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261. Adaptation of the WHO Essential Medicines List for national antibiotic stewardship policy in England: being AWaRe. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adaptation of the WHO Essential Medicines List for national antibiotic stewardship policy in England: being AWaRe. Appropriate use of and access to antimicrobials are key priorities of global strategies to combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The WHO recently classified key antibiotics into three categories (AWaRe) to improve access (Access), monitor important antibiotics (Watch) and preserve effectiveness of 'last resort' antibiotics (Reserve). This classification was assessed for antibiotic (...) stewardship and quality improvement in English hospitals.Using an expert elicitation exercise, antibiotics used in England but not included in the WHO AWaRe index were added to an appropriate category following a workshop consensus exercise with national experts. The methodology was tested using national antibiotic prescribing data and presented by primary and secondary care.In 2016, 46/108 antibiotics included within the WHO AWaRe index were routinely used in England and an additional 25 antibiotics also

2019 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

262. Prevalence of viremic HCV infection by age, race/ethnicity, birthplace and disease awareness among viremic persons in the U.S., 1999-2016. (Abstract)

Prevalence of viremic HCV infection by age, race/ethnicity, birthplace and disease awareness among viremic persons in the U.S., 1999-2016. Though curative therapy is now available for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the United States, it is not clear if all affected persons have been diagnosed and/or linked to care.This cross-sectional study utilized data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2016) and included 46,465 non-incarcerated and non-institutionalized (...) participants.Viremic HCV prevalence decreased from 1.32% in 1999-2004 to 0.80% in 2011-2016, though most of the decrease occurred in U.S.-born whites and blacks but not the foreign-born or those born after 1985. In 2011-2016, approximately 1.90 million U.S. adults remained viremic with HCV, and 0.33 million were at higher risk for advanced fibrosis, but only 49.8% were aware of their HCV infection, with higher disease awareness in those with health insurance coverage and US-born persons.The prevalence of viremic

2019 Journal of Infectious Diseases

263. Binaural processing and phonological awareness in Australian Indigenous children from the Northern Territory: A community based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Binaural processing and phonological awareness in Australian Indigenous children from the Northern Territory: A community based study. Research has found that otitis media (OM) is highly prevalent in Australian Indigenous children, and repeated bouts of OM is often associated with minimal-to-moderate hearing loss. However, what is not yet clear is the extent to which OM with hearing loss impacts auditory signal processing specifically, but also binaural listening, listening in noise (...) , and the potential impact on phonological awareness (PA) - an important, emergent literacy skill. The goal of this study was to determine whether auditory abilities, especially binaural processing, were associated with PA in children from populations with a high incidence of OM, living in a remote Australian Indigenous community in the Northern Territory (NT).Forty-seven 5-12-year-olds from a bilingual school participated in the study. All were tested to determine hearing sensitivity (pure tone audiometry

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

264. Personal perception and body awareness of dysmenorrhea and the effects of rhythmical massage therapy and heart rate variability biofeedback-A qualitative study in the context of a randomized controlled trail. (Abstract)

Personal perception and body awareness of dysmenorrhea and the effects of rhythmical massage therapy and heart rate variability biofeedback-A qualitative study in the context of a randomized controlled trail. The purpose was to involve women's personal experiences of daily life with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) and their body perceptions of the dysmenorrhea-related symptoms in relation to the treatment procedure and to explore the perception of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback (HRV-BF (...) stronger self-awareness through enabling a more differentiated sense of body-awareness, sometimes resulting in women experiencing fewer limitations in their daily lives. Effects may be influenced by the readiness to resonate with the therapeutic process. Qualitative interviews and body images can serve as tools to integrate individuality and help to integrate embodied more or less conscious aspects of complaints.The body silhouette diagram could be used systematically to include reflections

2019 Complementary Therapies In Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

265. Awareness of Yoga for Supportive Care in Cancer: Implications for Dissemination. (Abstract)

Awareness of Yoga for Supportive Care in Cancer: Implications for Dissemination. Objectives: Evidence indicates there are beneficial physical and psychosocial effects from practicing yoga in cancer patients and survivors. Despite yoga having been incorporated into National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for symptoms ranging from fatigue to pain, patients' use of yoga for supportive care is low, ranging from 6% to 12%. This study aims to evaluate the awareness of yoga as therapy (...) in an academic cancer center and the preferences for information delivery in this population. Design: We conducted a cross-sectional survey study at an urban academic cancer center. Responses regarding awareness and use of yoga were evaluated; those responding "not aware" were analyzed for preferences in information delivery. Univariate analysis was used to further characterize awareness of yoga for supportive care. Results: Of 303 respondents, 68% were female, 77% were white, and 75% were college educated

2019 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

266. National Trends in Human Papillomavirus Awareness and Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus-Related Cancers. (Abstract)

National Trends in Human Papillomavirus Awareness and Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus-Related Cancers. The President's Cancer Panel released a report in 2014 calling for communication strategies to promote the human papillomavirus vaccine among males and females. The purpose of this study was to (1) estimate changes in human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related cancers from 2014 to 2017 using a nationally representative survey of adults in the U.S. and (2 (...) ) identify differences in population subgroups that showed significant changes in human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related cancers.Data were from the Health Information National Trends Survey (2014 and 2017 surveys). Health Information National Trends Survey is a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized adults (aged ≥18 years) in the U.S. Human papillomavirus awareness was assessed with one item indicating aware or never heard of human

2019 American journal of preventive medicine

267. Can Reproductive Life Plan-based counselling increase men's fertility awareness? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can Reproductive Life Plan-based counselling increase men's fertility awareness? Many men have limited knowledge about reproductive health and fertility. The aim of the study was to evaluate if Reproductive Life Plan (RLP)-based counselling during a sexual health visit could increase men's fertility awareness.The study was a randomized controlled trial including 201 men aged 18-50 who visited either of two participating sexual health clinics in Sweden for sexually transmitted infection testing (...) during 2014-2016. All men received standard care, and men in the intervention group (IG) also received oral and written RLP-based information about lifestyle and fertility. Awareness about fertility and lifestyle-related factors were the main outcomes, measured through a questionnaire before the intervention and through a telephone survey after three months. Impressions from the counselling were also assessed at follow-up.A majority (71%) of men wanted children in the future. General fertility

2019 Upsala journal of medical sciences Controlled trial quality: uncertain

268. Mirror, mirror on the wall: Increasing young children's honesty through inducing self-awareness. (Abstract)

Mirror, mirror on the wall: Increasing young children's honesty through inducing self-awareness. Previous studies have shown that in older children, promising to tell the truth increases truth-telling rates; however, in preschool-aged children, this has not been found to be effective. The current study compared promising with a novel technique of increasing children's self-awareness (by asking children to look at themselves in a mirror). It was predicted that inducing self-awareness would (...) encourage children's honesty given that self-awareness increases adherence to social and moral norms. Children aged 3 or 4 years (N = 135) completed a modified temptation resistance paradigm where they were asked to not peek at a toy in the absence of an experimenter. Next, children were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: Self-Awareness, Promise, or Control. When questioned about whether they peeked at the toy, children in the Self-Awareness condition were significantly more likely to tell

2019 Journal of experimental child psychology

269. Impact of pre-diagnosis awareness of HIV-related stigma and dispositional coping on linkage to HIV care among newly diagnosed HIV+ Peruvian patients. (Abstract)

Impact of pre-diagnosis awareness of HIV-related stigma and dispositional coping on linkage to HIV care among newly diagnosed HIV+ Peruvian patients. A substantial body of literature has characterized how psychosocial factors, including HIV-related stigma and coping, are associated with HIV testing and HIV care utilization post-diagnosis. Less is known about if certain psychosocial characteristics pre-diagnosis may also predict linkage to care among individuals who receive an HIV-positive (...) diagnosis. We examined if pre-diagnosis awareness/perception about HIV-related stigma and dispositional coping styles predicted linkage to HIV care within three months post-diagnosis with a secondary analysis of 604 patients from a randomized controlled trial (Sabes Study). Awareness/perception about HIV-related stigma, dispositional maladaptive and adaptive coping were measured before patients underwent an HIV test. Linkage to care was measured as receipt of care within three months of receiving

2019 AIDS care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

270. Effectiveness of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) on Depression Literacy and Mental Health Treatment. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effectiveness of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) on Depression Literacy and Mental Health Treatment. Analysis of data from a NIMH-supported study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) in promoting depression literacy and help-seeking behavior.Eighteen Pennsylvania schools were matched on size, sex, race, test scores, median income, and free/reduced lunch status. Schools randomized to the intervention implemented ADAP

2019 The Journal of school health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

271. E-cigarettes May Support Smokers With High Smoking-Related Risk Awareness to Stop Smoking in the Short Run: Preliminary Results by Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

E-cigarettes May Support Smokers With High Smoking-Related Risk Awareness to Stop Smoking in the Short Run: Preliminary Results by Randomized Controlled Trial. E-cigarettes may be positively used in tobacco cessation treatments. However, neither the World Health Organization nor the American Food and Drug Administration has recognized them as effective cessation aids. Data about the efficacy and safety of e-cigarettes are still limited and controversial.This was a double-blind randomized

2019 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco Controlled trial quality: uncertain

272. Joint AAD-NPF guidelines of care for the management and treatment of psoriasis with awareness and attention to comorbidities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Joint AAD-NPF guidelines of care for the management and treatment of psoriasis with awareness and attention to comorbidities. Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, multisystem disease that affects up to 3.2% of the US population. This guideline addresses important clinical questions that arise in psoriasis management and care, providing recommendations on the basis of available evidence.Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

273. Colorectal Cancer Awareness Issue 2019. (Abstract)

Colorectal Cancer Awareness Issue 2019. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

2019 Endoscopy

274. Relationship between mental health and awareness of the knowledge on mental health in left-behind middle school students. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relationship between mental health and awareness of the knowledge on mental health in left-behind middle school students. To explore the relationship between mental health of left-behind middle school students and awareness of mental health.Using cluster sampling method to select 428 left-behind middle school students in Jinan, using the mental health scale of middle school students and self-compiled mental health cognitive attitude questionnaire.We found left-behind middle school students (...) sensitivity. There were significant differences in the scores of left-behind middle school students with different awareness of mental health knowledge (F = 4.880, P < .01) and emotional instability (F = 4.51 4, P < .05). The awareness of mental health knowledge was significantly negatively correlated with the total score of mental health, hostility, interpersonal sensitivity, maladjustment, emotional instability, and psychological imbalance scores. (r = 0.135, 0.182, 0.194, 0.189, -0.2, 0.124, P < .05

2019 Medicine

275. Type 2 Diabetes: how informed are the general public? A cross-sectional study investigating disease awareness and barriers to communicating knowledge in high-risk populations in London. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Type 2 Diabetes: how informed are the general public? A cross-sectional study investigating disease awareness and barriers to communicating knowledge in high-risk populations in London. Preventing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is one of the biggest health challenges currently facing the UK, with the NHS spending £14 billion each year on treating the disease and associated symptoms.The aim of this study was to determine the public's awareness about the symptoms, risk factors and lifestyle choices (...) , commonly associated with T2DM. This study also aimed to determine whether the level of awareness varies if the questions are asked in different languages, primarily those spoken by ethnic minorities.This was a cross sectional, multisite study conducted in London, UK, involving 399 participants, who were non-diabetic, aged between 25 and 74 years old and living in one of four selected London boroughs. Descriptive statistics, Chi square and Fisher's Exact Tests were used to highlight and summarise

2019 BMC Public Health

276. "The importance of awareness, support and inner strength to balance everyday life" - a qualitative study about women's experiences of a workplace health promotion program in human service organizations in Sweden. Full Text available with Trip Pro

"The importance of awareness, support and inner strength to balance everyday life" - a qualitative study about women's experiences of a workplace health promotion program in human service organizations in Sweden. In many European countries, women have a higher sickness absence rate than men. Women also report higher levels of work-life conflict, which has a negative impact on women's self-perceived health. Interventions studies on work-life balance literature are scarce. This research adds (...) was used for the analyses.The results showed that a majority of the participants experienced a process of change for enhancement of wellbeing and balance in their everyday life when taking part in the BELE program. In the analyses, three main themes emerged. Reflecting and strengthening inner resource, Trying to change everyday patterns and habits and Experiencing more balance and well-being.The results point out the importance of awareness and reflection on everyday life to promote work-life balance

2019 BMC Women's Health

277. Knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B among households in Malaysia: a community-based cross-sectional survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B among households in Malaysia: a community-based cross-sectional survey. Hepatitis B (HepB) is a major public health concern in Malaysia yet little is known about knowledge and awareness of this infection in the country. Such information is essential for designing effective intervention strategies for HepB prevention and control. The aim of this study was to characterize knowledge and awareness regarding HepB in Malaysia and to identify their associated (...) sociodemographic determinants.A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and May 2016 in Selangor state of Malaysia. A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used and one adult member of selected households was interviewed face-to-face. Logistic regression was used to estimate the differences in knowledge and awareness between groups.A total of 764 households completed the interviews and were included in the final analysis. Only 36.9 and 38.8% of the participants had good

2019 BMC Public Health

278. An Individualized, Interactive Intervention Promotes Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Prognostic Awareness and Reduces Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Received in the Last Month of Life: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. (Abstract)

An Individualized, Interactive Intervention Promotes Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Prognostic Awareness and Reduces Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Received in the Last Month of Life: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. Half of advanced cancer patients do not have accurate prognostic awareness (PA). However, few randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have focused on facilitating patients' PA to reduce their life-sustaining treatments at end of life (EOL). To address these issues, we

2019 Journal of pain and symptom management Controlled trial quality: predicted high

279. Carvedilol prevents counterregulatory failure and impaired hypoglycaemia awareness in non-diabetic recurrently hypoglycaemic rats. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Carvedilol prevents counterregulatory failure and impaired hypoglycaemia awareness in non-diabetic recurrently hypoglycaemic rats. This study evaluates whether the non-selective β-blocker, carvedilol, can be used to prevent counterregulatory failure and the development of impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH) in recurrently hypoglycaemic rats.Sprague Dawley rats were implanted with vascular catheters and intracranial guide cannulas targeting the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH (...) their awareness of hypoglycaemia with carvedilol and measured food intake in response to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia as a surrogate marker for hypoglycaemia awareness.Compared with the control group, recurrently hypoglycaemic rats had a ~1.7-fold increase in VMH lactate and this was associated with a 75% reduction in the sympathoadrenal response to hypoglycaemia. Treatment with carvedilol restored VMH lactate levels and improved the adrenaline (epinephrine) responses. In 2DG-treated rats compared

2019 Diabetologia

280. Factors associated with breast cancer screening awareness and practices of women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with breast cancer screening awareness and practices of women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Breast cancer is a global health problem being the most common cancer of women in both developed and under-developed countries. Public and individual awareness can play a vital role in the prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. However evidence is sparse on awareness and practice of breast cancer screening methods used among women of reproductive age in Ethiopia (...) . The present study was designed to determine factors associated with breast cancer screening awareness and practices of women in Addis Ababa.A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted among women who came for maternal and child health care services to selected public health centers. The participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Following data collection, data entry and analysis was done using Epi-Info version 7and SPSS Version 21 respectively. Cross tabulation of each

2019 BMC Women's Health

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