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121. Perinatal Cocaine Use: Care of the Mother

arrhythmias. 2) Sinus tachycardia and bradycardia. 3) Myocardial ischemia and infarction. 4) Seizures. 5) Stroke. 6) Lung damage, "crack lung" and asthma. 7) Sexually transmitted diseases. 8) Rhabdomyolysis (muscle breakdown that can lead to renal failure). 9) Psychosis. 10) Placental abruption. 11) Spontaneous abortion. 12) Death. FETAL / NEONATAL RISKS OF COCAINE EXPOSURE (See Substance Use Guideline 5B: Perinatal Cocaine Exposure, Care of the Newborn) Most women who abuse substances in pregnancy use (...) of other signs and symptoms related to norepinephrine release (Gold & Herkov, 1998). It is primarily the vasoconstriction in the placenta that puts the fetus in immediate danger with each cocaine use since this can produce ischemia and trigger abruption. The elevated sympathetic output can also lead to increased uterine tone and premature labour. Chronic use of cocaine can contribute to placental insufficiency and IUGR (Plessinger & Woods, 1998). It is thought that the vasoconstriction effects

1999 British Columbia Perinatal Health Program

122. Guidelines for the Management of Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk

time. While all care has been taken in preparing the content of this material, the National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance and the funding body expressly disclaims and accepts no responsibility for any undesirable consequences arising from relying on the information or recommendations contained herein. Funding The National Stroke Foundation, on behalf of the National Vascular Disease Alliance, gratefully acknowledges the financial assistance provided by the Australian Government Department (...) of Health and Ageing. The Department did not have editorial rights in the development of the guidelines and this publication reflects the views of the authors and not necessarily the views of the Australian Government. Suggested citation National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance. Guidelines for the management of absolute cardiovascular disease risk. 2012. ISBN: 978-0-9872830-1-6 © National Stroke Foundation 2012. Further information and resources are available from: www.diabetes.org.au

2012 Stroke Foundation - Australia

123. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Interventional Pain Management

injection of glucocorticoids, citing the risk for rare but serious adverse effects (loss of vision, stroke, paralysis, and death). The best evidence supporting its use comes from trials that looked specifically at patients with radiculopathy due to disc herniation, where short term benefit has been demonstrated. Injections may be performed as part of a diagnostic workup of radicular pain, or as a therapeutic modality when noninvasive treatment strategies have failed. Injections may be performed via (...) for spinal infection ? Comorbid conditions associated with increased risk of bleeding due to coagulopathy or treatment with anticoagulants ? Back pain in the setting of trauma Additional contraindications include the following conditions: ? Cauda equina syndrome ? Conus medullaris syndrome ? Epidural hematoma ? Subarachnoid hemorrhage ? Epidural mass ? Spinal cord ischemia ? Spinal fracture which occurred less than 6 weeks prior to injection ? Demyelinating disease or other CNS processes which predispose

2019 AIM Specialty Health

124. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Arterial Ultrasound.

cerebrovascular attack (CVA) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) do not apply specifically to either anterior or posterior circulation ? For the purposes of this guideline, severity of vascular stenosis is defined as follows: ? Mild disease: 1.40) ? Duplex imaging is appropriate for patients with claudication who have normal, borderline, or inconclusive physiological testing (ABI> 0.90) ? Patients with resting ischemic pain ? Patients with evidence of atheroembolic disease of the lower extremities (ischemic (...) (more than would be expected for the procedure performed) at the vascular access site ? Patients with evidence of atheroembolic disease of the lower extremities (ischemic or discolored toes, livedo reticularis etc.) Miscellaneous indications for duplex imaging (any one of the following) ? Following limb trauma when there is suspicion of vascular injury ? For evaluation of suspected positional arterial obstructionDuplex Ultrasound Imaging of the Arteries of the Lower Extremities | Copyright © 2019

2019 AIM Specialty Health

126. Management of Venous Leg Ulcers: Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Venous Forum Full Text available with Trip Pro

Management of Venous Leg Ulcers: Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Venous Forum Management of venous leg ulcers: Clinical practice guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery® and the American Venous Forum - Journal of Vascular Surgery Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search JVS Journals Search Terms Search within Search Access provided by Volume 60, Issue 2, Supplement, Pages 3S–59S Management of venous leg ulcers: Clinical practice (...) guidelines of the Society for Vascular Surgery ® and the American Venous Forum x Thomas F. O’Donnell , MD , x Marc A. Passman , MD , x William A. Marston , MD , x William J. Ennis , DO , x Michael Dalsing , MD , x Robert L. Kistner , MD , x Fedor Lurie , MD, PhD , x Peter K. Henke , MD , x Monika L. Gloviczki , MD, PhD , x Bo G. Eklöf , MD, PhD , x Julianne Stoughton , MD , x Sesadri Raju , MD , x Cynthia K. Shortell , MD , x Joseph D. Raffetto , MD , x Hugo Partsch , MD , x Lori C. Pounds , MD , x Mary

2014 American Venous Forum

127. BTS Guideline for Bronchiectasis in adults

? 31 P ulmonary Rehabilitation 32 Inspiratory Muscle Training 32 Field Walking Tests 33 What is the role of surgery in managing bronchiectasis? 33 Lung transplantation for bronchiectasis 34 What is the role of influenza and pneumococcal vaccination in management of bronchiectasis 35 Treatment of respiratory failure 36 Bronchiectasis and other treatments Section 10 36 Do pathogens have an impact on prognosis in bronchiectasis? Section 11 37 What is the evidence for the role of viruses/ fungal

2019 British Thoracic Society

128. Professional Practice Guidelines for the Psychological Practice with Boys and Men

with their cultur- al heritages (Liu & Concepcion, 2010) and have been associated with poor psycholog- ical and physical health outcomes (Alvarez, Liang, & Neville, 2016). For instance, adult African American men in the United States are at greater risk for higher blood pressure, prostate cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke (Hammond, 2012; Hammond et al., 2016). Indeed, the relationship between racial discrimination and depressive symp- toms was found to be best explained by White, Eurocentric masculine

2019 American Psychological Association

129. Optimal Exercise Programs for Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

extremities. In patients who have not had a prior lower-extremity revascularization, clinical evidence of PAD includes typical limb symptoms with exercise and an ankle-brachial index (ABI) of ≤0.90. However, imaging evidence for significant occlusive disease is now more widely used to make the diagnosis, as are other noninvasive vascular laboratory tests. Some patients who have undergone a prior lower-extremity revascularization will have normal ABIs but still have PAD as the underlying disease (...) , Originally published 13 Dec 2018 Circulation. 2018;139:e10–e33 Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a progressive atherosclerotic disease that affects >8 million Americans. Symptoms of PAD are caused by insufficient arterial blood flow to the lower extremities, which often results in ischemia-induced, debilitating leg discomfort associated with walking. Claudication, which is cramping, aching, or pain in the calves, thighs, or buttocks, is the classic symptom of PAD. Claudication is defined

2019 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

130. 2018 Update on Diagnosis, Treatment, Chemoprophylaxis, and Institutional Outbreak Management of Seasonal Influenza Full Text available with Trip Pro

, with or without fever, should also be considered along with the patient’s underlying health and immune function (eg, fever without source in infants; new-onset neurologic signs and symptoms [seizures, altered mental status], more commonly in infants and young children, but possible in adults; new-onset cardiovascular events [heart failure, myocardial infarction or ischemia, cerebrovascular accident] in adults; and exacerbation of chronic medical conditions, with or without fever [particularly cardiac (...) complications associated with influenza in adults in a recent comprehensive review [63]. Exacerbation of chronic disease (eg, coronary artery disease, chronic pulmonary disease, asthma, heart failure) with influenza virus infection can result in severe illness [49, 63–69]. Influenza can trigger acute myocardial infarction [70]. Elderly persons with influenza may present without fever and milder systemic symptoms than younger patients, but with higher frequencies of altered mental status [71–75]. Data from

2019 Infectious Diseases Society of America

131. Statin Safety and Associated Adverse Events: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Welty , Originally published 10 Dec 2018 Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 2018;39:e38–e81 Abstract One in 4 Americans >40 years of age takes a statin to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and other complications of atherosclerotic disease. The most effective statins produce a mean reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol of 55% to 60% at the maximum dosage, and 6 of the 7 marketed statins are available in generic form, which makes them affordable (...) transplants. The risk of statin-induced serious muscle injury, including rhabdomyolysis, is <0.1%, and the risk of serious hepatotoxicity is ≈0.001%. The risk of statin-induced newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus is ≈0.2% per year of treatment, depending on the underlying risk of diabetes mellitus in the population studied. In patients with cerebrovascular disease, statins possibly increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke; however, they clearly produce a greater reduction in the risk of atherothrombotic

2019 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

132. Tobacco Cessation Treatment

CVD deaths are attributable to cigarette smoking (5). Tobacco smoking adversely affectsallphasesoftheatherothromboticdiseaseprocess, including endothelial dysfunction (6),plaquedevelop- ment and destabilization (7), and imbalances of antith- rombotic and prothrombotic factors (8,9), culminating in acute cardiovascular (CV) events (10,11). Clinically, tobacco smoking increases the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) (including myocardial infarction [MI] and sudden death), cerebrovascular disease (...) of stop- ping smoking (e.g., ?nancial savings, health bene?ts, behavioral control, setting an example for others), rather than focusing solely on the harms of continued smoking. For smokers who are post–myocardial infarction, the clinician can emphasize the rapid reduction in the chance of future CV morbidity and mortality by saying, for example, “Quitting smoking now is the best way for you to avoid another heart attack.” After percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting

2019 American College of Cardiology

133. Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death Full Text available with Trip Pro

in the electrical or mechanical properties of the heart) with multiple transient factors that participate in triggering the fatal event. In the next section we provide a brief overview of the paucity of risk-stratification schemes for SCD in normal subjects, in patients with ischaemic heart disease and in patients with channelopathies and cardiomyopathies. 3.3.1 Individuals without known heart disease Approximately 50% of cardiac arrests occur in individuals without a known heart disease, but most suffer from (...) infarction or relatives of patients with inherited disorders associated with SCD. The combination of echocardiography with exercise or pharmacological stress (commonly known as ‘stress echo’) is applicable to a selected group of patients who are suspected of having VA triggered by ischaemia and who are unable to exercise or have resting ECG abnormalities that limit the accuracy of the ECG for ischaemia detection. Advances in CMR have made it possible to evaluate both the structure and function

2015 European Society of Cardiology

134. Guidelines on Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Infective Endocarditis Full Text available with Trip Pro

are strongly linked, microbleeds should not be considered as a minor criterion in the Duke classification. Cerebral MRI is, in the majority of cases, abnormal in IE patients with neurological symptoms. It has a higher sensitivity than CT in the diagnosis of the culprit lesion, in particular with regards to stroke, transient ischaemic attack and encephalopathy. MRI may also detect additional cerebral lesions that are not related to clinical symptoms. Cerebral MRI has no impact on the diagnosis of IE (...) vascular mapping with identification and characterization of peripheral vascular complications of IE and their follow-up. 5.3.3 Magnetic resonance imaging Given its higher sensitivity than CT, MRI increases the likelihood of detecting cerebral consequences of IE. Different studies including systematic cerebral MRI during acute IE have consistently reported frequent lesions, in 60–80% of patients. Regardless of neurological symptoms, most abnormalities are ischaemic lesions (in 50–80% of patients

2015 European Society of Cardiology

135. Urological Trauma

: spleen, liver, and kidney. J Trauma, 1989. 29: 1664. 14. Monstrey, S.J., et al. Urological trauma and severe associated injuries. Br J Urol, 1987. 60: 393. 15. MacKenzie, E.J., et al. A national evaluation of the effect of trauma-center care on mortality. N Engl J Med, 2006. 354: 366. 16. Caterson, E.J., et al. Boston bombings: a surgical view of lessons learned from combat casualty care and the applicability to Boston’s terrorist attack. J Craniofac Surg, 2013. 24: 1061. 17. Feliciano DV, M.E (...) , anatomic distribution, associated injuries, and outcomes. Urology, 2010. 76: 977. 35. Shariat, S.F., et al. Evidence-based validation of the predictive value of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma kidney injury scale. J Trauma, 2007. 62: 933. 36. Santucci, R.A., et al. Validation of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma organ injury severity scale for the kidney. J Trauma, 2001. 50: 195. 37. Malaeb, B., et al. Should blunt segmental vascular renal injuries be considered

2018 European Association of Urology

136. Paediatric Urology

. Laparoscopic versus open orchiopexy in the management of peeping testis: a multi-institutional prospective randomized study. J Pediatr Urol, 2014. 10: 605. 91. Kirsch, A.J., et al. Surgical management of the nonpalpable testis: the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia experience. J Urol, 1998. 159: 1340. 92. Fowler, R., et al. The role of testicular vascular anatomy in the salvage of high undescended testes. Aust N Z J Surg, 1959. 29: 92. 93. Koff, S.A., et al. Treatment of high undescended testes by low (...) torsion of the spermatic cord--does it guarantee prevention of recurrent torsion events? J Urol, 2006. 175: 171. 179. Figueroa, V., et al. Comparative analysis of detorsion alone versus detorsion and tunica albuginea decompression (fasciotomy) with tunica vaginalis flap coverage in the surgical management of prolonged testicular ischemia. J Urol, 2012. 188: 1417. 180. Akcora, B., et al. The protective effect of darbepoetin alfa on experimental testicular torsion and detorsion injury. Int J Urol, 2007

2018 European Association of Urology

137. Neuro-urology

tract symptoms (LUTS) in stroke patients: a cross-sectional, clinical survey. Neurourol Urodyn, 2008. 27: 763. 13. Marinkovic, S.P., et al. Voiding and sexual dysfunction after cerebrovascular accidents. J Urol, 2001. 165: 359. 14. Rotar, M., et al. Stroke patients who regain urinary continence in the first week after acute first-ever stroke have better prognosis than patients with persistent lower urinary tract dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn, 2011. 30: 1315. 15. Lobo, A., et al. Prevalence (...) . 381: 230. 24. Dolecek, T.A., et al. CBTRUS statistical report: primary brain and central nervous system tumors diagnosed in the United States in 2005-2009. Neuro Oncol, 2012. 14 Suppl 5: v1. 25. Maurice-Williams, R.S. Micturition symptoms in frontal tumours. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 1974. 37: 431. 26. Christensen, D., et al. Prevalence of cerebral palsy, co-occurring autism spectrum disorders, and motor functioning - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, USA, 2008. Dev

2018 European Association of Urology

138. Male Sexual Dysfunction

and meta-analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2010. 95: 2560. 153. Haddad, R.M., et al. Testosterone and cardiovascular risk in men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Mayo Clin Proc, 2007. 82: 29. 154. Vigen, R., et al. Association of testosterone therapy with mortality, myocardial infarction, and stroke in men with low testosterone levels. JAMA, 2013. 310: 1829. 155. Sohn, M., et al. Standard operating procedures for vascular surgery in erectile dysfunction (...) : reproducibility, evaluation criteria and the effect of sexual intercourse. J Urol, 1998. 159: 1921. 110. Hatzichristou, D.G., et al. Hemodynamic characterization of a functional erection. Arterial and corporeal veno-occlusive function in patients with a positive intracavernosal injection test. Eur Urol, 1999. 36: 60. 111. Sikka, S.C., et al. Standardization of vascular assessment of erectile dysfunction: standard operating procedures for duplex ultrasound. J Sex Med, 2013. 10: 120. 112. Pathak, R.A., et al

2018 European Association of Urology

139. ESC/EACTS Guidelines on Myocardial Revascularization Full Text available with Trip Pro

Society CEA Carotid endarterectomy CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc Cardiac Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age ≥75 [Doubled], Diabetes mellitus, prior Stroke or transient ischaemic attack or thromboembolism [Doubled] – Vascular disease, Age 65–74 and Sex category [Female] CHAMPION Cangrelor versus Standard Therapy to Achieve Optimal Management of Platelet Inhibition CI Confidence interval CIN Contrast-induced nephropathy CKD Chronic kidney disease CMR Cardiac magnetic resonance COMPASS Rivaroxaban (...) and Development of Evidence-based care in Heart disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies SYNTAX Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery TAP T and protrusion TAVI Transcatheter aortic valve implantation TIA Transient ischaemic attack TIMI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction TLR Target lesion revascularization TOTAL Trial of Routine Aspiration Thrombectomy with PCI versus PCI Alone in Patients with STEMI TRIGGER-PCI Testing platelet Reactivity In patients

2018 European Society of Cardiology

140. Urinary Incontinence

-menopausal oestrogen deficiency. J Int Med Res, 2009. 37: 198. 288. Robinson, D., et al. Estrogens and the lower urinary tract. Neurourol Urodyn, 2011. 30: 754. 289. Mettler, L., et al. Long-term treatment of atrophic vaginitis with low-dose oestradiol vaginal tablets. Maturitas, 1991. 14: 23. 290. Weber, M.A., et al. Local Oestrogen for Pelvic Floor Disorders: A Systematic Review. PLoS One, 2015. 10: e0136265. 291. Castellani, D., et al. Low-Dose Intravaginal Estriol and Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation

2018 European Association of Urology

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