Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

1. Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism

Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism Share: Reading time approx. 8 minutes Exercise has attracted attention as a potential helpful intervention in persons with ADHD or autism. Effects (...) are often emphasized on cognition, social-emotional, and motor development. The purpose of this report was to systematically review published systematic reviews on examining the effects of all types of exercise interventions in persons with ADHD or Autism. Question What systematic reviews are there on exercise interventions for persons with hyperactivity and inattention (for example in ADHD or autism)? Identified literature Table 1. Systematic reviews with low/medium risk of bias. ADHD = Attention

2019 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

2. Facilitating the Implementation of EPC Reports in Learning Health Systems Engaged in Quality Initiatives: an EPC Pilot Project on ADHD

Facilitating the Implementation of EPC Reports in Learning Health Systems Engaged in Quality Initiatives: an EPC Pilot Project on ADHD Methods Research Report Facilitating the Implementation of EPC Reports in Learning Health Systems Engaged in Quality Initiatives: an EPC Pilot Project on ADHD Methods Research Report Facilitating the Implementation of EPC Reports in Learning Health Systems Engaged in Quality Initiatives: an EPC Pilot Project on ADHD Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research (...) may not be able to fully access information in this report. For assistance contact EPC@ahrq.hhs.gov. Suggested citation: Morrow AS, Butler M, Murad MH. Facilitating the Implementation of EPC Reports in Learning Health Systems Engaged in Quality Initiatives: an EPC Pilot Project on ADHD. Methods Research Report. (Prepared by the Mayo Clinic and Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2015-00013-I; 290-2015-00008-I.) AHRQ Publication No. 19(20)-EHC029-EF. Rockville, MD

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

3. Continued Benefits of Methylphenidate in ADHD After 2 Years in Clinical Practice: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Discontinuation Study

Continued Benefits of Methylphenidate in ADHD After 2 Years in Clinical Practice: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Discontinuation Study The benefits of long-term use of methylphenidate treatment in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as frequently prescribed in clinical practice, are unclear. The authors investigated whether methylphenidate remains beneficial after 2 years of use.Ninety-four children and adolescents (ages 8-18 years) who had been (...) treated in regular care with methylphenidate for more than 2 years were randomly assigned to double-blind continuation of treatment for 7 weeks (36 or 54 mg/day of extended-release methylphenidate) or gradual withdrawal over 3 weeks, to 4 weeks of placebo. The primary outcome measure was the investigator-rated ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS); secondary outcome measures were the investigator-rated Clinical Global Impressions improvement scale (CGI-I) and the Conners' Teacher Rating Scale-Revised: Short

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Social skills training for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years. (PubMed)

Social skills training for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is associated with hyperactivity and impulsivity, attention problems, and difficulties with social interactions. Pharmacological treatment may alleviate the symptoms of ADHD but this rarely solves difficulties with social interactions. Children with ADHD may benefit from interventions designed to improve their social skills. We (...) examined the benefits and harms of social skills training on social skills, emotional competencies, general behaviour, ADHD symptoms, performance in school of children with ADHD, and adverse events.To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of social skills training in children and adolescents with ADHD.In July 2018, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, 4 other databases and two trials registers.We also searched online conference abstracts, and contacted experts in the field

2019 Cochrane

5. Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD

Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD Discover Portal Discover Portal Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD Published on 6 November 2018 doi: The stimulant methylphenidate has the best balance of effectiveness against side effects in children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity (...) of bias. But this study supports NICE guidance on the range of potential drug options to consider in conjunction with behavioural and support strategies for children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that starts in childhood. Symptoms include inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that occur at home and school, interfering with functioning

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with ADHD Discover Portal Discover Portal Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Published on 21 August 2018 doi: Cognitive behavioural therapy improves the core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, compared with a range of other treatments (...) used a variety of outcome measures, which made it difficult to compare the interventions. Despite these limitations, the review provides evidence that reinforces current guidance and practice. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms which usually begin in childhood. While the symptoms of inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness usually improve with age, they can continue into adulthood

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

7. Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD

Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD Discover Portal Discover Portal Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD Published on 30 October 2018 doi: There is further evidence to support the amphetamines as the most effective group of drugs for treating adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the short-term. Two of these drugs were shown (...) a quarter of the studies having low risk of bias. The network meta-analysis allowed the authors to compare different drugs with each other as well as with placebos (dummy pills). It strengthens the evidence behind NICE guidelines which recommend a trial of either the amphetamine lisdexamfetamine or another stimulant, methylphenidate, as first-line treatments. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a persistent pattern

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

8. The impact of childhood diagnosed ADHD/ADD versus controls without ADHD/ADD diagnoses on later labor market attachment. - a systematic review of longitudinal studies

The impact of childhood diagnosed ADHD/ADD versus controls without ADHD/ADD diagnoses on later labor market attachment. - a systematic review of longitudinal studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

9. Systematic review of pre-injury attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a vulnerability factor for worse outcome following sport-related concussion

Systematic review of pre-injury attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a vulnerability factor for worse outcome following sport-related concussion Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

10. Mindfulness-based intervention and ADHD: outcomes, assessment tools, protocols and efficacy. A systematic review

Mindfulness-based intervention and ADHD: outcomes, assessment tools, protocols and efficacy. A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

11. Meta-analysis of the effects of atomoxetine on executive functioning in patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Meta-analysis of the effects of atomoxetine on executive functioning in patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record

2019 PROSPERO

12. A systematic review of the effectiveness of classwide peer tutoring in improving school performance of school-aged children with ADHD

A systematic review of the effectiveness of classwide peer tutoring in improving school performance of school-aged children with ADHD Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record

2019 PROSPERO

13. Placebo effects during treatment with ADHD medications

Placebo effects during treatment with ADHD medications Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2019 PROSPERO

14. Effectiveness and safety of Ayurveda intervention in children and adolescent with ADHD: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Effectiveness and safety of Ayurveda intervention in children and adolescent with ADHD: a systematic review with meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

15. The impact of animal assisted interventions on children and young people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a systematic review

The impact of animal assisted interventions on children and young people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

16. The role of performance monitoring in neurodevelopmental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of electrophysiological correlates in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder

The role of performance monitoring in neurodevelopmental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of electrophysiological correlates in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied

2019 PROSPERO

17. The strength of the genetic overlap between ADHD and other psychiatric disorder symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The strength of the genetic overlap between ADHD and other psychiatric disorder symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

18. Help-seeking behaviours of individuals with symptoms suggestive of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): systematic review and narrative synthesis

Help-seeking behaviours of individuals with symptoms suggestive of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): systematic review and narrative synthesis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

19. ADHD in children and youth: Part 3?Assessment and treatment with comorbid ASD, ID, or prematurity

ADHD in children and youth: Part 3?Assessment and treatment with comorbid ASD, ID, or prematurity Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder. Three position statements have been developed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, following systematic literature reviews. Statement objectives are to: 1) Summarize the current clinical evidence regarding ADHD, 2) Establish a standard for ADHD care, and 3) Assist Canadian clinicians in making well-informed (...) , evidence-based decisions to enhance care of children and youth with this condition. Specific topics reviewed in Part 3, which focuses on associated autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and prematurity, include the challenges of diagnostic assessment, common presentations, the role of genetics, and treatment, including the benefits of physical activity. Recommendations are based on current guidelines, evidence from the literature, and expert consensus. Keywords: Autism; ADHD; Intellectual

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

20. ADHD in children and youth: Part 2?Treatment

ADHD in children and youth: Part 2?Treatment Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder. Three position statements have been developed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, following systematic literature reviews. Statement objectives are to: 1) Summarize the current clinical evidence regarding ADHD, 2) Establish a standard for ADHD care, and 3) Assist Canadian clinicians in making well-informed, evidence-based decisions to enhance care of children (...) the literature, and expert consensus. Keywords: ADHD; Adverse effects; Combined interventions; Medication management

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society