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121. Public awareness, acceptability and risk perception about infectious diseases dual-use research of concern: a cross-sectional survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Public awareness, acceptability and risk perception about infectious diseases dual-use research of concern: a cross-sectional survey. In this study, we aimed to measure the awareness, acceptability and perceptions of current issues in biosecurity posed by infectious diseases dual-use research of concern (DURC) in the community. DURC is conducted today in many locations around the world for the benefit of humanity but may also cause harm through either a laboratory accident or deliberate misuse (...) about DURC stemming from their employment as medical researchers, infectious diseases researchers or law enforcement professionals, leaving 552 participants. Of those, 274 respondents resided in Australia and 278 in the USA.Baseline awareness, acceptability and perceptions of current issues surrounding DURC. Changes in perception from baseline were measured after provision of information about DURC.Presurvey, 77% of respondents were unaware of DURC and 64% found it unacceptable or were unsure. Two

2020 BMJ open

122. Australia's awareness of cardiac arrest and rates of CPR training: results from the Heart Foundation's HeartWatch survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Australia's awareness of cardiac arrest and rates of CPR training: results from the Heart Foundation's HeartWatch survey. We aimed to provide the first national estimates of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training and awareness of cardiac arrest.A retrospective analysis of a national cross-sectional survey was undertaken. Data were collected online from adults in July 2017 as part of the Heart Foundation of Australia's HeartWatch survey. We used logistic regression to examine demographic (...) factors associated with CPR training.A national cohort was invited to participate in the survey using purposive, non-probability sampling methods with quotas for age, gender and area of residence, in order to reflect the wider Australian population. The final sample consisted of 1076 respondents.To determine an estimation of the prevalence of cardiac arrest awareness and CPR training at a national level and the relationship of training to demographic factors.The majority (76%) of respondents were born

2020 BMJ open

123. Colorectal cancer awareness and its predictors among adults aged 50-74 years attending primary healthcare in the State of Qatar: a cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Colorectal cancer awareness and its predictors among adults aged 50-74 years attending primary healthcare in the State of Qatar: a cross-sectional study. The current study aimed to assess the awareness of colorectal cancer (CRC) symptoms and risk factors among the at-risk population visiting the primary healthcare (PHC) centres in Qatar. The secondary objective was to assess the differences in awareness among population subgroups.A cross-sectional study design was employed.The study (...) was conducted across six PHC centres in Qatar.Patients, or their accompanying people, aged 50-74 years and Arabic or English speakers, were recruited from the main waiting areas of the selected PHC centres.Participants were interviewed using the validated Bowel/Colorectal Cancer Awareness Measure questionnaire. A non-probability convenient sampling technique was applied to recruit participants. Descriptive and analytic statistics were used when appropriate. A multivariate linear regression model

2020 BMJ open

124. Drinking in denial: a cross-sectional analysis of national survey data in Ireland to measure drinkers' awareness of their alcohol use. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Drinking in denial: a cross-sectional analysis of national survey data in Ireland to measure drinkers' awareness of their alcohol use. Ireland has high per capita alcohol consumption and also has high levels of problematic drinking patterns. While it is accepted that patterns of alcohol consumption in Ireland are a cause for concern, it is not clear if Irish people are actually aware of the extent of their hazardous or harmful pattern of drinking. The aim of this study was to determine (...) awareness of drinking pattern in an Irish population using a representative random sample and to identify characteristics associated with self-awareness of hazardous or harmful drinking.We analysed data from Ireland's 2014/2015 Drug Prevalence Survey which recruited a stratified clustered sample of 7005 individuals aged 15 years and over living in private households. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine characteristics associated with self-awareness of hazardous or harmful drinking.Almost

2020 BMJ open

125. Psychometric properties of the Breast Cancer Awareness Measurement among Chinese women: a cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Psychometric properties of the Breast Cancer Awareness Measurement among Chinese women: a cross-sectional study. To perform the cross-cultural adaption of the Breast Cancer Awareness Measurement (BCAM) and to test its psychometric properties among Chinese women.This is a cross-sectional study.This study was conducted in communities, schools and institutions in Changchun, Jilin Province, China.A total of 328 women voluntarily participated in and completed the Chinese version of the BCAM (C-BCAM (...) square residual=0.05).The C-BCAM has satisfactory validity and reliability and is a culturally appropriate and reliable tool for evaluating breast cancer awareness among Chinese women. This reliable instrument can help researchers and health professionals evaluate women's knowledge about the symptoms and risk factors of breast cancer and identify their barriers to seeking medical help. It also helps healthcare providers identify women with poor breast cancer awareness and encourage them to perform

2020 BMJ open

126. Beyond awareness: Towards a critically conscious health promotion for rheumatic fever in Aotearoa, New Zealand. (Abstract)

Beyond awareness: Towards a critically conscious health promotion for rheumatic fever in Aotearoa, New Zealand. Since 2014, the Rheumatic Fever Prevention Programme has targeted communities in Aotearoa, New Zealand affected by high rates of rheumatic fever (RF): namely, Māori and Pacific families. Initiated with the aim of reducing ethnic health disparities, the Health Promotion Agency attempted to use culturally appropriate approaches by engaging in consultative processes with Māori (...) awareness and behaviour and towards equity.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2020 Social Science & Medicine

127. Prior breast density awareness, knowledge, and communication in a health system-embedded behavioral intervention trial. (Abstract)

Prior breast density awareness, knowledge, and communication in a health system-embedded behavioral intervention trial. Breast density is an important breast cancer risk factor and a focus of recent national and state health policy efforts. This article describes breast density awareness, knowledge, and communication among participants in a health system-embedded trial with clinically elevated breast cancer risk 1 year before state-mandated density disclosure.Trial participants' demographics (...) and prior health history were ascertained from electronic health records. The proportions of women reporting prior breast density awareness, knowledge of density's masking effect, and communication with a provider about their own breast density were calculated using baseline interview data collected from 2017 to 2018. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate associations between women's characteristics and density awareness, knowledge, and communication.Although the overwhelming majority

2020 Cancer

128. Stuck on pain? Assessing children's vigilance and awareness of pain sensations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stuck on pain? Assessing children's vigilance and awareness of pain sensations. Attending towards pain is proposed as a key mechanism influencing the experience and chronification of pain. Persistent attention towards pain is proposed to drive poor outcomes in both adults and children with chronic pain. However, there are no validated self-report measures of pain-related attention for children.The goals of this study were to adapt the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) for use (...) validated for children. This paper presents a child version of the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ-C), which indicates strong internal consistency, criterion validity and unique predictive validity, and provides evidence to support the Fear-Avoidance Model in youth with chronic pain.© 2020 European Pain Federation - EFIC®.

2020 European Journal of Pain

129. Pressure Pain Tolerance Predicts the Success of Emotional Awareness and Expression Therapy in Patients With Fibromyalgia. (Abstract)

Pressure Pain Tolerance Predicts the Success of Emotional Awareness and Expression Therapy in Patients With Fibromyalgia. Quantitative sensory testing may help predict treatment responses in individuals with chronic pain. Our objective was to determine whether evoked pain sensitivity at baseline predicted preferential treatment responses to either emotional awareness and expression therapy (EAET) or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in individuals with fibromyalgia (FM).This was a secondary

2020 Clinical Journal of Pain

130. Antihistamine-resistant chronic spontaneous urticaria remains undertreated: 2-year data from the AWARE study. (Abstract)

Antihistamine-resistant chronic spontaneous urticaria remains undertreated: 2-year data from the AWARE study. Real-world evidence describing the benefits of recommended therapies and their impact on the quality of life (QoL) of chronic urticaria (CU) patients is limited.To investigate disease burden, current treatment schedule, and the use of clinical resources by patients with H1 -antihistamine-refractory CU in Europe.AWARE (A World-wide Antihistamine-Refractory chronic urticaria patient (...) and for the key outcome, the urticaria control test (UCT) score, respectively, and patients with complete remission (14.1%) were excluded from analyses.The proportion of patients with uncontrolled CSU (UCT score <12) dropped from 78% (n/N = 1641/2104) at baseline to 28.7% (n/N = 269/936) after two years of participation in the AWARE study. In addition, the proportion of patients with no impact of CSU on their QoL (assessed by the Dermatological Life Quality Index) increased to 57% (n/N = 664/1164) from 18.7

2020 Clinical and Experimental Allergy

131. Prognostic Awareness in Adult Oncology and Palliative Care. (Abstract)

Prognostic Awareness in Adult Oncology and Palliative Care. Communicating prognosis clearly and empathically can foster accurate prognostic awareness in patients with advanced cancer and their family members. Whereas patients and doctors desire clear prognostic communication, it presents many challenges in oncologic and palliative care settings. Patients with advanced cancer often have poor prognostic awareness as a result of deficiencies in doctor communication and understandable (...) -and potentially adaptive-attempts by patients and families to reduce the threat of death and maintain hope. Interventions to promote prognostic discussion have largely succeeded in increasing the frequency, but not necessarily the quality, of such discussions, yet have failed to improve prognostic awareness. Because clear communication of prognosis is an ethical mandate, more research is needed to provide an evidence base for teaching and practice in this area.

2020 Journal of Clinical Oncology

132. An Individualized, Interactive, and Advance Care Planning Intervention Promotes Transitions in Prognostic Awareness States Among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients in Their Last Six Months-A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

An Individualized, Interactive, and Advance Care Planning Intervention Promotes Transitions in Prognostic Awareness States Among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients in Their Last Six Months-A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. To examine whether an advance care planning intervention randomized controlled trial facilitates terminally ill cancer patients' transitions to accurate prognostic awareness (PA) and the time spent in the accurate PA state in patients' last six (...) months.Participants (N = 460) were randomized 1:1 to experimental (interactive intervention tailored to participants' readiness for advance care planning/prognostic information) and control (symptom management education) arms with similar formats. PA was categorized into four states: 1) unknown and not wanting to know; 2) unknown but wanting to know; 3) inaccurate awareness; and 4) accurate awareness. Intervention effectiveness in the two outcomes was evaluated by intention-to-treat analysis with multistate

2020 Journal of pain and symptom management

133. Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Emotional Preparedness for Death Is Distinct From Their Accurate Prognostic Awareness. (Abstract)

Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Emotional Preparedness for Death Is Distinct From Their Accurate Prognostic Awareness. Emotional preparedness for death (hereafter called death preparedness) and prognostic awareness (PA), a distinct but related concept, each contributes to patients' practical, psychological, and interpersonal preparations for death. However, the distinction between these two concepts has never been investigated.To evaluate the distinction between death preparedness and accurate

2020 Journal of pain and symptom management

134. Internet Use, Risk Awareness, and Demographic Characteristics Associated With Engagement in Preventive Behaviors and Testing: Cross-Sectional Survey on COVID-19 in the United States. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Internet Use, Risk Awareness, and Demographic Characteristics Associated With Engagement in Preventive Behaviors and Testing: Cross-Sectional Survey on COVID-19 in the United States. During the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, engagement in preventive behaviors and getting tested for the virus play a crucial role in protecting people from contracting the new coronavirus.This study aims to examine how internet use, risk awareness, and demographic characteristics are associated (...) with engagement in preventative behaviors and testing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.A cross-sectional survey was conducted on Amazon Mechanical Turk from April 10, 2020, to April 14, 2020. Participants' internet use (in terms of the extent of receiving information pertaining to COVID-19), risk awareness (whether any immediate family members, close friends or relatives, or people in local communities tested positive for COVID-19), demographics (sex, age, ethnicity, income, education level

2020 Journal of medical Internet research

135. The Development of Smart Health Awareness Message Framework Based on the Use of Social Media: Quantitative Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Development of Smart Health Awareness Message Framework Based on the Use of Social Media: Quantitative Study. Social media has recently provided a remarkable means of delivering health information broadly and in a cost-effective way. Despite its benefits, some difficulties are encountered in attempting to influence the public to change their behavior in response to social media health messages.This study aimed to explore the factors that affect individuals' acceptance of using social media (...) as a tool for receiving health awareness messages and adapting such content accordingly by developing a smart health awareness message framework.A quantitative method was adapted to validate the hypotheses and proposed framework through the development of a survey based on the technology acceptance model with the extension of other constructs. The survey was distributed on the web to 701 participants from different countries via Qualtrics software, it generated 391 completed questionnaires

2020 Journal of medical Internet research

136. The ticking clock: does actively making an enhanced care team aware of the passage of time improve pre-hospital scene time following traumatic incidents? Full Text available with Trip Pro

The ticking clock: does actively making an enhanced care team aware of the passage of time improve pre-hospital scene time following traumatic incidents? Pre-hospital enhanced care teams like Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are often dispatched to major trauma patients, including patients with traumatic brain injuries and those with major haemorrhage. For these patients, minimizing the time to definitive care is vital. The aim of this study was to determine whether increased (...) awareness of elapsed on scene time produces a relevant time performance improvement for major trauma patients attended by HEMS, and weather introducing such a timer was feasible and acceptable to clinicians.We performed a prospective cohort study of all single casualty traumatic incidents attended by Air Ambulance Kent Surrey Sussex (AAKSS) between 15 October 2016 and 23 May 2017 to test if introduction of a prompting scene timer within the service resulted in a reduction in pre-hospital scene times.The

2020 Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine

137. Exploring Public Awareness of Overwork Prevention With Big Data From Google Trends: Retrospective Analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exploring Public Awareness of Overwork Prevention With Big Data From Google Trends: Retrospective Analysis. To improve working conditions and prevent illness and deaths related to overwork, the Taiwanese government in 2015, 2016, and 2018 amended regulations regarding working time, overtime, shifts, and rest days. Such policy changes may lead to a rising public awareness of overwork-related issues, which may in turn reinforce policy development.This study aimed to investigate to what extent (...) public awareness of overwork-related issues correlated with policy changes.Policies, laws, and regulations promulgated or amended in Taiwan between January 2004 and November 2019 were identified. We defined 3 working conditions (overwork, long working hours, and high job stress) related to overwork prevention, generated a keyword for each condition, and extracted the search volumes for each keyword on the Google search engine as proxy indicators of public awareness. We then calculated the monthly

2020 Journal of medical Internet research

138. Has National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month increased endoscopy screening rates and public interest in colorectal cancer? (Abstract)

Has National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month increased endoscopy screening rates and public interest in colorectal cancer? National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month occurs each March to promote awareness and screening for colorectal cancer. The effectiveness of this public health campaign is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month on rates of screening endoscopies and on public interest in colorectal cancer.To examine (...) the impact of National Colon Cancer Awareness Month on screening endoscopy rates, the National Endoscopy Database was retrospectively reviewed from 2002 through 2014. A time series of monthly number of colorectal cancer screening endoscopies per endoscopist in the data set was evaluated. To examine public interest in colorectal cancer, Google Trends data were collected on the monthly rates of terms related to colorectal cancer from January 2004 to July 2019. Impact of the month on screening endoscopies

2020 Surgical endoscopy

139. A Data-Driven Social Network Intervention for Improving Organ Donation Awareness Among Minorities: Analysis and Optimization of a Cross-Sectional Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Data-Driven Social Network Intervention for Improving Organ Donation Awareness Among Minorities: Analysis and Optimization of a Cross-Sectional Study. Increasing the number of organ donors may enhance organ transplantation, and past health interventions have shown the potential to generate both large-scale and sustainable changes, particularly among minorities.This study aimed to propose a conceptual data-driven framework that tracks digital markers of public organ donation awareness using (...) Twitter and delivers an optimized social network intervention (SNI) to targeted audiences using Facebook.We monitored digital markers of organ donation awareness across the United States over a 1-year period using Twitter and examined their association with organ donation registration. We delivered this SNI on Facebook with and without optimized awareness content (ie, educational content with a weblink to an online donor registration website) to low-income Hispanics in Los Angeles over a 1-month

2020 Journal of medical Internet research

140. Health Care Professionals' Awareness of a Child's Impending Death. (Abstract)

Health Care Professionals' Awareness of a Child's Impending Death. Health care professionals' (HCPs) experiences during early pediatric end-of-life care were explored using a theory-building case study approach. Multiple data collection methods including observation, electronic medical record review, and semi-structured interviews were collected with 15 interdisciplinary HCPs across four cases. Within- and across-case analyses resulted in an emerging theory. HCPs' initial awareness of a child's (...) impending death is fluid, ongoing, and informed through both relational and internal dimensions. Initial cognitive awareness is followed by a deeper focus on the child through time-oriented attention to the past, present, and future. HCPs engage in a "delicate dance of figuring out" key issues. Awareness was exemplified through four themes: professional responsibility, staying connected, grounded uncertainty, and holding in. The emerging theoretical model provides a framework for HCPs to assess

2020 Qualitative Health Research

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