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5141. Concerta in the Treatment of ADHD in Youth and Adults With Bipolar Disorder

deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Systematic studies of children and adolescents show that rates of ADHD range from 60% to 90% in pediatric study participants with mania. These findings could not be accounted for by the overlapping symptoms of distractibility, talkativeness, and physical hyperactivity, suggesting that affected children may suffer from both disorders, which was also consistent with findings of familial co-transmission of these two conditions. Considering the well-documented (...) to study the short-term effectiveness of a long acting formulation of methylphenidate (Concerta) in the treatment of children and adults with bipolar disorder and comorbid ADHD adequately stabilized on an acceptable and stable regimen of anti-mania agents. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase ADHD Bipolar Disorder Drug: methylphenidate HCl (Concerta) Phase 4 Detailed Description: A leading source of difficulty in treating youth with Bipolar Disorder is its comorbidity with attention

2005 Clinical Trials

5142. Racial and ethnic differences in ADHD and LD in young school-age children: parental reports in the National Health Interview Survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Racial and ethnic differences in ADHD and LD in young school-age children: parental reports in the National Health Interview Survey. Racial and ethnic disparities have been documented for many physical health outcomes in children. Less is known, however, about disparities in behavioral and learning disorders in children. This study uses data from a national health survey to examine racial and ethnic differences in identified attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning (...) disability (LD).The 1997-2001 National Health Interview Surveys obtained information from parents about the health and sociodemographic characteristics of children. Using these data, prevalence rates of identified ADHD and/or LD were estimated for Hispanic, African American, and white children 6-11 years of age. Racial and ethnic differences in health conditions, income, and insurance coverage were examined as possible explanations for disparities in parental reports of ADHD and LD, as well as the use

2005 Public Health Reports

5143. Children's attitudes and behavioural intentions towards a peer with symptoms of ADHD: does the addition of a diagnostic label make a difference? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Children's attitudes and behavioural intentions towards a peer with symptoms of ADHD: does the addition of a diagnostic label make a difference? This article explores the impact of diagnostic/psychiatric labelling on the attitudes and behavioural intentions of school-aged children towards a hypothetical peer presented with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A sample of 120 children aged 11-12 years read one of three vignettes describing the behaviour of a gender (...) -neutral, same-age peer presenting with symptoms of ADHD. The participants completed self-report measures of attitudes and behavioural intentions after reading the respective vignettes. The majority of participants perceived the vignette character as being male and the attitude held towards him was predominately negative. Significant positive relationships were found between attitudes and children's willingness to engage in social, academic and physical activities. Diagnostic/psychiatric labelling had

2007 Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5144. Adaptive Physical Activity for Chronic Stroke

ages 40 or older; residual hemiparetic gait deficits; already completed all conventional inpatient and outpatient physical therapy; ability to rise from a chair unaided and without an assistive device Exclusion Criteria: cardiac history of active unstable angina, recent (less than 3 months) myocardial infarction, or congestive heart failure (NYHA category II or higher); orthopedic, circulatory, or chronic pain conditions restricting exercise; active cancer; poorly controlled hypertension ( greater (...) County Office on Aging MedStar National Rehabilitation Network Information provided by (Responsible Party): VA Office of Research and Development Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study will compare the Adaptive Physical Activity program (APA) to a less vigorous group exercise program, (Sittercise) to see if APA leads to greater improvements in walking endurance, quality of life, and participation in social activities. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Stroke

2008 Clinical Trials

5145. Comparing Tai Chi Training to a Low-Stress Physical Activity to Enhance Sleep in Older Adults

Research Institute Collaborator: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Information provided by (Responsible Party): Oregon Research Institute Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Tai Chi, in comparison to conventional exercise, on the quality of sleep among sedentary older adults. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Sleep Deprivation Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders Behavioral: Tai Chi Phase 1 Detailed (...) Comparing Tai Chi Training to a Low-Stress Physical Activity to Enhance Sleep in Older Adults Comparing Tai Chi Training to a Low-Stress Physical Activity to Enhance Sleep in Older Adults - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one

2004 Clinical Trials

5146. Preventing Behavior Problems in Children With ADHD

of Mental Health (NIMH) Information provided by: Lehigh University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study will determine the effectiveness of a combination of treatments in preventing behaviors that are typically associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in young children. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Behavioral: Multi-Setting Early Intervention Behavioral: Community Intervention Phase 2 (...) : August 2006 Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders

2003 Clinical Trials

5147. Increasing perceptions of self-worth in preadolescents diagnosed with ADHD. (Abstract)

Increasing perceptions of self-worth in preadolescents diagnosed with ADHD. To test the effectiveness of a school-based, nurse-facilitated support group in increasing perceptions of scholastic competence, social acceptance, behavioral conduct, perceived athletic competence, perceived physical appearance, and perceived global self-worth in preadolescents diagnosed with attention deficit disorder (ADD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).A quasi-experimental design with 65 (...) preadolescents diagnosed with ADD or ADHD in an upper-middle class community in the United States.Participants randomly assigned to either the control or experimental group completed Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Children instrument at the beginning of the study and 4 weeks later. Students in the experimental condition participated in a school-nurse facilitated support group which met twice weekly for 4 weeks.Participants in the support group had increased scores on each of the six subscales

2003 Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing / Sigma Theta Tau Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5148. Effect of interactive metronome training on children with ADHD. (Abstract)

Effect of interactive metronome training on children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a specific intervention, the Interactive Metronome, on selected aspects of motor and cognitive skills in a group of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).The study included 56 boys who were 6years to 12 years of age and diagnosed before they entered the study as having ADHD. The participants were pretested and randomly assigned to one of three matched (...) groups. A group of 19 participants receiving 15 hr of Interactive Metronome training exercises were compared with a group receiving no intervention and a group receiving training on selected computer video games.A significant pattern of improvement across 53 of 58 variables favoring the Interactive Metronome treatment was found. Additionally, several significant differences were found among the treatment groups and between pretreatment and posttreatment factors on performance in areas of attention

2001 The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5149. Effects of Two Different Kinds of Exercise on Stroke Rehabilitation

Different Kinds of Exercise on Stroke Rehabilitation The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00108680 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : April 18, 2005 Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017 Sponsor: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Information provided (...) to do the reaching test plus transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) before and after an exercise session, and two to do the reaching test plus TMS one day after the exercise session. The sessions are on consecutive days, with a 1-week break after session 3. The procedures involved are: Reaching test: The subject responds as quickly as possible to a "GO" signal presented on a computer monitor by performing a reaching movement with his or her arm. The activity from the arm muscles is recorded using

2005 Clinical Trials

5150. Education/Exercise and Chiropractic for Chronic Back Pain

weekly 10-15 minute sessions to equalize provider attention vs. the group also receiving chiropractic care & not to provide education, exercise instruction, or therapy. Behavioral: Education & Exercise Education & Exercise Experimental: Education + exercise + chiropractic In addition to education & exercise, all participants in this arm will be assigned chiropractic treatment. A minimum of 4 & up to 12 treatments will be provided over 6 weeks, based on patient response (i.e. treatments stopped (...) /treatment Phase Low Back Pain Behavioral: Education & Exercise Procedure: Chiropractic treatment (plus Education & Exercise) Not Applicable Detailed Description: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is associated with poor health, lower quality of life, high costs, and is highly prevalent in veterans. Both chiropractic care and exercise have modestly reduced pain and/or improved function in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of patients with chronic LBP. However, effects may not apply similarly to all

2007 Clinical Trials

5151. Diet, Exercise and Body Fat in 3-5 Year Olds

Inc. Texas Woman's University Information provided by: Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To determine how practical and precise different body composition methods are for measuring body fat and lean tissue in young children and to determine if certain dietary factors and physical activity patterns are related to body fat in children. Condition or disease Healthy Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type (...) : All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample Study Population We are seeking healthy 3-5 year old children in the greater Little Rock area. Criteria Inclusion Criteria: 3-5 year old children Full term at birth English as primary language Weighed at least 5.5# at birth Parent or guardian is at least 18 years of age Exclusion Criteria: Child has any chronic condition, metabolic disorder, pulmonary disorder, bone disorder, condition that may affect growth, ADD or ADHD

2008 Clinical Trials

5152. Efficacy of a Post-Rehabilitation Exercise Intervention

. A cognitive-behavioral program that is customized for people recovering from hip fracture is being developed that will focus on promoting exercise adherence, decreasing fear of falling and increasing the return to daily activities in the patient's home and community. Design: A randomized controlled clinical trial will be implemented to measure the efficacy of the Strong for Life program. An attention-control intervention will be provided to all participants assigned to the control group. The outcome (...) provided by (Responsible Party): Alan Jette, Boston University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Background: Many people who have suffered a hip fracture are discharged from rehabilitation services with significant residual functional limitations and disability. We believe that a home-based exercise program that incorporates cognitive-behavioral techniques to increase exercise adherence and promote the return to daily activities could extend the benefits of formal rehabilitation

2008 Clinical Trials

5153. ENCORE: Exercise and Nutritional Interventions for Cardiovascular Health

of Medicine related topics: related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: DASH diet Behavioral: DASH diet Participants in the DASH diet condition receive instruction in modifying the content of their diet to meet DASH guidelines. Participants are explicitly asked not to exercise or to attempt weight loss at this time, and to focus their attention on what they eat. Following the 2-week feeding period, participants will receive instruction on the DASH diet (...) and feedback on their adherence to the diet in a series of half-hour, weekly small group sessions (3 to 5 participants). Experimental: DASH diet plus Weight loss Behavioral: DASH diet plus Weight loss Participants in the DASH diet plus weight loss condition will receive the DASH dietary intervention as described in the DASH diet intervention and will participate in a program to promote weight loss consisting of 2 components: Supervised Aerobic Exercise and CBWL (Cognitive Behavioral Weight loss). During

2007 Clinical Trials

5154. Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents. (Abstract)

Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents. Teachers complain about growing concentration deficits and reduced attention in adolescents. Exercise has been shown to positively affect cognitive performance. Due to the neuronal connection between the cerebellum and the frontal cortex, we hypothesized that cognitive performance might be influenced by bilateral coordinative exercise (CE) and that its effect on cognition might be already visible after short bouts (...) of exercise. One hundred and fifteen healthy adolescents aged 13-16 years of an elite performance school were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group and tested using the d2-test, a test of attention and concentration. Both groups performed the d2-test after a regular school lesson (pre-test), after 10 min of coordinative exercise and of a normal sport lesson (NSL, control group), respectively (post-test). Exercise was controlled for heart rate (HR). CE and NSL enhanced the d2-test

2008 Neuroscience letters Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5155. Exercise Testing in Individuals with Morbid Obesity. (Abstract)

= 0.1000)]. The significantly higher values in the obese individuals were basal heart rate, basal systolic arterial pressure (SAP), maximum SAP, basal diastolic arterial pressure (DAP), maximum DAP, chronotropic deficit (P < 0.0001), and maximum rate-pressure product (P < 0.0421). The significantly lower values in the obese individuals were exercise time, maximum heart rate, and metabolic equivalents values (P < 0.0001).Hemodynamic parameters were significantly different between the two groups. However (...) Exercise Testing in Individuals with Morbid Obesity. Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially in its morbid form. Bariatric surgery is an effective therapeutic option for sustained weight loss. However, there is no consensus in these cases regarding the performance of functional tests for preoperative evaluations. The aim of the present study was to analyze clinical, electrocardiographic, and hemodynamic response variables using a conventional exercise test

2008 Obesity Surgery

5156. Treatment of ADHD With Atomoxetine in Children & Adolescents With ADHD & Comorbid Dyslexia

: December 15, 2011 Sponsor: Eli Lilly and Company Information provided by (Responsible Party): Eli Lilly and Company Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study will evaluate the effect of atomoxetine in treating Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children and adolescents with ADHD and comorbid reading disability (dyslexia) Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Dyslexia Drug: Atomoxetine Drug: Placebo Phase (...) table for MeSH terms Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Dyslexia Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Language Disorders Communication Disorders Neurobehavioral Manifestations Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Learning Disorders Signs and Symptoms Atomoxetine Hydrochloride Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors Membrane Transport Modulators Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

2008 Clinical Trials

5157. Cognitive and motor function after administration of hydrocodone bitartrate plus ibuprofen, ibuprofen alone, or placebo in healthy subjects with exercise-induced muscle damage: a randomized, repeated-dose, placebo-controlled study. (Abstract)

damage in the quadriceps of each subject's dominant leg was induced by an eccentric exercise protocol. Subjects took the study medication four times daily (every 4-6 h) for 5 days. Forty minutes after medication ingestion at the same time each day, subjects underwent tests of attention/concentration, motor performance, and reaction time. Four trained assessors rotated among subjects so that none tested the same participant on more than three occasions.Repeated measures analyses of covariance revealed (...) Cognitive and motor function after administration of hydrocodone bitartrate plus ibuprofen, ibuprofen alone, or placebo in healthy subjects with exercise-induced muscle damage: a randomized, repeated-dose, placebo-controlled study. Medications combining hydrocodone bitartrate and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents appear more beneficial than anti-inflammatory medications alone in treating pain and inflammation from acute soft tissue trauma, but opiate side effects may include sedation

2003 Psychopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5158. Cognitive Training in Attenuating Attention Deficits/Child Treatment for Cancer

Deficit Cognitive Training Program Central Nervous System CNS CTP Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Brain Neoplasms Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Central Nervous System Neoplasms Nervous System Neoplasms Neoplasms by Site Neoplasms Brain Diseases Central Nervous System Diseases Nervous System Diseases (...) on neurocognitive measures. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Leukemia Lymphoma Brain Tumor Behavioral: Cognitive Training Program Other: Control Group Detailed Description: The Cognitive Training Program (CTP) is made up of many elements. It includes procedures that are designed to build five types of attention skills, as well as motivational activities that exercise your child's attention processes. The CTP includes instructions on how to improve the way your child's mind approaches a task, how he

2007 Clinical Trials

5159. A Study of the Safety of Risperidone in the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Conduct and Other Disruptive Behavior Disorders

.: Disruptive behavior disorder risperidone antipsychotropic agents child adolescent Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Mental Disorders Problem Behavior Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Pathologic Processes Behavioral Symptoms Neurodevelopmental Disorders Risperidone Serotonin Antagonists Serotonin Agents Neurotransmitter Agents Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action Physiological Effects of Drugs Antipsychotic Agents Tranquilizing Agents Central (...) behavior disorders. Data on the efficacy of the drug will also be collected. Only patients who were enrolled in the previous related study would be eligible to participate. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Disruptive Behavior Disorder Drug: risperidone Phase 3 Detailed Description: This is an open-label study of an oral formulation of risperidone to be taken daily over 12 months by children and adolescents with conduct and other disruptive behavior disorders. It is an extension

2005 Clinical Trials

5160. A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Risperidone in the Prevention of Relapse in Children and Adolescents With Conduct and Other Disruptive Behavior Disorders

to prevent symptoms of relapse in children and adolescents with conduct and other disruptive behavior disorders, who initially responded well to treatment. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Drug: risperidone Phase 3 Detailed Description: This is a randomized, double-blind study to compare an oral formulation of risperidone with placebo when taken daily over 24 weeks by children and adolescents with conduct and other disruptive behavior (...) with Hyperactivity Mental Disorders Problem Behavior Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Pathologic Processes Neurodevelopmental Disorders Behavioral Symptoms Risperidone Serotonin Antagonists Serotonin Agents Neurotransmitter Agents Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action Physiological Effects of Drugs Antipsychotic Agents Tranquilizing Agents Central Nervous System Depressants Psychotropic Drugs Dopamine Antagonists Dopamine Agents

2005 Clinical Trials

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