Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

21. ADHD Medication and Substance-Related Problems

ADHD Medication and Substance-Related Problems 28659039 2017 06 29 2017 06 29 1535-7228 2017 Jun 29 The American journal of psychiatry Am J Psychiatry ADHD Medication and Substance-Related Problems. appiajp201716060686 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16060686 Substance use disorders are major contributors to excess mortality among individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet associations between pharmacological ADHD treatment and substance-related problems remain unclear (...) . This study investigated concurrent and long-term associations between ADHD medication treatment and substance-related events. The authors analyzed 2005-2014 commercial health care claims from 2,993,887 (47.2% female) adolescent and adult ADHD patients. Within-individual analyses compared the risk of substance-related events (i.e., emergency department visits related to substance use disorders) during months in which patients received prescribed stimulant medication or atomoxetine relative to the risk

2017 EvidenceUpdates

22. Effectiveness of methylphenidate and PUFA for the treatment of patients with ADHD: A double-blinded randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Effectiveness of methylphenidate and PUFA for the treatment of patients with ADHD: A double-blinded randomized clinical trial 28713515 2018 11 13 2008-5842 9 5 2017 May Electronic physician Electron Physician Effectiveness of methylphenidate and PUFA for the treatment of patients with ADHD: A double-blinded randomized clinical trial. 4412-4418 10.19082/4412 In some children with ADHD, sub-optimal levels of various nutrients including PUFA especially omega-3 has been observed, and contradictory (...) reports exist on the results of studies conducted on the positive therapeutic effects of PUFA in patients with ADHD. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of methylphenidate and PUFA on treatment of patients with ADHD in Zahedan, Iran. In this clinical trial, 40 children between 6 and 12 years of age with ADHD were investigated in Zahedan in 2014. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of methylphenidate plus PUFA and methylphenidate plus placebo. ADHD rating scale was

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Electronic physician

23. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD (...) ) Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Occupational therapy (OT) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encompasses a wide array of interventions, with the aim of increasing function in all aspects of life and settings (school, home, etc.). Specific interventions vary and are determined by the occupational therapist depending on the presenting problems, deficits, and the therapist's determination of the best course of treatment. OT interventions for ADHD can

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

24. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword (...) Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review Article Text Clinical reviews Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review Franco De Crescenzo , Samuele Cortese , , Nicoletta Adamo , Luigi Janiri Statistics from Altmetric.com Introduction

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

25. Medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children

Medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children

2017 DynaMed Plus

27. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

2017 DynaMed Plus

29. Causes and risk factors: Childhood comorbidity and parental mental health problems appear to be associated with ADHD persistence

Causes and risk factors: Childhood comorbidity and parental mental health problems appear to be associated with ADHD persistence Childhood comorbidity and parental mental health problems appear to be associated with ADHD persistence | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your (...) username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Childhood comorbidity and parental mental health problems appear to be associated with ADHD persistence Article Text Electronic pages Causes and risk

2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

30. Vitamin levels in adults with ADHD (PubMed)

Vitamin levels in adults with ADHD 27990293 2018 11 13 2056-4724 2 6 2016 Nov BJPsych open BJPsych Open Vitamin levels in adults with ADHD. 377-384 Micronutrients containing vitamins are reported to reduce symptom levels in persons with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but data on vitamin levels in ADHD are sparse. To examine the relationship between vitamin concentrations, ADHD diagnosis and psychiatric symptoms in young adult ADHD patients and controls. Eight vitamins (...) and the nicotine metabolite cotinine were analysed in serum samples from 133 ADHD patients and 131 controls aged between 18 and 40, who also reported ADHD symptoms and comorbid conditions. Lower concentrations of vitamins B2, B6 and B9 were associated with the ADHD diagnosis, and B2 and B6 also with symptom severity. Smokers had lower levels of vitamins B2 and B9. ADHD patients were overrepresented in the group with low levels of some vitamins, possibly indicative of inadequate dietary intake

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2016 BJPsych open

31. Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology

Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology 27760867 2016 10 20 2017 05 12 2017 05 12 1526-632X 87 22 2016 Nov 29 Neurology Neurology Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. 2375 (...) -2379 To evaluate the evidence for EEG theta/beta power ratio for diagnosing, or helping to diagnose, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We identified relevant studies and classified them using American Academy of Neurology criteria. Two Class I studies assessing the ability of EEG theta/beta power ratio and EEG frontal beta power to identify patients with ADHD correctly identified 166 of 185 participants. Both studies evaluated theta/beta power ratio and frontal beta power

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2016 EvidenceUpdates

32. Comparison between the efficacies of Risperidone with Haloperidol in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among preschoolers: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. (PubMed)

Comparison between the efficacies of Risperidone with Haloperidol in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among preschoolers: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. 27790334 2016 10 28 2017 02 24 8 9 2016 Sep Electronic physician Electron Physician Comparison between the efficacies of Risperidone with Haloperidol in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among preschoolers: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. 2840-2848 (...) Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disease with a worldwide pooled prevalence of 5.29%. To compare the efficacy of Risperidone with Haloperidol in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among 3- to 6-year-old children. In a 6-week double-blind clinical trial, the efficacy of Risperidone 0.5-2 mg with a dose of maximum Haloperidol 0.075 mg/kg was assessed in 39 children aged 3-6 years. This study was conducted at the Golestan Psychiatric Clinic (Ahvaz, Iran). Measurement

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2016 Electronic physician

33. Cardiovascular safety of methylphenidate among children and young people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): nationwide self controlled case series study. (PubMed)

Cardiovascular safety of methylphenidate among children and young people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): nationwide self controlled case series study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment with methylphenidate in children and young people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was associated with cardiovascular events. DESIGN: Self controlled case series analysis. SETTING: Nationwide health insurance database, 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2011, in South (...) exposed time periods (1.33, 0.90 to 1.98), though risk was higher in the early risk periods between eight and 56 days after the start of treatment with methylphenidate. No significant increased risk was observed for hypertension, ischemic stroke, or heart failure. CONCLUSION: The relative risk of myocardial infarction and arrhythmias is increased in the early period after the start of methylphenidate treatment for ADHD in children and young people. Though the absolute risk is likely to be low

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2016 BMJ

34. Pharmacologic Management of Patients with ADHD: Review of Guidelines

Pharmacologic Management of Patients with ADHD: Review of Guidelines Pharmacologic Management of Patients with ADHD: Review of Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Pharmacologic Management of Patients with ADHD: Review of Guidelines Pharmacologic Management of Patients with ADHD: Review of Guidelines Published on: March 18, 2016 Project Number: RC0759-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What (...) are the evidence-based guidelines for the pharmacologic management of ADHD in children, adolescents, and adults? Key Message Stimulant drugs are the first-choice pharmacological treatment for ADHD in children, adolescents, and adults. Atomoxetine is the preferred initial choice of treatment when there is a risk that stimulant drugs may be abused/misused or diverted. Atomoxetine is also the recommended drug of choice when stimulant ADHD drugs are contra-indicated, ineffective, or poorly tolerated

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

35. Guanfacine hydrochloride (Intuniv) - treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Guanfacine hydrochloride (Intuniv) - treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

2016 Scottish Medicines Consortium

36. The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: Delphi survey and mixed-methods study (PubMed)

The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: Delphi survey and mixed-methods study 27703750 2018 11 13 2056-4724 2 1 2016 Jan BJPsych open BJPsych Open The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: Delphi survey and mixed-methods study. 25-31 The landmark US Multimodal Treatment of ADHD (MTA) study established the benefits of individualised medication (...) titration and optimisation strategies to improve short- to medium-term outcomes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This individualised medication management approach was subsequently incorporated into the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) ADHD Clinical Guidelines (NICE CG78). However, little is known about clinicians' attitudes towards implementing these medication management strategies for ADHD in routine care. To examine National Health Service (NHS) healthcare

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2016 BJPsych open

37. Methylphenidate for ADHD in children and adolescents: throwing the baby out with the bathwater

Methylphenidate for ADHD in children and adolescents: throwing the baby out with the bathwater Methylphenidate for ADHD in children and adolescents: throwing the baby out with the bathwater | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search (...) for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Methylphenidate for ADHD in children and adolescents: throwing the baby out with the bathwater Article Text Perspective Methylphenidate for ADHD in children and adolescents: throwing the baby out with the bathwater Tobias Banaschewski , Jan Buitelaar , , Celine S L Chui , David Coghill , Samuele Cortese , , Emily Simonoff

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2016 Evidence-Based Mental Health

38. Evidence on methylphenidate in children and adolescents with ADHD is in fact of ?very low quality?

Evidence on methylphenidate in children and adolescents with ADHD is in fact of ?very low quality? Evidence on methylphenidate in children and adolescents with ADHD is in fact of ‘very low quality’ | Evidence-Based Mental Health This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword (...) Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Evidence on methylphenidate in children and adolescents with ADHD is in fact of ‘very low quality’ Article Text Perspective Evidence on methylphenidate in children and adolescents with ADHD is in fact of ‘very low quality’ O J Storebø , , , M Zwi , H B Krogh , , C R Moreira-Maia , M Holmskov , , D Gillies

2016 Evidence-Based Mental Health

39. Practice advisory: the utility of eeg theta/beta power ratio in adhd diagnosis

Practice advisory: the utility of eeg theta/beta power ratio in adhd diagnosis Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis | Neurology Advertisement Search for this keyword Main menu User menu Search Search for this keyword The most widely read and highly cited peer-reviewed neurology journal Share November 29, 2016 ; 87 (22) Special Article Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis Report of the Guideline Development (...) .), University of California at Los Angeles. Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis David Gloss , Jay K. Varma , Tamara Pringsheim , Marc R. Nuwer Neurology Nov 2016, 87 (22) 2375-2379; DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003265 Citation Manager Formats Downloads 1955 Share Abstract Objective: To evaluate the evidence for EEG theta/beta power ratio for diagnosing, or helping to diagnose, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: We identified relevant studies

2016 American Academy of Neurology

40. ADHD in Children and Adolescents

ADHD in Children and Adolescents ADHD in Children and Adolescents -- Clinical Recommendation Welcome Search Search Specify your search AAFP.org Patient Care Clinical Practice Guideline ADHD in Children and Adolescents ADHD: Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents (Reaffirmed, May 2016) The guideline on ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment (...) of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). Key Recommendations Any child 4 through 18 years of age who presents with academic or behavioral problems and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity should be evaluated for ADHD. The diagnosis of ADHD should be based on the criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, with information

2016 American Academy of Family Physicians