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Effects of massage on outcomes of adult intensive care unit patients: a systematic review. The critical care experience is particularly stressful for patients, which can result in a number of physiological and psychological consequences, including haemodynamic instability, increased pain, agitation and delirium, leading to prolonged mechanical ventilation, length of stay and subsequent complications. Massage therapy encompasses different techniques to promote relaxation and to counter stress (...) , therefore potentially affecting several patients' outcomes.To systematically review evidence on the effects of massage on outcomes of adult critically ill patients. The outcome measures included pain, vital signs (VS), haemodynamic measurements, level of consciousness, sleep quality, muscle tension, anxiety, feelings of calm and relaxation, coping, arterial blood gases and serum biomarkers.This was a systematic review based on focused literature searches (PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, EMBASE-Ovid databases
The effect of massage on feeding intolerance in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis study. Feeding intolerance in premature infants is one of the main causes of their long-term hospitalization in NICUs. Massage therapy is a cost-effective intervention that has a positive impact on the health of infants and their parents. This systematic review investigates the effect of massage on feeding intolerance in preterm infants.A search was carried out in English databases including (...) of the evidence.Of the 528 reviewed articles, eight were eligible for this study and finally six studies were included in the meta-analysis. According to the meta-analysis conducted on 128 preterm infants, the mean gastric residual volume (MD = - 2.11; 95% CI: - 2.76 to - 1.45, P < 0.00001) and mean frequency of vomiting (MD = - 0.84; 95% CI: - 1.37 to - 0.31; P = 0.002) were significantly lower in the massage therapy group compared to the control group. The mean abdominal circumference (MD = - 1.51; 95% CI
The effectiveness of aromatherapy, massage and reflexology in people with palliative care needs: A systematic review. Aromatherapy, massage and reflexology are widely used in palliative care. Despite this, there are questions about their suitability for inclusion in clinical guidelines. The need to understand their benefits is a public priority, especially in light of funding pressures.To synthesise current evidence on the effectiveness of aromatherapy, massage and reflexology in people (...) , eight massage and six reflexology. A further four evaluated massage compared with aromatherapy. Trials were at an unclear risk of bias. Many had small samples. Heterogeneity prevented meta-analysis. In comparison with usual care, another therapy or an active control, evidence on the effectiveness of massage and aromatherapy in reducing anxiety, pain and improving quality-of-life was inconclusive. There was some evidence (low quality) that compared to an active control, reflexology reduced pain.This
Perineal massage during labor: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Background: Different techniques have been analyzed to reduce the risk of perineal trauma during labor.Objective: To evaluate whether perineal massage techniques during vaginal delivery decreases the risk of perineal trauma.Search strategy: Electronic databases (Medline, Prospero, Scopus, ClinicalTrials.gov, Embase, ScienceDirect, the Cochrane Library, SciELO) were searched from their inception (...) until February 2018. No restrictions for language or geographic location were applied.Selection criteria: We included all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the use of perineal massage during labor (i.e. intervention group) with a control group (i.e. no perineal massage) in women with singleton gestation and cephalic presentation at ≥36 weeks. Perineal massage was defined as massage of the posterior perineum by the clinician's fingers (with or without lubricant). Trials on perineal
Effects of massage on newborn infants with jaundice: A meta-analysis. This meta-analysis aims to systematically evaluate the effects of massage on infants with jaundice.Multiple electronic databases, including Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine (CBM), Wan Fang Data, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), were used to search for studies on the effects of massage on infants with jaundice. Data were (...) , and the results of subgroup analysis showed that the serum total bilirubin level in the intervention group was significantly lower than that in the control group [MD = -52.06, 95% CI (-57.76, -46.36), P < 0.05 and MD = -10.65, 95% CI (-14.66, -6.63), P < 0.05]. Statistically significant difference in defecation frequency was observed between the two groups at 48 h after birth[SMD = 0.44, 95%CI (0.02, 0.87), P < 0.05].Massage can decrease serum total bilirubin and percutaneous bilirubin levels and increasing
Traditional Chinese medicine foot bath combined with acupoint massage for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 31 RCTs. In this study, we aim to evaluate the efficiency and safety of traditional Chinese medicine foot bath combined with acupoint massage for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. A total of eight online databases were searched to collect studies published up to February 2019. Study quality of each included article (...) was evaluated by the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were conducted based on the Cochrane systematic review method by using the RevMan 5.3 software. Traditional Chinese medicine foot bath combined with acupoint massage was the main therapy in experimental group. Interventions in control groups include western medicine, oral traditional Chinese medicine, other symptomatic treatment of western medicine, and blank control. Primary outcomes in this study include
The influence of massage on neonatal hyperbilirubinemia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Introduction: The efficacy of massage to treat neonatal hyperbilirubinemia remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of massage on the neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Methods: We search PubMed, Embase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases through November 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect (...) of massage on neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. This meta-analysis is performed using the random-effect model. Results: Six RCTs involving 357 patients are included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with the control group in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, massage therapy is associated with substantially reduced serum bilirubin level within 4 d (mean difference (MD) = -2.31; 95% CI = -2.92 to -1.70; p < .00001) and transcutaneous bilirubin level within 4 d for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (MD = -1.97; 95
Effectiveness of breast massage for the treatment of women with breastfeeding problems: a systematic review. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the effectiveness of breast massage as a treatment for women with breastfeeding problems. More specifically, the objective was to identify if breast massage as an intervention led to less pain or increased milk supply, or assisted in a reduction or resolution of blocked ducts, breast engorgement and mastitis.Breastfeeding protects babies (...) against many illnesses, and the health benefits for women have been well documented. However, breastfeeding rates steadily drop to approximately 15% by six months, which is the World Health Organization's recommended length of time for exclusive breastfeeding. Breastfeeding problems such as blocked ducts, breast engorgement and mastitis are major complications attributing to the decline in breastfeeding rates. Breast massage may relieve pain and resolve symptoms associated with conditions
Aromatherapy, massage and reflexology: A systematic review and thematic synthesis of the perspectives from people with palliative care needs. Effectiveness evidence of complementary therapies in people with advanced disease is uncertain, and yet people are still keen to engage in complementary therapy. Insights into people's experiences of complementary therapy in palliative care, the perceived benefits, and how they want it delivered, can inform clinical guidelines and suggest ways to test (...) therapies more appropriately in future evaluations.Explore in people with advanced disease (1) the experiences and perceptions of benefits and harms of aromatherapy, massage, and reflexology and (2) how they would like these therapies delivered.A systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. Database search terms were related to palliative care, aromatherapy, reflexology and massage. Citations and full texts were reviewed independently against predefined inclusion criteria. Studies
The effects of aromatherapy massage on improvement of anxiety among patients receiving palliative care: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Anxiety in patients receiving palliative care is a noteworthy concern because it may affect their quality of life. Aromatherapy has been widely utilized to improve anxiety among patients receiving palliative care.To investigate the effectiveness of anxiety improvement in patients receiving palliative care by comparing the intervention group (...) (aromatherapy massage) with the control group (common massage alone).A literature search was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE, and CINAHL for all related studies from inception through November 30, 2018 without restriction on language. A quantitative synthesis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to compare the difference in effectiveness scores between the aromatherapy massage and only common massage groups by employing a random-effect model.We included three RCTs
Manual massage for persons living with dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis The number of persons living with dementia will increase. So far, pharmacological management is limited because of small effect sizes and side effects of the drugs. Therefore, it is important to assess non-pharmacological treatment options such as massage, which have nearly no side effects and are easy for caregivers to apply.To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis, aiming to pool the evidence (...) for the efficacy of manual massage for persons living with dementia.A systematic review and meta-analysis.EMBASE, Medline, PubMed, PSYinfo, BIOSIS, EBM, PSYCINDEX, Osteopathic Research Web, and OSTMED.DR were searched, regardless of publication year, through August 2017.Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating manual massage in patients with dementia with or without using (aromatic) oil were included. The intervention of the control group had to guarantee no physical contact between caregiver and patient
The effectiveness of aromatherapy and massage on stress management in nurses: A systematic review. To assess the effectiveness of aromatherapy and massage on relieving stress in nurses.Nurses face uncommon levels of stress in medical settings. Stress has a negative impact on nurses' well-being and the organisation where they work. Aromatherapy and massage are important strategies for stress reduction. However, the effectiveness of aromatherapy and massage on relieving stress in nurses currently (...) lacks understanding.Systematic review.We performed a quantitative systematic review using Cochrane methods. We searched existing literature in the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library, to examine any experimental design studies published from the earliest date available to August 2017 in English. Risk of bias per outcome was assessed.A total of 10 articles met the inclusion criteria, including aromatherapy (n = 4), massage (n = 4) and aromatherapy
Efficacy and Safety of Massage for Osteoarthritis of the Knee: a Randomized Clinical Trial Current treatment options for knee osteoarthritis have limited effectiveness and potentially adverse side effects. Massage may offer a safe and effective complement to the management of knee osteoarthritis.Examine effects of whole-body massage on knee osteoarthritis, compared to active control (light-touch) and usual care.Multisite RCT assessing the efficacy of massage compared to light-touch and usual (...) care in adults with knee osteoarthritis, with assessments at baseline and weeks 8, 16, 24, 36, and 52. Subjects in massage or light-touch groups received eight weekly treatments, then were randomized to biweekly intervention or usual care to week 52. The original usual care group continued to week 24. Analysis was performed on an intention-to-treat basis.Five hundred fifty-one screened for eligibility, 222 adults with knee osteoarthritis enrolled, 200 completed 8-week assessments, and 175 completed
Tepid massage for febrile children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. This study aimed to examine the effect of tepid massage in febrile children comparing with other fever management.Experimental studies published in English were included; quasi-experimental research studies were also included in consideration of rare experimental studies in Korean. The search strategy sought to identify published research reports in the English language and covered all major databases up to 2016 (...) . The methodological quality of each study was assessed by 2 independent reviewers using a Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network's Methodology Checklist. Means and standard deviations were used for continuous variables, and standardized mean difference was used for variables of different scales. Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistics after visual reviewing with forest plots.This study reviewed mainly the effect of tepid massage on temperature compared with the use of antipyretics, along
The Effect of Foot Massage on Pain Intensity and Anxiety in Patients Having Undergone a Tibial Shaft Fracture Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial To determine the effect of massage therapy on pain intensity and anxiety in patients who have undergone tibial shaft fracture surgery.This study was a randomized clinical trial with a pre-post design. As the study included 2 treatment groups, it was a parallel study.Khatam-Al-Anbia Hospital in Zahedan, Iran, between July and August 2017.In all, 66 (...) patients who underwent a tibial shaft fracture surgery were enrolled and randomly assigned to intervention and control groups (33 patients each).The intervention included a 10-minute foot massage (5 minutes per leg) using sweet almond oil, the most common lubricant used in massage therapy.Data were collected using pain numeric rating scale and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory before and after intervention.After intervention, the mean scores for pain intensity, and anxiety in the intervention
Clinical massage therapy for patients with cancer-related fatigue protocol of a systematic review. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a prevalent and debilitating symptom experienced by cancer survivors, one that severely compromises functional independence and quality of life. Clinical massage therapy (CMT), as an important part of complementary and alternative medicine, is widely employed among massage therapists, physical therapists, nurses, and physicians when managing CRF. Clinical research
Paediatric massage for treatment of acute diarrhoea in children: a meta-analysis. Massage therapy has been used by many traditional Chinese medicine physicians to treat acute diarrhoea in children. Since no relevant systematic reviews assessed the clinical effectiveness or the risk of massage therapy, in this study, a meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of paediatric massage for the treatment of acute diarrhoea in children.In this meta-analysis, paediatric patients who were (...) diagnosed with acute diarrhoea were included. Interventions using massage therapy alone or combined with other non-pharmacological approaches were included, while in the control groups, patients received pharmacotherapy. The primary outcome was clinical effective rate. Seven databases were used in our research, and the following search terms were used: (massage OR tui na OR manipulation OR acupressure) AND (infant OR child OR baby OR paediatrics) AND (diarrhoea OR diarrhoea) AND (randomized controlled
Uterine massage for preventing postpartum hemorrhage at cesarean delivery: Which evidence? Cesarean delivery could be complicated by postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), the first cause of maternal death.To evaluate the efficacy of uterine massage in preventing postpartum hemorrhage at cesarean delivery.Electronic databases from their inception until October 2017.We included all RCTs comparing uterine massage alone or as part of the active management of labor before or after delivery of the placenta (...) , or both, with non-massage in the setting of cesarean delivery.The primary outcome was PPH, defined as blood loss >1000 mL. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model of DerSimonian and Laird, to produce summary treatment effects in terms of mean difference (MD) or relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI).Only 3 RCTs comparing uterine massage vs no uterine massage were found. The quality of these 3 trials in general was very low with high or unclear risk of bias. All of them