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awareness

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221. Awareness of European practitioners toward uncommon tropical diseases: are we prepared to deal with mass migration? Results of an international survey. (Abstract)

Awareness of European practitioners toward uncommon tropical diseases: are we prepared to deal with mass migration? Results of an international survey. The recent rise in migration from Africa through the Mediterranean basin into Europe has resulted in an increased incidence of uncommon diseases such as schistosomiasis and genito-urinary tuberculosis, which were previously largely unknown in this region. This study aimed to evaluate the insight of European urologists into diagnosing

2019 World journal of urology

222. An assessment of awareness of mental health conditions and its association with socio-demographic characteristics: a cross-sectional study in a rural district in Bangladesh. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An assessment of awareness of mental health conditions and its association with socio-demographic characteristics: a cross-sectional study in a rural district in Bangladesh. To assess the level of awareness, knowledge and help-seeking attitudes and behaviours in relation to mental health conditions (MHCs) and associations with socio-demographic characteristics of a rural district of Bangladesh.We recruited 2425 adult samples (18-90 years) from a Cross-sectional study in Narial district (...) of Bangladesh. Data on awareness, knowledge, help-seeking attitudes and practice in relation to six MHCs were collected. The MHCs were classified as common (depression, anxiety and drug addiction), and severe (psychosis, dementia and bipolar disorder). Associations of MHCs with socio-demographic characteristics were assessed using Chi-square tests. Rasch analysis was performed to transform the latent attribute (awareness) of MHCs from ordinal to interval scale. Multiple regression analysis was performed

2019 BMC health services research

223. School-based intervention study examining approaches for well-being and mental health literacy of pupils in Year 9 in England: study protocol for a multischool, parallel group cluster randomised controlled trial (AWARE). Full Text available with Trip Pro

School-based intervention study examining approaches for well-being and mental health literacy of pupils in Year 9 in England: study protocol for a multischool, parallel group cluster randomised controlled trial (AWARE). The prevalence of emotional difficulties in young people is increasing. This upward trend is largely accounted for by escalating symptoms of anxiety and depression. As part of a public health response, there is increasing emphasis on universal prevention programmes delivered (...) in school settings. This protocol describes a three-arm, parallel group cluster randomised controlled trial, investigating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two interventions, alongside a process and implementation evaluation, to improve mental health and well-being of Year 9 pupils in English secondary schools.A three-arm, parallel group cluster randomised controlled trial comparing two different interventions, the Youth Aware of Mental Health (YAM) or the Mental Health and High School

2019 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

224. Obstructive Sleep Apnea Awareness among Primary Care Physicians in Africa. (Abstract)

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Awareness among Primary Care Physicians in Africa. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a significant health problem of adults and children globally, resulting in decreased quality of life and increased health care utilization costs. For optimal clinical care, primary care physicians should be familiar and confident in their abilities to screen, diagnose and manage OSA.To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of primary care physicians in Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa

2019 Annals of the American Thoracic Society

225. Cost-aware active learning for named entity recognition in clinical text. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-aware active learning for named entity recognition in clinical text. Active Learning (AL) attempts to reduce annotation cost (ie, time) by selecting the most informative examples for annotation. Most approaches tacitly (and unrealistically) assume that the cost for annotating each sample is identical. This study introduces a cost-aware AL method, which simultaneously models both the annotation cost and the informativeness of the samples and evaluates both via simulation and user studies.We (...) designed a novel, cost-aware AL algorithm (Cost-CAUSE) for annotating clinical named entities; we first utilized lexical and syntactic features to estimate annotation cost, then we incorporated this cost measure into an existing AL algorithm. Using the 2010 i2b2/VA data set, we then conducted a simulation study comparing Cost-CAUSE with noncost-aware AL methods, and a user study comparing Cost-CAUSE with passive learning.Our cost model fit empirical annotation data well, and Cost-CAUSE increased

2019 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

226. Pythagorean self-awareness intervention: A novel cognitive stress management technique for body weight control. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pythagorean self-awareness intervention: A novel cognitive stress management technique for body weight control. Over the past decades, the prevalence of obesity has markedly increased worldwide. Stress is recognized as a substantial contributor to increased body weight; therefore, stress management interventions, especially cognitive behavioural, are becoming increasingly popular. The impact of stress management on stress- and obesity-related biomarkers (eg blood lipid profile, HBA1c (...) , inflammatory biomarkers, such as CRP) has been scarcely studied. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a novel cognitive behavioural stress management intervention, called 'Pythagorean Self-Awareness Intervention' (PSAI), in overweight/obese adults.This was a two-armed 1:1 randomized, nonblind controlled study including overweight/obese individuals. The control group followed a personalized Mediterranean low-calorie diet, and the intervention group followed the same diet in addition to the PSAI

2019 European journal of clinical investigation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

227. Parents' Awareness and Perceptions of JUUL and Other E-Cigarettes. (Abstract)

Parents' Awareness and Perceptions of JUUL and Other E-Cigarettes. The purpose of this study is to examine awareness, attitudes, and related knowledge of e-cigarettes, and JUUL specifically, among parents of middle and high school students.Data were collected in October-November 2018 from a nationally representative sample of U.S. parents of middle and high school students aged 11-18 years (n=2,885) to examine e-cigarette and JUUL awareness, concern about e-cigarette use, and school (...) %) reported receiving no communication from their child's school about e-cigarettes or JUUL.There are notable gaps in parents' awareness of JUUL. School-to-parent communication efforts are necessary to build parents' knowledge of e-cigarettes like JUUL to prevent the growing youth uptake of these novel and addictive products.Copyright © 2019 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 American journal of preventive medicine

228. Reliability of instruments that measure situation awareness, team performance and task performance in a simulation setting with medical students. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reliability of instruments that measure situation awareness, team performance and task performance in a simulation setting with medical students. The assessment of situation awareness (SA), team performance and task performance in a simulation training session requires reliable and feasible measurement techniques. The objectives of this study were to test the Airways-Breathing-Circulation-Disability-Exposure (ABCDE) checklist and the Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM) for inter-rater (...) reliability, as well as the application of Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT) for feasibility and internal consistency.Methodological approach.Data collection during team training using full-scale simulation at a university clinical training centre. The video-recorded scenarios were rated independently by four raters.55 medical students aged 22-40 years in their fourth year of medical studies, during the clerkship in anaesthesiology and critical care medicine, formed 23 different

2019 BMJ open

229. Public awareness of and responses to media coverage of invitation errors in the Breast Screening Programme in England: a cross-sectional population survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Public awareness of and responses to media coverage of invitation errors in the Breast Screening Programme in England: a cross-sectional population survey. In May 2018, the British Health Secretary announced the 'serious failure' that 450 000 women had missed out on invitations to breast screening in England, leading to extensive media coverage. This study measured public awareness of the story and tested for associated factors (eg, educational level and trust in the National Health Service (...) (NHS)).A computer-assisted face-to-face survey in June 2018.Participants completed the survey in their homes.Males and females aged 16 years or older in England.Awareness of aspects of the media coverage and reported statistics. Other data included demographics (eg, ethnicity), awareness of unrelated contemporaneous news stories, trust in participants' general practitioners (GPs) and the NHS, and (among women) worry about breast cancer and future breast screening intentions.Descriptive statistics

2019 BMJ open

230. The association between awareness and behavior concerning the need for protection when using pesticide sprays and neurologic symptoms: A latent class cluster analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The association between awareness and behavior concerning the need for protection when using pesticide sprays and neurologic symptoms: A latent class cluster analysis. Pesticide exposure is a major health risk factor among agricultural workers, and poor protective behavior and a lack of awareness concerning the risks of pesticide use in developing countries may increase the intensity of pesticide exposure. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the relationship between neurologic symptoms (...) and protective behavior and awareness in relation to pesticide use in China. Latent class cluster analysis was used to categorize participants into 3 latent cluster subgroups, namely, a poor protective behavior subgroup, an excellent protective awareness and behavior subgroup, and a poor protective awareness subgroup, using a person-centered approach. Multivariate regression models were used to detect the association between the latent class cluster subgroups and self-reported neurologic symptoms

2019 Medicine

231. Mapping the evidence on interventions to raise awareness on lung cancer in resource poor settings: a scoping review protocol. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mapping the evidence on interventions to raise awareness on lung cancer in resource poor settings: a scoping review protocol. Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer with 11.6% of the total cases attributable to lung cancer. It is currently the leading cause of death among cancer-related deaths worldwide. This is a major public health concern. Death due to lung cancer is preventable with interventions encouraging early presentation, diagnosis, smoking cessation and prompt and proper (...) treatment. Literature shows that people are willing to screen for lung cancer if they understand the related risk, because of their behaviour, thus, highlighting the need for tailored interventions to address the associated risks. The aim of the review is to map the available literature on interventions raising community awareness about lung cancer (knowledge, attitudes and health-seeking behaviour) and effectiveness thereof among adults in resource-poor settings.A methodological framework of Arksey

2019 Systematic reviews

232. Measuring awareness in people with dementia: protocol for a scoping review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Measuring awareness in people with dementia: protocol for a scoping review. People with dementia (PwD) vary in the degree of awareness they show about their situation, both generally concerning the diagnosis and more specifically around certain aspects or objects of awareness such as awareness of memory impairment, altered daily activities or social functioning. The extent of awareness or lack of awareness has consequences for well-being of PwD and carers, impacting on rates of hospital (...) admission, institutionalization, mood, adjustment to diagnosis, outcomes from intervention and carer burden. An accurate estimation of a person's awareness could therefore be useful in a clinical setting to support PwD and their carers in making appropriate choices for health and care decisions, and could facilitate safe management by health care professionals, e.g. in an acute care setting. There is a range of different approaches to measuring awareness reported in the dementia research literature

2019 Systematic reviews

233. Awareness of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among a group of diabetic patients in main public hospitals in Damascus, Syria during the Syrian crisis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among a group of diabetic patients in main public hospitals in Damascus, Syria during the Syrian crisis. The awareness of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications, especially diabetic retinopathy (DR), is the key to reducing their burden. This study aimed to assess both the awareness of diabetic outpatients and their action towards periodic eye exam, and to determine the causes of non-compliance amongst patients who were aware. Because (...) history of DM had statistically an insignificant relation with an ophthalmologist visit. The preponderance of the patients who haven't visited regularly did not appreciate the necessity of regular eye exam. Diabetic neuropathy was the most common complication of DM that patients were aware of (92%) and suffered from (56.5%). Meanwhile, regarding the effects of the Syrian Crisis: 41.2% of diabetic patients had stopped their medications for at least one month, mainly because the drugs were unavailable

2019 BMC health services research

234. Awareness of risk factors and warning symptoms and attitude towards gastric cancer screening among the general public in China: a cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness of risk factors and warning symptoms and attitude towards gastric cancer screening among the general public in China: a cross-sectional study. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of risk factors and warning symptoms and attitude towards gastric cancer screening among the general population in China.Hunan province, China PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged older than 18 years were recruited using a cluster sampling method.A cross-sectional study, and a pretested structured (...) questionnaire was used to assess participants' awareness of gastric cancer.Knowledge level of risk factors and warning symptoms of gastric cancer, gastric cancer screening attitude, sociodemographic factors associated with gastric cancer knowledge and screening behaviour.This study comprised 1200 participants with a mean age of 40.31 (SD 16.73) years, of whom 622 (51.8%) were women. The mean score for gastric cancer knowledge was 8.85/22 (SD 6.48). There were 47.0% of the participants who had a low

2019 BMJ open

235. Self-Completion of the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form Is Feasible and Is Associated With Increased Awareness on Malnutrition Risk in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Self-Completion of the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form Is Feasible and Is Associated With Increased Awareness on Malnutrition Risk in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer. We aimed to assess feasibility of self-completion of the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form (PG-SGA SF) by head and neck cancer patients, and to assess self-reported increased awareness regarding malnutrition risk after self-completion.Participants were randomized to complete (...) the PG-SGA SF by paper or app. Feasibility was assessed by time needed to complete the PG-SGA SF, perceived difficulty, and help needed during completion. Participants were asked if they knew what malnutrition was (yes/no) and if they could define "malnutrition." They were also asked 9 questions on whether they perceived increased awareness of malnutrition risk after having completed the PG-SGA SF and 2 on their intention to change lifestyle habits.Of all participants (n = 59; 65.9 ± 12.6 years; 73

2019 Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

236. Citywide Control of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) during the 2016 Zika Epidemic by Integrating Community Awareness, Education, Source Reduction, Larvicides, and Mass Mosquito Trapping. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Citywide Control of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) during the 2016 Zika Epidemic by Integrating Community Awareness, Education, Source Reduction, Larvicides, and Mass Mosquito Trapping. This investigation was initiated to control Aedes aegypti and Zika virus transmission in Caguas City, Puerto Rico, during the 2016 epidemic using Integrated Vector Management (IVM), which included community awareness and education, source reduction, larviciding, and mass-trapping with autocidal gravid

2019 Journal of medical entomology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

237. Awareness of ocular diagnosis, transportation means, and barriers to ophthalmology follow-up in the Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study. (Abstract)

Awareness of ocular diagnosis, transportation means, and barriers to ophthalmology follow-up in the Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess factors affecting follow-up eye care in participants enrolled in the Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study, such as awareness of ocular diagnosis, availability of transportation methods, and reasons for missing eye care appointments. Methods: The sample

2019 Social work in health care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

238. Interoceptive awareness is associated with acute alcohol-induced changes in subjective effects. (Abstract)

Interoceptive awareness is associated with acute alcohol-induced changes in subjective effects. Interoception, the sensing of bodily signals, is related to emotional reactivity and may contribute to the pathophysiology of addiction. Evidence is accumulating that individuals with alcohol use disorders and other substance-dependences show altered interoceptive processing, however little is known about the acute effects of alcohol on interoception and how this may influence the perception of drug (...) measured. Participants under the low alcohol dose had lower metacognitive interoceptive awareness on the discrimination task compared to placebo. Participants under alcohol experienced feelings of light-headedness, which were positively associated with increased interoceptive awareness in the cardiac discrimination task. These results provide evidence for a relationship between interoceptive processing and the perception of drug-induced mood changes. This finding, showing how interoceptive awareness

2019 Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior Controlled trial quality: uncertain

239. Academic success plans in advanced pharmacy practice experiences to promote self-awareness and improve performance. (Abstract)

Academic success plans in advanced pharmacy practice experiences to promote self-awareness and improve performance. Pharmacy schools should encourage self-awareness, provide exposure to the continuous professional development cycle, and intervene early when students exhibit performance deficiencies. Academic success plans (ASPs) have been shown in other disciplines to be successful intervention tools which encourage student reflection and self-awareness. This study evaluates the impact of ASPs (...) for professionalism reasons, most commonly punctuality.Prior to 2015, Experiential Education Office interventions were primarily grades-based, not necessarily based on achievement of specific learning outcomes. ASPs were successfully used to allow students to practice self-awareness skills, to engage in the CPD process, and to improve APPE performance.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Currents in pharmacy teaching & learning Controlled trial quality: uncertain

240. Calorie counting smart phone apps: Effectiveness in nutritional awareness, lifestyle modification and weight management among young Indian adults. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Calorie counting smart phone apps: Effectiveness in nutritional awareness, lifestyle modification and weight management among young Indian adults. Calorie counting mobile apps claim to assist in weight management by helping users monitor their diets and track activity. This study assessed quality and effectiveness of popular calorie counting apps in weight management and behaviour change. Top 20 apps were selected from Google Play store and their quality was assessed using a 55-point scoring

2019 Health informatics journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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