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101. Effectiveness of movement and body awareness therapies in patients with fibromyalgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of movement and body awareness therapies in patients with fibromyalgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fibromyalgia is a long-term condition that is associated with widespread pain and is recognized as one of the major common causes of disability. The standard clinical guidance for fibromyalgia includes both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. In the latter, different interventions are implemented such as aerobic exercises, flexibility exercises (...) , strength training, stretching and body awareness (BA) therapies. The aims of this review were to provide a summary of movement and BA therapies in patients with fibromyalgia and to compare the different therapies in relation to outcomes.The search strategy was undertaken using the following databases from inception to October 2018: PubMed, Cinahl, PEDro, PsychoInfo and The Cochrane Library. Articles were eligible if they were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing movement and BA therapies

2020 European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine

102. Hypertension and Pre-Hypertension Among Iranian Adults Population: a Meta-Analysis of Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control. (Abstract)

Hypertension and Pre-Hypertension Among Iranian Adults Population: a Meta-Analysis of Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control. This meta-analysis and systematic review was conducted to evaluate hypertension and prehypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in Iranian adults population.In this study, six international and national databases were searched from inception until August 30, 2018. Forty-eight studies performed on 417,392 participants were included in the meta (...) -analysis. Based on the results of random effect method (95% CI), the overall prevalence of pre-hypertension, hypertension, awareness, treatment, and control were 31.6% (95% CI 24.9, 38.3; I2 = 99.7%), 20.4% (95% CI 16.5, 24.4; I2 = 99.9%), 49.3% (95% CI 44.8, 53.8; I2 = 98.5%), 44.8% (95% CI 28.3, 61.2; I2 = 99.9%), 37.4% (95% CI 29.0, 45.8; I2 = 99.3%), respectively. Considering the increasing prevalence of pre-hypertension, hypertension, as well as more than half of the participants were unaware

2020 Current Hypertension Reports

103. Awareness and bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in mechanically ventilated patients in the emergency department and intensive care unit: a systematic review protocol. (Full text)

Awareness and bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in mechanically ventilated patients in the emergency department and intensive care unit: a systematic review protocol. Accidental awareness with recall is one of the most feared complications for patients undergoing general anaesthesia and can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder in up to 70% of patients experiencing it. To reduce the incidence of awareness with recall, the bispectral index monitor is recommended for patients receiving total (...) intravenous anaesthetics, especially those receiving neuromuscular blockers. While extensive investigation into awareness and bispectral index monitoring has occurred for operating room patients, this has not extended to other clinical arenas where sedated and mechanically ventilated patients are cared for, namely the intensive care unit and emergency department. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the world's literature to determine the incidence of awareness with paralysis in mechanically

2020 BMJ open PubMed abstract

104. Factors associated with prognostic awareness in patients with cancer: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Factors associated with prognostic awareness in patients with cancer: A systematic review. Prognostic awareness relates to patients' capacity to understand their prognosis and the likely illness trajectory. Based on the current evidence, accurate PA is associated with decrease in uncertainty, depresivity, and anxiety and with increase in quality of life. However, other studies found also negative associations of PA and quality of life and mental health. This systematic review synthesizes (...) the available literature on factors associated with accurate prognostic awareness in patients with cancer.Four databases were systematically searched for studies assessing prognostic awareness in patients with cancer. In these studies, we looked for factors positively or negatively associated with prognostic awareness. Included studies were critically appraised for methodological quality.We screened 28 078 studies and included 70. In these studies, 102 factors were found to be related to prognostic

2020 Psycho-oncology

105. Surveys of knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance in general population: A systematic review. (Full text)

Surveys of knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance in general population: A systematic review. Currently, various tools exist to evaluate knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and are applied by various organizations. Previous systematic reviews have focused mainly on study findings such as levels of knowledge and AMR awareness. However, the survey procedures and data instruments used ought to be scrutinized as well, since (...) they are important contributors to credible results. This review aims to assess the study methods and procedures of existing population-based surveys and explore key components which determine the general population's levels of knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use and AMR.We searched existing literature for population -based surveys which sought knowledge and awareness of antibiotic use or AMR in the general population. Databases searched included Ovid, MEDLINE and EMBASE, PsycINFO and Scopus, domestic

2020 PloS one PubMed abstract

106. A meta-analysis on the relationship between interoceptive awareness and alexithymia: Distinguishing interoceptive accuracy and sensibility. (Full text)

A meta-analysis on the relationship between interoceptive awareness and alexithymia: Distinguishing interoceptive accuracy and sensibility. Alexithymia-a trait associated with difficulties understanding one's own emotions-is theorized to stem from deficits in interoceptive awareness, or the ability to detect, accurately monitor, and regulate internal bodily processes. The present meta-analysis analyzed all studies that empirically examined the relationship between alexithymia and interoceptive (...) awareness. Across 66 independent samples (N = 7,146), alexithymia had a small, negative correlation with interoceptive awareness (r = -.162, p = .001, 95% CI [-.252, -.068]), but additional analyses revealed that the strength and directionality of this association was heavily influenced by the specific interoceptive awareness components measured (e.g., interoceptive accuracy vs. sensibility) and the methods used to measure interoceptive awareness (e.g., objective vs. self-report measures). The strength

2020 Journal of abnormal psychology PubMed abstract

107. The relationship between mindfulness and objective measures of body awareness: A meta-analysis. (Full text)

The relationship between mindfulness and objective measures of body awareness: A meta-analysis. Although awareness of bodily sensations is a common mindfulness meditation technique, studies assessing the relationship between mindfulness and body awareness have provided mixed results. The current study sought to meta-analytically examine the relationship between mindfulness operationalized as a dispositional trait or a construct trained through short- (i.e., randomized controlled trials [RCTs (...) ]) or long-term mindfulness meditation practice with objective measures of body awareness accuracy. PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched. Studies were eligible if they reported the association between mindfulness and body awareness, were published in English, and included adults. Across 15 studies (17 independent samples), a small effect was found linking mindfulness with greater body awareness accuracy (g = 0.21 [0.08, 0.34], N = 879). When separated by study design, only RCTs

2020 Scientific reports PubMed abstract

108. An Emotion Recognition-Awareness Vulnerability Hypothesis for Depression in Adolescence: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

An Emotion Recognition-Awareness Vulnerability Hypothesis for Depression in Adolescence: A Systematic Review. In this systematic review, we examined the evidence for an adolescent emotion recognition-awareness vulnerability to depression. The current review provided a qualitative synthesis of the emotion recognition (26 studies) and emotion awareness (38 studies) literatures for adolescent depression and was grounded within the framework of affective social competence (Halberstadt et al. in Soc (...) Dev 10:79-119, 2001). It was hypothesized that deficits or difficulties in recognizing emotions in others and in being aware of emotions within the self would increase vulnerability to depression for adolescents. There was limited evidence to support a general emotion recognition vulnerability due to heterogeneous research designs and inconsistencies across studies; however, three emerging trends in specific recognition deficits associated with adolescent depression were identified: sensitivity

2020 Clinical child and family psychology review

109. Evaluation of a national lung cancer symptom awareness campaign in Wales. (Full text)

Evaluation of a national lung cancer symptom awareness campaign in Wales. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Wales. We conducted a before- and after- study to evaluate the impact of a four-week mass-media campaign on awareness, presentation behaviour and lung cancer outcomes.Population-representative samples were surveyed for cough symptom recall/recognition and worry about wasting doctors' time pre-campaign (June 2016; n = 1001) and post-campaign (September 2016; n = 1013 (...) increased by 23% (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant change in USC referrals (p = 0.82), new (p = 0.70) or early stage (p = 0.27) diagnoses, or in routes to diagnosis.Symptom awareness, presentation and GP-ordered chest X-rays increased during the campaign but did not translate into increased USC referrals or clinical outcomes changes. Short campaign duration and follow-up, and the small number of new lung cancer cases observed may have hampered detection effects.

2020 British Journal of Cancer PubMed abstract

110. Specialist LINK and primary care network clinical pathways - a new approach to patient referral: a cross-sectional survey of awareness, utilization and usability among family physicians in Calgary. (Full text)

Specialist LINK and primary care network clinical pathways - a new approach to patient referral: a cross-sectional survey of awareness, utilization and usability among family physicians in Calgary. Specialist LINK is a real-time, non-urgent telephone collaboration line designed to link family doctors and specialists. The purpose was to reduce wait times, improve efficiency and enhance the coordination of patient care through enhanced communication between primary and specialty care. The aim (...) of this study was to determine the awareness and utilization of Specialist LINK and Primary Care Network (PCN) Clinical Pathways among family physicians.A family physician experience cross-sectional survey was conducted from March to May 2018 in Calgary and Area. The survey was designed to assess family physicians' awareness and utilization of Specialist LINK and PCN Clinical Pathways. We also used a 1-10 scale for respondents to rate the utility of Specialist LINK (1 was least useful and 10 represented

2020 BMC Family Practice PubMed abstract

111. Awareness, attitudes, barriers, and knowledge about evidence-based medicine among family physicians in Croatia: a cross-sectional study. (Full text)

Awareness, attitudes, barriers, and knowledge about evidence-based medicine among family physicians in Croatia: a cross-sectional study. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) aims to assist physicians in making medical decisions based on the integration of the current best evidence, clinical expertise, and patients' values. Extensive research has been conducted regarding physicians' awareness, attitudes, barriers, and knowledge about EBM. In Croatia, there is a lack of research on this topic (...) , especially among family physicians (FP). The aim of this study was to assess the awareness, attitudes, barriers, and knowledge about EBM among FPs in Croatia after six years of educational activities organized and provided by Cochrane Croatia.In a cross-sectional study, conducted in 2016, we offered to FPs in Croatia a printed or online validated questionnaire to assess attitudes toward and barriers when considering the use of EBM, awareness about sources of evidence, and their level of understanding

2020 BMC Family Practice PubMed abstract

112. Awareness of, attitude toward, and willingness to participate in pay for performance programs among family physicians: a cross-sectional study. (Full text)

Awareness of, attitude toward, and willingness to participate in pay for performance programs among family physicians: a cross-sectional study. The National Health Insurance Administration of Taiwan has introduced several pay-for-performance programs to improve the quality of healthcare. This study aimed to provide government with evidence-based research findings to help primary care physicians to actively engage in pay-for-performance programs.We conducted a questionnaire survey among family (...) physicians with age-stratified sampling from September 2016 to December 2017. The structured questionnaire consisted of items including the basic demographics of the surveyee and their awareness of and attitudes toward the strengths and/or weaknesses of the pay-for-performance programs, as well as their subjective norms, and the willingness to participate in the pay-for-performance programs. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to compare the differences

2020 BMC Family Practice PubMed abstract

113. Awareness of ADHD in primary care: stakeholder perspectives. (Full text)

Awareness of ADHD in primary care: stakeholder perspectives. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is underdiagnosed in many European countries and the process of accessing care and diagnosis is complex and variable. In many countries, general practitioners (GPs) refer on to secondary care where individuals receive an assessment and, if appropriate, a diagnosis and access to care. It is therefore essential that GPs have a clear understanding of the disorder and its care pathways (...) . While previous studies have highlighted potential barriers in GPs' ADHD awareness, this qualitative study aims to further explore individual stakeholders' experiences.Semi-structured interviews explored the views of multiple stakeholders- GPs (n = 5), healthcare specialists (n = 5), patients (adults with ADHD n = 5) and parents (n = 5) with experience of the presentation and management of ADHD in primary care. These interviews were analysed using thematic analyses and following principles

2020 BMC Family Practice PubMed abstract

114. GP awareness, practice, knowledge and confidence: evaluation of the first nation-wide dementia-focused continuing medical education program in Australia. (Full text)

GP awareness, practice, knowledge and confidence: evaluation of the first nation-wide dementia-focused continuing medical education program in Australia. Dementia is under-diagnosed in primary care. Timely diagnosis and care management improve outcomes for patients and caregivers. This research evaluated the effectiveness of a nationwide Continuing Medical Education (CME) program to enhance dementia-related awareness, practice, knowledge and confidence of general practitioners (GPs (...) ) in Australia.Data were collected from self-report surveys by GPs who participated in an accredited CME program face-to-face or online; program evaluations from GPs; and process evaluations from workshop facilitators. CME participants completed surveys at one or more time-points (pre-, post-program, six to 9 months follow-up) between 2015 and 2017. Paired samples t-test was used to determine difference in mean outcome scores (self-reported change in awareness, knowledge, confidence, practice) between time-points

2020 BMC Family Practice PubMed abstract

115. Delivering Opioid Overdose Prevention in Bars and Nightclubs: A Public Awareness Pilot in New York City. (Abstract)

Delivering Opioid Overdose Prevention in Bars and Nightclubs: A Public Awareness Pilot in New York City. Drug seizure data indicate the presence of fentanyl in the cocaine supplies nationally and in New York City (NYC). In NYC, 39% of cocaine-only involved overdose deaths in 2017 also involved fentanyl, suggesting that fentanyl in the cocaine supply is associated with overdose deaths. To raise awareness of fentanyl overdose risk among people who use cocaine, the NYC Department of Health (...) and Mental Hygiene pilot tested an awareness campaign in 23 NYC nightlife venues. Although 87% of venue owners/managers were aware of fentanyl, no participating venues had naloxone on premises prior to the intervention. The campaign's rapid dissemination reached people at potential risk of opioid overdose in a short period of time following the identification of fentanyl in the cocaine supply. Public health authorities in states with high rates of opioid-involved overdose death should consider similar

2020 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

116. An Individualized, Interactive, and Advance Care Planning Intervention Promotes Transitions in Prognostic Awareness States Among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients in Their Last Six Months-A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

An Individualized, Interactive, and Advance Care Planning Intervention Promotes Transitions in Prognostic Awareness States Among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients in Their Last Six Months-A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. To examine whether an advance care planning intervention randomized controlled trial facilitates terminally ill cancer patients' transitions to accurate prognostic awareness (PA) and the time spent in the accurate PA state in patients' last six (...) months.Participants (N = 460) were randomized 1:1 to experimental (interactive intervention tailored to participants' readiness for advance care planning/prognostic information) and control (symptom management education) arms with similar formats. PA was categorized into four states: 1) unknown and not wanting to know; 2) unknown but wanting to know; 3) inaccurate awareness; and 4) accurate awareness. Intervention effectiveness in the two outcomes was evaluated by intention-to-treat analysis with multistate

2020 Journal of pain and symptom management

117. Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Emotional Preparedness for Death Is Distinct From Their Accurate Prognostic Awareness. (Abstract)

Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Emotional Preparedness for Death Is Distinct From Their Accurate Prognostic Awareness. Emotional preparedness for death (hereafter called death preparedness) and prognostic awareness (PA), a distinct but related concept, each contributes to patients' practical, psychological, and interpersonal preparations for death. However, the distinction between these two concepts has never been investigated.To evaluate the distinction between death preparedness and accurate

2020 Journal of pain and symptom management

118. Exploring Public Awareness of Overwork Prevention With Big Data From Google Trends: Retrospective Analysis. (Full text)

Exploring Public Awareness of Overwork Prevention With Big Data From Google Trends: Retrospective Analysis. To improve working conditions and prevent illness and deaths related to overwork, the Taiwanese government in 2015, 2016, and 2018 amended regulations regarding working time, overtime, shifts, and rest days. Such policy changes may lead to a rising public awareness of overwork-related issues, which may in turn reinforce policy development.This study aimed to investigate to what extent (...) public awareness of overwork-related issues correlated with policy changes.Policies, laws, and regulations promulgated or amended in Taiwan between January 2004 and November 2019 were identified. We defined 3 working conditions (overwork, long working hours, and high job stress) related to overwork prevention, generated a keyword for each condition, and extracted the search volumes for each keyword on the Google search engine as proxy indicators of public awareness. We then calculated the monthly

2020 Journal of medical Internet research PubMed abstract

119. Awareness and rumination moderate the affective pathway to paranoia in daily life. (Abstract)

Awareness and rumination moderate the affective pathway to paranoia in daily life. Numerous cross-sectional studies found psychosis to be associated with less awareness of emotions, a decreased use of adaptive (e.g. reappraisal) and an increased use of maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) strategies (e.g. suppression). In this study, we tested whether state levels of emotion awareness and momentary use of specific ER strategies moderate the link between negative affect at one timepoint (t-1 (...) ) and paranoia at the next timepoint (t) in a six-day experience sampling study. Individuals with psychotic disorders (n = 71) reported on the presence of paranoia, negative affect, emotion awareness and the use of six ER strategies (reappraisal, acceptance, social sharing, distraction, suppression and rumination) ten times per day. Multilevel regression analysis revealed that higher awareness at t-1 reduced the association of negative affect at t-1 and paranoia at t, whereas rumination had an opposite

2020 Schizophrenia Research

120. The Development of Smart Health Awareness Message Framework Based on the Use of Social Media: Quantitative Study. (Full text)

The Development of Smart Health Awareness Message Framework Based on the Use of Social Media: Quantitative Study. Social media has recently provided a remarkable means of delivering health information broadly and in a cost-effective way. Despite its benefits, some difficulties are encountered in attempting to influence the public to change their behavior in response to social media health messages.This study aimed to explore the factors that affect individuals' acceptance of using social media (...) as a tool for receiving health awareness messages and adapting such content accordingly by developing a smart health awareness message framework.A quantitative method was adapted to validate the hypotheses and proposed framework through the development of a survey based on the technology acceptance model with the extension of other constructs. The survey was distributed on the web to 701 participants from different countries via Qualtrics software, it generated 391 completed questionnaires

2020 Journal of medical Internet research PubMed abstract

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