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61. Considerations in the Care of Athletes With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. (Abstract)

Considerations in the Care of Athletes With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Uncover literature pertaining to: (1) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and how it impacts athletes; (2) ADHD medication effects; (3) regulations regarding ADHD medications; (4) approaches to conditions similar to, and occurring with, ADHD; and (5) use of stimulants.MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid interface.ADHD can have many effects on athletes and sports (...) participation. Exercise has positive benefits on ADHD behaviors and players' attitudes. Athletes with ADHD can have worsened ADHD symptoms after concussions. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a modifier of return to play; baseline ADHD symptoms should be used to guide management. Management should include medications, behavioral/psychosocial therapy, and academic accommodations. Behavioral therapy combined with medication is superior to behavioral treatment alone. Sustained exercise as ADHD

2017 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine

62. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medications in children with heart disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medications in children with heart disease. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is quite common in the general pediatric population, Its incidence is thought to be even higher in the population of patients with congenital heart disease, especially in those patients with complex disease and who have had cardiac surgical interventions early in life. There has been controversy as to the safety of ADHD medications, especially in the latter (...) cardiovascular diseases including patients of congenital heart disease who are treated with stimulant medications. Despite this, if the patient does have known cardiac disease, or if the history and physical examination is suggestive of cardiac disease, it is suggested that consultation/evaluation with a pediatric cardiologist occur. It is extremely unlikely that stimulant medications would be contraindicated in almost any condition that falls under this category. However, a few specific cardiac conditions

2016 Current Opinion in Pediatrics

63. Evidence-Based Considerations and Recommendations for Athletic Trainers Caring for Patients With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence-Based Considerations and Recommendations for Athletic Trainers Caring for Patients With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic (...) training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs.To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively.We retrieved and reviewed articles from PubMed, PsychINFO, and Ovid without date restrictions. Search words were attention deficit hyperactivity disorder plus 1 of the following topics or search words: athletic training

2016 Journal of athletic training

64. The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Influence of Health Behaviours in Childhood on Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescence Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet (...) quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data. We applied negative binomial regression methods to examine the associations between health behaviours and ADHD. Of the 4875 students, 9.7% had one or more diagnoses of ADHD between the ages

2016 Nutrients

65. The Effects of Equine-assisted Activities and Therapy on Resting-state Brain Function in Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Effects of Equine-assisted Activities and Therapy on Resting-state Brain Function in Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study Equine-assisted activities and therapy (EAA/T) have been used as adjunct treatment options for physical and psychosocial rehabilitation. However, the therapeutic effects on resting-state brain function have not yet been studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EAA/T on participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (...) was found even without medication. Surface-based pairwise comparisons revealed that ReHo in the right precuneus and right pars orbitalis clusters had significantly diminished after the program. Reduced ReHo in the right precuneus cluster was positively correlated with changes in the scores on DuPaul's ADHD Rating Scale-Korean version.Our results indicate that EAA/T is associated with short-range functional connectivity in the regions related to the default mode network and the behavioral inhibition

2016 Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience

66. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

adolescents with ADHD, it can be made widely available to these adolescents in the community. This would help them improve their academic, social, and emotional functioning and ultimately their long term outcomes. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioural & Skills Training Behavioral: Supportive Group Therapy Other: Treatment as Usual - community resources Drug: Methylphenidate or amphetamine product Phase 4 Detailed (...) : October 2, 2015 Last Update Posted : July 31, 2018 See Sponsor: McGill University Health Center Collaborator: Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Information provided by (Responsible Party): Lily Hechtman, McGill University Health Center Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood psychiatric condition, which often persists into adolescence. In adolescence ADHD is associated with poor academic, social

2015 Clinical Trials

67. Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Study of SPD489 in Preschool Children With Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

," the clinician asked questions 3-5. Active suicidal ideation included any participant who answered "yes" to questions 2-5. If the answers to ideation questions 1 and 2 were "No," then the clinician proceeded to 5 (yes/no) questions that addressed suicidal behavior, which was categorized as actual attempt, interrupted attempt, aborted attempt, preparatory acts or behaviors, and completed suicide. Secondary Outcome Measures : Change From Baseline in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale (ADHD (...) of SPD489 in the preschool ADHD population. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Drug: SPD489 Phase 2 Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 20 participants Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Treatment Official Title: A Phase 2, Open-label, Multicenter, Exploratory Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetic

2015 Clinical Trials

68. Safety and Tolerability Study of SPD489 in Preschool Children Aged 4-5 Years, Diagnosed With Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : June 9, 2015 Last Update Posted : January 16, 2019 Sponsor: Shire Information provided by (Responsible Party): Shire Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To evaluate the long-term safety of SPD489 administered as a daily morning dose (5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 mg/day) in preschool children diagnosed with Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Participants will be enrolled into this study from antecedent study SPD489-211 (...) (NCT02402166) or SPD489-347 (NCT03260205) (roll-over participants) or through direct enrollment (direct enrolled pariticpants). Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Drug: SPD489 Phase 3 Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 115 participants Allocation: Non-Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Treatment

2015 Clinical Trials

69. Cross-sectional survey on prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms at a tertiary care health facility in Nairobi Full Text available with Trip Pro

countries.This was a questionnaire based cross-sectional survey whose primary objective was to determine prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children aged 6-12 years attending a tertiary care hospital Accidents and Emergency unit. Secondary objectives were to: (i) ascertain if physical injury and poor academic performance were associated with ADHD, (ii) compare diagnostic utility of parent-filled Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (VAS) against Statistical Manual of Mental (...) Cross-sectional survey on prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms at a tertiary care health facility in Nairobi Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the most common childhood neurobehavioral disorder with well documented adverse consequences in adolescence and adulthood, yet 60-80% of cases go undiagnosed. Routine screening is not practiced in most pediatric outpatient services and little information exists on factors associated with the condition in developing

2015 Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health

70. Aerobic exercise and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: brain research. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to one of two groups in a 1/1 ratio; methylphenidate treatment + 6-wk exercise (sports-ADHD) or methylphenidate treatment + 6-wk education (edu-ADHD). At baseline and after 6 wk of treatment, symptoms of ADHD, cognitive function, and brain activity were evaluated using the Dupaul attention deficit hyperactivity disorder rating scale--Korean version (K-ARS), the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, and 3-T functional magnetic resonance imaging, respectively.The K-ARS total score and perseverative errors (...) Aerobic exercise and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: brain research. As adjuvant therapy for enhancing the effects of stimulants and thereby minimizing medication doses, we hypothesized that aerobic exercise might be an effective adjunctive therapy for enhancing the effects of methylphenidate on the clinical symptoms, cognitive function, and brain activity of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Thirty-five adolescents with ADHD were randomly assigned

2014 Medicine and science in sports and exercise Controlled trial quality: uncertain

71. Association of symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with symptoms of excessive exercising in an adult general population sample. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with symptoms of excessive exercising in an adult general population sample. An increasing number of studies suggest that physical activity can alleviate symptoms of ADHD in children. In adults there are currently insufficient data available on this subject. Interestingly, ADHD and forms of excessive exercising have both been shown to occur more frequently in adult athletes. The aim of the present study was to empirically (...) into adulthood. We thus hypothesize that a subgroup of individuals might suppress ADHD symptoms by excessive sporting activities. Although in healthy adults physical activity has been associated with immediate and long term improvements in cognitive functioning, studies empirically investigating associations between the effects of physical activity and adult ADHD are rare. Further studies are warranted to explore the potential role of physical activity in the treatment of ADHD in adults.

2014 BMC Psychiatry

72. A Randomized Trial Examining the Effects of Aerobic Physical Activity on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Young Children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized Trial Examining the Effects of Aerobic Physical Activity on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Young Children. The goal of this study was to compare the effects of before school physical activity (PA) and sedentary classroom-based (SC) interventions on the symptoms, behavior, moodiness, and peer functioning of young children (M age = 6.83) at risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-risk; n = 94) and typically developing children (TD; n = 108 (...) ). Children were randomly assigned to either PA or SC and participated in the assigned intervention 31 min per day, each school day, over the course of 12 weeks. Parent and teacher ratings of ADHD symptoms (inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity), oppositional behavior, moodiness, behavior toward peers, and reputation with peers, were used as dependent variables. Primary analyses indicate that the PA intervention was more effective than the SC intervention at reducing inattention and moodiness in the home

2014 Journal of abnormal child psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

73. Vayarin® Medical Food Study for Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Information provided by (Responsible Party): Enzymotec Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The primary study objective is to evaluate the efficacy of Vayarin in ADHD adults. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Other: Vayarin® Other: Placebo Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 171 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention (...) Verified: January 2017 Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Pathologic Processes Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs and Symptoms

2014 Clinical Trials

74. Safety, Tolerability, PK & Efficacy of V81444 in Volunteers With Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

: December 2015 Keywords provided by Vernalis (R&D) Ltd: ADHD Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs and Symptoms (...) Safety, Tolerability, PK & Efficacy of V81444 in Volunteers With Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Safety, Tolerability, PK & Efficacy of V81444 in Volunteers With Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2014 Clinical Trials

75. In a randomized case-control trial with 10-years olds suffering from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) sleep and psychological functioning improved during a 12-week sleep-training program. (Abstract)

In a randomized case-control trial with 10-years olds suffering from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) sleep and psychological functioning improved during a 12-week sleep-training program. We tested the hypothesis that sleep training would improve emotional, social and behavioural functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to children with ADHD without such intervention and to healthy controls.Forty children with ADHD were randomly (...) assigned to intervention and control conditions. Parents of 20 children with ADHD were instructed and thoroughly supervised in improving their children's sleep schedules and sleep behaviour. Parents of the other 20 children with ADHD and parents of 20 healthy children received general information about sleep hygiene. At baseline and 12 weeks later, parents and children completed questionnaires related to children's sleep and psychological functioning.Relative to the control groups, children

2014 The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

76. Cognitive Rehabilitation for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Promises and Problems Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive Rehabilitation for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Promises and Problems Cognitive training entails the repeated exercise of a specific cognitive process over a period of time to improve performance on the trained task as well as on tasks that were not specifically trained (transfer effect). Cognitive training shows promise in remediating deficits in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - a disorder believed to stem from deficient cognitive (...) assumptions and their weaknesses. We also draw attention to design limitations that may be contributing to lack of transfer.Although the overall pattern of findings from these studies is promising, the methodological and theoretical limitations associated with the literature limit conclusions about the efficacy of cognitive training as a rehabilitation method for ADHD. We hypothesize several suggestions that may improve training effects and summarize the evidence which led to our hypotheses.

2014 Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

77. Protection from genetic diathesis in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: possible complementary roles of exercise. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Protection from genetic diathesis in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: possible complementary roles of exercise. The degree of functional impairment and adverse developmental outcomes in individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) likely reflect interplay between genes and environment. To establish whether physical exercise might reduce the level of ADHD symptoms or ADHD-related impairments, we conducted a comprehensive review of the effect of exercise in children (...) with ADHD. Findings on the impact of exercise in animals and typically developing human beings, and an overview of putative mechanisms involved, are also presented to provide the context in which to understand this review.The electronic databases PubMed, OVID, and Web of Knowledge were searched for all studies investigating the effect of exercise in children and adolescents with ADHD, as well as animal models of ADHD behaviors (available in January 2013). Of 2,150 initially identified records, 16 were

2013 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

78. Physical activity for improving the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents [Cochrane Protocol]

Physical activity for improving the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2016 PROSPERO

79. 2020 ESC Guidelines on Sports Cardiology and Exercise in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

-related major adverse cardiovascular events 9 3.4 Incidence of sudden cardiac death in athletes 10 3.5 Aetiology of sudden cardiac death during exercise 10 3.6 Screening modalities for cardiovascular disease in young athletes 10 3.7 Screening for cardiovascular disease in older athletes 10 4 Physical activity, leisure exercise, and competitive sports participation 11 4.1 General introduction 11 4.1.1 Definition and characteristics of exercise interventions 11 4.1.1.1 Type of exercise 11 4.1.1.2 (...) risk of sudden death 48 Table 16 Baseline parameters for assessment in congenital heart disease 55 List of figures Figure Central illustration Moderate physical activity should be promoted in all individuals with cardiovascular disease 8 Figure 1 Components for expression of physical fitness 11 Figure 2 Sporting discipline in relation to the predominant component (skill, power, mixed and endurance) and intensity of exercise. Intensity of exercise must be individualized after maximal exercise

2020 European Society of Cardiology

80. A Phase II, Adaptive Trial Design Examining the Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Effects of Modified Release Amphetamine (HLD100, Formulations B, C and E)) in Adolescents and Children With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

): Ironshore Pharmaceuticals and Development, Inc Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The main purpose of this study is to determine the rate and extent of absorption of one or more modified release formulations of amphetamine (HLD100) in both adolescents and children with ADHD. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Drug: HLD100-B Drug: HLD100-C Drug: HLD100-E Phase 1 Phase 2 Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study (...) with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Pathologic Processes Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs and Symptoms Amphetamine Central Nervous System Stimulants Physiological Effects of Drugs Sympathomimetics Autonomic Agents Peripheral Nervous System Agents Dopamine Agents Neurotransmitter Agents Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action Adrenergic Agents Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors

2013 Clinical Trials

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