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181. A two arm randomized controlled trial comparing the short and long term effects of an elimination diet and a healthy diet in children with ADHD (TRACE study). Rationale, study design and methods. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A two arm randomized controlled trial comparing the short and long term effects of an elimination diet and a healthy diet in children with ADHD (TRACE study). Rationale, study design and methods. Food may trigger Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Therefore, an elimination diet (ED) might be an effective treatment for children with ADHD. However, earlier studies were criticized for the nature of the control group, potential confounders explaining the observed effects (...) ). This is assessed after 5 weeks of dietary treatment, after which participants continue the diet or not. Secondary outcome measures include the Disruptive Behavior Diagnostic Observational Schedule (DB-DOS), parent and teacher ratings of comorbid symptoms, cognitive assessment (e.g. executive functions), school functioning, physical measurements (e.g. weight), motor activity, sleep pattern, food consumption, nutritional quality of the diet, adherence, parental wellbeing, use of health care resources and cost

2020 BMC Psychiatry

182. Effects of an aquatic exercise program on inhibitory control in children with ADHD: a preliminary study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of an aquatic exercise program on inhibitory control in children with ADHD: a preliminary study. The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine whether an aquatic exercise intervention that involves both aerobic and coordinative exercises influences restraint inhibition in children with ADHD. Thirty participants were assigned to either an aquatic exercise or a wait-list control group. Participants were assessed by Go/Nogo Task and motor ability prior to and after an 8-week (...) the restraint inhibition component of behavioral inhibition in children with ADHD.

2014 Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

183. Project BIPAMS: Behavioral Intervention for Physical Activity in Multiple Sclerosis

schedule and frequency as the intervention condition, and will have a comparable time commitment. The control condition will account for attention and social contact as well as other possible biases such as initial reactivity and time spent on the website and video chats. The participants in the control condition will not be offered the behavioral intervention for increasing physical activity after completion of the study procedures. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Change of Physical (...) improving mobility, cognition, symptoms and quality of life in persons with MS. The investigators hypothesize that individuals who receive the 6-month behavioral intervention will demonstrate an increase in physical activity behavior that will last throughout a 6-month follow up compared with participants in the control condition. The investigators further hypothesize that individuals in the behavioral intervention will demonstrate better walking mobility and cognitive function, reduced fatigue

2018 Clinical Trials

184. Influence of Manual Physical Therapy on Habitual Activity in Knee Osteoarthritis

aspect of the study 8.) History of cardiac, respiratory, or musculoskeletal disorders (e.g. amputation) that restrict lower extremity function. 9.) Any physical, psychological, or emotional condition that is more symptom producing, or activity limiting than their knee OA. 10.) Any condition that disrupts sleep more than knee OA, such as a sleep disorder or Obstructive Sleep Apnea 11.) Inability to speak/read English adequately to understand and provide informed consent 12.) Pregnant or intending (...) hygiene was included. The purpose of this study was to assess a relationship between manual physical therapy and habitual physical activity and sleep behavior in individuals with knee OA. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Knee Osteoarthritis Other: Physical Therapy Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 18 participants Observational Model: Cohort Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: The Relationship of Manual Physical

2018 Clinical Trials

185. The Effects of an In-school Physical Activity Intervention on Adolescents' Brain Structure and Function

) Mental health and well-being [ Time Frame: 30mins, Baseline/pre-intervention (July - September 2017), after 1 year (July - September 2018) and at follow-up after 23 months (June 2018) ] A battery of surveys each including a number of measures: To assess symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) a parent of the participant completed the ADHD rating scale. Puberty status is assessed using the Pubertal Development Rating Scale. Mood is assessed using the abbreviated Profile of Mood (...) . We hypothesise that the intervention will change anterior hippocampal volume of Year-8 pupils, as well as mental health, cognitive performance, and more generally, brain structure and function. We further hypothesise that changes in brain organisation (e.g. hippocampal volume) may mediate changes in cognitive performance and mental health. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Physical Activity Behavioral: Physical Education (PE) programme Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout

2018 Clinical Trials

186. Effects and Mechanism of Two Hybrid Exercise-cognitive Trainings in Mild Ischemic Stroke With Cognitive Decline

- to post-training; (2) understand the neural mechanisms of cognitive recovery following two hybrid interventions using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); (3) examine the long-term benefits of the two hybrid therapies; (4) to identify the correlations between brain activity, biomarkers and behavioral measures. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Stroke Patients With Cognitive Decline Behavioral: Sequential training Behavioral: Dual training Behavioral: Control training (...) Not Applicable Detailed Description: Background and Purpose: Cognitive decline in stroke survivors is associated with functional deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. Directing interventions towards stroke survivors with cognitive decline may provide the greatest benefits. Risk factors for cognitive deficits are multifactorial; some are stroke characteristics many are cardiovascular disease risk factors. Growing evidence suggests that physical activity combined cognitive

2017 Clinical Trials

187. Aerobic Treadmill Exercise And Metabolism

non-consecutive exercise sessions per week. Body weight, resting metabolic rate via indirect calorimetry, peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) through graded exercise testing, fasting blood samples, CGM, sleep and dietary habits via self-report, and physical activity monitoring will be completed at prior to and following the aerobic exercise intervention. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Metabolism Disorder, Glucose Physical Activity Sedentary Lifestyle Other: Aerobic Exercise (...) , or post-menopausal for ≥1 year. Exclusion Criteria: self-reported medical conditions (e.g. diabetes), cardiovascular diseases, chronic or recurrent respiratory conditions (e.g. uncontrolled asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), active cancer, and eating, or neurological disorders, medications that affect metabolism (e.g. thyroid medications, statins), psychological issues, including but not limited to untreated depression and attention deficit disorder, excessive caffeine use (>500 mg/day

2017 Clinical Trials

188. Tailored Exercise Interventions to Reduce Fatigue in Cancer Survivors

-pharmacological intervention, physical activity has the strongest evidence base for treating CRF. However, the mechanisms explaining the reduction of CRF with exercise are not understood. Due to the complex and multi-factorial nature of CRF, it would be of benefit to tailor exercise interventions to the specific deficits (in regards to neuromuscular mechanisms) or difficulties (for example sleep disturbance) experienced by the individual. Ultimately, mechanism-targeted exercise interventions could (...) . Participants in the traditional exercise group will engage in aerobic and resistance exercise that is consistent with published recommendations. The tailored exercise group will be prescribed an intervention designed to address individual deficits (identified at baseline) that may be related to CRF. Participants will be assessed before and after the intervention for patient-reported outcomes, neuromuscular function and fatigue in response to whole-body exercise, sleep quantity and quality, physical

2017 Clinical Trials

189. Calcium Kinetic Responses to Exercise

to multiple bouts of load carriage exercise in females. The investigators hypothesize that PTH will increase after multiple bouts of load carriage exercise and this increase will be due to disruption in Ca kinetics, specifically either a decrease in fractional intestinal Ca absorption (FCA) or changes in bone formation and/or resorption. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Nutritional Status Bones Behavioral: Exercise Not Applicable Detailed Description: Initial military training (IMT (...) Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Basic Science Official Title: Skeletal Hormone and Calcium Kinetic Responses to Load Carriage Exercise in Females Actual Study Start Date : June 16, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2019 Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: available for: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment No Intervention: Rest Active Comparator: Exercise

2017 Clinical Trials

190. Effects of Brisk Walking and Regular Intensity Exercise Interventions on Glycemic Control

profiles in obese young adults are disrupted. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Metabolic Syndrome Obesity Behavioral: Exercise Intervention Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 33 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Prevention Official Title: Effects of Brisk Walking and Regular Intensity Exercise (...) minutes of moderate intensity exercise/week). Participants will walk at a brisk pace for 15 minutes, as demonstrated in a previous study. A Garmin VivoFit activity monitor will measure their physical activity across the four-week intervention. The Garmin VivoFit activity monitor must be returned during the "Follow-up Study Visit". Behavioral: Exercise Intervention The use of exercise to improve glycemic responses in young adults who are at risk for Metabolic Syndrome. Experimental: Traditional

2017 Clinical Trials

191. Physical Exercise as an Additional Treatment for Alzheimer Disease

) and perceived exertion (Borg Scale) will be monitored and recorded at each five minutes during each exercise session by physical education instructors. Behavioral: Aerobic Exercise The training exercise intensity is established at 60% of VO2máx. This intensity was determined using exercise prescription guidelines established by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Each aerobic session began with a 10-minute warm-up period (40%VO2máx), followed by 20 minutes of continuous treadmill walking (...) at an intensity established by 60% of VO2máx. The exercise session will be concluded with a 5 minutes of cool down. Heart hate (Polar® Sport Tester, Finland) and perceived exertion (Borg Scale) will be monitored and recorded at each five minutes during each exercise session by physical education instructors. Behavioral: Control Group All participants were asked not to commence any new exercise regimen. No Intervention: Control group All participants were asked not to commence any new exercise regimen. Outcome

2012 Clinical Trials

192. ADHD in Children and Adolescents

of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). Key Recommendations Any child 4 through 18 years of age who presents with academic or behavioral problems and symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity should be evaluated for ADHD. The diagnosis of ADHD should be based on the criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (...) medications for ADHD and may be treated with behavioral therapy. Medication doses should be titrated to achieve maximum benefit with minimum adverse effects. Access the article with full recommendation for more information on ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents. * Please note that the AAP has also developed a Process of Care Supplemental Appendix document, available on the AAP website, which

2016 American Academy of Family Physicians

193. Practice advisory: the utility of eeg theta/beta power ratio in adhd diagnosis

. Kernberg OF , Yeomans FE . Borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder, depression, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and narcissistic personality disorder: practical differential diagnosis . 16. Connor DF , Doerfler LA . ADHD with comorbid oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder: discrete or nondistinct disruptive behavior disorders? 17. American Academy of Pediatrics . Clinical practice guideline: diagnosis and evaluation of the child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity (...) .), University of California at Los Angeles. Practice advisory: The utility of EEG theta/beta power ratio in ADHD diagnosis David Gloss , Jay K. Varma , Tamara Pringsheim , Marc R. Nuwer Neurology Nov 2016, 87 (22) 2375-2379; DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003265 Citation Manager Formats Make Comment See Comments Downloads 2753 Share Abstract Objective: To evaluate the evidence for EEG theta/beta power ratio for diagnosing, or helping to diagnose, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: We

2016 American Academy of Neurology

194. Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)-Related Attention Deficits in Children

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Brain Diseases Central Nervous System Diseases Nervous System Diseases Craniocerebral Trauma Trauma, Nervous System Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Central Nervous System Stimulants Physiological Effects of Drugs Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors Membrane Transport Modulators Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action Dopamine Agents (...) Update Posted : February 28, 2018 See Sponsor: Vanderbilt University Collaborator: Shire Information provided by (Responsible Party): Michael G. Tramontana, Ph.D., Vanderbilt University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this research study is to evaluate whether Vyvanse, a psychostimulant, can help children ages 6-16 with attention deficits due to traumatic brain injury (TBI). Vyvanse is currently approved for the treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity (ADHD

2016 Clinical Trials

195. The effect of exergaming on executive functions in children with ADHD: A randomized clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effect of exergaming on executive functions in children with ADHD: A randomized clinical trial. Children with ADHD frequently suffer from deficits in cognitive (ie, executive functions) and motor abilities. Although medication usually has a positive effect, a lack of commitment and possible side effects result in a need for adjunct or alternative treatments. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of cognitively and physically demanding exergaming on executive (...) -test values as covariates) revealed that children in the exergame intervention group improved in specific executive functions (reaction times in inhibition and switching), general psychopathology as well as motor abilities compared to control group.Findings indicate that exergaming might benefit two domains in which frequent deficits can be observed in children with ADHD, executive functions and motor abilities. Given that these beneficial effects in turn might positively affect psychopathology

2019 Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

196. Overweight in family members of probands with ADHD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

-but not parental ADHD-was predictive of offspring overweight (mothers OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.14-1.73, fathers OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.41-2.36). Being overweight runs in ADHD families, yet is not specifically linked to ADHD within families. Shared unhealthy lifestyle factors (including nutrition, sleep, exercise, stress) as well as genetic factors shared by family members likely explain the findings. (...) Overweight in family members of probands with ADHD. The widely reported association between ADHD and overweight may be attributable to genetic and environmental factors also present in unaffected family members. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the association between ADHD and overweight within families. A cohort was used of families with at least one member with ADHD, recruited as part of the Dutch node of the International Multicenter ADHD Genetics (IMAGE) study

2019 European child & adolescent psychiatry

197. Commentary: 'Ready or not here I come': developmental immaturity as a driver of impairment and referral in young-for-school-grade ADHD children. A reformulation inspired by Whitely et al. (2019). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Commentary: 'Ready or not here I come': developmental immaturity as a driver of impairment and referral in young-for-school-grade ADHD children. A reformulation inspired by Whitely et al. (2019). The search for objective biological tests, sufficiently reliable, and predictive enough to be diagnostic of psychiatric disorders, continues apace - yet their discovery remains a distant dream. It seems increasingly unlikely that current diagnostic structures and concepts map biologically in a straight (...) forward way - with heterogeneity within, and sharing across, existing diagnostic boundaries being the biological rule rather than the exception. Indeed, it now appears that the science of biological psychiatry is more likely to redraw those boundaries than it is to confirm and mark them (Sonuga-Barke, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016, 57, 1). Clinical identification of childhood psychiatric disorders therefore remains, for the foreseeable future at least, an exercise in regulated

2019 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

198. Effects of Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention on ERP measures of attentional control in children with ADHD. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention on ERP measures of attentional control in children with ADHD. A primary goal of this study was to examine the impact of an Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention (multi-faceted treatment consisting of computerized cognitive training, physical exercise, and behavior management) on ERPs of attentional control (P3 & N2) in children with ADHD. The secondary goal was to test the differences between children (...) with and without ADHD on ERP and Go/No-Go behavioral measures. A total of twenty-nine participants (M age = 7.14 years; 52% male; 41.4% white) recruited from the IBBS efficacy study comparing IBBS to Treatment-As-Usual (TAU) completed a Go/No-Go task before and after treatment as brain activity was recorded using EEG. Thirty-four matched healthy controls (HC) completed the same EEG procedures at a single time point. Following treatment, the Go P3 latency was significantly earlier for the IBBS group relative

2019 Psychiatry research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

199. Population Approaches to Improve Diet, Physical Activity, and Smoking Habits Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism, Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Council on the Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease, Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease, and the Advocacy Coordinating Committee Originally published 20 Aug 2012 Circulation. 2012;126:1514–1563 You are viewing the most recent version of this article. Previous versions: Abstract Background— Poor lifestyle behaviors (...) habits, increase physical activity, and reduce tobacco use. Strategies were considered in 6 broad domains: (1) Media and educational campaigns; (2) labeling and consumer information; (3) taxation, subsidies, and other economic incentives; (4) school and workplace approaches; (5) local environmental changes; and (6) direct restrictions and mandates. The writing group also reviewed the potential contributions of healthcare systems and surveillance systems to behavior change efforts. Several specific

2012 American Heart Association

200. The cost of persuasive design: digital media use and ADHD

The cost of persuasive design: digital media use and ADHD The cost of persuasive design: digital media use and ADHD Search National Elf Service Search National Elf Service » » » » The cost of persuasive design: digital media use and ADHD Sep 21 2018 Posted by >, This longitudinal study of American teenagers by Ra and colleagues, sought to explore the association between digital media use and symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as explore the relationship between (...) media activities. While more evidence is needed to understand the impact of persuasive design strategies on children and young peoples’ social, mental and physical development, studies such as this illustrate the potential negative outcomes of excessive use. This longitudinal study shows a significant (but modest) association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD. Pervasive design Pervasive design, a term coined by psychologist BJ Fogg, combines the theory

2018 The Mental Elf

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