD declines with age Article Text Prevalence Review: prevalence of adult ADHD declines with age Statistics from Altmetric.com No Altmetric data available for this article. Question Question: What is the prevalence of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and which factors have an effect? Outcomes: Prevalence of ADHD in adults (DSM-IV criteria). Methods Design

Evidence-Based Mental Health2009

118. Nonpharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Neurofeedback

Nonpharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Neurofeedback Nonpharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Neurofeedback Nonpharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Neurofeedback Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Report may be purchased from (...) . Citation Nonpharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Neurofeedback . Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. 2009 Authors' objectives Neurofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is used to teach patients to regulate brain activity that appears impaired in ADHD. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Behavior Therapy; Diets Language Published English Country of organisation United

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2009

119. Stimulants for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children

Stimulants for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children Stimulants for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children Stimulants for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Report may be purchased from . Citation Stimulants for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (...) (ADHD) in children . Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. 2009 Authors' objectives Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder of childhood and adolescence that is characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity with symptoms persisting for at least 6 months and to an extent that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level. Stimulant medications are widely used for the treatment of ADHD in children and adults. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2009

120. Nonpharmacological Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children:Behavior Therapy

Nonpharmacological Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children:Behavior Therapy Nonpharmacological Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children:Behavior Therapy Nonpharmacological Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children:Behavior Therapy Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA (...) database. Report may be purchased from . Citation Nonpharmacological Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children:Behavior Therapy . Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. 2009 Authors' objectives Behavior therapy (BT) for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was developed as a way to increase desirable behaviors and reduce or eliminate the undesirable behaviors and tendencies associated with ADHD, including disruptive behavior, poor social skills, poor academic performance

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2009