How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

5,269 results for

adhd exercise

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

161. A randomized controlled trial into the effects of neurofeedback, methylphenidate, and physical activity on EEG power spectra in children with ADHD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized controlled trial into the effects of neurofeedback, methylphenidate, and physical activity on EEG power spectra in children with ADHD. The clinical and neurophysiological effects of neurofeedback (NF) as treatment for children with ADHD are still unclear. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectra before and after NF compared to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment and physical activity (PA) - as semi-active control group - during resting (...) and active (effortful) task conditions to determine whether NF can induce sustained alterations in brain function.Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, 112 children with a DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD, aged between 7 and 13 years, were initially included. NF training consisted of 30 sessions of theta/beta training at Cz over a 10-week period. PA training was a semi-active control group, matched in frequency and duration. Methylphenidate was titrated using a double-blind placebo controlled

2016 Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines Controlled trial quality: uncertain

162. An RCT into the effects of neurofeedback on neurocognitive functioning compared to stimulant medication and physical activity in children with ADHD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An RCT into the effects of neurofeedback on neurocognitive functioning compared to stimulant medication and physical activity in children with ADHD. Neurofeedback (NFB) is a potential alternative treatment for children with ADHD that aims to optimize brain activity. Whereas most studies into NFB have investigated behavioral effects, less attention has been paid to the effects on neurocognitive functioning. The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared neurocognitive effects of NFB (...) to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate (MPH) and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity (PA), to control for non-specific effects. Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, children with ADHD, aged 7-13, were randomly allocated to NFB (n = 39), MPH (n = 36) or PA (n = 37) over a period of 10-12 weeks. NFB comprised theta/beta training at CZ. The PA intervention was matched in frequency and duration to NFB. MPH was titrated using a double-blind placebo controlled

2016 European child & adolescent psychiatry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

163. Effects of physical activity on executive function and motor performance in children with ADHD. (Abstract)

Effects of physical activity on executive function and motor performance in children with ADHD. Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often show major deficits in motor and cognitive abilities. Pharmacological treatment is commonly used to reduce ADHD symptoms. However, non-pharmacologic treatment methods would be preferred by parents, children and psychiatrists. Physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to improve cognitive functioning in healthy populations. It can (...) be hypothesized that there are similar beneficial effects in children with ADHD, however, very little is known about this issue. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether PA improves cognitive performance in children with ADHD. A total of 43 children with ADHD (32 boys and 11 girls) aged between seven and 12 years took part in the study. To investigate whether potential effects on executive functioning depend on the kind of PA, two different 12-week training programs were implemented

2015 Research in developmental disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

164. Cognitive function in Japanese women with posttraumatic stress disorder: Association with exercise habits. (Abstract)

Cognitive function in Japanese women with posttraumatic stress disorder: Association with exercise habits. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with cognitive impairments, yet little is documented on the cognitive function of PTSD patients in Asian countries. It is shown that regular exercise can reduce PTSD symptoms, while no study has investigated the association between exercise and cognition in PTSD patients. This study aimed to examine cognitive functions of Japanese (...) patients performed significantly more poorly in all cognitive domains examined, including immediate memory, visuospatial construction, language, attention, delayed memory, as well as the total score of RBANS (all p < 0.001). Compared to PTSD patients without the habit of exercise, those who habitually exercised showed significantly better performance on delayed memory (p = 0.006), which survived after controlling for potentially confounding variables in a multiple regression model.The cross-sectional

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

165. Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training on Nurses' Sleep Quality, Fatigue, Attention and Cortisol Profile

or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Nurse Attention Aerobic Exercise Sleep Quality Fatigue Cortisol Behavioral: aerobic exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: When work shifts and lifestyles change, the synchronous relationship between the body's biological clock and the environment, i.e., circadian rhythms, is disrupted, resulting in insufficient sleep and insomnia. Shift work in nursing has been found to result in sleep disruption and sleep deprivation, and in sleepiness or fatigue at work (...) exercise is helpful in promoting high sleep quality. The study is conducted a prospective parallel randomized trial is performed to 60 nurses with low sleep quality. The subjects are randomly assigned to: (i) the experimental group, in which aerobic exercise training is given; (ii) the control group, in which the subjects kept their original lifestyles. The study aims to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise training on nurses' sleep quality, fatigue, attention and cortisol profile. Condition

2018 Clinical Trials

166. The Effect of Music on Exercise Intensity among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effect of Music on Exercise Intensity among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for obesity, commonly have sleep disorders, and exhibit stereotypic behaviors that disrupt their learning. Vigorous levels of exercise have been shown to ameliorate these issues in children with ASD, but little research exists to provide techniques for motivating children with ASD to engage in exercise. The present study examined (...) the effect of music on exercise intensity in a group of 13 elementary school students with ASD. Data were collected across six days during structured (e.g., verbal and physical prompts) and unstructured (e.g., minimal prompting) exercise periods. During these exercise periods, three music conditions were randomized: no music, slow-tempo music, and fast-tempo music. Exercise intensity, measured in Metabolic Equivalent of Tasks by triaxial accelerometers, was greatest during the structured exercise periods

2018 Journal of clinical medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

167. The Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Gaming on Cognitive Performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Gaming on Cognitive Performance The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of video gaming, aerobic exercise (biking), and the combination of these two activities on the domains of cognitive performance: selective attention, processing speed, and executive functioning. The study was a randomized clinical trial with 40 subjects (mean age 23.7 ± 1.8 years) randomized to one of four thirty-minute conditions: video gaming, biking, simultaneous gaming (...) that if tasks approach the limits of attentional capacity there is an increase in the overall chance for errors, known as the dual-task deficit. Simultaneous biking and gaming may have surpassed attentional capacity limits, ultimately increasing errors during the executive function tests of our cognitive performance battery. The results suggest that the fatiguing effects of a combined physically and mentally challenging task that extends after the exercise cessation may overcome the eventual beneficial

2018 Journal of human kinetics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

168. Improving Cognition in People With Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Using Aerobic Exercise and Cognitive Rehabilitation

. Individual subscale scores for physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning can also be generated by calculating the sum of specific sets of items. Change from baseline perceived deficits, at 12 weeks and 6 months [ Time Frame: Baseline, 12 weeks, and 6 month ] Self report scale: The Perceived Deficits Questionnaire (PDQ), will evaluate the participants subjective cognitive difficulties. The total score for the PDQ is the sum of the scores for the 20 items. Individual subscale scores for attention (...) , Canada, the United Kingdom, Italy, Denmark, Germany and Belgium for this. A total of 360 people with progressive MS will make up the sample. Brain MRIs will be undertaken in a third of the sample before and after the 12 weeks of treatment to document the functional changes that are expected to occur with symptom improvement. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Multiple Sclerosis, Primary Progressive Cognitive Impairment Other: Cognitive Rehabilitation Other: Sham Exercise Other: Sham

2018 Clinical Trials

169. Neck Exercises in Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders

; and have a moderate or severe baseline pain score of 30 mm or greater using a 100 mm VAS. Exclusion Criteria: Metabolic, rheumatoid, or vascular diseases; commonly comorbid functional chronic pain disorders (e.g., irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia); psychiatric disorders (e.g., depression, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder); abnormal neurological examination; contraindication for MRI scanning (e.g., metallic surgical implant); self-report of substance abuse; exercise therapy (...) and guide clinicians in prescribing more effective interventions for women with TMD Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Temporomandibular Disorders Temporomandibular Joint Pain Other: Exercises Other: Placebo Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Intervention Model Description: A randomization sequence

2018 Clinical Trials

170. EXERCISING TOGETHER© for Couples Coping With Cancer

, physical activity habits and relationship with their spouse/partner. Behavioral: Exercising Together, supervised Participant couples attend supervised classes together Other: Questionnaire Administration Ancillary studies Active Comparator: Exercising separately, supervised Participants will attend separate group exercise classes for each survivors and for spouses twice weekly for 6 months. All couples will be followed for an additional 6 months after formal training stops. Questionnaire Administration (...) : Participants complete questionnaires about their health status, physical activity habits and relationship with their spouse/partner. Behavioral: Exercising separately, supervised Couples will attend separate group exercise classes for survivors and for spouses Other: Questionnaire Administration Ancillary studies Active Comparator: Exercising at home, unsupervised Participants will be given an exercise program to do twice a week at home for 6 months. There is no requirement that partners exercise

2018 Clinical Trials

171. Impact of a Multicomponent Exercise Program on Functional Capacity in Frail Aged Participants With Cognitive Decline

of life, institutionalization and hospital admissions Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Frail Elderly Syndrome Cognitive Impairment Behavioral: VIVIFRAIL multicomponent exercise training program Not Applicable Detailed Description: Usual care group (control) Participants randomly assigned to the usual care group will receive normal outpatient care, which includes physical rehabilitation when needed. Intervention group (training) The intervention will consist of a multicomponent (...) exercise training programme -VIVIFRAIL-(A Practical Guide for Prescribing a Multi-Component Physical Training Program to prevent weakness and falls in People over 70, Showed in www.vivifrail.com), which will be composed of supervised progressive resistance training, balance-training, flexibility and cardiovascular for 7 days/week. During the training period, patients will be trained between 2 and 120 minutes each day. The supervised multicomponent exercise training programme will be comprised of upper

2018 Clinical Trials

172. Evaluation of a Group Therapeutic Exercise Program

endurance training and group psychotherapeutic elements. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Depression Anxiety Disorders Sleep Disorder ADHD Behavioral: ImPuls Other: Control Not Applicable Detailed Description: The current study aims to examine the effectiveness (i.e., symptom reduction, increase of heart rate variability, improvement of sleep quality, increase of intrinsic motivation to engage in physical activity, increase of the level of physical activity) of a three-months manualized (...) by (Responsible Party): University Hospital Tuebingen Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Physical activity can reduce symptoms of mental disorders like sleep disorders, anxiety disorders, major depression and ADHD. However, in Germany there are no group therapeutical exercise programs for psychotherapy patients in an outpatient context. The current study aims to examine the effectiveness of a manualized exercise program, named ImPuls, which consists of a supervised and non-supervised

2018 Clinical Trials

173. Preventing Loss of Independence Through Exercise (PLIÉ) in Persons With Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

) by primary care physician and/or neurologist English language fluency willing to attend PLIÉ classes 2 days/week ambulatory and able to take 2 steps without cane or walker; living in the community in a private home or apartment Exclusion Criteria: Behavioral or physical issues that would be disruptive or dangerous to themselves or others (e.g., active psychosis, drug abuse, severe behavioral issues) Unable to attend 2 PLIÉ classes/week during the study period Physical or mental health condition (...) . Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Mild Cognitive Impairment Behavioral: Behavioral: Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIE) Not Applicable Detailed Description: The goal of the proposed study is to perform a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to test the efficacy of a novel integrative exercise program called Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIE) on function and quality of life in older adults living in the community with Mild cognitive impairment (MCI

2018 Clinical Trials

174. Sleep, Exercise and Insulin Sensitivity

, University of Missouri-Columbia Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Insufficient or disrupted sleep, lack of physical activity and poor diet are linked with obesity and are now potential targets to combat obesity. Sleep related issues have become more important as people have been able to work, socialize, and use electronic devices outside of daylight hours. This has also altered how we eat and how we exercise. All of these factors can cause the body to not handle glucose (sugar) well (...) will be monitored. Experimental: sleep+exercise Subject will undergo 5 days of shortened sleep but also have 45 min of moderate exercise/day and then 2 days of ad libitum sleep Behavioral: sleep Shortened sleep will be requested of all subjects. During this time normal physical activity will be monitored. Behavioral: exercise Shortened sleep will be requested of all subjects. During this time normal physical activity will be monitored and 45 min of exercise will be required during the shortened sleep days

2018 Clinical Trials

175. Early Sub-threshold Exercise Treatment for Concussion

from concussion in adolescents and investigates some reasons for why this type of therapy could be effective. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Concussion, Mild Behavioral: Aerobic Exercise Behavioral: Rest Behavioral: Stretching Not Applicable Detailed Description: Most children with concussion recover spontaneously within 2-4 weeks of injury but approximately 30% experience prolonged post-concussive symptoms (PPCS), impacting quality of life. There are no evidence-based therapies (...) for acute pediatric concussion. Instead, current consensus-based-recommendations include physical and cognitive rest as the mainstays of treatment despite evidence to the contrary that excessive rest prolongs recovery and that early (first week) activity reduces PPCS incidence. The investigators were the first to demonstrate that a systematic evaluation of exercise tolerance using the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) to prescribe a guided exercise prescription in those with PPCS safely sped

2018 Clinical Trials

176. Sympathetic Nervous System Mediation of Acute Exercise Effects on Childhood Brain and Cognition

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (severe asthma, epilepsy, chronic kidney disease, and dependence upon a wheelchair/walking aid). Participants must be free of any type of anti-psychotic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety medication, as well as those medications used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (use of any anti-psychotic, anti-depressant, anti-anxiety, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medications). Normal or corrected-to-normal vision based on the minimal 20/20 standard (...) First Posted : July 19, 2018 Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019 See Sponsor: Northeastern University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Chuck Hillman, Northeastern University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Today's children have become increasingly inactive and unfit, with >50% of children not meeting the recommended 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Previous research has suggested that acute aerobic exercise of moderate intensity was associated

2018 Clinical Trials

177. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review

Crescenzo , Samuele Cortese , , Nicoletta Adamo , Luigi Janiri Statistics from Altmetric.com Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric conditions, with a pooled worldwide prevalence estimated at about 5% in school-aged children and persistence of impairing symptoms in adulthood in up to 65% of cases. The pooled estimated prevalence of ADHD (as categorical diagnosis) in adults is around 2.5%. ADHD is characterised by a persistent and impairing (...) value of combining pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. References Faraone SV , Asherson P , Banaschewski T , et al . Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder . Moffitt TE , Houts R , Asherson P , et al . Is adult ADHD a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder? Evidence from a four-decade longitudinal cohort study . Seixas M , Weiss M , Muller U . Systematic review of national and international guidelines on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder . Thapar A , Cooper M

2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

178. Cardiovascular Effects of ADHD Therapies: JACC Review Topic of the Week. (Abstract)

Cardiovascular Effects of ADHD Therapies: JACC Review Topic of the Week. Although the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been stable over the past 3 decades, prescriptions of sympathomimetic stimulants have steadily increased in the United States. This study consisted of a systematic review of PubMed articles screened for ADHD medications and potential cardiovascular toxicity as well as nondrug strategies for managing ADHD. The cumulative body of data showed (...) and to explore nonpharmacological options, including regular exercise and omega-3 fatty acids, which could be helpful for improving ADHD symptoms.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2020 Journal of the American College of Cardiology

179. Predicting ADHD symptoms and diagnosis at age 14 from objective activity levels at age 7 in a large UK cohort. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predicting ADHD symptoms and diagnosis at age 14 from objective activity levels at age 7 in a large UK cohort. Hyperactivity is one of the three core symptoms in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Diagnosing ADHD typically involves self-report, third party report and observations. Objective activity data can make a valuable contribution to the diagnostic process. Small actigraphy studies in clinical samples have shown that children with ADHD move more than children (...) without ADHD. However, differences in physical activity between children with and without ADHD have not been assessed in large community samples or longitudinally. This study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study to test whether symptoms of ADHD (parent-rating Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) and ADHD diagnosis at age 14 (reported by parents) could be predicted from objective activity data (measured with actigraphs) at age 7 in N = 6675 children (final N = 5251). Regressions showed

2020 European child & adolescent psychiatry

180. Adherence to lifestyle recommendations and ADHD: A population-based study of children aged 10-11 years. (Abstract)

Adherence to lifestyle recommendations and ADHD: A population-based study of children aged 10-11 years. The incidence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among children and youth is high and temporal increases have been paralleled by deteriorating lifestyles. Poor diet quality, physical inactivity, poor sleep habits, and sedentary behaviors have all been associated with ADHD. However, no earlier prospective study has examined the independent and combined importance of meeting (...) Cox proportional hazard and negative binomial regression.Before age 14, 10.8% of students received an ADHD diagnosis. Meeting recommendations for vegetables & fruit, meat & alternatives, saturated fat, added sugar, and physical activity was associated with fewer ADHD diagnoses. Compared to children who met 1-3 recommendations, meeting 7-9 recommendations was associated with substantially lower incidence of ADHD and fewer physician visits related to ADHD (Hazard Ratio: 0.42 [95%CI: 0.28, 0.61

2020 Psychosomatic Medicine

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>