Latest & greatest articles for Lice

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Top results for Lice

1. Ivermectin for Parasitic Skin Infections of Lice: A Review of Comparative Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

was identified regarding the comparative clinical effectiveness of oral versus topical ivermectin for parasitic skin infections of lice. This evidence of limited quality suggested that both oral and topical ivermectin were effective for the treatment of patients with pediculosis capitis. The study found that the cure rates of lice infestation and pruritus were significantly higher among those receiving topical ivermectin compared to oral ivermectin one week after initial treatment; however, after a second (...) for parasitic skin infections of lice was identified.One evidence-based guideline was identified regarding the use of ivermectin for parasitic skin infections of lice. The guideline provides weak recommendations (based on evidence of limited quality) for the use of oral or topical ivermectin for the treatment of individuals with pediculosis pubis. Oral ivermectin should be considered as a second-line therapy or as an option for individuals with infestation in the eyelashes (with the exception of children

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

2. Head lice eradication products: risk of serious burns if treated hair is exposed to open flames or other sources of ignition, eg, cigarettes

undergoing treatment came into contact with a naked flame, resulting in very serious burns. Pharmacists should encourage parents, caregivers, and people with head lice to read the instructions carefully for all headlice eradication products. Article citation: Drug Safety Update volume 11 issue 8; March 2018: 3. Published 8 March 2018 Related content Explore the topic Is this page useful? Thank you for your feedback Help us improve GOV.UK Don’t include personal or financial information like your National (...) Head lice eradication products: risk of serious burns if treated hair is exposed to open flames or other sources of ignition, eg, cigarettes Head lice eradication products: risk of serious burns if treated hair is exposed to open flames or other sources of ignition, eg, cigarettes - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Search Head lice eradication products: risk of serious burns if treated hair is exposed to open flames or other sources of ignition, eg, cigarettes Pharmacists

2018 MHRA Drug Safety Update

3. Head lice infestations: A clinical update

Head lice infestations: A clinical update Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis ) infestations are not a primary health hazard or a vector for disease, but they are a societal problem with substantial costs. Diagnosis of head lice infestation requires the detection of a living louse. Although pyrethrins and permethrin remain first-line treatments in Canada, isopropyl myristate/ST-cyclomethicone solution and dimeticone can be considered as second-line therapies when there is evidence (...) of treatment failure. Keywords: Dimeticone solution; Head lice; Infestations; Isopropyl myristate/cyclomethicone solution; Permethrin; Pyrethrin.

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

4. Pediculosis capitis

are not effective and should be abandoned. Definition The head louse ( Pediculus humanus capitis ) is an obligate ectoparasite that lives on human beings and feeds on human blood. Burgess IF, Silverston P. Head lice. Clin Evid (Online). January 2015. http://clinicalevidence.bmj.com (last accessed 2 November 2016). http://clinicalevidence.bmj.com/ceweb/conditions/skd/1703/1703.jsp http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25587918?tool=bestpractice.com Head lice infestation (pediculosis capitis) mainly affects those (...) Pediculosis capitis Pediculosis capitis - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Pediculosis capitis Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: June 2018 Summary Head lice infestations are associated with little morbidity but cause strain and distress to parents, carers, and teachers. Effective pediculicides exist, but head lice in some areas have developed resistance to products with a neurotoxic mode

2018 BMJ Best Practice

5. Pubic lice

Pubic lice Pubic lice - NICE CKS Share Pubic lice: Summary Pubic lice infestation (pediculosis pubis) is caused by an obligate, blood-sucking ectoparasite — Phthirus pubis . Transmission of pubic lice most often occurs through sexual or non-sexual close body contact but lice may also crawl onto a host from infested materials such as bedding, clothing or towels. Children with pubic lice infestation are usually thought to have acquired this innocently, but the possibility of sexual abuse should (...) ectoparasite — Phthirus pubis . P. pubis is also known as the crab louse due to pincer-like claws on its second and third pairs of legs. These claws allow the louse to attach to coarse body hair, most often in the pubic area, but also occasionally on the chest, armpits, eyelashes and face. The pubic louse is grey-brown in colour and about 2 mm long and can only survive for 24–48 hours off the human host. Female lice live for 1–3 months and over this time can lay up to 300 yellow/white eggs which

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

6. Impact of theory-based educational intervention on explaining preventive pediculosis infestation behavior among primary school students Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of theory-based educational intervention on explaining preventive pediculosis infestation behavior among primary school students Despite the fact that improved health, social, and economic situations have significantly affected the reduction of its infestation, pediculosis is still spreading worldwide.This study is conducted to evaluate the explanatory power of health belief model constructs in adoption of preventive pediculosis infestation behavior in female primary school students.This (...) group was based on the low-effective construct. The path analysis and LISREL 8.5 software was utilized to compare the fit and the variance cover percentage of adopting preventive pediculosis infestation behaviors.According to the pre-intervention findings, there was no significant difference between experimental and control groups in terms of factors affecting the adoption of preventive pediculosis infestation behavior. This model had a weaker fit in the experimental than the control group

2017 Electronic physician

9. Head lice infestations: A clinical update

Head lice infestations: A clinical update Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis ) infestations are not a primary health hazard or a vector for disease, but they are a societal problem with substantial costs. Diagnosis of head lice infestation requires the detection of a living louse. Although pyrethrins and permethrin remain first-line treatments in Canada, isopropyl myristate/ST-cyclomethicone solution and dimeticone can be considered as second-line therapies when there is evidence (...) of treatment failure. Keywords: Dimeticone solution; Head lice; Infestations; Isopropyl myristate/cyclomethicone solution; Permethrin; Pyrethrin.

2016 Canadian Paediatric Society

10. Head lice

Head lice Head lice - NICE CKS Share Head lice: Summary Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis) are parasitic insects that infest the hairs of the human head and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice infestation is known as pediculosis capitis. The severity of infestation varies from a few lice (less than 10) to more than 1000 in severe cases, but a typical infestation might have about 30 lice per head. If left untreated, head lice infestation may persist for long periods. Detection combing (...) - Options for local implementation were found during the review of this topic. NICE Quality standards NICE quality standards No NICE quality standards were found during the review of this topic. Background information Background information Definition What is it? Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis) are parasitic insects that infest the hairs of the human head and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice infestation is known as pediculosis capitis [ ; ; ; ]. The severity of infestation varies from

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

11. The louse is (no longer) in the house

lice express genes associated with traditional pediculicide resistance. 6 • Dimeticone is a silicone-based product that acts as an occlusive to suffocate lice. 7 o Other occlusive agents like isopropyl myristrate also appear more effective than traditional pediculicides. 8 • In one study <20% children with nits developed active lice. 9 o Wet combing better than visual inspection for diagnosing lice. 10 • Head lice primarily transmitted from head to head contact in play, sharing beds (...) is (no longer) in the house Clinical Question: What is the best treatment for head lice? Bottom-line: Dimeticone (or dimethicone) appears superior to traditional lice treatments (like permethrin or malathion), getting one more in 3-4 patients lice free with no increased adverse events. Dimeticone is a silicone-based product that suffocates lice and is applied to dry hair, left eight hours, and often repeated after one week. Evidence: • Statistically significant results: o Dimeticone versus permethrin: Two

2016 Tools for Practice

12. Head lice: Dimeticone is the pediculicide of choice

Pyrethroids are no longer the first-choice treatment for head lice: they are losing effectiveness and may be toxic in the long term. Dimeticone is a better choice, because it has few known adverse effects and proven efficacy. Full review (4 pages) available for download by subscribers. Abstract Infestation of the scalp by head lice , or pediculosis, is a common, unpleasant but harmless parasitosis. For patients with pediculosis , which topical treatment eradicates the parasites effectively while causing (...) Head lice: Dimeticone is the pediculicide of choice Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Head lice: Dimeticone is the pediculicide of choice '', 1 July 2014 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Head lice: Dimeticone is the pediculicide of choice Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Head lice: Dimeticone is the pediculicide of choice FEATURED REVIEW

2014 Prescrire

13. Head lice treatments

Head lice treatments USE OF HEAD LICE TREATMENTS IN PREGNANCY 0344 892 0909 USE OF HEAD LICE TREATMENTS IN PREGNANCY (Date of issue: February 2018 , Version: 2 ) This is a UKTIS monograph for use by health care professionals. For case-specific advice please contact UKTIS on 0344 892 0909. To report an exposure please download and complete a . Please encourage all women to complete an . A corresponding patient information leaflet on is available at . Summary Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis (...) ) are parasitic insects that infest the hairs of the human head and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice can be treated by ‘wet combing’ or with medicated lotions or sprays consisting of either silicone- or fatty acid ester-based preparations, or chemical insecticides. Crème rinses and shampoos are not considered effective and are therefore not recommended in the treatment of head lice. There are very limited human data on safety during pregnancy of any of the medicinal products used in the treatment

2014 UK Teratology Information Service

14. Wet combing for head lice

Media Releases 2013 Media Releases 2012 Media Releases Search Wet combing: head lice Wet combing: head lice Introduction Half of the people infested with lice do not scratch; all people in contact with an affected person should be manually checked for lice. Intervention Manual (condition and comb or wet comb) removal using the Bug Buster® kit, Quit Nits Combing Solution® or other head lice comb. Indication Head lice ( Pediculosis capitis) infestation. Suitable for insecticide resistant infestations (...) Wet combing for head lice RACGP - Wet combing for head lice Search Become a student member today for free and be part of the RACGP community A career in general practice Starting the GP journey Enrolments for the 2019.1 OSCE FRACGP exams closing 29 March 2019 Fellowship FRACGP exams Research Practice Experience Program is a self-directed education program designed to support non vocationally registered doctors on their pathway to RACGP Fellowship Fellowship International graduates FRACGP exams

2013 Handbook of Non-Drug interventions (HANDI)

15. Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. The emergence of resistance to treatment complicates the public health problem of head-louse infestations and drives the need for continuing development of new treatments. There are limited data on the activity of ivermectin as a topical lousicide.In two multisite, randomized, double-blind studies, we compared a single application of 0.5% ivermectin lotion with vehicle control for the elimination of infestations without nit combing (...) in patients 6 months of age or older. A tube of topical ivermectin or vehicle control was dispensed on day 1, to be applied to dry hair, left for 10 minutes, then rinsed with water. The primary end point was the percentage of index patients (youngest household member with ≥3 live lice) in the intention-to-treat population who were louse-free 1 day after treatment (day 2) and remained so through days 8 and 15.A total of 765 patients completed the studies. In the intention-to-treat population, significantly

2012 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

16. Permethrin Treatment of Head Lice with Knockdown Resistance-like Gene. (Abstract)

Permethrin Treatment of Head Lice with Knockdown Resistance-like Gene. 21268748 2011 02 04 2013 11 21 1533-4406 364 4 2011 Jan 27 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Permethrin treatment of head lice with knockdown resistance-like gene. 386-7 10.1056/NEJMc1007171 Bialek Ralf R Zelck Ulrike E UE Fölster-Holst Regina R eng Comment Letter Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States N Engl J Med 0255562 0028-4793 0 Insecticides 509F88P9SZ Permethrin 70288-86-7 Ivermectin AIM IM (...) N Engl J Med. 2010 Mar 11;362(10):896-905 20220184 Adolescent Animals Child Child, Preschool Female Humans Infant Insecticide Resistance genetics Insecticides therapeutic use Ivermectin therapeutic use Lice Infestations drug therapy Male Permethrin Phthiraptera genetics Scalp Dermatoses drug therapy 2011 1 28 6 0 2011 1 28 6 0 2011 2 5 6 0 ppublish 21268748 10.1056/NEJMc1007171

2011 NEJM

17. Oral ivermectin versus malathion lotion for difficult-to-treat head lice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral ivermectin versus malathion lotion for difficult-to-treat head lice. Head-lice infestation is prevalent worldwide, especially in children 3 to 11 years old. Topical insecticides (i.e., pyrethroids and malathion) used as a lotion, applied twice at an interval of 7 to 11 days, are typically used for treatment. Resistance of lice to insecticides, particularly pyrethroids, results in treatment failure. The efficacy of alternative agents is controversial.We conducted a multicenter, cluster (...) sites. The primary end point was the absence of head lice on day 15.A total of 812 patients from 376 households were randomly assigned to receive either ivermectin or malathion. In the intention-to-treat population, 95.2% of patients receiving ivermectin were lice-free on day 15, as compared with 85.0% of those receiving malathion (absolute difference, 10.2 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6 to 15.7; P<0.001). In the per-protocol population, 97.1% of patients in the ivermectin

2010 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high

18. Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety

of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Lindane and other treatments for lice and scabies: a review of clinical effectiveness and safety. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). 2010 Authors' conclusions In summary, there are several promising new treatments for the management of head lice including ivermectin, malathion, benzyl alcohol, spinosad, isopropyl myristate, and dimeticone. However, benzyl (...) alcohol has only been shown to be clinically effective compared to placebo. Further RCTs are needed to establish the clinical effectiveness of benzyl alcohol relative to other treatments for head lice. The available evidence suggests that permethrin and ivermectin may be the most clinically effective therapies for scabies. Due to limitations noted in the identified studies, further research is required to establish the clinical effectiveness of emerging therapies for lice and scabies. Most

2010 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

19. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pediculosis capitis (head lice) in children and adults 2008.

Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pediculosis capitis (head lice) in children and adults 2008. Guidelines and Measures | Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality HHS.gov Search ahrq.gov Search ahrq.gov Menu Topics A - Z Healthcare Delivery Latest available findings on quality of and access to health care Searchable database of AHRQ Grants, Working Papers & HHS Recovery Act Projects AHRQ Projects funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund You are here Guidelines

2008 University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing, Family Nurse Practitioner Program

20. Is wet combing effective in children with pediculosis capitis infestation?

Last Modified: 31st August 2007 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a child with pediculosis capitis infestation] is [wet combing alone] effective in [eradicating the parasites] ? Clinical Scenario A 6-year-old boy presents to the paediatric emergency department complaining of pruritus affecting his scalp. On examination you notice several nits attached to his hair as well as a few adult head lice. You are considering treatment with pediculocides, but his mother is rather reluctant (...) P, Nyguyen LN, Moulia-Pelat JP, et al. Efficacy of ivermectin for the treatment of head lice (Pediculosis capitis). Trop Med Parasitol 1994; 45 (3): 253–4. Namazi MR. Treatment of pediculosis capitis with thiabendazole: a pilot study. Int J Dermatol 2003; 42 (12): 973–6. Namazi MR. Levamisole: a safe and economical weapon against pediculosis. Int J Dermatol 2001; 40 (4): 292–4. Burgess IF, Brown CM, Lee PN. Treatment of head louse infestation with 4% dimeticone lotion: randomised controlled

2007 BestBETS