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161. The Effect of Music on Exercise Intensity among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effect of Music on Exercise Intensity among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for obesity, commonly have sleep disorders, and exhibit stereotypic behaviors that disrupt their learning. Vigorous levels of exercise have been shown to ameliorate these issues in children with ASD, but little research exists to provide techniques for motivating children with ASD to engage in exercise. The present study examined (...) the effect of music on exercise intensity in a group of 13 elementary school students with ASD. Data were collected across six days during structured (e.g., verbal and physical prompts) and unstructured (e.g., minimal prompting) exercise periods. During these exercise periods, three music conditions were randomized: no music, slow-tempo music, and fast-tempo music. Exercise intensity, measured in Metabolic Equivalent of Tasks by triaxial accelerometers, was greatest during the structured exercise periods

2018 Journal of clinical medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

162. The Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Gaming on Cognitive Performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Gaming on Cognitive Performance The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of video gaming, aerobic exercise (biking), and the combination of these two activities on the domains of cognitive performance: selective attention, processing speed, and executive functioning. The study was a randomized clinical trial with 40 subjects (mean age 23.7 ± 1.8 years) randomized to one of four thirty-minute conditions: video gaming, biking, simultaneous gaming (...) that if tasks approach the limits of attentional capacity there is an increase in the overall chance for errors, known as the dual-task deficit. Simultaneous biking and gaming may have surpassed attentional capacity limits, ultimately increasing errors during the executive function tests of our cognitive performance battery. The results suggest that the fatiguing effects of a combined physically and mentally challenging task that extends after the exercise cessation may overcome the eventual beneficial

2018 Journal of human kinetics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

163. Neck Exercises in Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders

; and have a moderate or severe baseline pain score of 30 mm or greater using a 100 mm VAS. Exclusion Criteria: Metabolic, rheumatoid, or vascular diseases; commonly comorbid functional chronic pain disorders (e.g., irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia); psychiatric disorders (e.g., depression, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder); abnormal neurological examination; contraindication for MRI scanning (e.g., metallic surgical implant); self-report of substance abuse; exercise therapy (...) and guide clinicians in prescribing more effective interventions for women with TMD Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Temporomandibular Disorders Temporomandibular Joint Pain Other: Exercises Other: Placebo Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Intervention Model Description: A randomization sequence

2018 Clinical Trials

164. Improving Cognition in People With Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Using Aerobic Exercise and Cognitive Rehabilitation

. Individual subscale scores for physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning can also be generated by calculating the sum of specific sets of items. Change from baseline perceived deficits, at 12 weeks and 6 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 12 weeks, and 6 month ] Self report scale: The Perceived Deficits Questionnaire (PDQ), will evaluate the participants subjective cognitive difficulties. The total score for the PDQ is the sum of the scores for the 20 items. Individual subscale scores for attention (...) , Canada, the United Kingdom, Italy, Denmark, Germany and Belgium for this. A total of 360 people with progressive MS will make up the sample. Brain MRIs will be undertaken in a third of the sample before and after the 12 weeks of treatment to document the functional changes that are expected to occur with symptom improvement. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Multiple Sclerosis, Primary Progressive Cognitive Impairment Other: Cognitive Rehabilitation Other: Sham Exercise Other: Sham

2018 Clinical Trials

165. Cognitive function in Japanese women with posttraumatic stress disorder: Association with exercise habits. (Abstract)

Cognitive function in Japanese women with posttraumatic stress disorder: Association with exercise habits. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with cognitive impairments, yet little is documented on the cognitive function of PTSD patients in Asian countries. It is shown that regular exercise can reduce PTSD symptoms, while no study has investigated the association between exercise and cognition in PTSD patients. This study aimed to examine cognitive functions of Japanese (...) patients performed significantly more poorly in all cognitive domains examined, including immediate memory, visuospatial construction, language, attention, delayed memory, as well as the total score of RBANS (all p < 0.001). Compared to PTSD patients without the habit of exercise, those who habitually exercised showed significantly better performance on delayed memory (p = 0.006), which survived after controlling for potentially confounding variables in a multiple regression model.The cross-sectional

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

166. Early Sub-threshold Exercise Treatment for Concussion

from concussion in adolescents and investigates some reasons for why this type of therapy could be effective. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Concussion, Mild Behavioral: Aerobic Exercise Behavioral: Rest Behavioral: Stretching Not Applicable Detailed Description: Most children with concussion recover spontaneously within 2-4 weeks of injury but approximately 30% experience prolonged post-concussive symptoms (PPCS), impacting quality of life. There are no evidence-based therapies (...) for acute pediatric concussion. Instead, current consensus-based-recommendations include physical and cognitive rest as the mainstays of treatment despite evidence to the contrary that excessive rest prolongs recovery and that early (first week) activity reduces PPCS incidence. The investigators were the first to demonstrate that a systematic evaluation of exercise tolerance using the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) to prescribe a guided exercise prescription in those with PPCS safely sped

2018 Clinical Trials

167. Sleep, Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity

, University of Missouri-Columbia Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Insufficient or disrupted sleep, lack of physical activity and poor diet are linked with obesity and are now potential targets to combat obesity. Sleep related issues have become more important as people have been able to work, socialize, and use electronic devices outside of daylight hours. This has also altered how we eat and how we exercise. All of these factors can cause the body to not handle glucose (sugar) well (...) will be monitored. Experimental: sleep+exercise Subject will undergo 5 days of shortened sleep but also have 45 min of moderate exercise/day and then 2 days of ad libitum sleep Behavioral: sleep Shortened sleep will be requested of all subjects. During this time normal physical activity will be monitored. Behavioral: exercise Shortened sleep will be requested of all subjects. During this time normal physical activity will be monitored and 45 min of exercise will be required during the shortened sleep days

2018 Clinical Trials

168. Sympathetic Nervous System Mediation of Acute Exercise Effects on Childhood Brain and Cognition

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (severe asthma, epilepsy, chronic kidney disease, and dependence upon a wheelchair/walking aid). Participants must be free of any type of anti-psychotic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety medication, as well as those medications used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (use of any anti-psychotic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medications). Normal or corrected-to-normal vision based on the minimal 20/20 standard (...) First Posted : July 19, 2018 Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019 See Sponsor: Northeastern University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Chuck Hillman, Northeastern University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Today's children have become increasingly inactive and unfit, with >50% of children not meeting the recommended 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Previous research has suggested that acute aerobic exercise of moderate intensity was associated

2018 Clinical Trials

169. EXERCISING TOGETHER© for Couples Coping With Cancer

, physical activity habits and relationship with their spouse/partner. Behavioral: Exercising Together, supervised Participant couples attend supervised classes together Other: Questionnaire Administration Ancillary studies Active Comparator: Exercising separately, supervised Participants will attend separate group exercise classes for each survivors and for spouses twice weekly for 6 months. All couples will be followed for an additional 6 months after formal training stops. Questionnaire Administration (...) : Participants complete questionnaires about their health status, physical activity habits and relationship with their spouse/partner. Behavioral: Exercising separately, supervised Couples will attend separate group exercise classes for survivors and for spouses Other: Questionnaire Administration Ancillary studies Active Comparator: Exercising at home, unsupervised Participants will be given an exercise program to do twice a week at home for 6 months. There is no requirement that partners exercise

2018 Clinical Trials

170. Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training on Nurses' Sleep Quality, Fatigue, Attention and Cortisol Profile

or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Nurse Attention Aerobic Exercise Sleep Quality Fatigue Cortisol Behavioral: aerobic exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: When work shifts and lifestyles change, the synchronous relationship between the body's biological clock and the environment, i.e., circadian rhythms, is disrupted, resulting in insufficient sleep and insomnia. Shift work in nursing has been found to result in sleep disruption and sleep deprivation, and in sleepiness or fatigue at work (...) exercise is helpful in promoting high sleep quality. The study is conducted a prospective parallel randomized trial is performed to 60 nurses with low sleep quality. The subjects are randomly assigned to: (i) the experimental group, in which aerobic exercise training is given; (ii) the control group, in which the subjects kept their original lifestyles. The study aims to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise training on nurses' sleep quality, fatigue, attention and cortisol profile. Condition

2018 Clinical Trials

171. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review

Crescenzo , Samuele Cortese , , Nicoletta Adamo , Luigi Janiri Statistics from Altmetric.com Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric conditions, with a pooled worldwide prevalence estimated at about 5% in school-aged children and persistence of impairing symptoms in adulthood in up to 65% of cases. The pooled estimated prevalence of ADHD (as categorical diagnosis) in adults is around 2.5%. ADHD is characterised by a persistent and impairing (...) value of combining pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. References Faraone SV , Asherson P , Banaschewski T , et al . Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder . Moffitt TE , Houts R , Asherson P , et al . Is adult ADHD a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder? Evidence from a four-decade longitudinal cohort study . Seixas M , Weiss M , Muller U . Systematic review of national and international guidelines on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder . Thapar A , Cooper M

2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

172. Adherence to lifestyle recommendations and ADHD: A population-based study of children aged 10-11 years. (Abstract)

Adherence to lifestyle recommendations and ADHD: A population-based study of children aged 10-11 years. The incidence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among children and youth is high and temporal increases have been paralleled by deteriorating lifestyles. Poor diet quality, physical inactivity, poor sleep habits, and sedentary behaviors have all been associated with ADHD. However, no earlier prospective study has examined the independent and combined importance of meeting (...) Cox proportional hazard and negative binomial regression.Before age 14, 10.8% of students received an ADHD diagnosis. Meeting recommendations for vegetables & fruit, meat & alternatives, saturated fat, added sugar, and physical activity was associated with fewer ADHD diagnoses. Compared to children who met 1-3 recommendations, meeting 7-9 recommendations was associated with substantially lower incidence of ADHD and fewer physician visits related to ADHD (Hazard Ratio: 0.42 [95%CI: 0.28, 0.61

2020 Psychosomatic Medicine

173. Project BIPAMS: Behavioral Intervention for Physical Activity in Multiple Sclerosis

schedule and frequency as the intervention condition, and will have a comparable time commitment. The control condition will account for attention and social contact as well as other possible biases such as initial reactivity and time spent on the website and video chats. The participants in the control condition will not be offered the behavioral intervention for increasing physical activity after completion of the study procedures. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Change of Physical (...) improving mobility, cognition, symptoms and quality of life in persons with MS. The investigators hypothesize that individuals who receive the 6-month behavioral intervention will demonstrate an increase in physical activity behavior that will last throughout a 6-month follow up compared with participants in the control condition. The investigators further hypothesize that individuals in the behavioral intervention will demonstrate better walking mobility and cognitive function, reduced fatigue

2018 Clinical Trials

174. Influence of Manual Physical Therapy on Habitual Activity in Knee Osteoarthritis

aspect of the study 8.) History of cardiac, respiratory, or musculoskeletal disorders (e.g. amputation) that restrict lower extremity function. 9.) Any physical, psychological, or emotional condition that is more symptom producing, or activity limiting than their knee OA. 10.) Any condition that disrupts sleep more than knee OA, such as a sleep disorder or Obstructive Sleep Apnea 11.) Inability to speak/read English adequately to understand and provide informed consent 12.) Pregnant or intending (...) hygiene was included. The purpose of this study was to assess a relationship between manual physical therapy and habitual physical activity and sleep behavior in individuals with knee OA. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Knee Osteoarthritis Other: Physical Therapy Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 18 participants Observational Model: Cohort Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: The Relationship of Manual Physical

2018 Clinical Trials

175. The Effects of an In-school Physical Activity Intervention on Adolescents' Brain Structure and Function

) Mental health and well-being [ Time Frame: 30mins, Baseline/pre-intervention (July - September 2017), after 1 year (July - September 2018) and at follow-up after 23 months (June 2018) ] A battery of surveys each including a number of measures: To assess symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) a parent of the participant completed the ADHD rating scale. Puberty status is assessed using the Pubertal Development Rating Scale. Mood is assessed using the abbreviated Profile of Mood (...) . We hypothesise that the intervention will change anterior hippocampal volume of Year-8 pupils, as well as mental health, cognitive performance, and more generally, brain structure and function. We further hypothesise that changes in brain organisation (e.g. hippocampal volume) may mediate changes in cognitive performance and mental health. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Physical Activity Behavioral: Physical Education (PE) programme Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout

2018 Clinical Trials

176. Effects of an aquatic exercise program on inhibitory control in children with ADHD: a preliminary study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of an aquatic exercise program on inhibitory control in children with ADHD: a preliminary study. The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine whether an aquatic exercise intervention that involves both aerobic and coordinative exercises influences restraint inhibition in children with ADHD. Thirty participants were assigned to either an aquatic exercise or a wait-list control group. Participants were assessed by Go/Nogo Task and motor ability prior to and after an 8-week (...) the restraint inhibition component of behavioral inhibition in children with ADHD.

2014 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

177. Calcium Kinetic Responses to Exercise

to multiple bouts of load carriage exercise in females. The investigators hypothesize that PTH will increase after multiple bouts of load carriage exercise and this increase will be due to disruption in Ca kinetics, specifically either a decrease in fractional intestinal Ca absorption (FCA) or changes in bone formation and/or resorption. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Nutritional Status Bones Behavioral: Exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: Initial military training (IMT (...) Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Basic Science Official Title: Skeletal Hormone and Calcium Kinetic Responses to Load Carriage Exercise in Females Actual Study Start Date : June 16, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2019 Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: available for: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment No Intervention: Rest Active Comparator: Exercise

2017 Clinical Trials

178. Tailored Exercise Interventions to Reduce Fatigue in Cancer Survivors

-pharmacological intervention, physical activity has the strongest evidence base for treating CRF. However, the mechanisms explaining the reduction of CRF with exercise are not understood. Due to the complex and multi-factorial nature of CRF, it would be of benefit to tailor exercise interventions to the specific deficits (in regards to neuromuscular mechanisms) or difficulties (for example sleep disturbance) experienced by the individual. Ultimately, mechanism-targeted exercise interventions could (...) . Participants in the traditional exercise group will engage in aerobic and resistance exercise that is consistent with published recommendations. The tailored exercise group will be prescribed an intervention designed to address individual deficits (identified at baseline) that may be related to CRF. Participants will be assessed before and after the intervention for patient-reported outcomes, neuromuscular function and fatigue in response to whole-body exercise, sleep quantity and quality, physical

2017 Clinical Trials

179. Aerobic Treadmill Exercise And Metabolism

non-consecutive exercise sessions per week. Body weight, resting metabolic rate via indirect calorimetry, peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) through graded exercise testing, fasting blood samples, CGM, sleep and dietary habits via self-report, and physical activity monitoring will be completed at prior to and following the aerobic exercise intervention. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Metabolism Disorder, Glucose Physical Activity Sedentary Lifestyle Other: Aerobic Exercise (...) , or post-menopausal for ≥1 year. Exclusion Criteria: self-reported medical conditions (e.g. diabetes), cardiovascular diseases, chronic or recurrent respiratory conditions (e.g. uncontrolled asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), active cancer, and eating, or neurological disorders, medications that affect metabolism (e.g. thyroid medications, statins), psychological issues, including but not limited to untreated depression and attention deficit disorder, excessive caffeine use (>500 mg/day

2017 Clinical Trials

180. Effects and Mechanism of Two Hybrid Exercise-cognitive Trainings in Mild Ischemic Stroke With Cognitive Decline

- to post-training; (2) understand the neural mechanisms of cognitive recovery following two hybrid interventions using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); (3) examine the long-term benefits of the two hybrid therapies; (4) to identify the correlations between brain activity, biomarkers and behavioral measures. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Stroke Patients With Cognitive Decline Behavioral: Sequential training Behavioral: Dual training Behavioral: Control training (...) Not Applicable Detailed Description: Background and Purpose: Cognitive decline in stroke survivors is associated with functional deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. Directing interventions towards stroke survivors with cognitive decline may provide the greatest benefits. Risk factors for cognitive deficits are multifactorial; some are stroke characteristics many are cardiovascular disease risk factors. Growing evidence suggests that physical activity combined cognitive

2017 Clinical Trials

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