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141. ADHD in children and youth: Part 3?Assessment and treatment with comorbid ASD, ID, or prematurity

ADHD in children and youth: Part 3?Assessment and treatment with comorbid ASD, ID, or prematurity Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder. Three position statements have been developed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, following systematic literature reviews. Statement objectives are to: 1) Summarize the current clinical evidence regarding ADHD, 2) Establish a standard for ADHD care, and 3) Assist Canadian clinicians in making well-informed (...) , evidence-based decisions to enhance care of children and youth with this condition. Specific topics reviewed in Part 3, which focuses on associated autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and prematurity, include the challenges of diagnostic assessment, common presentations, the role of genetics, and treatment, including the benefits of physical activity. Recommendations are based on current guidelines, evidence from the literature, and expert consensus. Keywords: Autism; ADHD; Intellectual

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

142. ADHD in children and youth: Part 1?Etiology, diagnosis, and comorbidity

Guidelines Network, and the Eunethydis European ADHD Guidelines Group, were reviewed. Because ADHD is a heterogeneous disorder, comprehensive medical assessment for ADHD should always include a complete history, a physical examination, and a thorough consideration of differential diagnosis and related comorbidities. Specific recommendations for information gathering, testing, and referral are offered. Keywords: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; Comorbidity; Diagnosis; Etiology (...) ADHD in children and youth: Part 1?Etiology, diagnosis, and comorbidity Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder. Three position statements have been developed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, following systematic literature reviews. Statement objectives are to: 1) Summarize the current clinical evidence regarding ADHD, 2) Establish a standard for ADHD care, and 3) Assist Canadian clinicians in making well-informed, evidence-based decisions

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

143. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder controversies

and not discovered". They believe that the disorder does not exist and that the behavior observed is not abnormal and can be better explained by environmental causes or just the personality of the "patient". [ ] Diagnosis [ ] Methods of diagnosis [ ] There is no blood test or brain scan for ADHD. Diagnosis is based on a clinical interview with the child and parents. Over the past two decades more research on the functioning of the brain is being done to help support the idea that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (...) amphetamine use for ADHD. An evidence review noted the findings of a of amphetamine treatment for ADHD in Swedish children following 9 months of amphetamine use. During treatment, the children experienced improvements in attention, disruptive behaviors, and hyperactivity, and an average change of +4.5 in . It noted that the population in the study had a high rate of disorders associated with ADHD and suggested that other long-term amphetamine trials in people with less associated disorders could find

2012 Wikipedia

144. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder management Full Text available with Trip Pro

. healthlinks.net Pty. Ltd. Archived from (PDF) on 21 July 2008 . Retrieved 2 July 2008 . ^ Kumar, R (2008). "Approved and investigational uses of modafinil : an evidence-based review". Drugs . 68 (13): 1803–39. : . . ^ Linton, D; Barr, AM; Honer, WG; Procyshyn, RM (May 2013). "Antipsychotic and psychostimulant drug combination therapy in attention deficit/hyperactivity and disruptive behavior disorders: a systematic review of efficacy and tolerability". Current Psychiatry Reports . 15 (5): 355. : . . Loy, JH (...) as "non-stimulant". (Strattera) Atomoxetine is less effective than stimulants for ADHD, is associated with rare cases of liver damage, : 5 and carries a U.S. FDA regarding suicidal ideation. Controlled studies show increases in heart rate, decreases of body weight, decreased appetite and treatment-emergent nausea. (Intuniv) The extended release form has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children as an alternative to stimulant medications

2012 Wikipedia

145. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - Wikipedia Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "ADD", "ADHD", and "Hyperactive" redirect here. For other uses, see , , and . Mental disorder categorized by impulsive behavior, difficulty focusing, or excessive activity Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Other names Attention-deficit disorder, (ICD-10) Children with ADHD may find it more difficult than others (...) to focus on and complete tasks such as schoolwork. , Symptoms , excessive activity, Usual onset Before age 6–12 Duration >6 months Causes Both and Based on symptoms after other possible causes ruled out Normally active young child, , , , Treatment , lifestyle changes, medications Medication , , Frequency 51.1 million (2015) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) is a of the type. It is characterized by , excessive activity, and which is not . There are also often problems with regulation

2012 Wikipedia

146. Training on Movement Figure-Ground Discrimination Remediates Low-Level Visual Timing Deficits in the Dorsal Stream, Improving High-Level Cognitive Functioning, Including Attention, Reading Fluency, and Working Memory Full Text available with Trip Pro

and sustained attention, reading fluency and working memory for both dyslexic and normal students. Remediating visual timing deficits in the dorsal stream revealed the causal role of visual movement discrimination training in improving high-level cognitive functions such as attention, reading acquisition and working memory. This study supports the hypothesis that faulty timing in synchronizing the activity of magnocellular with parvocellular visual pathways in the dorsal stream is a fundamental cause (...) Training on Movement Figure-Ground Discrimination Remediates Low-Level Visual Timing Deficits in the Dorsal Stream, Improving High-Level Cognitive Functioning, Including Attention, Reading Fluency, and Working Memory The purpose of this study was to determine whether neurotraining to discriminate a moving test pattern relative to a stationary background, figure-ground discrimination, improves vision and cognitive functioning in dyslexics, as well as typically-developing normal students. We

2017 Frontiers in human neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

147. Children With ADHD and ADHD-like Symptoms and Target Shooting Sport in Danish Shooting Associations.

participating in target shooting sport in Danish Shooting Associations. Aim: This study aims at examining if and to which extent target shooting sport in children with attention difficulties reduces parent- and teacher-reported severity of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, and improves the children's well-being and quality of life. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase ADHD Behavioral: Educational programmes Not Applicable Detailed Description: Children with Attention Deficit (...) of Southern Denmark. Recruitment status was: Recruiting First Posted : September 13, 2016 Last Update Posted : September 15, 2016 Sponsor: University of Southern Denmark Information provided by (Responsible Party): Annegrete Maansson, University of Southern Denmark Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Practising target shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. Parental reports suggest that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from

2016 Clinical Trials

148. The effects of acute physical activity on executive functions in children with ADHD: a systematic literature review

The effects of acute physical activity on executive functions in children with ADHD: a systematic literature review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2017 PROSPERO

149. Policy Prevention of Sports-related Orofacial Injuries

, level of activity and expo- sure time, level of coaching and type of sports organization, whether the player is a focus of attention in a contact or non- contact sport, history of previous sports-related injury, and the situation (practice vs. game). 34 Behavioral risk factors (e.g., hyperactivity) also have been associated significantly with injuries affecting the face and/or teeth. 35,36 While this predictive index looked at contact versus non- contact sport as a factor, non-contact sports can (...) raumatol 2003;19(1):12-4. 36. Sabuncuoglu O. Traumatic dental injuries and attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Is there a link? Dent T raumatol 2007;23(3):137-42. 37. Bauss O, Rohling J, Schwestka-Polly R. Prevalence of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors in candidates for orthodontic treatment. Dent Traumatol 2004;20 (2):61-6. 38. Forsberg C, Tedestam G. Etiological and predisposing factors related to traumatic injuries to permanent teeth. Swed Dent J 1993;17(5):183-90. 39. Ranalli DN

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

150. Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients

Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Civilian volunteers aged 18-25 years. BMI range of 17-25. Diagnosed with attention deficit disorder (ADD or ADHD) since childhood. Routine use of Methylphenidate (at least 5 days a week). Without known medical illness or medication use. Report of performing physical exercise (twice or more a week). Without history of heat injury. Exclusion Criteria: The existence or suspicion of existing cardiac or respiratory disease. Infectious disease 3 (...) down while performing monitored moderate physical effort and to assess the physiological strain while performing moderate exercise in heat load conditions by using the heat tolerance test. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Methylphenidate Drug: Methylphenidate Drug: Placebo Not Applicable Detailed Description: 20 male, non-combat soldiers with a pre-existing childhood diagnosis of ADHD\ADD, who are chronically treated with MPH will participate in the study. If necessary, civilian

2016 Clinical Trials

151. Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD

Collaborator: Region of Southern Denmark Information provided by (Responsible Party): Aida Bikic, Region Syddanmark Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of computerized cognitive exercises from Scientific Brain Training (SBT), compared to the computer game Tetris as an active placebo, in a pilot study of adolescents with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase (...) Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Other: Scientific Brain Training (SBT) Other: Tetris Not Applicable Detailed Description: Objective: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of computerized cognitive exercises from Scientific Brain Training (SBT), compared to the computer game Tetris as an active placebo, in a pilot study of adolescents with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: Eighteen adolescents with ADHD were randomized to treatment or control intervention for seven weeks

2016 Clinical Trials

152. Sub-Threshold Exercise Treatment for Adolescents With Sports Related Concussion

1 with (1) structured physical exam, and (2) structured exercise stress test which is terminated when there is symptom exacerbation. The primary outcome measure is time to recovery where recovery is defined as (1) asymptomatic for two consecutive days, and (2) ability to exercise to exhaustion without exacerbation of symptoms, and (3) confirmed by a physician based on a structured physical exam. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Brain Injury Concussion Other: Sub-Threshold (...) (Child, Adult) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Adolescent with concussion injury from sports within first 10 days Exclusion Criteria: Evidence of focal neurologic deficit; ADHD; history of moderate or severe TBI; greater than 3 prior concussions (or having history of long recovery from concussion, >3 mths); inability to understand English Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about

2016 Clinical Trials

153. Guideline for concussion/mild traumatic brain injury & persistent symptoms - Sport-Related Concussion/mTBI

to as a concussion. In this Guideline, the term concussion/mTBI will be used to maintain consistency within this document. A sport-related concussion/mTBI is a traumatic brain injury that may be caused by either a direct blow to the head, face, neck or elsewhere on the body as an indirect force being transmitted to the head during sports activity. A sport-related concussion/mTBI can result in a range of clinical signs and symptoms that may or may not involve a loss of consciousness. While the injury may result (...) / mTBI, strategies about how to manage initial symptoms, guidance on how to gradually return to school, work, and sport, and risks of returning to sport before a concussion/mTBI has resolved and without medical clearance.6 Historically, most consensus statements and guidelines have recommended that concussed athletes rest until they are symptom-free, and prescribed physical and cognitive rest had been a mainstay of care in this population. However, there is currently insufficient evidence

2018 Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation

154. An RCT into the effects of neurofeedback on neurocognitive functioning compared to stimulant medication and physical activity in children with ADHD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An RCT into the effects of neurofeedback on neurocognitive functioning compared to stimulant medication and physical activity in children with ADHD. Neurofeedback (NFB) is a potential alternative treatment for children with ADHD that aims to optimize brain activity. Whereas most studies into NFB have investigated behavioral effects, less attention has been paid to the effects on neurocognitive functioning. The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared neurocognitive effects of NFB (...) to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate (MPH) and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity (PA), to control for non-specific effects. Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, children with ADHD, aged 7-13, were randomly allocated to NFB (n = 39), MPH (n = 36) or PA (n = 37) over a period of 10-12 weeks. NFB comprised theta/beta training at CZ. The PA intervention was matched in frequency and duration to NFB. MPH was titrated using a double-blind placebo controlled

2016 European child & adolescent psychiatry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

155. A randomized controlled trial into the effects of neurofeedback, methylphenidate, and physical activity on EEG power spectra in children with ADHD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A randomized controlled trial into the effects of neurofeedback, methylphenidate, and physical activity on EEG power spectra in children with ADHD. The clinical and neurophysiological effects of neurofeedback (NF) as treatment for children with ADHD are still unclear. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined electroencephalogram (EEG) power spectra before and after NF compared to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment and physical activity (PA) - as semi-active control group - during resting (...) and active (effortful) task conditions to determine whether NF can induce sustained alterations in brain function.Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, 112 children with a DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD, aged between 7 and 13 years, were initially included. NF training consisted of 30 sessions of theta/beta training at Cz over a 10-week period. PA training was a semi-active control group, matched in frequency and duration. Methylphenidate was titrated using a double-blind placebo controlled

2016 Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines Controlled trial quality: uncertain

156. Physical Activity, Affect, and Cognition in Children With Symptoms of ADHD. (Abstract)

Physical Activity, Affect, and Cognition in Children With Symptoms of ADHD. To examine the role of physical activity in determining the affect and executive functioning of children with symptoms of ADHD.In Study 1, the association between physical activity and affect in the daily lives of children with varying degrees of hyperactivity was examined. In Study 2, children with ADHD were randomly assigned a physical activity or a sedentary task before working on a task requiring executive (...) control.Lack of physical activity was shown to relate to depressed affect, more strongly in participants with severe hyperactivity symptoms (Study 1). The physically active participants showed improved executive functioning after only 5 min of vigorous activity; the sedentary control participants showed no improvement (Study 2).These results indicate that interventions to increase the level of physical activity in children with and without ADHD might improve affect and executive functioning.© The Author(s

2016 Journal of attention disorders Controlled trial quality: uncertain

157. Effects of physical activity on executive function and motor performance in children with ADHD. (Abstract)

Effects of physical activity on executive function and motor performance in children with ADHD. Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often show major deficits in motor and cognitive abilities. Pharmacological treatment is commonly used to reduce ADHD symptoms. However, non-pharmacologic treatment methods would be preferred by parents, children and psychiatrists. Physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to improve cognitive functioning in healthy populations. It can (...) be hypothesized that there are similar beneficial effects in children with ADHD, however, very little is known about this issue. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether PA improves cognitive performance in children with ADHD. A total of 43 children with ADHD (32 boys and 11 girls) aged between seven and 12 years took part in the study. To investigate whether potential effects on executive functioning depend on the kind of PA, two different 12-week training programs were implemented

2015 Research in developmental disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

158. Preventing Loss of Independence Through Exercise (PLIÉ) in Persons With Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

) by primary care physician and/or neurologist English language fluency willing to attend PLIÉ classes 2 days/week ambulatory and able to take 2 steps without cane or walker; living in the community in a private home or apartment Exclusion Criteria: Behavioral or physical issues that would be disruptive or dangerous to themselves or others (e.g., active psychosis, drug abuse, severe behavioral issues) Unable to attend 2 PLIÉ classes/week during the study period Physical or mental health condition (...) . Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Mild Cognitive Impairment Behavioral: Behavioral: Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIE) Not Applicable Detailed Description: The goal of the proposed study is to perform a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to test the efficacy of a novel integrative exercise program called Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIE) on function and quality of life in older adults living in the community with Mild cognitive impairment (MCI

2018 Clinical Trials

159. Evaluation of a Group Therapeutic Exercise Program

endurance training and group psychotherapeutic elements. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Depression Anxiety Disorders Sleep Disorder ADHD Behavioral: ImPuls Other: Control Not Applicable Detailed Description: The current study aims to examine the effectiveness (i.e., symptom reduction, increase of heart rate variability, improvement of sleep quality, increase of intrinsic motivation to engage in physical activity, increase of the level of physical activity) of a three-months manualized (...) by (Responsible Party): University Hospital Tuebingen Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Physical activity can reduce symptoms of mental disorders like sleep disorders, anxiety disorders, major depression and ADHD. However, in Germany there are no group therapeutical exercise programs for psychotherapy patients in an outpatient context. The current study aims to examine the effectiveness of a manualized exercise program, named ImPuls, which consists of a supervised and non-supervised

2018 Clinical Trials

160. Impact of a Multicomponent Exercise Program on Functional Capacity in Frail Aged Participants With Cognitive Decline

of life, institutionalization and hospital admissions Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Frail Elderly Syndrome Cognitive Impairment Behavioral: VIVIFRAIL multicomponent exercise training program Not Applicable Detailed Description: Usual care group (control) Participants randomly assigned to the usual care group will receive normal outpatient care, which includes physical rehabilitation when needed. Intervention group (training) The intervention will consist of a multicomponent (...) exercise training programme -VIVIFRAIL-(A Practical Guide for Prescribing a Multi-Component Physical Training Program to prevent weakness and falls in People over 70, Showed in www.vivifrail.com), which will be composed of supervised progressive resistance training, balance-training, flexibility and cardiovascular for 7 days/week. During the training period, patients will be trained between 2 and 120 minutes each day. The supervised multicomponent exercise training programme will be comprised of upper

2018 Clinical Trials

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