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21. Effect of Pycnogenol® on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Pycnogenol® on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Methylphenidate (MPH), the first choice medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is associated with serious adverse effects like arrhythmia. Evidence on the association of ADHD with immune and oxidant-antioxidant imbalances offers potential for antioxidant and/or immunomodulatory nutritional supplements as ADHD therapy. One small randomised trial (...) in ADHD suggests, despite various limitations, therapeutic benefit from Pycnogenol®, a herbal, polyphenol-rich extract.This phase III trial is a 10-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo and active treatment controlled multicentre trial with three parallel treatment arms to compare the effect of Pycnogenol® to MPH and placebo on the behaviour of 144 paediatric ADHD and attention-deficit disorder (ADD) patients. Evaluations of behaviour (measured by the ADHD-Rating Scale (primary endpoint

2017 Trials Controlled trial quality: predicted high

22. Effects of an 8-week yoga program on sustained attention and discrimination function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of an 8-week yoga program on sustained attention and discrimination function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants were given the Visual Pursuit Test and Determination Test prior to and after an eight (...) -week exercise intervention (twice per week, 40 min per session) or a control intervention. Significant improvements in accuracy rate and reaction time of the two tests were observed over time in the exercise group compared with the control group. These findings suggest that alternative therapies such as yoga exercises can be complementary to behavioral interventions for children with attention and inhibition problems. Schools and parents of children with ADHD should consider alternatives

2017 PeerJ Controlled trial quality: uncertain

23. A racket-sport intervention improves behavioral and cognitive performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (Abstract)

A racket-sport intervention improves behavioral and cognitive performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The present study assessed the effects of a 12-week table tennis exercise on motor skills, social behaviors, and executive functions in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the first 12-week phase, 16 children (group I) received the intervention, whereas 16 children (group II) did not. A second 12-week phase immediately followed (...) with the treatments reversed. Improvements were observed in executive functions in both groups after the intervention. After the first 12-week phase, some motor and behavioral functions improved in group I. After the second 12-week phase, similar improvements were noted for group II, and the intervention effects achieved in the first phase were persisted in group I. The racket-sport intervention is valuable in promoting motor skills, social behaviors, and executive functions and should be included within

2017 Research in developmental disabilities Controlled trial quality: uncertain

24. Comparison of Treadmill and Whole Body Vibration Training in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

19, 2018 Last Update Posted : July 11, 2018 Sponsor: Bezmialem Vakif University Collaborator: Medipol University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Elif Durgut, Bezmialem Vakif University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: It is reported in the literature that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have executive function deficits, impaired social functions, emotional dysregulation, behavioral disorders and motor impairments. Furthermore (...) were highlighted when discussing the effects on this neurodevelopmental disorder. The literature emphasizes the importance of physical activity in children with ADHD, but there is no clarity regarding the frequency, intensity or duration of the exercise. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of treadmill training as an aerobic exercise and whole body vibration training on executive functions and balance in children with ADHD. Condition or disease Intervention

2018 Clinical Trials

25. Treatment patterns, health care resource utilization, and costs in Japanese adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder treated with atomoxetine Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment patterns, health care resource utilization, and costs in Japanese adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder treated with atomoxetine To describe the characteristics and medication treatment patterns of adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) prescribed atomoxetine in Japan.A retrospective analysis of insurance claims data was conducted using the Japan Medical Data Center database. Adults (≥18 years) with ADHD who had ≥1 atomoxetine claim from (...) % of patients were male. Nearly 72.0% of the patients had at least one comorbid mental health condition in the baseline period; depression (43.8%) and insomnia (40.7%) were the most common mental health comorbidities. Most common physical comorbidities were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (14.4%) and diabetes (12.9%). Non-ADHD-specific psychotropics were prescribed to 59.7% of patients during the baseline period and to 65.9% during the follow-up period; 6.6% were prescribed non-ADHD-specific

2018 Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment

26. Taekwondo Practice in Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

by (Responsible Party): Maamer Slimani, University of Genova Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuro-developmental/behavioral disorders among adolescents. Sport and physical activity seem to play a major role in the development of cognition, memory, selective attention and motor reaction time, especially among adolescents with ADHD. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a one (...) and a half year long Taekwondo (TKD) intervention on cognitive function in adolescents with ADHD. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Behavioral: Taekwondo practice Other: CONTROL Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 40 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Prevention

2018 Clinical Trials

27. Effects of Cognitive Training on Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Pathologic Processes Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs and Symptoms (...) : August 15, 2018 Last Update Posted : August 15, 2018 See Sponsor: Taipei Medical University Information provided by (Responsible Party): Ru-Lan Hsieh, Taipei Medical University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Using a single blind, randomized controlled design to study the additional therapeutic effects of cognitive training on traditional rehabilitation programs for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and developmental delays. Condition or disease Intervention

2018 Clinical Trials

28. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder as an associated feature in OCTN2 deficiency with novel deletion (p.T440‐Y449) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder as an associated feature in OCTN2 deficiency with novel deletion (p.T440‐Y449) This boy presented with ADHD at 3 years and at 8 years was hyperactive with no documented hypoglycemia and had myopathy, cardiomyopathy, and very low serum carnitine. L-carnitine improved his exercise intolerance, cardiomyopathy, and behavior. Analysis of SLC22A5 revealed a premature stop codon (p.R282*) and a novel in-frame deletion (p.T440-Y449).

2018 Clinical Case Reports

29. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

of child’s self-identified impression of function, both strengths and weaknesses • Clinician’s observations of child’s behaviorPhysical and neurologic examination Note: From ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents, American Academy of Pediatrics, Nov. 2011 Table 4. Treatment Options for ADHD For pre-school aged children, first line is behavior therapy. If not significantly improved, prescribe (...) Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 1 Quality Department Guidelines for Clinical Care Ambulatory ADHD Guideline Team Team Leaders John M O'Brien, MD Family Medicine Jennifer G. Christner, MD Child Behavioral Health Team Members Bernard Biermann, MD, PhD Child/Adolescent Psychiatry Barbara T Felt, MD Child Behavioral Health R Van Harrison, PhD Medical Education Paramjeet K Kochhar, MD General Pediatrics Consultant Darcie-Ann Streetman, PharmD College of Pharmacy Initial Release August, 2005

2013 University of Michigan Health System

30. Impaired Memory for Instructions in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Is Improved by Action at Presentation and Recall Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impaired Memory for Instructions in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Is Improved by Action at Presentation and Recall Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often fail to comply with teacher instructions in the classroom. Using action during presentation or recall can enhance typically developing children's abilities to complete multi-step instruction sequences. In this study, we tested the ability to following instructions in children with ADHD (...) under different conditions to explore whether they show the same beneficial effects of action. A total of 24 children with ADHD and 27 typically developing children either listened to or viewed demonstrations of instructions during encoding, and then either verbally repeated or physically performed the sequences during recall. This resulted in four conditions: spoken-verbal, spoken-enacted, demonstration-verbal, and demonstration-enacted. Children with ADHD were significantly impaired in all

2017 Frontiers in psychology

31. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Unique Considerations in Athletes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Unique Considerations in Athletes Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes.Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk (...) , cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI).Clinical review.Level 4.ADHD exists among athletes at all levels of play, and symptomatology overlaps significantly with that of concussion. Treatment with stimulants has cardiovascular effects and may not be permitted by the athlete's governing body. An athlete's level of competition and individual cardiovascular risk factors may therefore affect medication choices.ADHD diagnosis and treatment are paramount to optimal quality of life

2017 Sports health

32. Mind–Body Therapy for Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mind–Body Therapy for Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is pervasive among the pediatric population and new treatments with minimal adverse effects are necessary to be studied. The purpose of this article is to review current research studying mind-body therapies for treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD. Literature was reviewed pertaining to the effectiveness of movement-based therapies and mindfulness/meditation-based (...) therapies for ADHD. Many positive effects of yoga, Tai Chi, physical activity, and meditation may significantly improve symptoms of ADHD among children.

2017 Children

33. Hippotherapy and neurofeedback training effect on the brain function and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor level changes in children with attention-deficit or/and hyperactivity disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hippotherapy and neurofeedback training effect on the brain function and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor level changes in children with attention-deficit or/and hyperactivity disorder The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hippotherapy and electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback on brain function and blood brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level in children with attention-deficit or/and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Sixteen children with ADHD participated (...) ± 346.22 pg/ml; F = 3.870, p = 0.039). fMRI results showed that the left thalamus activity in both groups had a decreased tendency and a significantly lower change in W2G than in W1G (p < 0.05).This study confirmed a significant increase in blood BDNF level after combined training, which may induce brain function improvement in children with ADHD.©2017 The Korean Society for Exercise Nutrition

2017 Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

34. Prevention of Comorbid Depression and Obesity in Attention-deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder

to prevent these comorbid disorders rarely exist. In a pilot randomized-controlled study we test two newly developed intervention programmes that do not involve medication: bright light therapy and physical exercise. Both interventions will be supported by a mobile Health application to monitor and feedback intervention success and booster patients' motivation. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Depression Obesity Behavioral: Bright light therapy (...) Behavioral: Physical exercise Phase 2 Detailed Description: The risk for comorbid major depressive disorder and obesity is increased in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and adolescent ADHD predicts adults major depressive disorder and obesity. Nonpharmacological interventions to prevent these comorbidities are urgently needed. Bright light therapy (BLT) improves day-night rhythm and is an established therapy for major depression in adolescents and adults

2017 Clinical Trials

35. Cognitively and physically demanding exergaming to improve executive functions of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitively and physically demanding exergaming to improve executive functions of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomised clinical trial. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms - reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as increased motor activity - are associated with decreased executive functions performance, finally affecting academic achievement (...) is to examine the effects of a cognitively and physically demanding exergame on executive functions of children with ADHD. In a randomised clinical trial, 66 girls and boys diagnosed with ADHD (age 8-12) will be assigned either to an 8-week exergame intervention group (three training sessions per week à 30 min) or a waiting-list control group. Before and afterwards, the executive function performance (computer-based tests), the sport motor performance and ADHD symptoms will be assessed.The current study

2017 BMC Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

36. The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

the follow-up period if the assigned treatments are continued. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Drug: Methylphenidate compounds and /or Amphetamine compounds and/or Strattera or Guanfacine Behavioral: Aerobic Exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: Background: Several interventional studies have shown improvement in core symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with aerobic exercise as an add-on therapy for children (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788851 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First

2016 Clinical Trials

37. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in elite athletes: a narrative review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in elite athletes: a narrative review. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common brain developmental disorder in the general population that may be even more prevalent in elite athletes in certain sports. General population studies of ADHD are extensive and have reported on prevalence, symptoms, therapeutic and adverse effects of treatment and new clinical and research findings. However, few studies have reported on prevalence, symptoms (...) and treatments of ADHD in elite athletes. This narrative review summarises the literature on symptoms, comorbidities, effects of ADHD on performance and management options for elite athletes with ADHD. The prevalence of ADHD in student athletes and elite athletes may be 7%-8%. The symptoms and characteristics of ADHD play a role in athletes' choice of a sport career and further achieving elite status. Proper management of ADHD in elite athletes is important for safety and performance, and options include

2019 British Journal of Sports Medicine

38. Motor Attention Training for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

: January 28, 2019 See Sponsor: University of Wisconsin, Madison Information provided by (Responsible Party): University of Wisconsin, Madison Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The investigators will perform a feasibility/pilot trial of two non-pharmacological interventions for ADHD in college students. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Behavioral: Tai Chi Behavioral: Exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: College (...) by University of Wisconsin, Madison: motor attention training exercise tai chi ADHD Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases Signs and Symptoms

2016 Clinical Trials

39. Neuroelectric and Behavioral Effects of Acute Exercise on Task Switching in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuroelectric and Behavioral Effects of Acute Exercise on Task Switching in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder The main purpose of this two-part study was to examine the effects of acute, moderate intensity exercise on task switching in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In Study 1, we compared the task switching performance of children with and without ADHD. Twenty children with ADHD and 20 matched controls performed the task switching paradigm (...) , in which the behavioral indices and P3 component of event-related potentials elicited by task-switching were assessed simultaneously. The amplitude and latency of P3 reflected the amount of attention resource allocated to task-relevant stimulus in the environment and the efficiency of stimulus detection and evaluation, respectively. The task switching included two conditions; the pure condition required participants to perform the task on the same rule (e.g., AAAA or BBBB) whereas the mixed condition

2016 Frontiers in psychology

40. Effects of a selected exercise programon executive function of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of a selected exercise programon executive function of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Introduction. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Selected exercise program on the executive function of children with ADHD. Method. The participants were 40 male students, aged 7-11 years. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group participated in an exercise program for 24 sessions, 90 (...) in the behavioral inhibition (p < 0.05). Conclusion. An organized physical activity helps to improve the executive function in children with ADHD.

2016 Journal of medicine and life Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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