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Latest & greatest articles for Serum Glucose
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Effect on Fasting SerumGlucose Levels of Adding Ezetimibe to Statins in Patients With Nondiabetic Hypercholesterolemia Statin therapy is associated with a slightly increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance in patients without diabetes. Ezetimibe combined with statins may be considered for high-risk patients who do not achieve optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering on statin monotherapy or who are statin intolerant. Changes in fasting serumglucose (FSG
Serumglucose levels for predicting death in patients admitted to hospital for community acquired pneumonia: prospective cohort study. To examine whether acute dysglycaemia predicts death in people admitted to hospital with community acquired pneumonia.Multicentre prospective cohort study.Hospitals and private practices in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria.6891 patients with community acquired pneumonia included in the German community acquired pneumonia competence network (CAPNETZ) study (...) between 2003 and 2009.Univariable and multivariable hazard ratios adjusted for sex, age, current smoking status, severity of community acquired pneumonia using the CRB-65 score (confusion, respiratory rate >30/min, systolic blood pressure ≤ 90 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≤ 60 mm Hg, and age ≥ 65 years), and various comorbidities for death at 28, 90, and 180 days according to serumglucose levels on admission.An increased serumglucose level at admission to hospital in participants with community
Serum uric acid levels improve prediction of incident type 2 diabetes in individuals with impaired fasting glucose: the Rancho Bernardo Study To determine whether serum uric acid predicts incident type 2 diabetes by glucose tolerance status in older community-dwelling adults.Participants without diabetes at baseline were evaluated for incident type 2 diabetes 13 years later. Baseline glucose tolerance status was defined as normoglycemia, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired postchallenge (...) glucose tolerance.A total of 566 participants were included (mean age 63.3 +/- 8.6 years; 41% men). Regression models adjusted for age, sex, BMI, diuretic use, and estimated glomerular filtration rate showed that for each 1 mg/dl increment in uric acid levels, incident type 2 diabetes risk increased by approximately 60%. When analyses were stratified by glucose status, uric acid levels independently predicted incident type 2 diabetes among participants who had impaired fasting glucose (odds ratio 1.75
Fasting serumglucose level and cancer risk in Korean men and women. Diabetes is a serious and costly disease that is becoming increasingly common in many countries. The role of diabetes as a cancer risk factor remains unclear.To examine the relationship between fasting serumglucose and diabetes and risk of all cancers and specific cancers in men and women in Korea.Ten-year prospective cohort study of 1,298,385 Koreans (829,770 men and 468,615 women) aged 30 to 95 years who received health (...) insurance from the National Health Insurance Corp and had a biennial medical evaluation in 1992-1995 (with follow-up for up to 10 years).Death from cancer and registry-documented incident cancer or hospital admission for cancer.During the 10 years of follow-up, there were 20,566 cancer deaths in men and 5907 cancer deaths in women. Using Cox proportional hazards models and controlling for smoking and alcohol use, the stratum with the highest fasting serumglucose (> or =140 mg/dL [> or =7.8 mmol/L]) had
Effect of dietary fibre on glucose control and serum lipoproteins in diabetic patients. To evaluate the effects of a fibre-rich diet on blood glucose and serum lipoproteins, eight diabetic patients, four on insulin and four on oral hypoglycaemic drugs, were put on three different diets, a different one for each consecutive 10-day period: diet A (carbohydrate 53%, fibre 16 g), diet B (carbohydrate 53%, fibre 54 g), and diet C (carbohydrate 42%, fibre 20 g). All diets had identical (...) polyunsaturated/saturated fat ratios. Both 2 h post-prandial glucose and mean daily glucose levels were significantly lower after diet B than after either of the two other diets, as were total and LDL cholesterol levels. Total and VLDL triglyceride levels after diet B were significantly lower than those after diet A but almost identical to those after diet C. HDL cholesterol concentration was not affected by dietary fibre but was significantly increased by the low-carbohydrate diet. A high-fibre, normal
Depletion and disruption of dietary fibre. Effects on satiety, plasma-glucose, and serum-insulin. Ten normal subjects ingested test meals based on apples, each containing 60 g available carbohydrate. Fibre-free juice could be consumed eleven times faster than intact apples and four times faster than fibre-disrupted purée. Satiety was assessed numerically. With the rate of ingestion equalised, juice was significantly less satisfying than purée, and purée than apples. Plasma-glucose rose (...) to similar levels after all three meals. However, there was a striking rebound fall after juice, and to a lesser extent after purée, which was not seen after apples. Serum-insulin rose to higher levels after juice and purée than after apples. The removal of fibre from food, and also its physical disruption, can result in faster and easier ingestion, decreased satiety, and disturbed glucose homoeostasis which is probably due to inappropriate insulin release. These effects favour overnutrition