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1. Use of electronic screen media prior to dental appointment can help to reduce anxiety in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Use of electronic screen media prior to dental appointment can help to reduce anxiety in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder UTCAT3390, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Use of electronic screen media prior to dental appointment can help to reduce anxiety in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder Clinical Question Can use of electronic screen media prior to dental appointment help reduce anxiety (...) in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder? Clinical Bottom Line For children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), certain types of electronic screen media may be helpful to reduce anxiety during dental appointments. This randomized controlled study based on 80 subjects found that electronic screen media could be used to reduce anxiety in children with ASD. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Isong

2019 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

2. Effect of a Computer-Based Decision Support Intervention on Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening in Pediatric Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of a Computer-Based Decision Support Intervention on Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening in Pediatric Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial Effect of a Computer-Based Decision Support Intervention on Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening in Pediatric Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed (...) collection Name your collection: Name must be less than 100 characters Choose a collection: Unable to load your collection due to an error Add Cancel Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography Unable to load your delegates due to an error Add Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation JAMA Netw Open Actions , 2 (12), e1917676 2019 Dec 2 Effect of a Computer-Based Decision Support Intervention on Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening in Pediatric Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster Randomized Clinical

2020 EvidenceUpdates

3. Development of a screening instrument for autism spectrum disorder: Chandigarh Autism Screening Instrument Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development of a screening instrument for autism spectrum disorder: Chandigarh Autism Screening Instrument There is a paucity of trained professionals for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and a large number of cases go undetected and are diagnosed only during adolescence. There is no screening instrument specifically developed for screening of Indian population for ASD. This study was undertaken to develop a screening instrument to screen ASD in north Indian Hindi speaking (...) population by multipurpose health workers.A 37-item instrument in Hindi with dichotomous yes/no responses [Chandigarh Autism Screening Instrument (CASI)] was developed to be applied on children aged 1.5-10 yr. The instrument was pilot tested and then reliability and validity of this instrument were tested. The sample included children with intellectual disability (n=75), ASD (n=83), other developmental disorders (n=87) and typically developing children (n=160).Reliability, construct and content validity

2018 The Indian journal of medical research

4. A new computational intelligence approach to detect autistic features for autism screening. (Abstract)

A new computational intelligence approach to detect autistic features for autism screening. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is one of the fastest growing developmental disability diagnosis. General practitioners (GPs) and family physicians are typically the first point of contact for patients or family members concerned with ASD traits observed in themselves or their family member. Unfortunately, some families and adult patients are unaware of ASD traits that may be exhibited and as a result do (...) not seek out necessary diagnostic services or contact their GP. Therefore, providing a quick, accessible, and simple tool utilizing items related to ASD to these families may increase the likelihood they will seek professional assessment and is vital to the early detection and treatment of ASD. This study aims at identifying fewer, albeit influential, features in common ASD screening methods in order to achieve efficient screening as demands on evaluating the items' influences on ASD within existing

2018 International journal of medical informatics

5. Correction: Adaptation of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) to preschool children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Adaptation of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) to preschool children. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199590.].

2018 PLoS ONE

6. Adaptation of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) to preschool children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adaptation of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) to preschool children. The Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) is equipped with good properties for screening the broader phenotype of autistic traits, but it is standardized for a limited age range-from 7 to 16 years. To contribute to the early detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), particularly in high functioning children with ASD, likely to cause maladjustments during school age, the present study examined (...) psychometric properties to apply the ASSQ to a younger age. We tested parents' ASSQ ratings for preschool children in clinical (N = 154, average age 60.77 months, range 55-72 months) and community settings (N = 1390, average age 60.53 months, range 57-68 months) in Japan. The results showed, just as in school-aged children, the ASSQ had reliability and validity as a screening instrument for preschool children in community settings. A cut-off of 7 with sensitivity of 0.93 and specificity of 0.84

2018 PLoS ONE

7. Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children: Screening

Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children: Screening Recommendation | United States Preventive Services Taskforce Toggle navigation Main navigation Main navigation Recommendation Children aged 18 to 30 months The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children for whom no concerns of ASD have been raised by their parents or a clinician. I View the Clinical Summary (...) in Population Children aged 18 to 30 months for whom no concerns of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been raised by their parents or a clinician Recommendation No recommendation. Grade: I (insufficient evidence) Risk Assessment Although a number of potential risk factors for ASD have been identified, there is insufficient evidence to determine if certain risk factors modify the performance characteristics of ASD screening tests, such as the age at which screening is performed or other characteristics

2016 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

8. Validity of Online Screening for Autism: Crowdsourcing Study Comparing Paid and Unpaid Diagnostic Tasks. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Validity of Online Screening for Autism: Crowdsourcing Study Comparing Paid and Unpaid Diagnostic Tasks. Obtaining a diagnosis of neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism requires long waiting times that can exceed a year and can be prohibitively expensive. Crowdsourcing approaches may provide a scalable alternative that can accelerate general access to care and permit underserved populations to obtain an accurate diagnosis.We aimed to perform a series of studies to explore whether paid crowd (...) ), number of family members with autism and sensitivity (r=-0.195, P=.04), and number of family members with autism and precision (r=-0.203, P=.03). A two-tailed t test between the scores of the paid workers in Study 1 and the unpaid workers in Study 3 showed a significant difference (P<.001).Many paid crowd workers on AMT enjoyed answering screening questions from videos, suggesting higher intrinsic motivation to make quality assessments. Paid crowdsourcing provides promising screening assessments

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

9. Addendum to the Acknowledgements: Validity of Online Screening for Autism: Crowdsourcing Study Comparing Paid and Unpaid Diagnostic Tasks. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Addendum to the Acknowledgements: Validity of Online Screening for Autism: Crowdsourcing Study Comparing Paid and Unpaid Diagnostic Tasks. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/13668.].©Peter Washington, Haik Kalantarian, Qandeel Tariq, Jessey Schwartz, Kaitlyn Dunlap, Brianna Chrisman, Maya Varma, Michael Ning, Aaron Kline, Nathaniel Stockham, Kelley Paskov, Catalin Voss, Nick Haber, Dennis Paul Wall. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

10. Screening and Diagnostic Tools for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children: A Review of Guidelines

Screening and Diagnostic Tools for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children: A Review of Guidelines TITLE: Screening and Diagnostic Tools for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children: A Review of Guidelines DATE: 03 July 2013 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Autism is a lifelong condition that involves impaired verbal and non-verbal communication, impaired socialization, and repetitive or restricted patterns of behaviour. 1-4 Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a range of disorders that include autistic (...) for additional research for better validation was indicated for the following second level screening tools, despite some of these being simultaneously recommended for use: Early Screening for Autistic Traits (ESAT), M-CHAT, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Screening Test-II (PDDST-II), the STAT, and the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). 3 The Autism Behaviour Checklist (ASD) and Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS) were not recommended for second level screening as these tools reported low sensitivity

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

11. Assessing the Accuracy of the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale and Social Responsiveness Scale for Screening Autism Spectrum Disorder in Chinese Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Assessing the Accuracy of the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale and Social Responsiveness Scale for Screening Autism Spectrum Disorder in Chinese Children The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been increasing rapidly in many parts of the world. However, data on its prevalence in China are largely missing. Here, we assessed the suitability of the modified Chinese version of a newly-developed ASD screening tool, the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating (...) Scales (MC-ASRS) in screening for ASD in Chinese children aged 6-12 years, through comparison with the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) that has been widely used for ASD screening. We recruited the parents/caregivers of 1588 typically-developing children and 190 children with ASD aged 6-12 years to complete the MC-ASRS and SRS, and evaluated the validity of both scales in discriminating children with ASD from those developing typically. The results showed that MC-ASRS performed as well as SRS

2017 Neuroscience bulletin

12. Use of a Digital Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers - Revised with Follow-up to Improve Quality of Screening for Autism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of a Digital Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers - Revised with Follow-up to Improve Quality of Screening for Autism. To assess changes in quality of care for children at risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) due to process improvement and implementation of a digital screening form.The process of screening for ASD was studied in an academic primary care pediatrics clinic before and after implementation of a digital version of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers - Revised (...) results increased from 54% to 92% (38% increase, 95% CI 14%-64%) and appropriate action for children screening positive increased from 25% to 85% (60% increase, 95% CI 35%-85%). A total of 90% of participating physicians agreed that the transition to a digital screening form improved their clinical assessment of autism risk.Implementation of a tablet-based digital version of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers - Revised with Follow-up led to improved quality of care for children at risk

2017 Journal of Pediatrics

13. Screening and diagnostic tools for autism spectrum disorder in children: a review of guidelines

Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were the recommended tools for use when diagnosing ASD in those guidelines advocating their use. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Autistic Disorders; Child; Mass Screening Language Published English Country of organisation Canada Province or state Ontario English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH), 865 Carling Avenue, Suite 600 (...) Screening and diagnostic tools for autism spectrum disorder in children: a review of guidelines Screening and diagnostic tools for autism spectrum disorder in children: a review of guidelines Screening and diagnostic tools for autism spectrum disorder in children: a review of guidelines CADTH Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

14. Electroencephalogram (EEG) for children with autism spectrum disorder: evidential considerations for routine screening. (Abstract)

Electroencephalogram (EEG) for children with autism spectrum disorder: evidential considerations for routine screening. Routine electroencephalograms (EEG) are not recommended as a screen for epileptic discharges (EDs) in current practice guidelines for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, a review of the research from the last three decades suggests that this practice should be reevaluated. The significant comorbidity between epilepsy and ASD, its shared biological pathways (...) , risk for developmental regression, and cognitive challenges demand increased clinical investigation requiring a proactive approach. This review highlights and explains the need for screening EEGs for children with ASD. EEG would assist in differentiating EDs from core features of ASD and could be included in a comprehensive assessment. EEG also meets the demand for evidence-based precision medicine and focused care for the individual, especially when overlapping processes of development are present.

2018 European child & adolescent psychiatry

15. The Estimated Prevalence of Autism in School-Aged Children Living in Rural Nepal Using a Population-Based Screening Tool Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Estimated Prevalence of Autism in School-Aged Children Living in Rural Nepal Using a Population-Based Screening Tool Few data exist on the prevalence of autism in low-income countries. We translated, adapted and tested the acceptability of a Nepali-language version of a screening tool for autism (Autism Quotient-10). Using this tool, we estimated autism prevalence in 4098 rural Nepali children aged 9-13 years. Fourteen children scored > 6 out of 10, indicative of elevated autistic (...) symptomatology, of which 13 also screened positive for disability. If the AQ-10 screening tool is as sensitive and specific in the Nepali population as it is in the UK, this would yield an estimated true prevalence of 3 in 1000 (95% confidence interval 2-5 in 1000). Future research is required to validate this tool through in-depth assessments of high-scoring children.

2018 Journal of autism and developmental disorders

16. Infant and dyadic assessment in early community-based screening for autism spectrum disorder with the PREAUT grid. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infant and dyadic assessment in early community-based screening for autism spectrum disorder with the PREAUT grid. The need for early treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) necessitates early screening. Very few tools have been prospectively tested with infants of less than 12 months of age. The PREAUT grid is based on dyadic assessment through interaction and shared emotion and showed good metrics for predicting ASD in very-high-risk infants with West syndrome.We assessed the ability (...) of the PREAUT grid to predict ASD in low-risk individuals by prospectively following and screening 12,179 infants with the PREAUT grid at four (PREAUT-4) and nine (PREAUT-9) months of age. A sample of 4,835 toddlers completed the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) at 24 months (CHAT-24) of age. Children who were positive at one screening (N = 100) were proposed a clinical assessment (including the Children Autism Rating Scale, a Developmental Quotient, and an ICD-10-based clinical diagnosis

2017 PLoS ONE

17. Prospective Associations Between Infant Sleep at 12 Months and Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening Scores at 24 Months in a Community-Based Birth Cohort. (Abstract)

Prospective Associations Between Infant Sleep at 12 Months and Autism Spectrum Disorder Screening Scores at 24 Months in a Community-Based Birth Cohort. Sleep problems have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and diagnosis. However, past research has studied the simultaneous association of sleep problems with precursor ASD symptoms. Using data from a birth cohort, we estimate prospective associations between infant sleep characteristics at 12 months and later ASD (...) screening scores at 24 months.We obtained data from children (N = 1,096) and their mothers as participants in the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood longitudinal birth cohort study. Mothers were enrolled between 2006 and 2011, when they were 16-26 weeks pregnant. Using linear regression, we examined the influence of infant sleep characteristics (nighttime and daytime sleep, night wakings, and sleep onset latency) at 12 months on ASD screening scores at 24

2018 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

18. Clinical Features of Children With Autism Who Passed 18-Month Screening. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical Features of Children With Autism Who Passed 18-Month Screening. We compared sex-stratified developmental and temperamental profiles at 18 months in children screening negative for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) but later receiving diagnoses of ASD (false-negative group) versus those without later ASD diagnoses (true-negative group).We included 68 197 screen-negative cases from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (49.1 (...) % girls). Children were screened by using the 6 critical items of the M-CHAT at 18 months. Groups were compared on domains of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire and the Emotionality Activity Sociability Temperament Survey.Despite passing M-CHAT screening at 18 months, children in the false-negative group exhibited delays in social, communication, and motor skills compared with the true-negative group. Differences were more pronounced in girls. However, with regard to shyness, boys in the false-negative

2018 Pediatrics

19. Machine learning approach for early detection of autism by combining questionnaire and home video screening. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Machine learning approach for early detection of autism by combining questionnaire and home video screening. Existing screening tools for early detection of autism are expensive, cumbersome, time- intensive, and sometimes fall short in predictive value. In this work, we sought to apply Machine Learning (ML) to gold standard clinical data obtained across thousands of children at-risk for autism spectrum disorder to create a low-cost, quick, and easy to apply autism screening tool.Two algorithms (...) in order to boost screening accuracy when conclusive. The performance is then validated in a controlled clinical study.A multi-center clinical study of n = 162 children is performed to ascertain the performance of these algorithms and their combination. We demonstrate a significant accuracy improvement over standard screening tools in measurements of AUC, sensitivity, and specificity.These findings suggest that a mobile, machine learning process is a reliable method for detection of autism outside

2018 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

20. Early electronic screen exposure and autistic-like symptoms Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early electronic screen exposure and autistic-like symptoms Prevalence autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been on rise, but many studies suggests over-diagnosed. Currently, children have more access to electronic media on the daily basis than those of previous generation. Some studies suggest that increases screen time is associated with melanopsin-expressing neurons and decreasing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter, and thus results aberrant behavior, decreased cognitive (...) , and language development. Early exposure of electronic media in early life (< 2 years old) gives an impact on language, but it still inconclusive. We made a study aiming at revealing the impact of early exposure of electronic screen on language development and autistic-like behavior. Results showed that children who spent viewing ≤ 3 hours per day had language delay and short attention span, while children who spent viewing ≥ 3 hours per day had language delay, short attention span, and hyperactivity

2018 Intractable & rare diseases research

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