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161. Community knowledge and practices regarding antibiotic use in rural Mozambique: where is the starting point for prevention of antibiotic resistance? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Community knowledge and practices regarding antibiotic use in rural Mozambique: where is the starting point for prevention of antibiotic resistance? Antibiotic misuse and other types of unnecessary use of antibiotics can contribute to accelerate the process of antibiotic resistance, which is considered a global concern, mostly affecting low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Mozambique there is limited evidence on community knowledge and practices regarding antibiotics and antibiotic (...) resistance. As part of the ABACUS project, this paper describes knowledge and practices of antibiotic use among the general population in the semi-rural district of Manhiça to inform evidence-based communication intervention strategies for safer antibiotic use.The study was conducted in Manhiça, a semi-rural district of Southern Mozambique. Sixteen in-depth interviews and four focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with community members to explore lay knowledge and practices regarding antibiotics

2020 BMC Public Health

162. The relationship of prenatal antibiotic exposure and infant antibiotic administration with childhood allergies: a systematic review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The relationship of prenatal antibiotic exposure and infant antibiotic administration with childhood allergies: a systematic review. Early antibiotic exposure may be contributing to the onset of childhood allergies. The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review on the relationship between early life antibiotic exposure and childhood asthma, eczema and hay fever.Pubmed and Embase were searched for studies published between 01-01-2008 and 01-08-2018, examining the effects (...) of (1) prenatal antibiotic exposure and (2) infant antibiotic administration (during the first 2 years of life) on childhood asthma, eczema and hay fever from 0 to 18 years of age. These publications were assessed using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) and analysed narratively.(1) Prenatal antibiotics: Asthma (12 studies): The majority of studies (9/12) reported significant relationships (range OR 1.13 (1.02-1.24) to OR 3.19 (1.52-6.67)). Three studies reported inconsistent findings. Eczema (3

2020 BMC Pediatrics

163. Antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial medicine use

(including antibiotics) in children, young people and adults. It aims to change prescribing practice to help slow the emergence of antimicrobial resistance and ensure that antimicrobials remain an effective treatment for infection. Who is it for? Health and social care practitioners Organisations commissioning, providing or supporting the provision of care People who are taking antimicrobials and their families and carers. Antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial (...) Antimicrobial stewardship Antimicrobial stewardship The term 'antimicrobial stewardship' is defined as 'an organisational or healthcare-system-wide approach to promoting and monitoring judicious use of antimicrobials to preserve their future effectiveness' . Antimicrobial resistance Antimicrobial resistance The term 'antimicrobial resistance' is defined as the 'loss of effectiveness of any anti-infective medicine, including antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial and antiparasitic medicines' . Antimicrobials

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

164. A multifaceted intervention to reduce antimicrobial prescribing in care homes: a non-randomised feasibility study and process evaluation Full Text available with Trip Pro

A multifaceted intervention to reduce antimicrobial prescribing in care homes: a non-randomised feasibility study and process evaluation A multifaceted intervention to reduce antimicrobial prescribing in care homes: a non-randomised feasibility study and process evaluation Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation

2020 NIHR HTA programme

165. Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for preventing neonatal bloodstream infection: the PREVAIL RCT Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for preventing neonatal bloodstream infection: the PREVAIL RCT Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for preventing neonatal bloodstream infection: the PREVAIL RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find

2020 NIHR HTA programme

166. Bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis), acute exacerbation: antimicrobial prescribing

Reassessment 14 Referral and seeking specialist advice 14 Choice of antibiotic for treating an acute exacerbation of bronchiectasis 15 Preventing acute exacerbations of bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis) and choice of antibiotic 17 Bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis), acute exacerbation: antimicrobial prescribing (NG117) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 19Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out (...) an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for managing and preventing acute exacerbations of bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis). It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 3-page visual summary of the recommendations, including tables to support prescribing decisions. NICE has also produced a guideline on antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial medicine use. Who is it for? Health professionals People with bronchiectasis, their families

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

167. Cough (acute): antimicrobial prescribing

1.1 Managing acute cough 5 1.2 Self-care 8 1.3 Choice of antibiotic 9 T erms used in the guideline 11 Acute cough 11 Acute bronchitis 11 Self-care treatments 11 Summary of the evidence 12 Self-care 12 Bronchodilators 22 Corticosteroids 23 Mucolytics 24 No antibiotic 25 Back-up antibiotics 29 Choice of antibiotic 33 Antibiotic course length 35 Other considerations 36 Medicines adherence 36 Resource implications 36 Cough (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG120) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved (...) . Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 36Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute cough associated with an upper respiratory tract infection or acute bronchitis in adults, young people and children. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 2-page visual summary of the recommendations, including tables to support prescribing decisions. For treating coughs

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

168. Pneumonia (hospital-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing

of 23Contents Contents Overview 4 Who is it for? 4 Recommendations 5 1.1 Managing hospital-acquired pneumonia 5 1.2 Choice of antibiotic 6 T erms used in the guideline 13 Hospital-acquired pneumonia 13 Summary of the evidence 14 Antibiotic prescribing strategies 14 Choice of antibiotics 15 Antibiotic course length, dosage and route of administration 22 Other considerations 23 Medicines adherence 23 Resource implications 23 Pneumonia (hospital-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing (NG139) © NICE 2019. All (...) rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 23Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for adults, young people, children and babies aged 72 hours and over with a confirmed diagnosis of hospital-acquired pneumonia. It does not cover ventilator-associated pneumonia. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 3-page visual summary of the recommendations

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

169. Cellulitis and erysipelas: antimicrobial prescribing

. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. See a 3-page visual summary of the recommendations, including tables to support prescribing decisions. For managing other skin conditions, see our web page on skin conditions. NICE has also produced a guideline on antimicrobial stewardship: systems and processes for effective antimicrobial medicine use. Who is it for? Healthcare professionals People with cellulitis and erysipelas, their families and carers Cellulitis and erysipelas (...) Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) status if known. 1.1.5 Give oral antibiotics first line if the person can take oral medicines, and the severity of their condition does not require intravenous antibiotics. Cellulitis and erysipelas: antimicrobial prescribing (NG141) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 5 of 361.1.6 If intravenous antibiotics are given, review by 48 hours and consider switching to oral antibiotics

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

170. Pneumonia (community-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing

37 Resource implications 37 Pneumonia (community-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing (NG138) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 3 of 37Ov Overview erview This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for adults, young people, children and babies aged 72 hours and over with a confirmed diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic (...) disease or immunosuppression local antimicrobial resistance and surveillance data (such as flu and Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection rates) recent antibiotic use recent microbiological results, including colonisation with multidrug-resistant bacteria. 1.1.2 Start antibiotic treatment as soon as possible after establishing a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia, and certainly within 4 hours (within 1 hour if the person has suspected sepsis and meets any of the high risk criteria for this – see

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

171. Antibiotic prophylaxis in TURP: a prospective analysis concerning antibiotic stewardship and a potential reduction of antibiotic use in TURP. (Abstract)

Antibiotic prophylaxis in TURP: a prospective analysis concerning antibiotic stewardship and a potential reduction of antibiotic use in TURP. Antibiotic prophylaxis is standard procedure in transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). We evaluated the necessity of antibiotic (AB) prophylaxis in TURP due to increasing microbial antibiotic resistance.This is a prospective cohort study of 506 patients. Only patients with a pre-operative catheter/pyuria received AB-prophylaxis. Urine analysis (...) (pre-operative, at discharge, and 3 week post-operative) was performed next to an analysis of the blood culture/irrigation fluid and of the resected prostatic tissue. Statistical analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test.67/506 (13.2%) patients received prophylactic antibiotics. 56/67 (83.5%) patients had a pre-operative catheter and 11/67 (16.4%) had pre-operative pyuria in which a fluoroquinolone-resistance (FQ-R) rate of 69.2% in Escherichia coli (EC) was observed. Clinical infectious

2019 World journal of urology

172. Preoperative Antibiotics and Surgical Site Infection in Breast Surgery

Preoperative Antibiotics and Surgical Site Infection in Breast Surgery - Official Statement - Consensus Guideline on Preoperative Antibiotics and Surgical Site Infection in Breast Surgery Purpose To outline recommendations for reducing and treating surgical site infections (SSIs). Associated ASBrS Guidelines or Quality Measures 1. This document replaces the previous ASBrS Statement of Position Statement on Antibiotics and Surgical Site Infection. 2. Quality Measure: Surgical Site Infection (...) and Cellulitis After Breast and/or Axillary Surgery Methods Literature review inclusive of recent randomized controlled trials evaluating the indications for and use of antibiotics to reduce and treat SSIs for patients undergoing breast surgery for both benign and malignant disease. This is not a complete systematic review but a comprehensive review of the modern literature on this subject. The ASBrS Research Committee developed a consensus document, which was reviewed and approved by the ASBrS Board

2017 Publication 4891083

173. [Clinical guides in antibiotic treatment - 1st series (update)]

[Clinical guides in antibiotic treatment - 1st series (update)] Guides cliniques en antibiothérapie - Série I (mise à jour du guide RSA chez l'adulte) [Clinical guides in antibiotic treatment – 1st series (update)] Guides cliniques en antibiothérapie - Série I (mise à jour du guide RSA chez l'adulte) [Clinical guides in antibiotic treatment – 1st series (update)] INESSS Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA (...) . No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation INESSS. Guides cliniques en antibiothérapie - Série I (mise à jour du guide RSA chez l'adulte). [Clinical guides in antibiotic treatment – 1st series (update)] Quebec: Institut national d'excellence en sante et en services sociaux (INESSS). 2016 Authors' objectives First published in January 2005, the first series of clinical guides on antibiotic treatment were revised and updated in fall 2009. These guides outline

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

174. Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for total hip arthroplasty and other orthopedic indications

. Controversy: Controversial issues related to the clinical use of ABCs include the safety and effectiveness of ABCs compared with other fixation methods, optimal antibiotic choice and dose, optimal cement preparation technique, costeffectiveness of ABCs, the appropriate use of ABC in a prophylactic setting, antimicrobial resistance, and patient selection (i.e., which patients might benefit the most from the treatment). Relevant Questions: Is ABC effective in preventing infection in primary hip or shoulder (...) Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for total hip arthroplasty and other orthopedic indications Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for total hip arthroplasty and other orthopedic indications Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for total hip arthroplasty and other orthopedic indications HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

175. Reducing antibiotic resistance

of antibiotic resistance. This year, we're urging people that it's time to take antibiotic resistance seriously. NPS MedicineWise has created a suite of resources you can download, print and share to raise awareness about antibiotic resistance and help preserve the power of antibiotics. Australian Prescriber: Antimicrobial use and resistance in Australia John Turnidge Aust Prescr 2017;40:2-31 Feb 2017 Managing the emergence and increasing resistance to antimicrobials in hospitals and the community has (...) become an urgent national and international problem. As part of a plan to tackle this, Australia is developing a coordinated national program to monitor antimicrobial use and resistance. Sometimes, parents need reassurance rather than antibiotics When their children are unwell, parents and carers often visit their GP for reassurance. They want to check their child doesn’t have a serious illness and have the opportunity to discuss what is worrying them about their child’s cold, cough, earache or sore

2017 National Prescribing Service Limited (Australia)

176. Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for knee arthroplasty

Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for knee arthroplasty Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for knee arthroplasty Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for knee arthroplasty HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Antibiotic-impregnated bone cement for knee arthroplasty. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors (...) ' conclusions Antibiotic bone cement (ABC) is a type of curable polymethylmethacrylate preparation created by adding various antibiotic medications to plain, nonmedicated bone cement. Most commonly, ABC is used to treat infected total joint prostheses as part of a revision arthroplasty, but its use as antibiotic prophylaxis in primary joint arthroplasty is increasing. Rationale: The usage of ABC at the arthroplasty site may be useful in maintaining a locally high level of antibiotic drug concentration

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

177. Oral antibiotics for secondary prophylaxis following two-stage revision surgery for prosthetic joint infection

Oral antibiotics for secondary prophylaxis following two-stage revision surgery for prosthetic joint infection Oral antibiotics for secondary prophylaxis following two-stage revision surgery for prosthetic joint infection Oral antibiotics for secondary prophylaxis following two-stage revision surgery for prosthetic joint infection Leas B, Mull, N. Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Leas B, Mull, N.. Oral antibiotics for secondary prophylaxis following two-stage revision surgery for prosthetic joint infection. Philadelphia: Center for Evidence-based Practice (CEP). 2017 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Anti-Bacterial Agents; Communicable Diseases; Humans; Joint Diseases; Prosthesis-Related Infections; Reoperation; Secondary Prevention Language Published English Country of organisation

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

178. Antibiotic therapy versus no antibiotic therapy for children aged two to 59 months with WHO-defined non-severe pneumonia and wheeze. (Abstract)

Antibiotic therapy versus no antibiotic therapy for children aged two to 59 months with WHO-defined non-severe pneumonia and wheeze. Worldwide, pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children under five years of age and accounts for approximately two million deaths annually. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed case management guidelines based on simple clinical signs to help clinicians decide on the appropriate pneumonia treatment. Children and infants who exhibit fast (...) breathing (50 breaths per minute or more in infants two months to 12 months of age and 40 or more in children 12 months to five years of age) and cough are presumed to have non-severe pneumonia and the WHO recommends antibiotics. Implementation of these guidelines to identify and manage pneumonia at the community level has been shown to reduce acute respiratory infection (ARI)-related mortality by 36%, although apprehension exists regarding these results due to the questionable quality of evidence

2014 Cochrane

179. Antibiotics in hospitals: prophylaxis and antibiotic stewardship

Antibiotics in hospitals: prophylaxis and antibiotic stewardship Antibiotics in hospitals: prophylaxis and antibiotic stewardship Antibiotics in hospitals: prophylaxis and antibiotic stewardship Health Council of the Netherlands Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Health Council of the Netherlands. Antibiotics in hospitals: prophylaxis and antibiotic (...) stewardship. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands Gezondheidsraad (GR). 2015/12. 2015 Authors' conclusions In the summer of 2013, the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport asked the Health Council for advice regarding the use of antibiotics in human health care. The Minister's questions focused on two main issues. Firstly, the Minister asked the Health Council to address aspects of antibiotic therapy that may contribute to antibiotic resistance, with selective decontamination mentioned

2015 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

180. Are Postoperative Intravenous Antibiotics Indicated After Laparoscopic Appendicectomy for Simple Appendicitis? A Prospective Double-blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

Are Postoperative Intravenous Antibiotics Indicated After Laparoscopic Appendicectomy for Simple Appendicitis? A Prospective Double-blinded Randomized Controlled Trial Are Postoperative Intravenous Antibiotics Indicated After Laparoscopic Appendicectomy for Simple Appendicitis? A Prospective Double-blinded Randomized Controlled Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy (...) to an existing collection Name your collection: Name must be less than 100 characters Choose a collection: Unable to load your collection due to an error Add Cancel Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography Unable to load your delegates due to an error Add Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Ann Surg Actions 2019 Dec 9 [Online ahead of print] Are Postoperative Intravenous Antibiotics Indicated After Laparoscopic Appendicectomy for Simple Appendicitis? A Prospective Double-blinded Randomized

2020 EvidenceUpdates

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