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181. Tobacco control policies to promote awareness and smoke-free environments in residence and workplace to reduce passive tobacco smoking in Bangladesh and its correlates. (Full text)

Tobacco control policies to promote awareness and smoke-free environments in residence and workplace to reduce passive tobacco smoking in Bangladesh and its correlates. Bangladesh is one of the highest tobacco consuming countries in the world, with reported 21.2% of the population as daily smokers, 24.3% as smokeless tobacco users, and 36.3% as adult passive smoker. Given the high prevalence and established harmful effects of passive tobacco smoking, this study aimed to estimate of pattern

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

182. Gender and age-specific aspects of awareness and knowledge in basic life support. (Full text)

Gender and age-specific aspects of awareness and knowledge in basic life support. The 'chain of survival'-including early call for help, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation-represents the most beneficial approach for favourable patient outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Despite increasing numbers of publicly accessible automated external defibrillators (AED) and interventions to increase public awareness for basic life support (BLS), the number (...) of their use in real-life emergency situations remains low.In this prospective population-based cross-sectional study, a total of 501 registered inhabitants of Vienna (Austria) were randomly approached via telephone calls between 08/2014 and 09/2014 and invited to answer a standardized questionnaire in order to identify public knowledge and awareness of BLS and AED-use.We found that more than 52 percent of participants would presume OHCA correctly and would properly initiate BLS attempts. Of alarming

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

183. Awareness to Recovery Care Pathway for Treatment of Youth (12?24) Experiencing Psychoactive Prescription Drug Harms

Awareness to Recovery Care Pathway for Treatment of Youth (12?24) Experiencing Psychoactive Prescription Drug Harms Pathway Step AWARENESS Awareness to Recovery Care Pathway for Treatment of Youth (12–24) Experiencing Psychoactive Prescription Drug Harms Healthcare professionals should be fully informed of prescription drug risks and possible harms, including substance use disorders Healthcare professionals prescribing prescription drugs should be aware of the potential for iatrogenic addiction (...) a healthcare professional? • ** First Do No Harm competencies for health professionals in pain management, drug prescribing, dependency, addiction and abuse might be able to address this gap, and are currently in initial stages of uptake Awareness Screening • No tools specific to psychoactive prescription drugs • CRAFFT and DAST-A only validated for adolescents, not young adults. DAST-10 not validated in transitional aged youth • Mental health concerns should also be screened for • No tool to assess youth

2016 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

184. Assessing the influence of health systems on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus awareness, treatment, adherence, and control: A systematic review. (Full text)

Assessing the influence of health systems on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus awareness, treatment, adherence, and control: A systematic review. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is reported to affect one in 11 adults worldwide, with over 80% of T2DM patients residing in low-to-middle-income countries. Health systems play an integral role in responding to this increasing global prevalence, and are key to ensuring effective diabetes management. We conducted a systematic review to examine the health system (...) -level factors influencing T2DM awareness, treatment, adherence, and control.A protocol for this study was published on the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016048185). Studies included in this review reported the effects of health systems factors, interventions, policies, or programmes on T2DM control, awareness, treatment, and adherence. The following databases were searched on 22 February 2017: Medline, Embase, Global health, LILACS, Africa

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

185. Fertility Awareness Methods

Fertility Awareness Methods FSRH Clinical Guidance: Fertility Awareness Methods - June 2015 - Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare FSRH Clinical Guidance: Fertility Awareness Methods - June 2015 FSRH Clinical Guidance: Fertility Awareness Methods - June 2015 Share this article Published on: 1 June 2015 File size: 2100kb PDF File type: Current Clinical Guidance Author: FSRH Clinical Effectiveness Unit This is a new guidance document that provides evidence-based recommendations and good (...) practice points on the use of fertility awareness methods (FAM) for the purpose of preventing and/or spacing pregnancies. It is intended for any health care professional or health service providing contraception or conception advice in the UK. Your download should start automatically. If not . Document types Thinking about taking a qualification? Registration is now quick and easy online. About FSRH FSRH is a faculty of the Royal College of the Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. It was established

2015 Faculty of Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare

186. 'Scared Straight' and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile delinquency. (Full text)

'Scared Straight' and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile delinquency. 'Scared Straight' and other similar programs involve organized visits to prison by juvenile delinquents or children at risk for criminal behavior. Programs are designed to deter participants from future offending through first hand observation of prison life and interaction with adult inmates. These programs remain in use despite research questioning their effectiveness. This is an update of a 2002

2013 Cochrane PubMed abstract

187. Intraoperative Awareness With Recall: A Descriptive, Survey-Based, Cohort Study. (Abstract)

Intraoperative Awareness With Recall: A Descriptive, Survey-Based, Cohort Study. Unintended intraoperative awareness with recall (AWR) is a potential complication of general anesthesia. Patients typically report recollections of (1) hearing sounds or conversations, (2) being unable to breathe or move, (3), feeling pain, and/or (4) experiencing emotional distress. The purpose of the current study was to identify and further characterize AWR experiences identified through postoperative surveys

2019 Anesthesia and Analgesia

188. Genetic Analysis of Patients Who Experienced Awareness with Recall while under General Anesthesia. (Full text)

Genetic Analysis of Patients Who Experienced Awareness with Recall while under General Anesthesia. The incidence of explicit recall of intraoperative events, or awareness with recall, is less than 0.2%Anesthetic dosing is apparently adequate in 10 to 25% of awareness with recall patientsThe awareness with recall phenotype only reveals itself when patients are exposed to anesthesia WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: A preliminary study sought to determine whether there is evidence (...) that awareness with recall is caused by a few rare variants with high penetrance in 12 patients who had experienced awareness with recall in the presence of apparently adequate anesthesiaWhole exome sequencing was conducted and identified variants were filtered and prioritized to identify a candidate list that might be suitable for further investigation of causes of awareness with recallNo candidate gene(s) suggestive of a monogenic etiology were identified, possibly because of the application of a filtering

2019 Anesthesiology PubMed abstract

189. Diabetic ketoacidosis at the onset of disease during a national awareness campaign: a 2-year observational study in children aged 0-18 years. (Abstract)

Diabetic ketoacidosis at the onset of disease during a national awareness campaign: a 2-year observational study in children aged 0-18 years. After a previous survey on the incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at onset of type 1 diabetes in children in 2013-2014 in Italy, we aimed to verify a possible decline in the incidence of DKA at onset during a national prevention campaign.Prospective observational study.Multicentre study throughout Italy.National awareness campaign started (...) % of the previously surveyed tertiary centres. Overall, DKA was observed in 1124 patients, with an increased rate when compared with the previous survey (47.6% vs 38.5%, p=0.002), and severe DKA in 15.3%. In children below 6 years, DKA was observed in 323 out of 617 (52.5%) and severe DKA in 16.7%; in this age group, occurrence of DKA reduced by 21.3% (p=0.009). DKA treatment according to the ISPED guidelines was adopted in 95% of the centres, with a 27% improvement (p=0.025).During a 2-year awareness campaign

2019 Archives of Disease in Childhood

190. Cognitions Associated With Hypoglycemia Awareness Status and Severe Hypoglycemia Experience in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes. (Abstract)

Cognitions Associated With Hypoglycemia Awareness Status and Severe Hypoglycemia Experience in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes. Impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) and recurrent severe hypoglycemia (RSH) remain problematic for people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), despite major therapeutic advances. We explored beliefs around hypo- and hyperglycemia in adults with T1D with, and without, IAH and RSH.A cross-sectional U.S. multicenter survey included Attitudes to Awareness of Hypoglycemia (A2A (...) ; a 19-item questionnaire concerning beliefs about hypoglycemia), the Gold score (single item: awareness of hypoglycemia), and a question about severe hypoglycemia over the preceding year. The survey was emailed to 6,200 adult participants of the annual T1D Exchange clinic registry data collection. A2A data were subjected to principal component analysis with varimax rotation.Among 1,978 respondents (response rate 32%), 61.7% were women, mean ± SD age was 39.6 ± 16.3 years, and T1D duration was 23.1

2019 Diabetes Care

191. Impaired Awareness of Hypoglycemia Disrupts Blood Flow to Brain Regions Involved in Arousal and Decision Making in Type 1 Diabetes. (Full text)

Impaired Awareness of Hypoglycemia Disrupts Blood Flow to Brain Regions Involved in Arousal and Decision Making in Type 1 Diabetes. Impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) affects one-quarter of adults with type 1 diabetes and significantly increases the risk of severe hypoglycemia. Differences in regional brain responses to hypoglycemia may contribute to the susceptibility of this group to problematic hypoglycemia. This study investigated brain responses to hypoglycemia in IAH (...) and hypoglycemia aware (HA) adults with type 1 diabetes, using three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D pCASL) MRI to measure changes in regional cerebral blood flow (CBF).Fifteen HA and 19 IAH individuals underwent 3D pCASL MRI during a two-step hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp. Symptom, hormone, global, and regional CBF responses to hypoglycemia (47 mg/dL [2.6 mmol/L]) were measured.In response to hypoglycemia, total symptom score did not change in IAH (P = 0.25) but rose in HA (P < 0.001

2019 Diabetes Care PubMed abstract

192. Predictors of Recurrent Severe Hypoglycemia in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes and Impaired Awareness of Hypoglycemia During the HypoCOMPaSS Study. (Full text)

Predictors of Recurrent Severe Hypoglycemia in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes and Impaired Awareness of Hypoglycemia During the HypoCOMPaSS Study. The HypoCOMPaSS study was designed to test the hypothesis that successful avoidance of biochemical hypoglycemia without compromising overall glycemic control would restore sufficient hypoglycemia awareness to prevent recurrent severe hypoglycemia in the majority of participants with established type 1 diabetes. Before starting the study, we planned (...) to investigate associations between baseline characteristics and recurrent severe hypoglycemia over 2 years' follow-up.A total of 96 adults with type 1 diabetes and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia participated in a 24-week 2 × 2 factorial randomized controlled trial comparing insulin delivery and glucose monitoring modalities, with the goal of rigorous biochemical hypoglycemia avoidance. The analysis included 71 participants who had experienced severe hypoglycemia in the 12-month prestudy with confirmed

2019 Diabetes Care PubMed abstract

193. Effect of multidisciplinary intensive targeted care in improving diabetes mellitus outcomes: a randomized controlled pilot study - the Integrated Diabetes Education, Awareness and Lifestyle modification in Singapore (IDEALS) Program. (Full text)

Effect of multidisciplinary intensive targeted care in improving diabetes mellitus outcomes: a randomized controlled pilot study - the Integrated Diabetes Education, Awareness and Lifestyle modification in Singapore (IDEALS) Program. There is a global pandemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially in Asia. Singapore has a prevalence of T2DM at 10.5%, which is higher than the world average of 8.8%. Multiple studies have shown that multidisciplinary, team-based, coordinated care has

2019 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

194. Mobile Phone Text Message Intervention on Diabetes Self-Care Activities, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Awareness, and Food Choices among Type 2 Diabetes Patients. (Full text)

Mobile Phone Text Message Intervention on Diabetes Self-Care Activities, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Awareness, and Food Choices among Type 2 Diabetes Patients. This study examines the effects of educational text messages on diabetes self-care activities, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk awareness, and home food availabilities related to food choices among patients with type 2 diabetes. Quasi-experimental design was used with 40 patients (58.0 ± 10.6 years) in the intervention group and 39 (...) the intervention. Significant increases in scores of CVD risk awareness (57% increase; p = 0.04) and availabilities of fresh fruits (320% increase; p = 0.01) and fresh vegetables (250% increase; p = 0.02) in the home and weekly total (16% increase; p = 0.02) and moderate/vigorous (80% increase; p = 0.006) physical activity levels were observed for the intervention group relative to the control group. The pilot results suggest the feasibility and usefulness of the text message program for diabetes education

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

195. Kindergarten Training in Phonological Awareness: Fluency and Comprehension Gains Are Greatest for Readers at Risk in Grades 1 Through 9. (Abstract)

Kindergarten Training in Phonological Awareness: Fluency and Comprehension Gains Are Greatest for Readers at Risk in Grades 1 Through 9. Training in phonological awareness has brought about well-documented positive effects on learning to read in lower-primary grades. Less is known about long-term gains extending to upper-primary and junior high school. The few longitudinal studies covering at least 5 years suggest that gains in decoding are sustained, whereas effects on reading comprehension

2019 Journal of learning disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

196. Senior managers' awareness of sun protection policy predicts implementation of worksite sun safety in a randomized trial. (Abstract)

Senior managers' awareness of sun protection policy predicts implementation of worksite sun safety in a randomized trial. Outdoor workers experience chronic exposure to harmful ultraviolet radiation (UV) elevating their risk for skin cancer.A controlled randomized trial promoted the adoption of workplace sun safety policy and employee education at 98 public organizations in Colorado. A 2-year follow-up study with 68 organizations assessed the association of senior manager awareness of sun (...) safety policies and implementation of sun safety actions.Senior managers' awareness of existing sun safety policies, but not their personal sun protection behaviors, predicted implementation of sun safety actions including the number of sun protection messages and sun protection items in the workplace and increased communication about sun safety to employees.Organizational adoption of sun safety policy must include efforts to broadly inform a workplace's senior management to ensure the policies

2019 American Journal of Industrial Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

197. The effectiveness of current informative material in improving awareness and opinion of undergraduate students towards organ donation: a comparative, randomized survey study. (Full text)

The effectiveness of current informative material in improving awareness and opinion of undergraduate students towards organ donation: a comparative, randomized survey study. Despite the contribution of awareness campaigns to the rise of organ donation rates in Brazil, younger folks are subject to few awareness actions. Records on the effect of informative campaigns at improving opinion and knowledge of undergraduates about organ donation are scarce. This study aimed to assess the effect

2019 Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

198. Impact of disease screening on awareness and management of hypertension and diabetes between 2011 and 2015: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study. (Full text)

Impact of disease screening on awareness and management of hypertension and diabetes between 2011 and 2015: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study. There has been a limited recognition of hypertension and diabetes in China which has compromised optimal treatment. It is not clear if a screening program implemented by a national health survey has improved awareness and management of these conditions.The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) is an ongoing (...) longitudinal health survey conducted since 2011 among Chinese people aged 45 years and older. Participants have been assessed every two years by interviews, physical examinations, and fasting glucose samples were taken in 2011. In 2013 and 2015, participants were asked about awareness and management of selected chronic diseases, and they first became aware of these conditions.Of the 11,000+ participants screened in 2011, 4594 were identified with hypertension and 1703 with diabetes by medical examinations

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

199. HIV leadership programming attendance is associated with PrEP and PEP awareness among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada. (Full text)

HIV leadership programming attendance is associated with PrEP and PEP awareness among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada. Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YGBM) may have reduced engagement and knowledge of HIV care and biomedical HIV prevention strategies, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and Treatment as Prevention (TasP), compared with adult GBM. We sought to understand differences (...) in HIV prevention awareness, health care access, and service utilization between youth (16-29 years) and adult (≥30 year) GBM, as well as factors associated with attendance in HIV leadership programming among YGBM living in the publicly funded PrEP setting of Vancouver, Canada.Sexually-active GBM were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) from February 2012 to February 2015. Participants completed an in-person computer-assisted self-interview every 6 months, up to February 2017

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

200. Validity and responsiveness to change of the Active Australia Survey according to gender, age, BMI, education, and physical activity level and awareness. (Full text)

Validity and responsiveness to change of the Active Australia Survey according to gender, age, BMI, education, and physical activity level and awareness. This study aimed to investigate the validity of the Active Australia Survey across different subgroups and its responsiveness to change, as few previous studies have examined this.The Active Australia Survey was validated against the ActiGraph as an objective measure of physical activity. Participants (n = 465) wore the ActiGraph for 7 days

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

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