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161. Duct stenting versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in neonates and infants with duct-dependent pulmonary blood flow: A systematic review and meta-analysis

, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 7 Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Labatt Family Heart Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: osami.honjo@sickkids.ca. PMID: 32727685 DOI: Item in Clipboard Duct stenting versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in neonates and infants with duct-dependent pulmonary blood flow: A systematic review and meta-analysis Ali Alsagheir et al. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg . 2020 . Show details Display options Display options Format J Thorac (...) Duct stenting versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in neonates and infants with duct-dependent pulmonary blood flow: A systematic review and meta-analysis Duct stenting versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in neonates and infants with duct-dependent pulmonary blood flow: A systematic review and meta-analysis - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features

2020 EvidenceUpdates

162. Sofosbuvir and daclatasvir compared with standard of care in the treatment of patients admitted to hospital with moderate or severe coronavirus infection (COVID-19): a randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

diseases, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. 7 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Shariati Hospital, Thoracic Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 8 Department of Radiology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 9 Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. 10 Department of Emergency Medicine, Homerton University Hospital, London, UK. 11 (...) . 7 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Shariati Hospital, Thoracic Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 8 Department of Radiology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 9 Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. 10 Department of Emergency Medicine, Homerton University Hospital, London, UK. 11 School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK. 12 Cardiff

2020 EvidenceUpdates

163. Effect of Venlafaxine on Apnea-Hypopnea Index in Patients With Sleep Apnea: A Randomized, Double-Blind Crossover Study

University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. PMID: 32278781 PMCID: PMC7417375 (available on 2021-08-01 ) DOI: Item in Clipboard Effect of Venlafaxine on Apnea-Hypopnea Index in Patients With Sleep Apnea: A Randomized, Double-Blind Crossover Study Christopher N Schmickl et al. Chest . 2020 Aug . Show details Display options Display options Format Chest Actions . 2020 Aug;158(2):765-775. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2020.02.074. Epub 2020 Apr 9. Authors , , , , , , , , Affiliations 1 Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care (...) and Sleep Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA. 2 Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA; Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Sleep Medicine Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: liyanruru@aliyun.com. 3 Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. 4 Division of Sleep and Circadian

2020 EvidenceUpdates

164. Catheter ablation vs. thoracoscopic surgical ablation in long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation: CASA-AF randomized controlled trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

, UK. 2 National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Cale Street, London SW3 6LY, UK. 3 London Health Sciences Centre, University of Western Ontario, 800 Commissioners Rd E, London ON N6A 5W9, Canada. 4 New York University, Langone Health, 227 East 30th Street, New York, NY 10016, USA. 5 Southampton Health Technology Assessment Centre, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK. 6 Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Thomas Dr, Liverpool L14 3PE, UK. 7 (...) Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, UK. 2 National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Cale Street, London SW3 6LY, UK. 3 London Health Sciences Centre, University of Western Ontario, 800 Commissioners Rd E, London ON N6A 5W9, Canada. 4 New York University, Langone Health, 227 East 30th Street, New York, NY 10016, USA. 5 Southampton Health Technology Assessment Centre, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK. 6

2020 EvidenceUpdates

165. Derivation and Validation of a Diagnostic Prediction Tool for Interstitial Lung Disease

of a Diagnostic Prediction Tool for Interstitial Lung Disease Janelle Vu Pugashetti et al. Chest . 2020 Aug . Show details Display options Display options Format Chest Actions . 2020 Aug;158(2):620-629. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2020.02.044. Epub 2020 Mar 14. Authors , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations 1 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, CA. 2 Department of Radiology, University of California at Los (...) ), with a significantly shorter median time to chest CT imaging (5.6 vs 21.1 months; P < .001). Interpretation: The ILD-Screen showed good test performance in predicting ILD across diverse geographic settings and when applied prospectively. Systematic ILD-Screen application has the potential to reduce diagnostic delays and facilitate earlier intervention in patients with ILD. Keywords: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; interstitial lung abnormalities; interstitial lung disease; pulmonary fibrosis; screening. Copyright ©

2020 EvidenceUpdates

166. Diagnostic Characteristics of Serological-Based COVID-19 Testing: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Display options Display options Format Abstract Serologic testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) promises to assist in assessing exposure to and confirming the diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to provide a roadmap for reopening countries worldwide. Considering this, a proper understanding of serologic-based diagnostic testing characteristics is critical. The aim of this study was to perform a structured systematic review and meta-analysis (...) to evaluate the diagnostic characteristics of serological-based COVID-19 testing. Electronic searches were performed using Medline (PubMed), EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. Full-text observational studies that reported IgG or IgM diagnostic yield and used nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) of respiratory tract specimens, as a the reference standard in English language were included. A bivariate model was used to compute pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative likelihood ratio (LR

2020 EvidenceUpdates

167. De novo malignancy risk in patients undergoing the first percutaneous coronary intervention: A nationwide population-based cohort study. (Abstract)

for cancer development than the controls in multivariable Cox analysis (adjusted HR [aHR] 1.06, 95% CI 1.04-1.09, p < 0.0001). To minimize potential surveillance bias, we performed 1-year lag analysis by eliminating participants who developed cancer within 1 year from the PCI. In this analysis, the increased risk of overall cancer in the PCI group became insignificant (aHR 1.02, 95% CI 0.99-1.05, p = 0.2017). Regarding site-specific cancers, however, the risk of lung and hematologic malignancies remained

2020 International journal of cardiology

168. Acute myocardial infarction in a high-risk cancer population: Outcomes following conservative versus invasive management. (Abstract)

other than dyspnea or chest pain (49%) and with ECG revealing changes other than ST-segment depression and T-wave inversion (62%). Patients with type 2 MI had worse OS than patients with type 1 MI (HR = 2.3, p = 0.0002). Early coronary angiography (≤72 h; HR = 0.327, p < 0.0001), late coronary angiography (>72 h; HR = 0.496, p = 0.0426), and percutaneous coronary intervention (HR = 0.481, p = 0.0116) were associated with better OS than noninvasive approaches. Single and dual agent antiplatelet

2020 International journal of cardiology

169. Preclinical evaluation of an endovascular sealing device for distal re-entry tears in type B aortic dissection in a porcine model. (Abstract)

Preclinical evaluation of an endovascular sealing device for distal re-entry tears in type B aortic dissection in a porcine model. The objective of present study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a novel endovascular sealing device for distal re-entry tears in type B aortic dissection in a porcine model.Distal re-entry tears are a well-recognized risk factor for unfavorable aortic remodeling after thoracic endovascular aortic repair. However, there is currently no device for sealing

2020 International journal of cardiology

170. Acute pulmonary embolism in COVID-19 disease: Preliminary report on seven patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of these patients. They were all males, with a mean age of 70.3 years (range 58-84); traditional risk factors for venous thromboembolism were identified in the majority of patients with pulmonary embolism, however not differently from those without pulmonary embolism. Clinical presentation of pulmonary embolism patients was usually characterized by persistence or worsening of respiratory symptoms, with increasing oxygen requirement. D-dimer levels were several fold higher than the upper threshold of normal (...) ; in patients in whom PE was recognized during hospital stay, a rapid and relevant increase of D-dimer levels was observed. Computed tomographic findings ranged from massive acute pulmonary embolism to a segmental or sub-segmental pattern; furthermore, thrombosis of sub-segmental pulmonary arteries within lung infiltrates were occasionally seen, suggesting local mechanisms. Six out of 7 patients were treated with unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin with clinical benefit within few days; one

2020 International journal of cardiology

171. Home-based inspiratory muscle training in pediatric patients after kidney transplantation: a randomized clinical trial. (Abstract)

values, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves respiratory muscle function, strength, and endurance. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IMT regarding respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, and pulmonary function in pediatric kidney transplant recipients with CKD, and secondarily, to assess the biochemical profile of patients after intervention.This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients were randomized into two groups, intervention (IG (...) with 5 and 4% in the CG. There was an increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit values in the IG.Home-based IMT provides a significant increase in respiratory muscle strength, without changes in functional capacity and pulmonary function. Benefits regarding biochemical markers (hemoglobin and hematocrit) were also observed.

2020 Pediatric Nephrology

172. Pediatric COVID-19-associated rhabdomyolysis: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pediatric COVID-19-associated rhabdomyolysis: a case report. COVID-19 is the illness caused by infection with the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Although myalgia is common in adults, it has not been noted as a common symptom in children. There have been a few reported cases of COVID-19-associated rhabdomyolysis in adults. This case report describes a 16-year-old boy who presented with fever, myalgias, mild shortness of breath with exertion, and dark-colored urine. COVID-19 PCR was positive. His

2020 Pediatric Nephrology

173. SARS-CoV-2 infection in Spanish children with chronic kidney pathologies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

involvement. Three patients were asymptomatic. Fever and upper respiratory symptoms were the most frequent findings. Basal glomerular filtration worsened in 3 patients; however, recovery was rapidly achieved with rehydration and drug dose adjustment. In 2 patients diagnosed with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, COVID-19 provoked a disease relapse. None required oxygen therapy, and 7 could be managed as outpatients.COVID-19 disease appears to have a similar clinical course in children with underlying

2020 Pediatric Nephrology

174. Treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease: an official ATS/ERS/ESCMID/IDSA clinical practice guideline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Center, Tyler, TX, USA. 11 Respiratory and Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital Amiens, Amiens, France. 12 EA 4294, AGIR, Jules Verne Picardy University, Amiens, France. 13 Institute of Medical Microbiology, National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. 14 Dept of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University Health Sciences Centre, Hamilton, ON, Canada. 15 Pulmonary Infectious Disease Section, University of Texas Health Science Center (...) , Tyler, TX, USA. 16 Team E13 (Bactériologie), Centre d'Immunologie et des Maladies Infectieuses, Sorbonne Université, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Paris 06, Centre de Recherche 7, INSERM, IAME UMR1137, Paris, France. 17 Library and Knowledge Services, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, USA. 18 NTM Info and Research, Miami, FL, USA. 19 Dept of Medicine, University of Toronto and University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada. 20 Pulmonary Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood

2020 EvidenceUpdates

175. Efficacy of shortwave diathermy in ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow: a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial

controlled clinical trial , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sureyyapasa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. 2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. PMID: 32567357 DOI: Item in Clipboard Efficacy of shortwave diathermy in ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow: a double-blind randomized controlled clinical (...) trial Naciye Bilgin Badur et al. Clin Rehabil . 2020 Aug . Show details Clin Rehabil Actions . 2020 Aug;34(8):1048-1055. doi: 10.1177/0269215520930062. Epub 2020 Jun 22. Authors , , Affiliations 1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sureyyapasa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. 2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. PMID: 32567357 DOI

2020 EvidenceUpdates

176. Ripretinib in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumours (INVICTUS): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial

treatment-emergent adverse events were anaemia (three [7%]), fatigue (one [2%]), diarrhoea (one [2%]), decreased appetite (one [2%]), dehydration (one [2%]), hyperkalaemia (one [2%]), acute kidney injury (one [2%]), and pulmonary oedema (one [2%]). Treatment-related serious adverse events were reported in eight (9%) of 85 patients who received ripretinib and three (7%) of 43 patients who received placebo. Treatment-related deaths occurred in one patient in the placebo group (septic shock and pulmonary

2020 EvidenceUpdates

177. Disease characteristics of MCT8 deficiency: an international, retrospective, multicentre cohort study

, and clinical parameters including anthropometric characteristics, biochemical markers, and neuroimaging findings. Findings: Between Oct 14, 2014, and Jan 17, 2020, we enrolled 151 patients with 73 different MCT8 (SLC16A2) mutations. Median age at diagnosis was 24·0 months (IQR 12·0-60·0, range 0·0-744·0). 32 (21%) of 151 patients died; the main causes of mortality in these patients were pulmonary infection (six [19%]) and sudden death (six [19%]). Median overall survival was 35·0 years (95% CI 8·3-61·7

2020 EvidenceUpdates

178. Comprehensive Evidence-Based Guidelines for Facet Joint Interventions in the Management of Chronic Spinal Pain: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) Guidelines Facet Joint Interventions 2020 Guidelines

-positive rates ranged from 29% to 60% and of 27% to 63%, with high variability. Thoracic Spine: • The level of evidence is II with moderate strength of recommendation. • Three relevant diagnostic accuracy studies, with controlled comparative local anesthetic blocks, with concordant pain relief, with a criterion standard of ≥80% were included. • The prevalence varied from 34% to 48%, whereas false-positive rates varied from 42% to 58%.Therapeutic Facet Joint Interventions: Lumbar Spine: • The level (...) . Thoracic Spine: • The level of evidence is III with weak to moderate strength of recommendation with emerging evidence for thoracic radiofrequency ablation with inclusion of one relevant randomized controlled trial and 3 observational studies. • The level of evidence is II with moderate strength of recommendation for thoracic therapeutic facet joint nerve blocks with inclusion of 2 randomized controlled trials and one observational study with long-term improvement. • The level of evidence is III

2020 EvidenceUpdates

179. Family Presence Policies for Pediatric Inpatient Settings During the COVID-19 Pandemic

of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes COVID-19, all family members and caregivers who are present with pediatric patients in the hospital should be required to wear masks or face coverings when outside the patient’s room and encouraged to wear masks/face coverings in the room. If hospitals do not provide face masks/face coverings, families/caregivers should bring their own. The on how to create cloth face coverings. Limitations on these family presence

2020 American Academy of Pediatrics

180. Treatment of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease: An Official ATS/ERS/ESCMID/IDSA Clinical Practice Guideline Full Text available with Trip Pro

diseases. , , , , EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The American Thoracic Society (ATS), European Respiratory Society (ERS), European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID), and Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) jointly sponsored the development of this Guideline to update the treatment recommendations for nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease in adults. NTM represent over 190 species and subspecies ( ), many of which can produce disease in humans of all ages (...) , USA Correspondence: C. L. Daley, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson St, Denver, CO 80206 ( ). Search for other works by this author on: , Jonathan M Iaccarino, Jr Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine , Boston, Massachusetts, USA Search for other works by this author on: , Christoph Lange Division of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Research Center Borstel , Borstel, Germany German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Clinical Tuberculosis Unit , Borstel, Germany Respiratory

2020 American Thoracic Society

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