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Latest & greatest articles for Body Mass Index
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BodyMassIndex and Risk for Intubation or Death in SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Obesity is a risk factor for pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome.To determine whether obesity is associated with intubation or death, inflammation, cardiac injury, or fibrinolysis in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Retrospective cohort study.A quaternary academic medical center and community hospital in New York City.2466 adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed severe (...) patients (22%) were intubated, 627 (25%) died, and 59 (2%) remained hospitalized. Compared with overweight patients, patients with obesity had higher risk for intubation or death, with the highest risk among those with class 3 obesity (hazard ratio, 1.6 [95% CI, 1.1 to 2.1]). This association was primarily observed among patients younger than 65 years and not in older patients (P for interaction by age = 0.042). Bodymassindex was not associated with admission levels of biomarkers of inflammation
Quantifying the impact of genes on bodymassindex during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. To study the trajectories of bodymassindex (BMI) in Norway over five decades and to assess the differential influence of the obesogenic environment on BMI according to genetic predisposition.Longitudinal study.General population of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway.118 959 people aged 13-80 years who participated in a longitudinal population based health study (Nord-Trøndelag
Potential roles of Helicobacter pylori treatment, bodymassindex and waist circumference in the causation of erosive esophagitis: a randomized clinical trial (HEROES-GERD) In recent decades, the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obesity has been increasing while Helicobacter pylori infection has been decreasing.To evaluate if H. pylori treatment, excess body weight and other anthropometric measurements are associated with incident erosive esophagitis, as a secondary (...) % (380/404) of patients. The 12-month follow-up esophagitis rates for overweight and normal body weight patients were 13.6% (29/213) and 6.0% (10/167), respectively (p = 0.015); rates for patients with and without increased baseline waist circumference were 15.4% (24/156) and 6.7% (15/224), respectively (p = 0.006). Following logistic regression, only the combination of increased baseline bodymassindex and waist, but not H. pylori treatment, was independently associated with new-onset esophagitis
Bodymassindex and all cause mortality in HUNT and UK Biobank studies: linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses. To investigate the shape of the causal relation between bodymassindex (BMI) and mortality.Linear and non-linear mendelian randomisation analyses.Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study (Norway) and UK Biobank (United Kingdom).Middle to early late aged participants of European descent: 56 150 from the HUNT Study and 366 385 from UK Biobank.All cause and cause specific
Effect of Integrated Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment and Problem-Solving Therapy on BodyMassIndex and Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Obesity and Depression: The RAINBOW Randomized Clinical Trial. Coexisting obesity and depression exacerbate morbidity and disability, but effective treatments remain elusive.To test the hypothesis that an integrated collaborative care intervention would significantly improve both obesity and depression at 12 months compared with usual care.The Research (...) Aimed at Improving Both Mood and Weight (RAINBOW) randomized clinical trial enrolled 409 adults with bodymass indices (BMIs) of 30 or greater (≥27 for Asian adults) and 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) scores of 10 or greater. Primary care patients at a health system in Northern California were recruited from September 30, 2014, to January 12, 2017; the date of final 12-month follow-up was January 17, 2018.All participants randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 204) or the usual care
Fitness and BodyMassIndex During Adolescence and Disability Later in Life: A Cohort Study. Low physical fitness, obesity, and the combination of the two in adolescence may be related to risk for disability in adulthood, but this has rarely been studied.To examine individual and combined associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity in male adolescents with later receipt of a disability pension due to all and specific causes.Population-based cohort study.Sweden.1 079 128 Swedish (...) adolescents aged 16 to 19 years who were conscripted into the military between 1972 and 1994.Cardiorespiratory fitness and bodymassindex (BMI) were measured at conscription and were related to information on later receipt of a disability pension obtained from the Social Insurance Agency.Over a median follow-up of 28.3 years, 54 304 men were granted a disability pension. Low cardiorespiratory fitness was strongly associated with later receipt of a disability pension due to all causes (hazard ratio, 3.74
The Management of High or Low BodyMassIndex During Pregnancy CLINICAL PRACTICE 12 GUIDELINE The Management of High or Low BodyMassIndex during Pregnancy 2019 Update2 AOM Clinical Practice Guideline 12 | The Management of High or Low BodyMassIndex CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE NO.12 The Management of High or Low BodyMassIndex during Pregnancy 2019 Update AUTHORS (2019) Natalie Hope, MPH Tasha MacDonald, RM, MHSc CONTRIBUTORS (2019) Clinical Practice Guideline Committee Megan Bowen, RM (...) to sources that use gendered language to refer to populations of pregnant and birthing people. To represent these sources accurately, we may maintain gendered language. We support research and knowledge translation that engages and reflects the entire childbearing population. 2019: Approved by AOM Board of Directors2 AOM Clinical Practice Guideline 12 | The Management of High or Low BodyMassIndex 3 AOM Clinical Practice Guideline 12 | The Management of High or Low BodyMassIndex This guideline
Relationship of bodymassindex to sleep duration, and current smoking among medical students in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia Being overweight is associated with cardiometabolic risk, and lifestyles including smoking and good sleep hygiene are also implicated. We aimed to assess the dietary habit, time spent on social media, and sleep duration relationship to bodymassindex (BMI) among medical students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 clinical phase medical (...) was considered statistically significant.Participants consisted of 51% males, mean age (Mean ± SD) was 22.90±1.27 years, sleep duration was 7.50±2.17 hours, time spent on social media was 5.54±3.49 hours, bodymassindex was 24.8±5.19, and breakfast skipping, fast food consumption, smoking, and regular exercise were reported in 52.4%, 87.7%, 12.9%, and 36.1% respectively. A significant negative correlation was evident between BMI and sleep duration (r= -0.185, p=0.025), cigarette smokers were more likely
Effect of a Behavioral Intervention for Underserved Preschool-Age Children on Change in BodyMassIndex: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Prevention of obesity during childhood is critical for children in underserved populations, for whom obesity prevalence and risk of chronic disease are highest.To test the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on child bodymassindex (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) growth trajectories over 36 months among
Bodymassindex and the risk of mortality among Chinese adults with Type 2 diabetes To examine the associations between BMI and the risks of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific and cancer-specific mortality among people with Type 2 diabetes, and thus provide recommendations for weight management in the population.This retrospective cohort study was conducted among 52 763 people with newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014 in Shanghai, China. All
Relationship between bodymassindex, body image, and fear of negative evaluation: Moderating role of self-esteem This study examined the correlation between bodymassindex as independent variable, and body image and fear of negative evaluation as dependent variables, as well as the moderating role of self-esteem in these correlations. A total of 318 Malaysian young adults were conveniently recruited to do the self-administered survey on the demographic characteristics body image, fear (...) of negative evaluation, and self-esteem. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to test the research hypotheses. The results revealed that bodymassindex was negatively associated with body image, while no such correlation was found with fear of negative evaluation. Meanwhile, the negative correlation of bodymassindex with body image was stronger among those with lower self-esteem, while a positive association of bodymassindex with fear of negative evaluation was significant only
Influence of lifestyle factors on BodyMassIndex in preschoolers in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, 2016 The bodymassindex (BMI) of Iranian preschoolers is noticeably increasing. Thus, studying the factors influencing BMI in preschool children is crucial. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of lifestyle factors on BMI of preschool children, residing in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, in 2016.A total of 120 preschool children, aged 4 to 6 years, participated in this cross (...) activity and screen time affected the BMI (p<0.05), and the duration of physical activity had inverse relationship with obesity, and screen time was directly related to obesity.Understanding the factors affecting the BMI of preschool children can inform the development of interventions to impact children's weight-related behavior and it can be used as the basis for future healthy body weight policies. Efforts to lower the obesity rate of preschoolers should be focused on the lifestyle behaviors
Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent body-massindex, weight, and height from 1953 to 2015: an analysis of four longitudinal, observational, British birth cohort studies Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood body-massindex (BMI) have been documented in high-income countries; however, uncertainty exists with regard to how they have changed over time, how inequalities in the composite parts (ie, weight and height) of BMI have changed, and whether inequalities differ
The power of social networks and social support in promotion of physical activity and bodymassindex among African American adults Social support and social networks can elucidate important structural and functional aspects of social relationships that are associated with health-promoting behaviors, including Physical Activity (PA) and weight. A growing number of studies have investigated the relationship between social support, social networks, PA and obesity specifically among African (...) Americans; however, the evidence is mixed and many studies focus exclusively on African American women. Most studies have also focused on either functional or structural aspects of social relationships (but not both) and few have objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and bodymassindex (BMI). Cross-sectional surveys of adult African American men and women living in two low-income predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA (N = 799) measured numerous
How does grazing relate to bodymassindex, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however
Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a bodymassindex below 35 Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a bodymassindex below 35 - Health Technology Assessment - NIPH Selected items added to basket Close Search for: Søk Meny Infectious diseases & Vaccines Close Mental & Physical health Close Environment & Lifestyle Close Health in Norway Close Quality & Knowledge Close Research & Access to data Close About NIPH Close Bariatric surgery for Type 2 Diabetes and a bodymassindex below 35 (...) The division for health services in the Norwegian Institute of Public Health has prepared a health technology assessment (HTA) comparing the effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery with non-surgical interventions in the treatment of patients with Type 2 Diabetes and a bodymassindex (BMI) below 35. The report will also include a health economic evaluation of the use of bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical interventions. The HTA is intended to inform decision making by the Norwegian System
Influence of bodymassindex on the therapeutic efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin and overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) is commonly used to treat lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); however, it is not clear which subgroup of lung SCC patients could benefit most from GP treatment. We explored the predictive factors in lung SCC patient cohorts.Seventy-eight lung SCC patients treated with a first-line GP regimen were enrolled (...) in this retrospective cohort study. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Classification tree models were used to explore the risk factors for PFS and OS in these patients.The median PFS and OS in SCC patients treated with a GP regimen were 6.0 and 13.6 months, respectively. Three terminal subgroups were formed for both PFS and OS. The subgroup with a bodymassindex (BMI) > 23.94 kg/m2 and aged ≤ 54.5 had the longest PFS (9.0 months); the subgroup
Beneficial Effects of ragi (Finger Millet) on Hematological Parameters, BodyMassIndex, and Scholastic Performance among Anemic Adolescent High-School Girls (AHSG). Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana (...) ), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, bodymassindex, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls. Sixty adolescent girls were randomly selected and divided into intervention (n = 30) and control groups (n = 30). The effect of dietary supplementation of ragi