How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

62,268 results for

brain injury or concussion or head injury

by
...
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Initial Management of Concussion/mTBI

the first month, or 2) persistent symptoms greater than 4 weeks post-injury, it is recommended that these patients be referred for more comprehensive interdisciplinary evaluation to specialized concussion services/clinics (see Appendix ) Adapted from the Motor Accidents Authority NSW, Guidelines for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury following a Closed Head Injury (MAA, NSW, 2008). 2.5 B The primary care provider should routinely screen for the risk of depression and/or anxiety in the first few weeks after (...) concussion/mTBI (see Appendices & ), which may be influenced by psychosocial factors and psychological responses to the injury. Patients who screen positive should be managed and referred to specialist services, if needed, since these conditions commonly complicate recovery. Adapted from the Motor Accidents Authority NSW, Guidelines for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury following a Closed Head Injury (MAA, NSW, 2008). Providing Education After mTBI New Key Section Level of evidence A B C Updated Evidence 2.6

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

2. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Sport-Related Concussion/mTBI

to as a concussion. In this Guideline, the term concussion/mTBI will be used to maintain consistency within this document. A sport-related concussion/mTBI is a traumatic brain injury that may be caused by either a direct blow to the head, face, neck or elsewhere on the body as an indirect force being transmitted to the head during sports activity. A sport-related concussion/mTBI can result in a range of clinical signs and symptoms that may or may not involve a loss of consciousness. While the injury may result (...) Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Sport-Related Concussion/mTBI Sport-Related Concussion/mTBI // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Sport-Related Concussion/mTBI In the sports literature, the effects of traumatic biomechanical forces on the brain have traditionally been referred

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

3. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Diagnosis/Assessment of Concussion/mTBI

. 3 The need for neuroimaging should also be determined using the Canadian CT Head Rule (Figure ). 4,5 Despite the current research on advanced neuroimaging studies (such as DTI and fMRI), 6 CT scans represent the most appropriate and widely available diagnostic imaging test to rule out acute intracranial hemorrhage. Patients who did present symptoms compatible with a concussion/mTBI following a head injury may also be completely asymptomatic by the time they are medically assessed. Once (...) outcomes for patients. Concussion can be recognized in the community by a non-medical professional, whereas diagnosis should be made by a physician/ nurse practitioner. Adapted from the Motor Accidents Authority NSW, Guidelines for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury following a Closed Head Injury (MAA, NSW, 2008). 1.2 A On presentation, the primary care provider should conduct a comprehensive review of every patient who has sustained concussion/mTBI (see Appendix ). The assessment should include taking

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

5. Can S100B Serum Biomarker Testing Reduce Head Computed Tomography Scanning in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury? (Full text)

. The 8 included studies comprised 601 children with mild traumatic brain injury who underwent serum S100B biomarker testing compared with head CT or clinical follow-up as the references standard. S100B levels for detecting traumatic intracranial lesions in children with mild traumatic brain injury had a pooled sensitivity of 100% (95% CI 98% to 100%) and negative predictive value of 100% (95% CI 99% to 100%), whereas the pooled specificity was 41% (95% CI 26% to 57%), with significant heterogeneity (...) ., Phillips, N. et al. Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative. Accuracy of PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE head injury decision rules in children: a prospective cohort study. Lancet . 2017 ; 389 : 2393–2402 This study addressed whether the serum biomarker S100B has prognostic value in concert with clinical risk stratification to predict traumatic intracranial lesions in children with mild traumatic brain injury. S100B is a glial-specific protein expressed primarily

2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots PubMed abstract

6. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Cognitive Difficulties

Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Cognitive Difficulties Cognitive Difficulties // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Cognitive Difficulties The presence and persistence of cognitive symptoms following concussion/mTBI can affect an individual’s ability to function in everyday life (...) , including work, academic and social activities. 1,2 Mild TBI/concussion is associated with disruptions in cognitive skills that include difficulties with attention/concentration, processing speed, learning/memory and executive function. 3-6 In the acute phase of injury there are changes in cerebral metabolic activity and perfusion, particularly in the frontal lobes associated with cognitive changes. 7-12 Generally, the expected recovery from cognitive-based symptoms following concussion/mTBI ranges from

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

7. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Vestibular (Balance/ Dizziness) & Vision Dysfunction

Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Vestibular (Balance/ Dizziness) & Vision Dysfunction Vestibular (Balance/ Dizziness) & Vision Dysfunction // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Vestibular (Balance/ Dizziness) & Vision Dysfunction Vestibular (Balance/Dizziness) Dysfunction (...) of Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guideline (VA/DoD, 2016). 10.2 A If symptoms of benign positional vertigo are present, the Dix-Hallpike Manoeuvre (Appendix ) should be used for assessment once the cervical spine has been cleared. 10.3 A A canalith repositioning maneuver should be used to treat benign positional vertigo (BPPV) if the Dix-Hallpike manoeuvre is positive. The Epley manoeuvre (Appendix ) should be used on patients with positive Dix-Hallpike manoeuvre for both

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

8. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Fatigue

, Moss NE, Wade DT. The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire: A measure of symptoms commonly experienced after head injury and its reliability". J. Neurol . 1995; 242(9):587–92. Description: A questionnaire that can be administered to someone who sustains a concussion or other form of traumatic brain injury to measure the severity of symptoms. The RPQ is used to determine the presence and severity of post-concussion syndrome symptoms (i.e., a set of somatic, cognitive, and emotional (...) Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Fatigue Fatigue // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Fatigue Fatigue has been conceptualized as an experience of weariness or tiredness following mental or physical exertion, often resulting in a reduced capacity for work and limited efficiency

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

9. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Post-Traumatic Headache

Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Post-Traumatic Headache Post-Traumatic Headache // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Post-Traumatic Headache Headache is the most common and among the most prevalent persistent symptoms following mTBI. 1-4 Studies to date have documented (...) of the environment. Pharmacologic interventions as appropriate both for acute pain and prevention of headache attacks. Taken from the VA/DoD Management of Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guideline (VA/DoD, 2016). Pharmacological Treatment of Post-Traumatic Headache New Key Section Level of evidence A B C Updated Evidence 6.7 C All patients with frequent headaches should be strongly encouraged to maintain an accurate headache diary (see Appendix ), medication calendar and activity log

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

10. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Sleep-Wake Disturbances

Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Sleep-Wake Disturbances Sleep-Wake Disturbances // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Sleep-Wake Disturbances More than 50% of patients report sleep disturbances following mTBI, specifically insomnia, hypersomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, poor (...) Appendix 7.2 Read Evaluation Short Clinical Interview for Sleep after Head Injury EVALUATION × Title of Resource: Short Clinical Interview for Sleep after Head Injury Reference: Ouellet MC, Beaulieu-Bonneau S Morin CM. Sleep-Wake Disturbances. In Eds. Zasler ND, Katz DI, Zafonte RD. Brain Injury Medicine: Principles and Practice. New York; Demos Medical Publishing LLC; 2012. Description: The short clinical interview for sleep after head injury was designed to qualitatively assess for common sleep

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

11. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Mental Health Disorders

Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Mental Health Disorders Mental Health Disorders // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age Mental Health Disorders General considerations Mental health disorders are common following mTBI, and appear to be major determinants of post-mTBI wellness (...) ). Adapted from the VA/DoD Management of Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guideline (VA/DoD, 2009). 8.3 C Immediate referral to a regulated mental health practitioner should be obtained if: The presentation is complex and/or severe (e.g., suicide risk) Initial treatment is not effective There is a failure of or contraindication to usual medication strategies It is not necessary for the mental health practitioner to be someone who has a specialty in the treatment of concussion

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

12. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - General Recommendations Regarding Management of Persistent Symptoms

Authority NSW, Guidelines for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury following a Closed Head Injury (MAA, NSW, 2008). *NOT AN ORIGINAL RECOMMENDATION - REPEAT OF 2.3 5.2 A Persistent symptoms after concussion/mTBI should lead primary care providers to consider that many factors may contribute to the persistence of post-concussive symptoms (see Table ). All relevant factors (medical, cognitive, psychological and psychosocial) should be examined with regards to how they contribute to the patient’s symptom (...) presentation and considered in the management strategies. Adapted from the Motor Accidents Authority NSW, Guidelines for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury following a Closed Head Injury (MAA, NSW, 2008). 5.3 B Persons with concussion/mTBI and identified factors typically associated with persistent symptoms (see Table ) should be considered for early referral to an interdisciplinary treatment clinic including a physician with expertise in concussion/mTBI where available or interdisciplinary formal network

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

13. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Return-to-Activity / Work / School Considerations

(By Administrator) Very Difficult 1 2 3 4 5 Very Easy Other Comments 1 Gioia GA, Collins M, Isquith PK. Improving identification and diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury with evidence: psychometric support for the acute concussion evaluation. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2008 Jul-Aug;23(4):230-42. doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000327255.38881.ca. Appendix 12.6 Read Evaluation Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) Care Plan - School Version EVALUATION × Title of Resource: Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE) Care Plan – School (...) Version Reference: Gioia GA, Collins M, Isquith PK. Improving identification and diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury with evidence: psychometric support for the acute concussion evaluation. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2008 Jul-Aug;23(4):230-42. doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000327255.38881.ca. Description: A personal plan adapted from the evidence-based ACE Care Plan Physician/Clinical Office version. This tool is designed to monitor symptoms following concussion/mTBI, speed recovery and prevent further injury

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

14. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - General Recommendations Regarding Diagnosis/Assessment of Persistent Symptoms

medicine?": recommendations for activity resumption following concussion in athletes, civilians, and military service members. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2013;28(4):250-259. Country: Canada Design: Discussion/Review Article Quality Rating: N/A *No checklists were appropriate to score this article design Varner CE, McLeod S, Nahiddi N, Lougheed RE, Dear TE, Borgundvaag B. Cognitive Rest and Graduated Return to Usual Activities Versus Usual Care for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial (...) Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - General Recommendations Regarding Diagnosis/Assessment of Persistent Symptoms General Recommendations Regarding Diagnosis/Assessment of Persistent Symptoms // Brain Injury Guidelines Toggle navigation NAVIGATION > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Guideline For Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms 3rd Edition, for Adults over 18 years of age General Recommendations Regarding Diagnosis/Assessment

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

15. Association of clinically important traumatic brain injury and Glasgow Coma Scale scores in children with head injury

Association of clinically important traumatic brain injury and Glasgow Coma Scale scores in children with head injury Association of Clinically Important Traumatic Brain Injury and Glasgow Coma Scale Scores in Children With Head Injury - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go to . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily (...) Create file Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Emerg Med J Actions . 2020 Mar;37(3):127-134. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2018-208154. Epub 2020 Feb 12. Association of Clinically Important Traumatic Brain Injury and Glasgow Coma Scale Scores in Children With Head Injury , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Emergency Department, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia amit.kochar@sa.gov.au. 2 PREDICT, Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments

2020 EvidenceUpdates

16. Elevation of the head during intensive care management in people with severe traumatic brain injury. (Full text)

Elevation of the head during intensive care management in people with severe traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem and a fundamental cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The burden of TBI disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries. Intracranial hypertension is the most frequent cause of death and disability in brain-injured people. Special interventions in the intensive care unit are required to minimise factors (...) contributing to secondary brain injury after trauma. Therapeutic positioning of the head (different degrees of head-of-bed elevation (HBE)) has been proposed as a low cost and simple way of preventing secondary brain injury in these people. The aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence related to the clinical effects of different backrest positions of the head on important clinical outcomes or, if unavailable, relevant surrogate outcomes.To assess the clinical and physiological effects of HBE during

2017 Cochrane PubMed abstract

17. Association between premorbid neuropsychological conditions and pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review. (Abstract)

sustained a mild traumatic brain injury, also known as concussion. This necessitates inquiry for any associations that may exist, which may contribute to an enhanced understanding of injury recovery patterns.Participants included children ages six through 18 years with any diagnosed or self-reported premorbid neuropsychological condition(s) and mild traumatic brain injury/concussion. Participants with concomitant intracranial or extra-axial head injury found on diagnostic imaging were excluded. Outcomes (...) Association between premorbid neuropsychological conditions and pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review. The objective of this review was to identify associations between premorbid neuropsychological conditions and pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity.There is a lack of evidence-based clinical guidelines for the care of children with a premorbid neuropsychological condition who have

2019 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

18. Cerebral Microcirculation and Histological Mapping After Severe Head Injury: A Contusion and Acceleration Experimental Model (Full text)

Cerebral Microcirculation and Histological Mapping After Severe Head Injury: A Contusion and Acceleration Experimental Model Cerebral microcirculation after severe head injury is heterogeneous and temporally variable. Microcirculation is dependent upon the severity of injury, and it is unclear how histology relates to cerebral regional blood flow.This study assesses the changes of cerebral microcirculation blood flow over time after an experimental brain injury model in sheep and contrasts (...) region were reduced from baseline, although their confidence intervals crossing the horizontal ratio of 1 indicated that such reduction was not statistically significant. Histological analysis demonstrated the presence of moderate and severe score on the amyloid staining throughout both hemispheres.Microcirculation at the ipsilateral and contralateral site of a contusion and the ipsilateral thalamus and medulla showed a consistent decline over time. Our data suggest that after severe head injury

2018 Frontiers in neurology PubMed abstract

19. The association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review protocol. (Abstract)

The association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with pediatric mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity: a systematic review protocol. The question of this review is: What is the association of premorbid neuropsychological conditions with mild traumatic brain injury/concussion recovery time and symptom severity in children?

2018 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

20. Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

For the purposes of this CPG, the term concussion is used synonymously with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and is defined as a traumatic injury that affects the brain, induced by biomechanical forces transmitted to the head by a direct blow to, or forces exerted on, the body, 141,153,159 but that does not result in an extended period of unconsciousness, amnesia, or other significant neurological signs indicative of a more severe brain injury. Concussions occur via many dif- ferent mechanisms (...) Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines CATHERINE C. QUATMAN-YATES, PT , DPT , PhD • AIRELLE HUNTER-GIORDANO, PT , DPT KATHY K. SHIMAMURA, PT , DPT , NCS, OCS, CSCS, FAAOMPT • ROB LANDEL, PT , DPT , FAPTA BARA A. ALSALAHEEN, PT , PhD • TIMOTHY A. HANKE, PT , PhD • KAREN L. McCULLOCH, PT , PhD, FAPTA Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/ Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines

2020 The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), Inc.

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>