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Top results for Cyst

1. Pancreatic Cyst.

Pancreatic Cyst. New 2019 ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 1 Pancreatic Cyst American College of Radiology ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Pancreatic Cyst Variant 1: Incidentally detected pancreatic cyst less than or equal to 2.5 cm in size. Initial evaluation. Procedure Appropriateness Category Relative Radiation Level MRI abdomen without and with IV contrast with MRCP Usually Appropriate O CT abdomen with IV contrast multiphase May Be Appropriate ??? ? MRI abdomen without IV contrast with MRCP (...) May Be Appropriate O CT abdomen without and with IV contrast Usually Not Appropriate ??? CT abdomen without IV contrast Usually Not Appropriate ???? US abdomen endoscopic Usually Not Appropriate O Variant 2: Incidentally detected pancreatic cyst greater than 2.5 cm in size. No high-risk stigmata or worrisome features. Initial evaluation. Procedure Appropriateness Category Relative Radiation Level MRI abdomen without and with IV contrast with MRCP Usually Appropriate O CT abdomen with IV contrast

2019 American College of Radiology

2. Ganglion cyst

Ganglion cyst Ganglion cyst - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Ganglion cyst Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2019 Summary Most common benign lesion of the hand/wrist. Typically, insidious onset with no predisposing conditions. Usually only a cosmetic problem but local pain and neurovascular compression may occur. Conservative management usually suffices if no neurovascular compromise (...) . Aspiration of dorsal cysts can be therapeutic and diagnostic. Surgical excision has a higher rate of resolution but recurrence is possible. No reported malignant transformation. Definition Ganglion cysts are smooth, soft, benign masses that are usually located on the wrist (dorsal or volar aspect) with one or more communicating stalks into the wrist joint or surrounding structures. They can be single or multi-loculated and are filled with viscous, sticky, mucinous fluid. History and exam subcutaneous

2019 BMJ Best Practice

3. Meibomian cyst (chalazion)

Meibomian cyst (chalazion) Meibomian cyst (chalazion) - NICE CKS Share Meibomian cyst (chalazion): Summary A meibomian cyst (also known as a chalazion) is a sterile, chronic, inflammatory granuloma of the eyelid caused by a foreign body reaction to sebum within a meibomian gland. Meibomian cysts can occur in all age groups (but are thought to be most common in adults) and are a frequent cause of lumps in the eyelid. Pregnant women and people with the following conditions are more at risk (...) of meibomium cysts (and their recurrence): Blepharitis. Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Rosacea. Diabetes mellitus. Elevated serum cholesterol. A meibomian cyst rarely causes serious complications. A meibomian cyst typically presents as a firm, painless, localized eyelid swelling that develops slowly over several weeks. Cysts are more common on the upper than the lower eyelid. They are usually 2–8 mm in diameter. One or both eyes can be affected. More than one meibomian cyst may be present. When the eyelid

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

4. Prenatal Diagnosis and Clinical Course of a Patent Urachus Associated with an Allantoic Cord Cyst and a Giant Umbilical Cord Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prenatal Diagnosis and Clinical Course of a Patent Urachus Associated with an Allantoic Cord Cyst and a Giant Umbilical Cord 30255165 2019 02 26 2509-596X 4 3 2018 Sep Ultrasound international open Ultrasound Int Open Prenatal Diagnosis and Clinical Course of a Patent Urachus Associated with an Allantoic Cord Cyst and a Giant Umbilical Cord. E104-E105 10.1055/a-0633-3879 Tekesin Ismail I Prenatal Unit Stuttgart, Prenatal Unit Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany. Küper-Steffen Regina R Klinikum

2018 Ultrasound international open

5. Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts Ovarian cysts - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Ovarian cysts Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: September 2018 Summary A fluid-filled sac in the ovarian tissue. The cyst may be unilocular or multilocular. The causes may be physiological, infectious, benign neoplastic, malignant neoplastic, or metastatic. The most important step in management is assessing the risk of malignancy (...) . Oral contraceptives do not hasten or influence regression of benign ovarian cysts. Asymptomatic post-menopausal women with simple unilocular ovarian cysts <10 cm in diameter and cancer antigen (CA)-125 <35 U/mL can be managed conservatively with serial ultrasonography. Ultrasonography can provide a morphology index score that is useful in determining likelihood of malignancy. Definition Ovarian cyst is a surgical, imaging, or examination finding of an enlarged, fluid-filled ovary or portion

2018 BMJ Best Practice

6. Multislice computed tomography performance in differential diagnosis of high‐density thymic cyst and thymoma in lesions less than 3 cm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multislice computed tomography performance in differential diagnosis of high‐density thymic cyst and thymoma in lesions less than 3 cm This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) to diagnose high-density thymic cysts and thymomas in lesions measuring < 3 cm.The records of 42 patients admitted to Ningbo No. 2 Hospital with an anterior mediastinal mass (diameter < 3 cm) suspected of carcinoma originating from the thymus were retrospectively (...) analyzed. All patients underwent surgery and pathological examination. Twenty-eight were diagnosed with thymic cysts and 14 with thymoma. The features of thymic cysts and thymomas revealed on MSCT were compared.Mediastinal masses with a triangular or teardrop shape and a straight mediastina-lung border were more likely to be diagnosed as thymic cysts (P < 0.05), while those with a bulging nodule-lung border were more likely thymomas (P < 0.05). Using the CT value as a reference for differential

2018 Thoracic cancer

7. Postobstructive Cyst Formation in Pancreatic Duct affecting Surgical Approach Full Text available with Trip Pro

Postobstructive Cyst Formation in Pancreatic Duct affecting Surgical Approach How to cite this article: Ezer A, Parlakgumus A. Postobstructive Cyst Formation in Pancreatic Duct affecting Surgical Approach. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2018;8(1):99-100.

2018 Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology

8. Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Cysts

Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Cysts 1 © 2018 by the American College of Gastroenterology The American Journal of GASTROENTEROLOGY CLINICAL GUIDELINES INTRODUCTION Pancreatic cysts are oft en detected on abdominal imaging per- formed for non-pancreatic indications. Th eir prevalence in an asymptomatic population is reported from 2.4 to 13.5% with increasing incidence with age ( 1 ). A review of abdominal mag- netic resonance imaging (MRIs) performed for non-pancreatic indications (...) in patients over the age of 70 showed a 40% incidence of incidental pancreatic cysts ( 2 ). Somewhat reassuring is the low prevalence of cysts >2 cm; in 25,195 subjects in fi ve studies the prevalence of cysts >2 cm was only 0.8% ( 3 ). Pancreatic cysts are increasingly being diagnosed because of the use of more abdomi- nal imaging and to the increased quality of that imaging. Th e overall incidence of pancreatic cancer-related mortality is fairly stable; thus, the increasing incidence of cysts is likely

2018 American College of Gastroenterology

9. Laparoscopic Surgery for Seminal Vesicle Cysts and Ureterocele with Urination Disorder: A Case Report of Zinner Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laparoscopic Surgery for Seminal Vesicle Cysts and Ureterocele with Urination Disorder: A Case Report of Zinner Syndrome Background: Zinner syndrome is defined as seminal vesicle cysts with ipsilateral renal agenesis and an ectopic ureter. Symptomatic cases are very rare. In this article, we present a laparoscopic approach for a case of Zinner syndrome. Case Presentation: The patient was a 21-year-old male with difficult urination. A right seminal vesicle cyst and right kidney agenesis (...) associated with ureterocele were found on examination and he was diagnosed with Zinner syndrome. First, we performed transperineal puncture of the ureterocele because it closed the bladder neck during voiding. Although voiding symptoms temporarily improved, the ureterocele recurred soon and the urination disorder was reexacerbated. Next, we selected laparoscopic removal of the ureterocele and the seminal vesicle cyst. The procedure was performed with transperitoneal access using four trocars

2018 Journal of endourology case reports

10. Effect of cladribine therapy on lung cysts in pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of cladribine therapy on lung cysts in pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis Cladribine therapy may be beneficial in advanced forms of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, even that with multiple cystic changes http://ow.ly/yeLr30i0Tt6.

2018 ERJ open research

11. Solitary eyelid neurofibroma presenting as tarsal cyst: Report of a case and review of literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Solitary eyelid neurofibroma presenting as tarsal cyst: Report of a case and review of literature To report a rare case of solitary eyelid neurofiboma presenting as tarsal cyst.A 64 year old male, presented with a painless, non progressive swelling in the right upper eye lid. Examination revealed a non tender, firm, mass adherent to the underlying tarsus. Excision via a conjunctival approach was performed and the histopathology was suggestive of neurofibroma. Immunohistochemistry was positive (...) for Vimentin and focally positive for S-100. The patient did not have any features of neurofibromatosis.and Importance: Solitary neurofibroma of the eyelid does not have any systemic association with neurofibromatosis, and only seven such cases have been reported in English literature. We report a case of solitary neurofibroma of the eyelid presenting as tarsal cyst. A thorough review of literature of previously reported cases is included.

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

12. Rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst: A case report To report a rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst.A 33-year-old female presented with left proptosis with retrobulbar discomfort for 3 months. Computed tomography images showed an orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst. A lateral orbitotomy was performed under general anesthesia. The cyst was ruptured during osteotomy (...) of the lateral orbital rim. The cyst was opened vertically from the ruptured site using a Stephen's tenotomy scissors to visually confirm the internal wall of the cyst and to keep the epithelial lining intact while separating the external wall of the cyst from the bone. There was a small defect of the epithelial lining at the inferoposterior margin of the cyst. Granulomatous inflammation of the lacrimal gland was found adjacent to the defect site. The cyst was completely removed and the lacrimal inflammation

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

13. Tolvaptan (Jinarc) - to slow the progression of cyst development and renal insufficiency of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)

Tolvaptan (Jinarc) - to slow the progression of cyst development and renal insufficiency of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) Cost-effectiveness of tolvaptan (Jinarc®) for the treatment of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) The NCPE has issued a recommendation regarding the cost-effectiveness of tolvaptan (Jinarc®). Following assessment of the applicant’s submission, the NCPE recommends that tolvaptan (Jinarc®) not be considered for reimbursement unless cost (...) is for consideration by anyone who has a responsibility for commissioning or providing healthcare, public health or social care services. National Centre for Pharmacoeconomics September 20182 Summary In February 2018, Otsuka submitted a dossier to examine the cost-effectiveness of tolvaptan (Jinarc®) under the High Tech Drug Arrangements for Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (APKD). ADPKD is an inherited form of kidney disease characterised by the progressive development of numerous renal cysts

2018 Pediatric Endocrine Society

14. Bartholin's cyst

Bartholin's cyst Bartholin's cyst - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Bartholin's cyst Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Non-infectious occlusion of the distal Bartholin's duct, with resultant retention of secretions. Diagnosed on clinical exam. The classic appearance is a medially protruding cystic structure at the inferior aspect of the labia majora, in the 5 or 7 o'clock (...) position, crossed by the labium minus. Identified in about 2% of women presenting for gynaecological care in the US, and most common in women of reproductive age. In post-menopausal women with a vulval mass, malignancy should be considered. A Bartholin's gland abscess may result from polymicrobial non-gonorrhoeal infection of the cyst fluid or, less commonly, from primary infection of the gland or duct. Treatment of a cyst can be conservative or surgical and depends on size, symptoms, presence

2018 BMJ Best Practice

15. Popliteal cyst

Popliteal cyst Popliteal cyst - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Popliteal cyst Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: March 2018 Summary Common accumulation of synovial fluid that is usually the result of a knee joint abnormality, such as arthritis or a cartilage tear. May present with swelling or pain behind the knee, but most cases are asymptomatic. May rupture, leading to severe pain and calf (...) swelling. Usually only conservative treatment is required. Large symptomatic cysts that do not resolve may require drainage. Definition Popliteal cyst, also known as Baker's cyst, is the result of an accumulation of joint synovial fluid outside the knee joint that forms behind the knee. This occurs via increased intrasynovial pressure and causes the synovial capsule to bulge at an area where there is a lack of external anatomical support. Labropoulos N, Shifrin DA, Paxinos O. New insights

2018 BMJ Best Practice

16. Ganglion cyst

Ganglion cyst Ganglion cyst - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Ganglion cyst Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: February 2019 Summary Most common benign lesion of the hand/wrist. Typically, insidious onset with no predisposing conditions. Usually only a cosmetic problem but local pain and neurovascular compression may occur. Conservative management usually suffices if no neurovascular compromise (...) . Aspiration of dorsal cysts can be therapeutic and diagnostic. Surgical excision has a higher rate of resolution but recurrence is possible. No reported malignant transformation. Definition Ganglion cysts are smooth, soft, benign masses that are usually located on the wrist (dorsal or volar aspect) with one or more communicating stalks into the wrist joint or surrounding structures. They can be single or multi-loculated and are filled with viscous, sticky, mucinous fluid. History and exam subcutaneous

2018 BMJ Best Practice

17. Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma: Two cases, one in a multilocular thymic cyst, and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma: Two cases, one in a multilocular thymic cyst, and literature review Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma (MTWLS) is a rare type of thymoma that shows a similar pattern but varied morphology and immunophenotype of tumor cells. Because of the extremely limited number of cases reported, the pathology and biology of MTWLS are equivocal. Herein, we report two cases located in the anterior mediastinum: Case 1: a 58-year-old woman with a cystic mass

2017 Thoracic cancer

18. Giant Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Giant Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Introduction  Epidermoid tumors represent approximately 0.3 to 1.8% of all intracranial brain tumors. Only 1.5% of all intracranial epidermoid cysts (ECs) invade the brain and secondary epilepsy is extremely rare. Since August 2014, a 59-year-old male smoker had been presenting bad smell feelings, totaling four episodes with sudden onset and duration of 2 minutes. On September 2014, after a sense of smell episode, it evolved

2017 Journal of neurological surgery reports

19. Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Background: Enteric duplication cysts are congenital malformations that typically affect children in infancy, but can also affect adults. Rarely, these cysts can be complicated by malignancy. We present the first case of retroperitoneal duplication cyst that was complicated by malignancy transformation and managed by robot-assisted excision. Case presentation (...) : A 64-year-old female with a history of a left-sided renal cyst presented with a 4-month history of abdominal pain and fatigue. MRI revealed a bilobed cyst, with components measuring 6.9 × 6.6 and 6.1 × 6.9 cm, which had grown since previous imaging, and hemorrhage in some portions of the cysts, as well as cystic wall enhancement, suggesting a possible malignancy. The patient consented to a robot-assisted partial (possible radical) nephrectomy. During the procedure, the cystic structure appeared

2017 Journal of endourology case reports

20. Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Background: In this case we describe the rare and not previously documented presentation of cystitis cystica as a large solitary cystic lesion within the bladder wall. Case Presentation: We present a case of a 46-year-old Russian male with a history of lower urinary tract symptoms and suprapubic pain. CT urogram showed a 5.8 cm filling defect/cystic mass related to the base of the bladder and prostate with 8 mm thick wall. The patient underwent (...) cystoscopy and contrast study of bladder lesion with urethral dilatation and transurethral deroofing of bladder wall cyst under general anesthesia. A histologic diagnosis of cystitis cystica was made. Conclusion: This case described the rare presentation of a large solitary bladder cyst arising from the anterior bladder wall, identified histologically as cystitis cystica. Cystitis cystica presenting as a large cystic lesion of the bladder wall is rare; however, a diagnosis of cystitis cystica should

2017 Journal of endourology case reports