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41. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock

(the Italian Association of Anesthesia and Intensive Care). Dr. Nishida participates in The Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine (vice chairman of the executive boards), the Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2016 (chairman), The Japanese Guidelines for Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult and Pediatric Critically Ill Patients (board), The Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Acute Kidney Injury 2016 (board), The Expert Consensus of the Early Rehabilitation

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2016 European Respiratory Society

43. Guidelines for the prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in health care facilities

8µBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMSAcute health care facility: A setting used to treat sudden, often unexpected, urgent or emergent episodes of injury and illness that can lead to death or disability without rapid intervention. The term acute care encompasses a range of clinical health care functions, including emergency medicine, trauma care, pre-hospital emergency care, acute care surgery, critical care, urgent care, and short-term inpatient stabilization. Alcohol-based handrub: An alcohol-based preparation (...) precautions: preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings 2007 (5). Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE): An approach used to assess the quality of a body of evidence and to develop and report recommendations. Health care facility: For the purpose of these guidelines, a health care facility includes any type of acute care facility, secondary or tertiary care facilities, long-term care facilities and rehabilitation centres. Health care-associated

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

44. Simplified guideline for prescribing medical cannabinoids in primary care

(such as anxiety), sleep disorders, and spasticity in MS. 3 Surveys of medical marijuana users find 70% or more believe medical mari- juana use results in moderate or better improvement in their symptoms. 3 A Canadian study found that functional status among medical marijuana users was worse than among the general population, reporting scores of 28 versus 7 on functional assessment, respectively (using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule for which possible scores range from 0 to 100

2018 CPG Infobase

45. Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services

between services and people with coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse who use them). 1.3.7 Consider the suitability of the type of housing (for example, high to low support or independent tenancies), employment, detox, rehabilitation services or other support identified for the person, in collaboration with relevant providers. T ake the person's preferences into account. 1.3.8 Ensure agencies and staff communicate with each other so the person is not automatically discharged from

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

46. Physical health of people in prison

of injury'). No: record no action needed. Other health conditions 4. Does the person have any of the following: allergies, asthma, diabetes, epilepsy or history of seizures chest pain, heart disease chronic obstructive pulmonary disease tuberculosis, sickle cell disease hepatitis B or C virus, HIV, other sexually transmitted infections learning disabilities neurodevelopmental disorders physical disabilities? Ask about each condition listed. Yes: make short notes on any details of the person's condition (...) is pregnant, or would she like a pregnancy test? If the woman is pregnant, refer to the GP and midwife. If there is reason to think the woman is pregnant, or would like a pregnancy test: provide a pregnancy test. Record the outcome. If positive, make an appointment for the woman to see the GP and midwife. No: record response. Living arrangements, mobility and diet 8. Does the person need help to live independently? Yes: note any needs. Liaise with the prison disability lead in reception about

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

47. Effects of Amplification on Quality of Life Among School Age Children with Single Sided Deafness

important indicators of QoL in the pediatric population with SSD include hearing in noise, localization, ease of listening and communicating, communication intent and behavior, nature of interpersonal relationships and involvement in recreational activities. Target Population School age children (ages 7-18 years) with single sided deafness. Children with additional learning disabilities are excluded. Recommendation It is recommended that for children with single sided deafness (SSD) amplification (...) and the BAHA transcranial CROS in adults with unilateral inner ear deafness. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 889–896.[3b] House, MD, J. W., Kutz, Jr. MD, J. W., Chung, MA, J., & Fisher, PhD, L. M. (2010). Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid Subjective Benefit for Unilateral Deafness. The Laryngoscope, 601-607.[4b] Lin, L.-M., Bowditch, S., Anderson, M. J., May, B., Cox, K. M., & Niparko, J. K. (2006). Amplification in the Rehabilitation of Unilateral Deafness: Speech in Noise and Directional Hearing

2011 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

48. Acute Low Back Pain

activity. • If pain worse: Consider changing/adding medications, increasing restrictions. • Physical therapy. If no improvement, at 1-2 weeks [IIA*] consider manual physical therapy (spinal manipulation). If at Risk: Chronic Disability Prevention (Table 2) • Patient education [IA*] • Minimize restrictions • Recommend aerobic activities such as walking, biking, swimming and core strengthening exercises (Appendix C) to rehabilitate and prevent recurrent low back pain. • At 2 weeks: If work disability (...) are probably not cost effective in the acute stage. Less intensive rehabilitation efforts including “work hardening” and “work conditioning” may be effective in the subacute 6-12 week period. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is also effective in patients with subacute and chronic low back pain, resulting in a significant reduction of the time of disability. Special Circumstances Primary Prevention Screening. In a healthy population there is no utility for screening x-rays and little utility for screening

2011 University of Michigan Health System

49. Quality of Life in Children with Sequential Bilateral Cochlear Implants

for future technology and rehabilitative methods and potential damage to residual hearing, as the internal placement of CI’s destroy the hair cells in the cochlea (Galvin, Leigh, Hughes, 2009, [5b] and Offeciers, Morera, Muller, Huarte, Shallop, Cavalle 2005, [5b] ). In addition, the use of additional anesthesia and potential harm to the vestibular system were once thought to be areas of concern and have been studied in depth. Subsequently, several authors have concluded that cochlear implantation (...) measured with minimum audible angle. Ear and Hearing, 27, 43-59 [4b] Loeffler, C., Aschendorff, A., Burger, T., Kroeger, S., Laszig, R., Arndt, S. (2010). Quality of Life Measurements after Cochlear Implantation. The Open Otorhinolaryngology Journal, 4, 47-54 [5b] Lovett, R.E.S., Kitterick, P.T., Summerfield, A.Q. (2010). Bilateral or Unilateral Cochlear Implantation for deaf children: An observational study. Archives of the Disabled Child, 95,107-112 [4b] Loy, B., Warner-Czyz, AD, Tong, L., Tobey, EA

2011 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

50. 2012 ACCF/AHA/ACP/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

, asymptomatic patients, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), cardiac rehabilitation, chest pain, chronic angina, chronic coronary occlusions, chronic ischemic heart disease (IHD), chronic total occlusion, connective tissue disease, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) versus medical therapy, coronary artery disease (CAD) and exercise, coronary calcium scanning, cardiac/coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), CMR angiography, CMR imaging, coronary stenosis, death, depression, detection of CAD (...) Percutaneous Coronary Intervention ( ) ACCF/AHA/SCAI 2011 Secondary Prevention and Risk Reduction Therapy for Patients With Coronary and Other Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease ( ) AHA/ACCF 2011 UA/NSTEMI: 2007 and 2012 Updates ( , ) ACCF/AHA 2012 Statements NCEP ATP III Implications of Recent Clinical Trials ( , ) NHLBI 2004 National Hypertension Education Program (JNC VII) ( ) NHLBI 2004 Referral, Enrollment, and Delivery of Cardiac Rehabilitation/Secondary Prevention Programs at Clinical Centers

2011 American Heart Association

51. Diagnosis and Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (Revised 2011)

2005;30(8):936-943. 9. Atlas SJ, Tosteson TD, Hanscom B, et al. What is different about worker’s compensation patients? - Socioeconomic predictors of baseline disability status among patients with lumbar radicu- lopathy. Spine. Aug 2007;32(18):2019-2026. 10. Bederman SS, Kreder HJ, Weller I, Finkelstein JA, Ford MH, Y ee AJM. The who, what and when of surgery for the degenera- tive lumbar spine: a population-based study of surgeon factors, surgical procedures, recent trends and reoperation rates. Can (...) JF. Inter- spinous process decompression with the X-STOP device for lumbar spinal stenosis: a 4-year follow-up study. J Spinal Disord Tech. Jul 2006;19(5):323-327. 31. Lin SI, Lin RM, Huang LW . Disability in patients with de- generative lumbar spinal stenosis. Arch Phys Med Rehab. Sep 2006;87(9):1250-1256. 32. Malmivaara A, Slatis P , Heliovaara M, et al. Surgical or non- operative treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis? A randomized controlled trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Jan 1 2007;32(1):1-8

2011 North American Spine Society

52. The Lung Cancer Framework: Principles for Best Practice Lung Cancer Care in Australia

for males between 2009–2013. 2 (See Figure 3) Figure 3 - Five-year relative survival (%) for all cancers combined and lung cancer in Australia (2009–2013), by sex Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Cancer in Australia 2017. Cancer series no.101. Cat. no. CAN 100. Canberra: AIHW, 2017. The burden of disease Cancer is responsible for the highest burden of disease in Australia – that is premature death or disease-related disability. 6 Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer

2018 Cancer Australia

53. Venous thromboembolism in over 16s: reducing the risk of hospital-acquired deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism

, and there may be an associated increased risk of surviving with severe disability. [2018] [2018] 1.4.5 When using intermittent pneumatic compression for people who are admitted with acute stroke, provide it for 30 days or until the person is mobile or discharged, whichever is sooner. [2018] [2018] Acutely ill medical patients Acutely ill medical patients 1.4.6 Offer pharmacological VTE prophylaxis for a minimum of 7 days to acutely ill medical patients whose risk of VTE outweighs their risk of bleeding: Use

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

54. Emergency and acute medical care in over 16s: service delivery and organisation

with the team providing specialist care. [See the evidence review on community nursing.] 1.1.6 Provide multidisciplinary intermediate care as an alternative to hospital care to prevent admission and promote earlier discharge. Ensure that the benefits and risks of the various types of intermediate care are discussed with the person and their family or carer [1] . [See the evidence review on alternatives to hospital care.] 1.1.7 Provide a multidisciplinary community-based rehabilitation service for people who (...) have had a medical emergency. [See the evidence review on community rehabilitation.] 1.1.8 Provide specialist multidisciplinary community-based palliative care as an option for people in the terminal phase of an illness. [See the evidence review on community palliative care.] 1.1.9 Offer advance care planning to people in the community and in hospital who are approaching the end of life and are at risk of a medical emergency [2] . Ensure that there is close collaboration between the person

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

55. Management of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

reconstruction because it reduces activity related disability and recurrent instability which may lead to additional injury. Strength of Recommendation: Limited Description: Evidence from two or more “Low” strength studies with consistent findings or evidence from a single study for recommending for or against the intervention or diagnostic test or the evidence is insufficient or conflicting and does not allow a recommendation for or against the intervention. ACL YOUNG ACTIVE ADULT Moderate evidence supports (...) injuries. Strength of Recommendation: Moderate Description: Evidence from two or more “Moderate” strength studies with consistent findings, or evidence from a single “High” quality study for recommending for or against the intervention. ACL POST-OP PHYSICAL THERAPY For those undergoing post-operative rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction, moderate evidence supports early, accelerated, and non-accelerated protocols because they have similar outcomes. Strength of Recommendation: Moderate Description

2014 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

56. Management of Hip Fractures in the Elderly

and Harms of Implementing this Recommendation 195 Future Research 195 Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures 196 Rationale 196 Risks and Harms of Implementing this Recommendation 196 12 Future Research 196 Results 198 VTE Prophylaxis 219 Rationale 219 Risks and Harms of Implementing this Recommendation 219 Future Research 219 Results 220 Transfusion Threshold 254 Rationale 254 Risks and Harms of Implementing this Recommendation 254 Future Research 254 Results 255 Rehabilitation 258 Sub-Recommendation

2014 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

57. Prevention and Management of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Survivors of Adult Cancers

changes: S.Per/al a-SAP: P = .03 Sural a-SAP: P = .047 The following were statistically non-significant: Ulnar a-SAP; Ulnar a-CMAP; Ulnar MCV; Per/al a-CMAP; Per/al MCV Mean neuropathy disability score: OXC: 5.1 ± 8.2, unblinded control group: 20.0 ± 23.1; P = .021 Mean Neuropathy Symptom Score: OXC: 0.6 ± 0.9, unblinded control group: 1.5 ± 1.3; P = .025 Retinoic acid (RA) Arrieta 2011 Cisplatin + paclitaxel 92 total; RA: 45, PL: 47 20 md/m 2 /d Neuropathy grade ≥ 2, assessed by NCI criteria: RA: 56 (...) Trial Outcome Index; GOG, Gynecologic Oncology Group; NCI-CTC, National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria; NA, not applicable; NCS, nerve conduction studies; NDS, Neurological Disability Score; NR, not reported; NS, not significant; NSS, Neurological Symptom Score; OSS, oxaliplatin-specific scale; PL, placebo; PN, peripheral neuropathy; PNP, peripheral neuropathy score; QLQ-C30, European Organization for the Treatment of Cancer quality of life questionnaire-30 items; QOL, quality of life; RR

2014 American Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines

58. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women

of stroke in women. Nearly half of stroke survivors have residual deficits, including weakness or cognitive dysfunction, 6 months after stroke, which translates into ≈200 000 more disabled women with stroke than men. Some of the impact is explained by the fact that women live longer, and thus the lifetime risk of stroke in those aged 55 to 75 years is higher in women (20%) than men (17%). Women are more likely to be living alone and widowed before stroke, are more often institutionalized after stroke

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2014 American Academy of Neurology

59. 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

infancy to the very elderly. , , , Most affected individuals probably achieve a normal life expectancy without disability or the necessity for major therapeutic interventions. On the other hand, in some patients, HCM is associated with disease complications that may be profound, with the potential to result in disease progression or premature death. , , , , , When the disease does result in significant complications, there are 3 relatively discrete but not mutually exclusive pathways of clinical

2011 American Heart Association

60. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Guideline For

After DES e88 6.4. Clinical Follow-Up e88 6.4.1. Exercise Testing: Recommendations e88 6.4.2. Activity and Return to Work e89 6.4.3. Cardiac Rehabilitation: Recommendation e89 6.5. Secondary Prevention e89 7. Quality and Performance Considerations e90 7.1. Quality and Performance: Recommendations e90 7.2. Training e90 7.3. Certi?cation and Maintenance of Certi?cation: Recommendation e90 7.4. Operator and Institutional Competency and Volume: Recommendations e90 7.5. Participation in ACC NCDR (...) stents (BMS), cardiac rehabilitation, chronic stable angina, complication, coronary bifurcation lesion, coronary calci?ed lesion, coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO), coronary ostial lesions, coronary stent (BMS and drug-eluting stents e48 Levine et al. JACC Vol. 58, No. 24, 2011 2011 ACCF/AHA/SCAI PCI Guideline December 6, 2011:e44–122[DES]; and BMS versus DES), diabetes, distal embolization, distal protection, elderly, ethics, late stent thrombosis, medical therapy, microembolization, mortality

2011 American College of Cardiology


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