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162. Adjunctive antibiotics for drained skin abscesses improve clinical cure rate

Adjunctive antibiotics for drained skin abscesses improve clinical cure rate Adjunctive antibiotics for drained skin abscesses improve clinical cure rate | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Adjunctive antibiotics for drained skin abscesses improve clinical cure rate Article Text Commentary: General medicine Adjunctive antibiotics for drained skin abscesses improve clinical cure rate David A Talan Statistics from

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine

163. Prescribing antibiotics to hospitalised patients increases the risk of Clostridium difficile infection for the next bed occupant

Prescribing antibiotics to hospitalised patients increases the risk of Clostridium difficile infection for the next bed occupant Prescribing antibiotics to hospitalised patients increases the risk of Clostridium difficile infection for the next bed occupant | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our (...) . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Prescribing antibiotics to hospitalised patients increases the risk of Clostridium difficile infection for the next bed occupant

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine

164. Antibiotics Do Not Lower Pain or Infection with Acute Apical Abscess

Antibiotics Do Not Lower Pain or Infection with Acute Apical Abscess UTCAT3216, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Antibiotics Do Not Lower Pain or Infection with Acute Apical Abscess Clinical Question In adults receiving emergency treatment for their periapical abscess, will antibiotic supplement to pulpectomy treatment with irrigation and drainage of their abscess be more beneficial in reducing (...) the patient's pain compared to treatment without antibiotics? Clinical Bottom Line Pain with acute apical abscess of permanent dentition is managed well by pulpectomy with irrigation and drainage. The addition of antibiotic therapy does not improve the patient's relief from pain or infection. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Matthews/2003 35 relevant citations including 8 randomized clinical

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

165. Sore throat (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

Recommendations 5 1.1 Managing acute sore throat 5 1.2 Self-care 7 1.3 Choice of antibiotic 8 Summary of the evidence 10 Self-care 10 Corticosteroids 12 No antibiotic 12 Back-up antibiotics 14 Identifying people more likely to benefit from antibiotics 14 Antibiotic choice 18 Antibiotic course length 20 Other considerations 22 Medicines adherence 22 Resource implications 22 T erms used in the guideline 23 FeverPAIN criteria 23 Centor criteria 23 Sore throat (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG84) © NICE 2019 (...) . All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 24Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute sore throat. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Acute sore throat is often caused by a virus, lasts for about a week, and most people get better without antibiotics. Withholding antibiotics rarely leads to complications. See a 2-page visual summary

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

166. Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing

of 35Contents Contents Overview 4 Who is it for? 4 Recommendations 5 1.1 Managing lower urinary tract infection 5 1.2 Managing asymptomatic bacteriuria 8 1.3 Self-care 9 1.4 Choice of antibiotic 9 Summary of the evidence 15 Self-care 15 Antibiotics 16 Choice of antibiotic 23 Antibiotic course length 29 Other considerations 34 Medicines adherence 34 Resource implications 34 Update information 35 Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing (NG109) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject (...) to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 35This guideline should be read in conjunction with CG54, NG111 and NG112. Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for lower urinary tract infection (also called cystitis) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 3-page visual summary of the recommendations, including

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

167. Prostatitis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

is it for? 4 Recommendations 5 1.1 Managing acute prostatitis 5 1.2 Self-care 6 1.3 Choice of antibiotic 7 Summary of the evidence 9 Self-care 9 Antibiotics 9 Choice of antibiotic 11 Antibiotic course length 14 Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing infective complications, including acute prostatitis, after biopsy 16 Other considerations 17 Medicines adherence 17 Resource implications 17 Prostatitis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG110) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (...) (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 17Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute prostatitis. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 2-page visual summary of the recommendations, including a table to support prescribing decisions. NICE has also produced a guideline on antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial medicine use. Who is it for? Health

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

168. Pyelonephritis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

is it for? 4 Recommendations 5 1.1 Managing acute pyelonephritis 5 1.2 Self-care 7 1.3 Choice of antibiotic 7 Summary of the evidence 13 Self-care 13 Antibiotics 13 Choice of antibiotic 14 Antibiotic course length 21 Antibiotic dose frequency 23 Antibiotic route of administration 23 Other considerations 25 Medicines adherence 25 Resource implications 25 Pyelonephritis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG111) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms (...) -and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 26This guideline should be read in conjunction with NG109, NG112 and CG54. Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute pyelonephritis (upper urinary tract infection) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 3-page visual summary of the recommendations, including a table to support prescribing decisions. NICE has also

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

169. Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing

a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 2-page visual summary of the recommendations, including a table to support prescribing decisions. NICE has also produced a guideline on antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial medicine use. Who is it for? Health professionals People with recurrent urinary tract infection, their families and carers Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing (NG112) © NICE 2019 (...) and over people with recurrent upper UTI people with recurrent lower UTI when the underlying cause is unknown pregnant women children and young people under 16 years in line with the NICE guideline on urinary tract infection in under 16s people with suspected cancer in line with the NICE guideline on suspected cancer: recognition and referral. See the evidence and committee discussion on antibiotic prophylaxis. Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing (NG112) © NICE 2019. All

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

170. Otitis media (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

is it for? 4 Recommendations 5 1.1 Managing acute otitis media 5 1.2 Self-care 7 1.3 Choice of antibiotic 8 Summary of the evidence 10 Self-care 10 Oral corticosteroids 11 No antibiotic 12 Back-up antibiotics 14 Choice of antibiotic 16 Antibiotic course length 18 Antibiotic dose frequency 19 Other considerations 21 Medicines adherence 21 Resource implications 21 Otitis media (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG91) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk (...) /terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 21Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute otitis media (ear infection). It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Acute otitis media can be caused by viruses or bacteria. It lasts for about a week, and most children get better in 3 days without antibiotics. Serious complications are rare. See a 2-page visual summary of the recommendations, including tables to support

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

171. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (acute exacerbation): antimicrobial prescribing

implications 24 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (acute exacerbation): antimicrobial prescribing (NG114) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 24This guideline should be read in conjunction with NG115. Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce (...) antibiotic resistance. See a 2-page visual summary of the recommendations, including tables to support prescribing decisions. See the NICE guideline on COPD in over 16s for other recommendations on preventing and managing an acute exacerbation of COPD, including self-management. Who is it for? Health professionals People with COPD, their families and carers Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (acute exacerbation): antimicrobial prescribing (NG114) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

172. A comparative study regarding antibiotic consumption and knowledge of antimicrobial resistance among pharmacy students in Australia and Sri Lanka. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A comparative study regarding antibiotic consumption and knowledge of antimicrobial resistance among pharmacy students in Australia and Sri Lanka. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global health challenge. Pharmacists play a key role in the health care setting to support the quality use of medicines. The education and training of pharmacy students have the potential to impact on patterns of antibiotic use in community and hospital settings. The aim of this study was to investigate (...) and compare antibiotic use and knowledge of antibiotics and AMR among undergraduate pharmacy students in Australian and Sri Lankan universities.A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Australian and Sri Lankan universities that offer a pharmacy degree. A paper-based survey was utilised in Sri Lanka and an identical survey distributed online among pharmacy students in Australia. Descriptive and comparative data analyses were performed.476 pharmacy students from 14 universities in Australia and 466

2019 PLoS ONE

173. Covid-19: Antimicrobial Copper Oxide–infused Textiles for Reducing Healthcare-associated Infection Risk

copper oxide–infused textiles. Clinical Literature We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, and selected web-based resources for documents relevant to this topic and published between January 1, 2006, and February 5, 2019. Our search strategies included the following keywords: copper; fabric; textiles; bedding; clothing; antimicrobial; antibacterial; infection control. Please see the Selected References and Resources section for detailed search strategies. We included any (...) , labor, and laundry, expenses during period B.” “The use of biocidal copper oxide impregnated textiles in a long-term care ward may significantly reduce HAI, fever, antibiotic consumption, and related treatment costs.” CLINICAL EVIDENCE ASSESSMENT Antimicrobial Copper Oxide–infused Textiles for Reducing Healthcare-associated Infection Risk © February 2019 ECRI | 6 Selected References and Resources References Reviewed (PubMed and EMBASE search dates were January 1, 2006, through February 5, 2019) 1

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc papers

174. Dental antimicrobial stewardship: toolkit

Dental antimicrobial stewardship: toolkit Dental antimicrobial stewardship: toolkit - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Dental antimicrobial stewardship: toolkit Resources to help primary care practitioners promote the appropriate use of antibiotics in dental care. Published 9 November 2016 Last updated 16 July 2019 — From: Contents The dental antimicrobial stewardship ( ( ( Guidance (...) ( Education and training tools Audit tool and action planning An audit tool developed as a collaboration between Why the toolkit was developed The inappropriate use of antibiotics is related to bacterial resistance. Responsible use of antimicrobials should help control it. The toolkit aims to influence prescribers and patients attitudes to enable optimal antibiotic prescribing. An independent review of antimicrobial resistance, the commissioned by the UK Government in 2014 and chaired by Lord Jim O’Neill

2020 Public Health England

175. Practical advice on maintaining antimicrobial stewardship during the COVID-19 pandemic

Practical advice on maintaining antimicrobial stewardship during the COVID-19 pandemic SAPG response to COVID-19 Latest updates / / / 13 May 2020 SAPG response to COVID-19 To prioritise and support the capacity of health and social care services, Healthcare Improvement Scotland and the Scottish Antimicrobial Prescribing Group (SAPG) have taken the decision to adapt our normal ways of working. This action is supported by Scottish Government. This is an unprecedented situation requiring unusual (...) measures, and that it is important that SAPG supports NHSScotland in maintaining essential services. All meetings of the SAPG committee and project groups have been suspended until further notice. The duration of these measures is unknown and we will provide further updates in due course. In the interim, if you have any queries, please contact: We have developed some interim pragmatic practical advice for clinical teams to ensure we maintain antimicrobial stewardship during the COVID-19 pandemic

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc papers

176. Antimicrobial and Immunomodulatory Therapy in Adult Patients with COVID-19

Antimicrobial and Immunomodulatory Therapy in Adult Patients with COVID-19 British Columbia COVID19 Therapeutics Committee (CTC) Clinical Practice Guidance for Antimicrobial and Immunomodulatory Therapy in Adult Patients with COVID-19 SEVERITY OF ILLNESS ANTIVIRAL THERAPY ANTIBACTERIAL THERAPY IMMUNOMODULATORY THERAPY Critically Ill Patients Hospitalized, ICU-based Patients requiring ventilatory and/or circulatory support; also includes patients requiring high-flow nasal cannula, or higher (...) for DVT prophylaxis Chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine (with or without azithromycin) is not recommended outside of approved clinical trials or where other indications would justify its use Lopinavir/ritonavir is not recommended outside of approved clinical trials Remdesivir* is not recommended outside of approved clinical trials Antibacterial therapy is not routinely recommended outside of approved clinical trials or where other indications would justify its use (eg. suspected bacterial co-infection

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc guidelines

177. Antimicrobial Nano-Silver Sanitizer Spray

of nanotechnology. 3 Silver was known for its antibacterial effect and silver-based compounds have been used in many antimicrobial applications. 4,5 By converting bulk silver to nanosized silver, its effectiveness for controlling bacteria and viruses was increased multifold. 2 Due to their bactericidal properties, silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are the most frequently applied nanomaterials, attracting much interest and has the highest degree of commercialisation. 5,6,7 The unique property of nanosilver is mainly (...) Antimicrobial Nano-Silver Sanitizer Spray To provide brief information on the safety, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Antimicrobial Nano-Silver Sanitizer Spray based on request from the Director General of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia following proposal by a company to provide and distribute 500,000 Antimicrobial Nano-Silver Sanitizer Spray to the public, beginning with Ministry of Health Malaysia hospitals and clinics to prevent COVID-19 transmission. Nanoparticles include

2020 MaHTAS Covid-19 Rapid Evidence Updates

178. Antibiotic resistance profiles of deep surgical site infections in hip hemiarthroplasty; comparing low dose single antibiotic versus high dose dual antibiotic impregnated cement Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic resistance profiles of deep surgical site infections in hip hemiarthroplasty; comparing low dose single antibiotic versus high dose dual antibiotic impregnated cement Objectives: The incidence of fractured neck of femur (FNOF) is increasing yearly. Many of these patients undergo hip hemiarthroplasty. High dose dual-antibiotic cement (HDDAC) has been shown to reduce rates of deep surgical site infection (SSI) when compared to the current standard low dose single-antibiotic cement (...) (LDSAC) in a quasi-randomised controlled trial. Some concerns exist regarding the use of HDDAC and the development of antibiotic resistance. We reviewed cases of infection in LDSAC and HDDAC bone cement with regard to causative organism and resistance profile. Methods: A retrospective analysis was undertaken of all hemiarthroplasties within our trust from April 2008 to December 2014. We identified all patients in this time period who acquired a deep SSI. The infecting organisms and susceptibility

2018 Journal of Bone and Joint Infection

179. Tailored Helicobacter pylori eradication based on prior intake of macrolide antibiotics allows the use of triple therapy with optimal results in an area with high clarithromycin resistance. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tailored Helicobacter pylori eradication based on prior intake of macrolide antibiotics allows the use of triple therapy with optimal results in an area with high clarithromycin resistance. the previous intake of macrolide antibiotics is associated with a failure to eradicate Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) with clarithromycin-containing regimens. However, the standard triple therapy achieves eradication rates of over 90% in patients without a previous use of macrolides in our health area

2019 Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva Controlled trial quality: uncertain

180. To Compare the Effectiveness of Short-term Three Dose Perioperative Antibiotic Coverage during Decisive Period with Conventional Prolonged Postoperative Antibiotic Usage in Clean Elective Surgical Cases: An Indian Perspective. Full Text available with Trip Pro

To Compare the Effectiveness of Short-term Three Dose Perioperative Antibiotic Coverage during Decisive Period with Conventional Prolonged Postoperative Antibiotic Usage in Clean Elective Surgical Cases: An Indian Perspective. Surgical site infections are the most common postoperative complications and frequently cause morbidity and mortality. Different antibiotic regimens were evaluated as prophylaxis in wound infection following elective surgical procedures. Prophylactic antibiotics should (...) be given to cover the "decisive period" which is a period after incision to mobilization of host defenses thus preventing an infection from developing.The aim is to study the effectiveness of short-term antibiotic coverage during decisive period in the prevention of postoperative wound sepsis in clean surgical cases.The prospective randomized comparative study included 50 patients divided into two groups of 25 each. Group A (short-term ceftriaxone prophylaxis) patients received three doses of 1 g

2019 Nigerian journal of surgery : official publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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