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136541. In Vitro Susceptibilities of Four Bartonella bacilliformis Strains to 30 Antibiotic Compounds Full Text available with Trip Pro

In Vitro Susceptibilities of Four Bartonella bacilliformis Strains to 30 Antibiotic Compounds We have evaluated for the first time in vitro antibiotic susceptibilities of four human strains of Bartonella bacilliformis, the agent of Carrion's disease. Our results show that B. bacilliformis, like other Bartonella species, is highly susceptible to antibiotics, including most beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, rifampin, macrolides, tetracyclines, cotrimoxazole, and fluoroquinolones.

1999 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

136542. Age- and sex-specific antibiotic prescribing patterns in general practice in England and Wales in 1996. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Age- and sex-specific antibiotic prescribing patterns in general practice in England and Wales in 1996. Using data from 288 general practices in England and Wales contributing data to the General Practice Research Database in 1996, we derived age-sex specific antibiotic prescribing and exposure rates. The overall antibiotic prescribing rate was 607 per 1000 in males and 852 per 1000 in females. In both males and females, prescribing rates were highest in children aged 0-4 years (...) and in the elderly. Prescribing rates in young and middle-aged women were substantially higher than in men of the same age. Overall, 29% of males and 39% of females were prescribed antibiotics in 1996. Children under five years of age were most likely to receive a prescription for an antibiotic. Antibiotic prescribing rates for the 288 practices in the study varied nearly five-fold, from 333 to 1616 per 1000. Reducing this variation and overall antibiotic prescribing rates will be major challenges for general

1999 The British Journal of General Practice

136543. Antibiotic prescribing for sore throat. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic prescribing for sore throat. 10756626 2000 05 04 2008 11 20 0960-1643 49 446 1999 Sep The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners Br J Gen Pract Antibiotic prescribing for sore throat. 754 Power A A eng Comment Letter England Br J Gen Pract 9005323 0960-1643 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents IM Br J Gen Pract. 1999 Jul;49(444):579-80 10622004 Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Glomerulonephritis prevention & control Humans Pharyngitis

1999 The British Journal of General Practice

136544. Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETS from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Oral or topical antibiotics for impetigo. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETS from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Oral or topical antibiotics for impetigo. 10505921 1999 10 28 2018 11 13 1351-0622 16 5 1999 Sep Journal of accident & emergency medicine J Accid Emerg Med Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETS from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Oral or topical antibiotics for impetigo. 364-5 McVicar J J eng Case Reports Journal Article England J Accid Emerg Med 9433751 1351-0622 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents

1999 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

136545. Antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli from Nigerian students, 1986 1998. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli from Nigerian students, 1986 1998. We tested 758 fecal Escherichia coli isolates, recovered from Nigerian students in 1986, 1988, 1990, 1994, and 1998, for susceptibility to seven antimicrobial drugs. The prevalences of strains resistant to tetracycline, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, and streptomycin were 9% to 35% in 1986 and 56% to 100% in 1998. These findings demonstrate that resistance gene reservoirs are increasing in healthy persons.

2000 Emerging Infectious Diseases

136546. Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Neisseria meningitidis Isolates from Patients and Asymptomatic Carriers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Neisseria meningitidis Isolates from Patients and Asymptomatic Carriers The activities of seven antimicrobial agents used for treatment and prophylaxis of meningococcal disease was investigated against 901 Neisseria meningitidis isolates, 112 of which were recovered from patients and 789 of which were recovered from asymptomatic carriers. The proportions of isolates with decreased susceptibility to penicillin were 55.3 and 39.0%, respectively. Penicillin

2000 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

136547. Why are antibiotics prescribed for asymptomatic bacteriuria in institutionalized elderly people?: A qualitative study of physicians' and nurses' perceptions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Why are antibiotics prescribed for asymptomatic bacteriuria in institutionalized elderly people?: A qualitative study of physicians' and nurses' perceptions Antibiotic therapy for asymptomatic bacteriuria in institutionalized elderly people has not been shown to be of benefit and may in fact be harmful; however, antibiotics are still frequently used to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria in this population. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions, attitudes and opinions of physicians (...) and nurses involved in the process of prescribing antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria in institutionalized elderly people.Focus groups were conducted among physicians and nurses who provide care to residents of long-term care facilities in Hamilton, Ont. A total of 22 physicians and 16 nurses participated. The focus group discussions were tape-recorded, and the transcripts of each session were analysed for issues and themes emerging from the text. Content analysis using an open analytic approach

2000 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

136548. Antibiotic prescribing in general practice : Practices should use the technology Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic prescribing in general practice : Practices should use the technology 10991588 2000 09 12 2018 11 13 0959-8138 321 7258 2000 Aug 12 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Antibiotic prescribing in general practice. Practices should use the technology. 447; author reply 447-8 Syme D D eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary AN164J8Y0X Trimethoprim AIM IM BMJ. 2000 Apr 22;320(7242):1114-8 10775223 Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary administration & dosage

2000 BMJ : British Medical Journal

136549. Awareness of a hospital's antibiotic policy can be improved Full Text available with Trip Pro

Awareness of a hospital's antibiotic policy can be improved 10991570 2000 09 13 2018 11 13 0959-8138 321 7257 2000 Aug 05 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Awareness of a hospital's antibiotic policy can be improved. 384 Levy A A Campbell D D Spencer R R Heyderman R R eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents AIM IM BMJ. 2000 Mar 18;320(7237):750-3 10720357 Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use England Humans Organizational Policy Practice Guidelines as Topic 2000 9

2000 BMJ : British Medical Journal

136550. Reducing antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media : Acute otitis media in children is important Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reducing antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media : Acute otitis media in children is important 10398651 1999 08 26 2018 11 13 0959-8138 319 7202 1999 Jul 10 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Reducing antibiotic use in children with acute otitis media. Acute otitis media in children is important. 124 Clarke R W RW eng Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents AIM IM Acute Disease Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Child Evidence-Based Medicine Humans Otitis Media

1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

136551. Choosing the right antibiotic : Right drug at right time in right dose saves lives Full Text available with Trip Pro

Choosing the right antibiotic : Right drug at right time in right dose saves lives 10506063 1999 11 05 2018 11 13 0959-8138 319 7214 1999 Oct 02 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Choosing the right antibiotic. Right drug at right time in right dose saves lives. 919-20 Bihari D D eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents AIM IM BMJ. 1999 Jun 12;318(7198):1614-6 10364128 Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Critical Care Humans 1999 10 3 1999 10 3 0 1 1999 10 3 0 0

1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

136552. Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Ascending Single Doses of DZ-2640, a New Oral Carbapenem Antibiotic, Administered to Healthy Japanese Subjects Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Ascending Single Doses of DZ-2640, a New Oral Carbapenem Antibiotic, Administered to Healthy Japanese Subjects DZ-2640 is the ester-type oral carbapenem prodrug of an active parent compound, DU-6681. The pharmacokinetics and safety of DU-6681 were investigated in six studies after oral administration of a single dose of DZ-2640 to healthy male Japanese volunteers at doses of 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg (as the equivalents of DU-6681) in the fasted state. The same

2000 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

136553. Pulsed Ultrasound Enhances the Killing of Escherichia coli Biofilms by Aminoglycoside Antibiotics In Vivo Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pulsed Ultrasound Enhances the Killing of Escherichia coli Biofilms by Aminoglycoside Antibiotics In Vivo Escherichia coli biofilms on two polyethylene disks were implanted subcutaneously into rabbits receiving systemic gentamicin. Ultrasound was applied for 24 h to one disk. Both disks were removed, and viable bacteria were counted. Pulsed ultrasound significantly reduced bacterial viability below that of nontreated biofilms without damage to the skin.

2000 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

136554. Prevalence of multiple antibiotic resistance and R-plasmid inEscherichia coli isolates of hospital sewage of Aligarh city in India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of multiple antibiotic resistance and R-plasmid inEscherichia coli isolates of hospital sewage of Aligarh city in India R-plasmids that transfer antibiotic resistance are common in the non-pathogenicEscherichia coli of the gastro-intestinal tract of human beings and domestic animals, which inturn may enter into sewage. Therefore we have isolated 30Escherichia coli isolates from hospital sewage of Aligarh city. These isolates were tested for their resistance and sensitivity against 10 (...) antibiotics. 90% isolates showed resistance against ampicillin and sulphamethizole. Of the total 30E. coli isolates 86.6% were resistant to erythromycin and rifampicin but none of them was resistant to kanamycin and streptomycin. Plasmids (mol. wt. 16.5 mega daltons) were isolated from five differentE. coli strains which harboured only a single plasmid and were characterized on the basis of antibiogram. Moreover, the transformation experiments were also performed to confirm the resistant character

2000 Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry

136555. Multiple-Antibiotic Resistance Mediated by Structurally Related IncL/M Plasmids Carrying an Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase Gene and a Class 1 Integron Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple-Antibiotic Resistance Mediated by Structurally Related IncL/M Plasmids Carrying an Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase Gene and a Class 1 Integron A conjugative IncL/M plasmid (pSEM) conferring resistance to gentamicin, amikacin, kanamycin, sulfonamides, and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins was found in pathogenic strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium. Resistance to aminoglycosides was encoded by a sul1-type class 1 integron (In-t3). An extended-spectrum beta-lactamase gene

2000 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

136556. Aminoglycoside antibiotics restore dystrophin function to skeletal muscles of mdx mice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aminoglycoside antibiotics restore dystrophin function to skeletal muscles of mdx mice Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, leading to the absence of the dystrophin protein in striated muscle. A significant number of these mutations are premature stop codons. On the basis of the observation that aminoglycoside treatment can suppress stop codons in cultured cells, we tested the effect of gentamicin on cultured muscle cells from the mdx mouse

1999 Journal of Clinical Investigation

136557. Orbital trauma : Antibiotic prophylaxis needs to be given only in certain circumstances Full Text available with Trip Pro

Orbital trauma : Antibiotic prophylaxis needs to be given only in certain circumstances 10454413 1999 09 24 2018 11 13 0959-8138 319 7208 1999 Aug 21 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Orbital trauma. Antibiotic prophylaxis needs to be given only in certain circumstances. 516-7 Newlands C C Baggs P R PR Kendrick R R eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1999 Apr 17;318(7190):1054-5 10205106 Antibiotic Prophylaxis Cellulitis etiology Humans Orbit injuries 1999 8 24 1999 8 24

1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

136558. Overuse of animal antibiotics threatens human health Full Text available with Trip Pro

Overuse of animal antibiotics threatens human health 10463888 1999 10 08 2008 11 20 0959-8138 319 7209 1999 Aug 28 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Overuse of animal antibiotics threatens human health. 536 Woodman R R eng News England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM E IM Animal Husbandry methods Animals Drug Resistance, Microbial Empirical Research Health Humans 65226 British Medical Association Death and Euthanasia KIE BoB Subject Heading: resuscitation orders News Full author name: Dobson, Roger

1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

136559. Antibiotic prescribing rates. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic prescribing rates. 10463041 1999 09 08 2008 11 21 0820-3946 161 3 1999 Aug 10 CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne CMAJ Antibiotic prescribing rates. 245; author reply 245-6 Finkelstein M M MM eng Comment Letter Canada CMAJ 9711805 0820-3946 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents AIM IM N CMAJ. 1999 Apr 6;160(7):1013-7 10207340 Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Drug Prescriptions statistics & numerical data Health Policy Humans Newfoundland

1999 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

136560. Antibiotic prescribing rates. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Antibiotic prescribing rates. 10463042 1999 09 08 2015 11 19 0820-3946 161 3 1999 Aug 10 CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne CMAJ Antibiotic prescribing rates. 245-6 Potter P J PJ eng Comment Letter Canada CMAJ 9711805 0820-3946 0 Anti-Bacterial Agents AIM IM N CMAJ. 1999 Apr 6;160(7):1013-7 10207340 Anti-Bacterial Agents therapeutic use Drug Prescriptions statistics & numerical data Fee-for-Service Plans Humans Managed Care Programs

1999 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

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