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41. Development and Relationships Between Phonological Awareness, Morphological Awareness and Word Reading in Spoken and Standard Arabic Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development and Relationships Between Phonological Awareness, Morphological Awareness and Word Reading in Spoken and Standard Arabic This study addressed the development of and the relationship between foundational metalinguistic skills and word reading skills in Arabic. It compared Arabic-speaking children's phonological awareness (PA), morphological awareness, and voweled and unvoweled word reading skills in spoken and standard language varieties separately in children across five grade (...) levels from childhood to adolescence. Second, it investigated whether skills developed in the spoken variety of Arabic predict reading in the standard variety. Results indicate that although individual differences between students in PA are eliminated toward the end of elementary school in both spoken and standard language varieties, gaps in morphological awareness and in reading skills persisted through junior and high school years. The results also show that the gap in reading accuracy and fluency

2018 Frontiers in psychology

42. Snakes Elaphe Radiata May Acquire Awareness of Their Body Limits When Trying to Hide in a Shelter. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Snakes Elaphe Radiata May Acquire Awareness of Their Body Limits When Trying to Hide in a Shelter. Body awareness was studied experimentally in the rat snakes Elaphe radiata. The experimental design required that the snakes take into account the limits of their bodies when choosing a suitable hole for penetration into the shelter. The experimental setup consisted of two compartments, a launch chamber and a shelter, separated by a partition with openings of different diameters. The diameters (...) small for their bodies. During the fourth series, with the locations of holes randomized for each trial, the snakes demonstrated behavioral flexibility, significantly more often penetrating into the shelter from the first attempt irrespectively of the location of the suitable hole. We argue that these results demonstrate the body-awareness in snakes.

2019 Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

43. Nitrous oxide-based versus nitrous oxide-free general anaesthesia and accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in surgical patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nitrous oxide-based versus nitrous oxide-free general anaesthesia and accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in surgical patients. Accidental awareness during general anaesthesia (AAGA) is when a patient unintentionally becomes conscious during a procedure performed with general anaesthesia and subsequently has explicit recall of this event. Incidence estimates for AAGA vary, with the most common estimate being one to two cases per 1000 general anaesthetics. Evidence linking nitrous (...) using the GRADE approach. Other types of bias were generally low, or were rated unclear due to missing information.No studies were designed to measure AAGA as the primary outcome, and were therefore statistically underpowered to answer this review question. Despite the inclusion of 3520 participants, only three awareness events were reported by two studies. In one study the event was due to technical failure. Due to the rarity of the events, we did not consider it appropriate to pool the data

2016 Cochrane

44. Scam Awareness Related to Incident Alzheimer Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Prospective Cohort Study. (Abstract)

Scam Awareness Related to Incident Alzheimer Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Prospective Cohort Study. Decreased scam awareness may be an early indicator of impending Alzheimer dementia and its precursor, mild cognitive impairment, but prior studies have not systematically examined the associations between scam awareness and adverse cognitive outcomes.To test the hypothesis that low scam awareness is associated with increased risk for incident Alzheimer dementia, mild cognitive (...) impairment, and Alzheimer disease pathology in the brain.Prospective cohort study of aging.Community-based study in the greater Chicago metropolitan area.935 older persons initially free of dementia.Scam awareness was measured via questionnaire, incident Alzheimer dementia and mild cognitive impairment were documented in detailed annual cognitive and clinical evaluations, and Alzheimer disease neuropathology was quantified after death among a subset of persons who died (n = 264). Proportional hazards

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

45. The Effect of Group Counseling Using Ellis's A-B-C Technique on Irrational Beliefs and Self-Efficacy About Breast Self-Awareness of Women Health Volunteers. (Abstract)

The Effect of Group Counseling Using Ellis's A-B-C Technique on Irrational Beliefs and Self-Efficacy About Breast Self-Awareness of Women Health Volunteers. This preliminary pilot effort assessed the effect of group counseling using A-B-C technique on irrational beliefs and self-efficacy for women health volunteers (WHVs) in breast self-awareness.In this randomized controlled trial, 40 WHVs from three health centers (Abhar, Iran) were randomly allocated into two groups.Seven weekly group

2018 Journal of transcultural nursing : official journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

46. Factors associated with knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS among married women in Bangladesh: evidence from a nationally representative survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS among married women in Bangladesh: evidence from a nationally representative survey Women in Bangladesh share a greater risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) infection compared to men. Levels of knowledge and awareness largely contribute to the prevalence of the HIV epidemic and its consequences. So, it is required to conduct studies based on most recent data to explore the determinants (...) of HIV awareness. Therefore, we aimed to find the awareness level and factors influencing HIV related awareness among the married women in Bangladesh. We used data from 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). About two-third of total respondents who heard about the HIV/AIDS were selected and interviewed successfully (n = 12,593) about 11 basic questions related to individual's awareness. A score of the respondent's knowledge and awareness was determined based on these questions. We used

2018 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

47. Effect of acceptance and commitment therapy on body image flexibility and body awareness in patients with psychosomatic disorders: a randomized clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of acceptance and commitment therapy on body image flexibility and body awareness in patients with psychosomatic disorders: a randomized clinical trial The aim of this research was to examine the effectiveness of the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for body image flexibility and body awareness in these patients.A randomized clinical trial was conducted at Kashan University of Medical Sciences clinics in Kashan, Iran, from December 1, 2017 to March 30, 2018. A sample of 75 (...) and posttest phases and the two-month follow-up: the demographic questionnaire; Shields' body awareness questionnaire; and Sandoz's body image flexibility questionnaire. The data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics tests (mean and standard deviation) and the repeated measures analysis of variance and chi-square tests in IBM-SPSS version 21.There was no significant difference among the three groups in terms of body image flexibility, body awareness, somatic symptoms, and demographic variables

2018 Electronic physician Controlled trial quality: uncertain

48. Raising Awareness of Acute Kidney Injury: A Latin American Experience Full Text available with Trip Pro

Raising Awareness of Acute Kidney Injury: A Latin American Experience Raising awareness of acute kidney injury (AKI) is an essential strategy for minimizing the burden of this lethal syndrome. The AKI Commission of the Latin American Society of Nephrology and Hypertension conducted an educational program based on networked learning.Two online courses with similar methodologies were developed, 1 course for nephrologists and the other for primary care physicians (PCP). The courses were developed

2018 Kidney international reports

49. Evaluation of Breast Cancer (BC) Awareness among Female University Students in Zarqa University, Jordan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of Breast Cancer (BC) Awareness among Female University Students in Zarqa University, Jordan The purposes of this study were to assess the level of Breast Cancer (BC) awareness of Jordanian female university students, measure their attitudes toward BC treatment, and compare the level of awareness and attitudes of students in the science and humanities faculties.The current study was cross-sectional and conducted among female students in Zarqa University in Jordan. Stratified random (...) sampling and simple random sampling were employed to select the colleges and the students, respectively. The sample size was 326 students. Data was collected and analyzed by self-administered questionnaire and SPSS version 23.0, respectively.The number (proportion) of university students who had poor levels of awareness of BC, general knowledge about BC scale, knowledge about BC symptoms scale, and knowledge about risk factors of BC scale were was 270 (83%), 166 (51%), 182 (56%) and 292 (90

2018 European journal of breast health

50. Study of the Awareness of Adoption as a Family-Building Option Among Oncofertility Stakeholders in Japan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study of the Awareness of Adoption as a Family-Building Option Among Oncofertility Stakeholders in Japan Purpose The oncofertility decision tree was developed by the oncofertility consortium as a tool to support healthcare professionals and patients through the complicated process of deciding the most appropriate fertility preservation strategy for patients with cancer. Various strategies include oocyte retrieval, oocyte donation, use of a gestational carrier and adoption. However, differences (...) in the cultural and legal landscape present serious barriers to utilizing some of these strategies in Japan. Patients and Methods We surveyed Japanese oncofertility stakeholders including 60 cancer survivors, 27 oncology facilities, 78 reproductive medicine facilities and 15 adoption agencies by a questionnaire to characterize awareness among oncofertility stakeholders in Japan about parenting options including adoption to inform work to establish guidelines for decision-making by cancer survivors

2018 Journal of global oncology

51. Awareness of Vision Zero among United States’ road safety professionals Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness of Vision Zero among United States’ road safety professionals Vision Zero is a strategy to eliminate all fatalities and serious injuries from road traffic crashes, while increasing safe and equitable mobility for all. In 2015, the United States' Department of Transportation announced the official target of the federal government transportation safety policy was zero deaths. In 2017, we assessed the dissemination of Vision Zero in the United States.We conducted a web-based survey (...) in 2017 among road safety professionals. Email invitations were sent using relevant membership directories and conference lists.We surveyed 192 road safety professionals, including planning/engineering (57.8%), public health (16.7%), and law enforcement/emergency medical services (EMS) (8.9%). Awareness of Vision Zero was higher among planning/engineering fields (97.3%) compared to law enforcement/EMS (76.5%) and public health (75.0%). Awareness was similar by number of years working in the field

2018 Injury epidemiology

52. Awareness of and attitude towards blood donation in students at the Semnan University of Medical Sciences Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness of and attitude towards blood donation in students at the Semnan University of Medical Sciences Despite the increasing demands for blood and its products, some people, especially the youth, have little interest in donating blood.This study aimed to assess the university students' awareness of and attitude towards blood donation.In this cross-sectional study, a descriptive analytical approach was used to examine awareness of and attitude towards blood donation among students in Semnan (...) University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran. The study was performed in 2015-2016. A total of 749 university students participated in this study. A special questionnaire was used to collect demographic information and the participants' awareness of and attitude towards blood donation. Before beginning the main phase of the study, the reliability and validity of the questionnaire were examined and verified. The SPSS software, version 16, was used for statistical analysis. We used descriptive statistics

2018 Electronic physician

53. Cervical Cancer Awareness among Women in Tanzania: An Analysis of Data from the 2011-12 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicators Survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cervical Cancer Awareness among Women in Tanzania: An Analysis of Data from the 2011-12 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicators Survey Awareness about cervical cancer is a first step in the process of screening and early treatment. The purpose of this study was to provide better understanding of basic knowledge about cervical cancer among women of reproductive age in Tanzania.Data were analyzed from the 2011-2012 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicators Survey (THMIS) and a sample of 5542 sexually (...) active women from 15 to 49 years of age were included in the analysis.Overall knowledge about cervical cancer was high among interviewed women. Only 30.9% of women had never heard about cervical cancer. The predictors of awareness were having secondary or more level of education (AOR = 3.257, 95% CI 2.328-4.557, p < 0.001), residing in urban (AOR = 1.365, 95% CI 1.093-1.705, p < 0.01), being affluent (AOR = 2.685, 95% CI 2.009-3.587, p < 0.001), having one to four children (AOR = 1.36, 95% CI 1.032

2018 International journal of chronic diseases

54. Increasing Reasoning Awareness: Video Analysis of Students’ Two-Party Virtual Patient Interactions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increasing Reasoning Awareness: Video Analysis of Students’ Two-Party Virtual Patient Interactions Collaborative reasoning occurs in clinical practice but is rarely developed during education. The computerized virtual patient (VP) cases allow for a stepwise exploration of cases and thus stimulate active learning. Peer settings during VP sessions are believed to have benefits in terms of reasoning but have received scant attention in the literature.The objective of this study was to thoroughly

2018 JMIR medical education

55. Values exchange: using online technology to raise awareness of values and ethics in radiography education Full Text available with Trip Pro

Values exchange: using online technology to raise awareness of values and ethics in radiography education Ethics and values are increasingly significant aspects of patient-centred healthcare. While it is widely agreed that ethics and values are essential for healthcare delivery, there is also an acknowledgement that these are areas that are challenging to teach. The purpose of this study is to report a small-scale evaluative research project of a web-based technology with the educational

2018 Journal of medical radiation sciences

56. The Elicitation of Relaxation and Interoceptive Awareness Using Floatation Therapy in Individuals With High Anxiety Sensitivity Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Elicitation of Relaxation and Interoceptive Awareness Using Floatation Therapy in Individuals With High Anxiety Sensitivity Floatation-REST (Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy), an intervention that attenuates exteroceptive sensory input to the nervous system, has recently been found to reduce state anxiety across a diverse clinical sample with high levels of anxiety sensitivity (AS). To further examine this anxiolytic effect, the present study investigated the affective (...) and physiological changes induced by Floatation-REST and assessed whether individuals with high AS experienced any alterations in their awareness for interoceptive sensation while immersed in an environment lacking exteroceptive sensation.Using a within-subject crossover design, 31 participants with high AS were randomly assigned to undergo a 90-minute session of Floatation-REST or an exteroceptive comparison condition. Measures of self-reported affect and interoceptive awareness were collected before and after

2018 Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging

57. Protocol Design Challenges in the Detection of Awareness in Aware Subjects Using EEG Signals. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Protocol Design Challenges in the Detection of Awareness in Aware Subjects Using EEG Signals. Recent studies have evidenced serious difficulties in detecting covert awareness with electroencephalography-based techniques both in unresponsive patients and in healthy control subjects. This work reproduces the protocol design in two recent mental imagery studies with a larger group comprising 20 healthy volunteers. The main goal is assessing if modifications in the signal extraction techniques

2017 Clinical EEG and Neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

58. Awareness and eye health-seeking practices for cataract among urban slum population of Delhi: The North India eye disease awareness study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness and eye health-seeking practices for cataract among urban slum population of Delhi: The North India eye disease awareness study The objective of the study was to assess the awareness and health-seeking practices related to cataract in urban slums of Delhi.This study design was a population-based cross-sectional study. Participants aged 18-60 years were recruited from randomly selected five slums of South Delhi. They were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule (...) on awareness and eye health-seeking practices related to cataract. The practices were recorded if the respondents themselves or any other member of the family was diagnosed with cataract in previous 2 years.A total of 1552 respondents participated in the study, of which, 89.9% had heard of cataract but only (42%) were aware of any symptom of cataract. The common symptoms of cataract reported by the participants were white opacity in eyes (25.9%) and loss of vision (20.6%). Surgery as a treatment

2017 Indian journal of ophthalmology

59. The Impact of Public Health Awareness Campaigns on the Awareness and Quality of Palliative Care Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Impact of Public Health Awareness Campaigns on the Awareness and Quality of Palliative Care The right to health includes a right of access to good quality palliative care, but inequalities persist. Raising awareness is a key plank of the public health approach to palliative care, but involves consideration of subjects most of us prefer not to address. This review addresses the question: "do public health awareness campaigns effectively improve the awareness and quality of palliative care (...) "?The evidence shows that public awareness campaigns can improve awareness of palliative care and probably improve quality of care, but there is a lack of evidence about the latter.Rapid review and synthesis.A comprehensive public awareness campaign about palliative care (including advance care planning and end-of-life decision making) should be based on clear and shared terminology, use well piloted materials, and the full range of mass media to suit different ages, cultures, and religious/spiritual

2017 Journal of palliative medicine

60. Note from the editors: 10th European Antibiotic Awareness Day (EAAD) – raising awareness about prudent use of antimicrobials to help curb antimicrobial resistance Full Text available with Trip Pro

Note from the editors: 10th European Antibiotic Awareness Day (EAAD) – raising awareness about prudent use of antimicrobials to help curb antimicrobial resistance 29162207 2018 11 16 2018 11 16 1560-7917 22 46 2017 11 Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin Euro Surveill. Note from the editors: 10th European Antibiotic Awareness Day (EAAD) - raising awareness about prudent use of antimicrobials to help curb antimicrobial (...) resistance. 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.46.171116-2 Eurosurveillance Editorial Team European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden. eng Editorial Introductory Journal Article Sweden Euro Surveill 100887452 1025-496X 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents IM Anniversaries and Special Events Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Awareness Bacterial Infections drug therapy Drug Resistance, Bacterial Health Education methods Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Health Promotion methods

2017 Eurosurveillance

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