Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

1. Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD

Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD Published on 30 October 2018 doi: There is further evidence to support the amphetamines as the most effective group of drugs for treating adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the short-term. Two (...) of these drugs were shown to provide the most improvement in core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, are tolerated as well as any other drug treatment and are less likely to be stopped. The review did not identify data to determine whether amphetamines should continue to be used for longer than 12 weeks. This large, comprehensive NIHR-funded systematic review included published and unpublished randomised controlled trials of different drug treatments. The quality of the included trials

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

2. Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD

Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Methylphenidate remains first-choice drug treatment for children and young people with ADHD Published on 6 November 2018 doi: The stimulant methylphenidate has the best balance of effectiveness against side effects in children and young people (...) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Amphetamines are more effective, but also more likely to be stopped for a reason other than side effects. This large, NIHR-funded systematic review compared a range of drugs against each other through a network meta-analysis. Effectiveness and tolerability were assessed at about 12 weeks of treatment. Other second-line drug treatments were also effective and well-tolerated, including modafinil which is currently not licensed for children in the UK. There were some quality issues due to risk

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

3. Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD

Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder or ADHD We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Nutritional or dietary interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum (...) disorder or ADHD Share: Reading time approx. 6 minutes There are theories that different types of nutritional or dietary interventions, where specific food items are excluded from the diet or where nutritional supplements are added, may affect the symptoms of persons with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder. This applies, for example, to gluten-free and casein-free diet, ketogenic diet (a strict option of a low carbohydrate diet) or diet where sugar or various

Swedish Council on Technology Assessement2018

7. Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with ADHD Dissemination Centre Discover Portal NIHR DC Discover Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Published on 21 August 2018 doi: Cognitive behavioural therapy improves the core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, compared with a range (...) to moderate quality. They also used a variety of outcome measures, which made it difficult to compare the interventions. Despite these limitations, the review provides evidence that reinforces current guidance and practice. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms which usually begin in childhood. While the symptoms of inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness usually improve with age, they can

NIHR Dissemination Centre2018

8. Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD can persist into adulthood and can affects individuals' social and occupational functioning, as well as their quality of life and health. ADHD is frequently associated with other mental disorders such as substance use disorders and anxiety and affective disorders (...) . Amphetamines are used to treat adults with ADHD, but uncertainties about their efficacy and safety remain. OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy and safety of amphetamines for adults with ADHD. SEARCH METHODS: In August 2017, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, 10 other databases, and two trials registers, and we ran citation searches for included studies. We also contacted the corresponding authors of all included studies, other experts in the field, and the pharmaceutical company, Shire, and we

Cochrane2018

9. ADHD

ADHD Top results for adhd - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature My query is: English Français Deutsch Čeština Español Magyar Svenska ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button (...) . An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for adhd The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical

Trip Latest and Greatest2018

10. Pharmacological treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders.

Pharmacological treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review published in Issue 4, 2011.Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent of the comorbid psychiatric disorders that complicate tic disorders. Medications commonly used to treat ADHD symptoms include stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine; non-stimulants, such as atomoxetine (...) ; tricyclic antidepressants; and alpha agonists. Alpha agonists are also used as a treatment for tics. Due to the impact of ADHD symptoms on the child with tic disorder, treatment of ADHD is often of greater priority than the medical management of tics. However, for many decades, clinicians have been reluctant to use stimulants to treat children with ADHD and tics for fear of worsening their tics. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological treatments for ADHD in children with comorbid tic

Cochrane2018

12. Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents - assessment of adverse events in non-randomised studies.

Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents - assessment of adverse events in non-randomised studies. BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. The psychostimulant methylphenidate is the most frequently used medication to treat it. Several studies have investigated the benefits of methylphenidate, showing possible favourable effects on ADHD symptoms, but the true magnitude (...) of the effect is unknown. Concerning adverse events associated with the treatment, our systematic review of randomised clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated no increase in serious adverse events, but a high proportion of participants suffered a range of non-serious adverse events. OBJECTIVES: To assess the adverse events associated with methylphenidate treatment for children and adolescents with ADHD in non-randomised studies. SEARCH METHODS: In January 2016, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO

Cochrane2018

13. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental condition characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, along with deficits in executive function, emotional regulation and motivation. The persistence of ADHD in adulthood is a serious clinical problem.ADHD significantly affects social interactions, study and employment performance.Previous (...) studies suggest that cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective in treating adults with ADHD, especially when combined with pharmacological treatment. CBT aims to change the thoughts and behaviours that reinforce harmful effects of the disorder by teaching people techniques to control the core symptoms. CBT also aims to help people cope with emotions, such as anxiety and depression, and to improve self-esteem. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of cognitive-behavioural-based therapy

Cochrane2018

14. Diagnoses of Cardiovascular Disease or Substance Addiction/Abuse in US Adults Treated for ADHD with Stimulants or Atomoxetine: Is Use Consistent with Product Labeling?

Diagnoses of Cardiovascular Disease or Substance Addiction/Abuse in US Adults Treated for ADHD with Stimulants or Atomoxetine: Is Use Consistent with Product Labeling? ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Diagnoses of Cardiovascular Disease or Substance Addiction/ Abuse in US Adults Treated for ADHD with Stimulants or Atomoxetine: Is Use Consistent with Product Labeling? Kathleen A. Fairman 1 • Lindsay E. Davis 1 • Alyssa M. Peckham 1 • David A. Sclar 1 Published online: 5 January 2018 The Author(s) 2018 (...) . This article is an open access publication Abstract Background Among US adults, utilization of pharma- cotherapy for attention-de?cit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased more than ninefold since 1995–1996. Potential contraindications to ADHD phar- macotherapy include serious cardiovascular disease (CVD) and, for stimulants, addictions and bipolar disorder (BPD). Objective To assess the prevalence of potential con- traindications among adults treated with ADHD pharmacotherapy. Methods A

Drugs - real world outcomes2018 Full Text: Link to full Text with Trip Pro

15. Bupropion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Bupropion for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurobiological condition, characterised by behavioral and cognitive symptoms such as inattention, impulsivity and/or excessive activity. The syndrome is commonly accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities and is associated with educational and occupational underachievement.Although psychostimulant medications are the mainstay of treatment for ADHD (...) , not all adults respond optimally to, or can tolerate, these medicines. Thus, alternative non-stimulant treatment approaches for ADHD have been explored. One of these alternatives is bupropion, an aminoketone antidepressant and non-competitive antagonism of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Bupropion is registered for the treatment of depression and smoking cessation, but is also used off-label to treat ADHD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of bupropion for the treatment of adults

Cochrane2017

16. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine'', 1 October 2017 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight (...) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): avoid guanfacine In children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), guanfacine has no proven efficacy in improving family and social relationships. On the other hand, it has frequent, sometimes severe, adverse effects. In practice, it is best to avoid guanfacine. The diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children is based on non-specific behavioural symptoms: inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The disruptive impact on family

Prescrire2017

17. Attentin (dexamfetamine) - attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attentin (dexamfetamine) - attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Attentin (dexamfetamine) × Insert searchphrase to search the website Insert searchphrase to search the website > > > Attentin (dexamfetamine) Conclusion Attentin (dexamfetamine) is a CNS stimulant agent for treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Attentin can be used second-line when response to methylphenidate is not sufficiently effective or has caused (...) unacceptable adverse reactions. The indication for medicinal treatment of ADHD is made by a specialist in child and adolescent psychiatry upon which further treatment (maintenance treatment) may be decided by the general practitioner in collaboration with a child and adolescent psychiatrist (1). Pharmaceutical treatment should not be the only treatment for ADHD, but should be combined with non-pharmaceutical interventions (1). The effect of dexamfetamine on ADHD core symptoms in children and adults has

Danish Pharmacotherapy Reviews2017

18. Intuniv (guanfacine) - ADHD

Intuniv (guanfacine) - ADHD Intuniv® (guanfacine) × Insert searchphrase to search the website Insert searchphrase to search the website > > > Intuniv® (guanfacine) Conclusion With Intuniv (guanfacine), a new type of non-stimulant ADHD medication is introduced. Intuniv is approved for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents when central nervous stimulants are not suitable, not tolerated or have no effect. Thus, Intuniv has a more restrictive indication compared to the other non (...) -stimulant ADHD medicine, atomoxetine. Compared to placebo, Intuniv has an effect on ADHD core symptoms with medium effect size. It suggests that the effect of Intuniv is lower than that of methylphenidate, but comparable to or higher than that of atomoxetine. No convincing effect on functioning has been established. Adverse reactions and risks of interactions are significant and may be serious; especially sedation and somnolence are common and influence Intuniv's effect on ADHD core symptoms. Intuniv

Danish Pharmacotherapy Reviews2017

19. ADHD Medication and Substance-Related Problems

ADHD Medication and Substance-Related Problems 28659039 2017 06 29 2017 06 29 1535-7228 2017 Jun 29 The American journal of psychiatry Am J Psychiatry ADHD Medication and Substance-Related Problems. appiajp201716060686 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16060686 Substance use disorders are major contributors to excess mortality among individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet associations between pharmacological ADHD treatment and substance-related problems remain unclear (...) . This study investigated concurrent and long-term associations between ADHD medication treatment and substance-related events. The authors analyzed 2005-2014 commercial health care claims from 2,993,887 (47.2% female) adolescent and adult ADHD patients. Within-individual analyses compared the risk of substance-related events (i.e., emergency department visits related to substance use disorders) during months in which patients received prescribed stimulant medication or atomoxetine relative to the risk

EvidenceUpdates2017

20. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Occupational therapy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD (...) ) Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Occupational therapy (OT) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encompasses a wide array of interventions, with the aim of increasing function in all aspects of life and settings (school, home, etc.). Specific interventions vary and are determined by the occupational therapist depending on the presenting problems, deficits, and the therapist's determination of the best course of treatment. OT interventions for ADHD can

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.2017