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Top results for HIV Test

101. Systematic review of mobile health behavioural interventions to improve uptake of HIV testing for vulnerable and key populations. (Full text)

Systematic review of mobile health behavioural interventions to improve uptake of HIV testing for vulnerable and key populations. Introduction This systematic narrative review examined the empirical evidence on the effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) behavioural interventions designed to increase the uptake of HIV testing among vulnerable and key populations. Methods MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Global Health electronic databases were searched. Studies were eligible (...) for inclusion if they were published between 2005 and 2015, evaluated an mHealth intervention, and reported an outcome relating to HIV testing. We also reviewed the bibliographies of retrieved studies for other relevant citations. The methodological rigor of selected articles was assessed, and narrative analyses were used to synthesize findings from mixed methodologies. Results A total of seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Most mHealth interventions employed a text-messaging feature and were

2016 Journal of telemedicine and telecare PubMed abstract

102. The effects of HIV self-testing on the uptake of HIV testing and linkage to antiretroviral treatment among adults in Africa: a systematic review protocol. (Full text)

The effects of HIV self-testing on the uptake of HIV testing and linkage to antiretroviral treatment among adults in Africa: a systematic review protocol. HIV is still a global public health problem. More than 75 % of HIV-infected people are in Africa, and most of them are unaware of their HIV status, which is a barrier to accessing antiretroviral treatment. Our review aims, firstly, to determine whether HIV self-testing is an effective method to increase the uptake of testing, the yield of new (...) HIV-positive diagnoses, and the linkage to antiretroviral treatment. Secondly, we aim to review the factors that facilitate or impede the uptake of HIV self-testing.Participants will be adults living in Africa. For the first aim, the intervention will be HIV self-testing either alone or in addition to HIV testing standard of care. The comparison will be HIV testing standard of care. The primary outcomes will be (i) uptake of HIV testing and (ii) yield of new HIV-positive diagnoses. The secondary

2016 Systematic reviews PubMed abstract

103. Evaluation of a Rapid Point of Care Test for Detecting Acute and Established HIV Infection, and Examining the Role of Study Quality on Diagnostic Accuracy: A Bayesian Meta-Analysis. (Full text)

Evaluation of a Rapid Point of Care Test for Detecting Acute and Established HIV Infection, and Examining the Role of Study Quality on Diagnostic Accuracy: A Bayesian Meta-Analysis. Fourth generation (Ag/Ab combination) point of care HIV tests like the FDA-approved Determine HIV1/2 Ag/Ab Combo test offer the promise of timely detection of acute HIV infection, relevant in the context of HIV control. However, a synthesis of their performance has not yet been done. In this meta-analysis we (...) blood) and study designs (case-control vs. cross-sectional).The overall specificity of the Determine Combo test was 99.1%, 95% credible interval (CrI) [97.3-99.8]. The overall pooled sensitivity for the device was at 88.5%, 95% [80.1-93.4]. When the components of the test were analyzed separately, the pooled specificities were 99.7%, 95% CrI [96.8-100] and 99.6%, 95% CrI [99.0-99.8], for the antigen and antibody components, respectively. Pooled sensitivity of the antibody component was 97.3%, 95

2016 PloS one PubMed abstract

104. Screening Yield of HIV Antigen/Antibody Combination and Pooled HIV RNA Testing for Acute HIV Infection in a High-Prevalence Population. (Full text)

study conducted between September 2011 and October 2013 in 7 sexually transmitted infection clinics and 5 community-based programs in New York, California, and North Carolina. Participants were 12 years or older and seeking HIV testing, without known HIV infection.All participants with a negative rapid HIV test result were screened for acute HIV infection with an HIV Ag/Ab combination assay (index test) and pooled human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) RNA testing. HIV RNA testing was the reference (...) Screening Yield of HIV Antigen/Antibody Combination and Pooled HIV RNA Testing for Acute HIV Infection in a High-Prevalence Population. Although acute HIV infection contributes disproportionately to onward HIV transmission, HIV testing has not routinely included screening for acute HIV infection.To evaluate the performance of an HIV antigen/antibody (Ag/Ab) combination assay to detect acute HIV infection compared with pooled HIV RNA testing.Multisite, prospective, within-individual comparison

2016 JAMA PubMed abstract

105. Implementing HIV Testing in Substance Use Treatment Programs: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Implementing HIV Testing in Substance Use Treatment Programs: A Systematic Review. People who use drugs are at increased risk for HIV acquisition, poor engagement in health care, and late screening for HIV with advanced HIV at diagnosis and increased HIV-related morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. This systematic review evaluates current evidence about the effectiveness and feasibility of implementing HIV testing in U.S. substance use treatment programs. The literature search (...) identified 535 articles. Full text review was limited to articles that explicitly addressed strategies to implement HIV testing in substance use programs: 17 met criteria and were included in the review; nine used quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method designs to describe or quantify HIV testing rates, acceptance by clients and staff, and cost-effectiveness; eight organization surveys described barriers and facilitators to testing implementation. The evidence supported the effectiveness

2016 The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC

106. The views and experiences of nurses and midwives in the provision and management of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. (Abstract)

/midwives are supportive of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling if it is perceived to enhance patient care and to align with perceived professional roles. 2. Nurses'/midwives' ability to perform provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling well requires an appropriate infrastructure and adequate human and material resources. 3. At the organizational level, nurses'/midwives' engagement with provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling is facilitated by an inclusive management structure (...) The views and experiences of nurses and midwives in the provision and management of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. Global progress towards HIV prevention and care is contingent upon increasing the number of those aware of their status through HIV testing. Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling is recommended globally as a strategy to enhance uptake of HIV testing and is primarily conducted by nurses and midwives. Research shows

2016 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

107. Integration of HIV infant testing into immunization programmes: a systematic review. (Abstract)

Integration of HIV infant testing into immunization programmes: a systematic review. Integration of HIV infant testing into immunization sessions is one of the strategies designed to increase coverage of early infant diagnosis.To determine the evidence on the outcomes of such integration.A systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature was undertaken from electronic sources such as MEDLINE, Google Scholar, websites of international agencies, past conferences and ministries of health (...) of their infants being tested for HIV during its first pentavalent or DPT vaccination visit, and 89·5-100% accepted. Four articles reported the proportion of mothers who returned for HIV test results, ranging from 56·8% to 86·0%. Increased uptake of HIV testing following integration was confirmed by two articles. Only one study in Tanzania determined the uptake of vaccinations following integration, with urban facilities showing stable or slight increase of monthly vaccine uptake while decreases were observed

2016 Paediatrics and international child health

108. Technical specifications series for submission to WHO prequalification: diagnostic assessment: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) rapid diagnostic tests for professional use and/or self-testing

Technical specifications series for submission to WHO prequalification: diagnostic assessment: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) rapid diagnostic tests for professional use and/or self-testing Human Immunodeficiency Virus (‎HIV)‎ rapid diagnostic tests for professional use and/or self-testing JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Human Immunodeficiency Virus (‎HIV (...) )‎ rapid diagnostic tests for professional use and/or self-testing View/ Open Rights View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Organization . (‎2016)‎. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (‎HIV)‎ rapid diagnostic tests for professional use and/or self-testing. World Health Organization. . License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO Relation Technical specifications series for submission to WHO prequalification: diagnostic assessment, TSS-1 Description 26 p. ISBN 9789241511742 Collections Language English

2016 WHO

109. Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification: supplement to consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services

Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification: supplement to consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification: supplement to consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification: supplement to consolidated (...) guidelines on HIV testing services View/ Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Organization . (‎2016)‎. Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification: supplement to consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services. World Health Organization. Description 104 p. The Chinese version is published by the Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China ISBN 9789241549868 9787564176457 (‎‎‎‎Chinese)‎‎‎‎ Other Language Versions Collections Language English 中文

2016 WHO

110. Systematic review and meta-analysis of community and facility-based HIV testing to address linkage to care gaps in sub-Saharan Africa. (Full text)

Systematic review and meta-analysis of community and facility-based HIV testing to address linkage to care gaps in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV testing and counselling is the first crucial step for linkage to HIV treatment and prevention. However, despite high HIV burden in sub-Saharan Africa, testing coverage is low, particularly among young adults and men. Community-based HIV testing and counselling (testing outside of health facilities) has the potential to reduce coverage gaps, but the relative (...) impact of different modalities is not well assessed. We conducted a systematic review of HIV testing modalities, characterizing community (home, mobile, index, key populations, campaign, workplace and self-testing) and facility approaches by population reached, HIV positivity, CD4 count at diagnosis and linkage. Of 2,520 abstracts screened, 126 met eligibility criteria. Community HIV testing and counselling had high coverage and uptake and identified HIV-positive people at higher CD4 counts than

2015 Nature PubMed abstract

111. Which Psychological Factors are Related to HIV Testing? A Quantitative Systematic Review of Global Studies. (Full text)

Which Psychological Factors are Related to HIV Testing? A Quantitative Systematic Review of Global Studies. Deciding to test for HIV is necessary for receiving HIV treatment and care among those who are HIV-positive. This article presents a systematic review of quantitative studies on relationships between psychological (cognitive and affective) variables and HIV testing. Sixty two studies were included (fifty six cross sectional). Most measured lifetime testing. HIV knowledge, risk perception (...) and stigma were the most commonly measured psychological variables. Meta-analysis was carried out on the relationships between HIV knowledge and testing, and HIV risk perception and testing. Both relationships were positive and significant, representing small effects (HIV knowledge, d = 0.22, 95 % CI 0.14-0.31, p < 0.001; HIV risk perception, OR 1.47, 95 % CI 1.26-1.67, p < 0.001). Other variables with a majority of studies showing a relationship with HIV testing included: perceived testing benefits

2015 AIDS and behavior PubMed abstract

112. Field accuracy of fourth-generation rapid diagnostic tests for acute HIV-1: a systematic review. (Full text)

Field accuracy of fourth-generation rapid diagnostic tests for acute HIV-1: a systematic review. Fourth-generation HIV-1 rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) detect HIV-1 p24 antigen to screen for acute HIV-1. However, diagnostic accuracy during clinical use may be suboptimal.Clinical sensitivity and specificity of fourth-generation RDTs for acute HIV-1 were collated from field evaluation studies in adults identified by a systematic literature search.Four studies with 17 381 participants from (...) Australia, Swaziland, the United Kingdom and Malawi were identified. All reported 0% sensitivity of the HIV-1 p24 component for acute HIV-1 diagnosis; 26 acute infections were missed. Specificity ranged from 98.3 to 99.9%.Fourth-generation RDTs are currently unsuitable for the detection of acute HIV-1.

2015 AIDS (London, England) PubMed abstract

113. Barriers to workplace HIV testing in South Africa: a systematic review of the literature. (Abstract)

Barriers to workplace HIV testing in South Africa: a systematic review of the literature. Low workplace HIV testing uptake makes effective management of HIV and AIDS difficult for South African organisations. Identifying barriers to workplace HIV testing is therefore crucial to inform urgently needed interventions aimed at increasing workplace HIV testing. This study reviewed literature on workplace HIV testing barriers in South Africa. Pubmed, ScienceDirect, PsycInfo and SA Publications were (...) systematically researched. Studies needed to include measures to assess perceived or real barriers to participate in HIV Counselling and Testing (HCT) at the workplace or discuss perceived or real barriers of HIV testing at the workplace based on collected data, provide qualitative or quantitative evidence related to the research topic and needed to refer to workplaces in South Africa. Barriers were defined as any factor on economic, social, personal, environmental or organisational level preventing

2015 AIDS care

114. Uptake and yield of HIV testing and counselling among children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. (Full text)

Uptake and yield of HIV testing and counselling among children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. In recent years children and adolescents have emerged as a priority for HIV prevention and care services. We conducted a systematic review to investigate the acceptability, yield and prevalence of HIV testing and counselling (HTC) strategies in children and adolescents (5 to 19 years) in sub-Saharan Africa.An electronic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health (...) ) to low quality (n=7) evidence, with data not disaggregated by age. Seven studies reported on provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC), with the remainder reporting on family-centred (n=5), home-based (n=5), outreach (n=5) and school-linked HTC among primary schoolchildren (n=1). PITC among inpatients had the highest acceptability (86.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 65.5 to 100%), yield (12.2%; 95% CI: 6.1 to 18.3%) and prevalence (15.4%; 95% CI: 5.0 to 25.7%). Family-centred HTC had lower

2015 Journal of the International AIDS Society PubMed abstract

115. The effectiveness of home-based HIV counseling and testing on reducing stigma and risky sexual behavior among adults and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analyses. (Abstract)

The effectiveness of home-based HIV counseling and testing on reducing stigma and risky sexual behavior among adults and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analyses. Human immunodeficiency virus counselling and testing is a critical and essential gateway to Human immunodeficiency virus prevention, treatment, care and support services. Though some primary studies indicate that home-based counselling and testing is more effective than facility based counselling and testing to reduce stigma (...) and risky sexual behavior, to the best of the author's knowledge, no systematic review has tried to establish consistency in the findings across populations.The objective of this review was to determine the effectiveness of home-based Human immunodeficiency virus counselling and testing in reducing Human immunodeficiency virus-related stigma and risky sexual behavior among adults and adolescents.All adults and adolescents aged 13 years or above. TYPE OF INTERVENTION: This review considered any studies

2015 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

116. Barriers to Implementation of Rapid and Point-of-Care Tests for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Findings From a Systematic Review (1996-2014). (Full text)

Barriers to Implementation of Rapid and Point-of-Care Tests for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Findings From a Systematic Review (1996-2014). Implementation of human immunodeficiency virus rapid and point-of-care tests (RDT/POCT) is understood to be impeded by many different factors that operate at 4 main levels-test devices, patients, providers, and health systems-yet a knowledge gap exists of how they act and interact to impede implementation. To fill this gap, and with a view (...) to improving the quality of implementation, we conducted a systematic review.Five databases were searched, 16,672 citations were retrieved, and data were abstracted on 132 studies by 2 reviewers.Across 3 levels (ie, patients, providers, and health systems), a majority (59%, 112/190) of the 190 barriers were related to the integration of RDT/POCT, followed by test-device-related concern (ie, accuracy) at 41% (78/190). At the patient level, a lack of awareness about tests (15/54, 28%) and time taken to test

2015 Point of Care PubMed abstract

117. Health-care providers' experiences with opt-out HIV testing: a systematic review. (Abstract)

in the synthesis and reported on findings from approximately 70 participants, representing diverse geographical regions and a range of human development status and HIV prevalence. Two synthesized findings emerged: HCP attitudes and systems. The first synthesized finding encompassed HCP decision-making attitudes about who and when to test for HIV. It also included the assumptions the HCPs made about patient consequences. The second synthesized finding related to systems. System-related barriers to opt-out HIV (...) Health-care providers' experiences with opt-out HIV testing: a systematic review. HIV is now a manageable chronic disease with a good prognosis, but early detection and referral for treatment are vital. In opt-out HIV testing, patients are informed that they will be tested unless they decline. This qualitative systematic review explored the experiences, attitudes, barriers, and facilitators of opt-out HIV testing from a health-care provider (HCP) perspective. Four articles were included

2015 AIDS care

118. Commentary on "Syndemics of psychosocial problems and HIV risk: A systematic review of empirical tests of the disease interaction concept" by A. Tsai and B. Burns. (Abstract)

Commentary on "Syndemics of psychosocial problems and HIV risk: A systematic review of empirical tests of the disease interaction concept" by A. Tsai and B. Burns. 26254086 2016 05 03 2018 12 02 1873-5347 145 2015 Nov Social science & medicine (1982) Soc Sci Med Commentary on "Syndemics of psychosocial problems and HIV risk: A systematic review of empirical tests of the disease interaction concept" by A. Tsai and B. Burns. 129-31 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.07.016 S0277-9536(15)30032-0 Stall (...) of Infectious Diseases, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States. eng U01 AI035042 AI NIAID NIH HHS United States Journal Article Comment 2015 07 22 England Soc Sci Med 8303205 0277-9536 IM Soc Sci Med. 2015 Aug;139:26-35 26150065 Cluster Analysis HIV Infections psychology Homosexuality, Male psychology Humans Male Risk-Taking Social Problems psychology Syndemics Syndemics analyses Syndemics theory 2015 07 13 2015 07 20 2015 8 9 6 0 2015 8 9 6 0 2016 5 4 6 0 ppublish 26254086

2015 Social Science & Medicine (1982)

119. Consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services

electrochemiluminescence immunoassay EIA enzyme immunoassay eMTCT elimination of mother-to-child transmission EQA external quality assessment GRADE Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation HBV hepatitis B virus HCV hepatitis C virus HIV human immunodeficiency virus HIVST HIV self-testing HTS HIV testing services IVD in vitro diagnostic medical device NASBA nucleic acid sequence-based amplification NAT nucleic acid testing NGO nongovernmental organization OST opioid substitution therapy PCR (...) Consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services GUIDELINES CONSOLIDATED GUIDELINES ON HIV TESTING SERVICES ISBN 978 92 4 150892 6 For more information, contact: World Health Organization Department of HIV 20, avenue Appia 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland E-mail: hiv-aids@who.int http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/guidelines/ keypopulations/ JULY 2015 HIV TESTING SERVICES 5Cs: CONSENT, CONFIDENTIALITY, COUNSELLING, CORRECT RESULTS AND CONNECTION CONSOLIDATED GUIDELINES ON HIV TESTING SERVICES, 5Cs: CONSENT

2015 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

120. Behavioral Interventions Improve Condom Use and HIV Testing Uptake Among Female Sex Workers in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

Behavioral Interventions Improve Condom Use and HIV Testing Uptake Among Female Sex Workers in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Condomless commercial sex work is a common mode of HIV transmission in China. This study systematically reviews the impacts of behavioral interventions on condom use and HIV testing uptake among female sex workers (FSW) in China. Chinese and English language peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and December 2013 were searched in five (...) electronic databases. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated by comparing the levels of improvements in condom use and HIV testing uptake by various intervention strategies. Study quality was assessed for included studies. This review followed the PRISMA guidelines and was registered in PROSPERO. One hundred and twenty-eight studies met inclusion criteria. Meta-analyses indicated that FSW in the post-intervention period were 2.3-5.0 times more likely to use condoms with male clients in their last sexual act

2015 AIDS patient care and STDs