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1. The Acute Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Flexibility and Task-Related Heart Rate Variability in Children With ADHD and Healthy Controls. (PubMed)

The Acute Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Flexibility and Task-Related Heart Rate Variability in Children With ADHD and Healthy Controls. To investigate cognitive flexibility and task-related heart rate variability following moderately intense aerobic exercise and after watching a video in both children with ADHD and healthy controls.Using a cross-over design, participants completed cognitive assessments following exercise and a physically inactive control condition. Behavioral (...) performance was assessed using the Alternate Uses task. Heart rate variability was recorded via electrocardiography during the cognitive task.The statistical analysis revealed that in comparison with the control condition, both groups showed higher cognitive flexibility following aerobic exercise. Moreover, decreased low frequency and high frequency power was observed in the exercise condition.The findings suggest that exercise elicits similar benefits for cognitive flexibility in children with ADHD

2018 Journal of attention disorders

2. A Meta-Analytic Review of the Efficacy of Physical Exercise Interventions on Cognition in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and ADHD.

A Meta-Analytic Review of the Efficacy of Physical Exercise Interventions on Cognition in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and ADHD. This review evaluates the efficacy of using physical exercise interventions on improving cognitive functions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review includes a meta-analysis based on a random-effects model of data reported in 22 studies with 579 participants aged 3-25 year old (...) . The results revealed an overall small to medium effect of exercise on cognition, supporting the efficacy of exercise interventions in enhancing certain aspects of cognitive performance in individuals with ASD and/or ADHD. Specifically, similar to the general population literature, the cognitive benefits of exercise are not consistent across all aspects of cognitive functions (i.e., some areas are not improved). The clinical significance of the reported effect sizes is also considered.

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2018 Journal of autism and developmental disorders

3. Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students With ADHD

Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students With ADHD Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students With ADHD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students (...) by (Responsible Party): Cynthia M. Hartung, University of Wyoming Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The overall objective of this study is to examine physical exercise as an intervention for ADHD. The rationale for the proposed study is that physical exercise could serve as an effective treatment for college students with ADHD that has low costs, low risks, and ancillary health benefits and may address the limitations of existing treatments. The central hypothesis is that college students

2018 Clinical Trials

4. Managing childhood and adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with exercise: A systematic review. (PubMed)

Managing childhood and adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with exercise: A systematic review. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting some 8-10% of children worldwide. Increasing research has shed light on the life course of the disorder, suggesting that majority of children with ADHD will continue to have persistent symptoms into adulthood. The mainstay of ADHD management has been pharmacologic (...) and behavioural/psychological interventions, with little attention paid to exercise as a potential management strategy. A systematic review, examining both the short-term and long-term effects of exercise on children with ADHD, is timely and necessary to guide further research in this area.Using the keywords [exercise OR physical OR activity OR sport] AND [attention deficit hyperactivity disorder OR ADHD OR ADDH], a preliminary search on the PubMed and Ovid database yielded 613 papers published in English

2017 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

5. Sweat it out? The effects of physical exercise on cognition and behavior in children and adults with ADHD: a systematic literature review (PubMed)

Sweat it out? The effects of physical exercise on cognition and behavior in children and adults with ADHD: a systematic literature review As attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood, effective yet safe treatment options are highly important. Recent research introduced physical exercise as a potential treatment option, particularly for children with ADHD. The aim of this review was to systematically analyze (...) potential acute and chronic effects of cardio and non-cardio exercise on a broad range of functions in children with ADHD and to explore this in adults as well. Literature on physical exercise in patients with ADHD was systematically reviewed based on categorizations for exercise type (cardio versus non-cardio), effect type (acute versus chronic), and outcome measure (cognitive, behavioral/socio-emotional, and physical/(neuro)physiological). Furthermore, the methodological quality of the reviewed papers

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2016 Journal of neural transmission

6. Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD

Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02728011 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : April 5, 2016 Last Update Posted : April 5, 2016 Sponsor: Region Syddanmark

2016 Clinical Trials

7. Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients

Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02704546 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified March 2016 by Sheba Medical Center

2016 Clinical Trials

8. The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788851 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First

2016 Clinical Trials

9. The Effects of Physical Exercise on Functional Outcomes in the Treatment of ADHD: A Meta-Analysis. (PubMed)

The Effects of Physical Exercise on Functional Outcomes in the Treatment of ADHD: A Meta-Analysis. An increasing number of studies suggest possible beneficial effects of exercise in alleviating ADHD functional outcomes. The current study provides a quantitative meta-analysis of the available studies investigating this relationship.Studies reporting on the effects of physical exercise on motor skills and executive functions in children with ADHD were identified through Cochrane, PsycInfo, PubMed (...) , Web of Science databases. Ten publications were selected. Random-effects model was used to calculate effect sizes.There was a significant effect of exercise on ADHD functional outcomes (g = 0.627). Longer exercise intervention duration was consistently associated with larger effect sizes. Effect sizes were not related to exercise intensity, mean age of participants, or gender distribution.Results suggest that exercise has a modest positive impact on ADHD functional outcomes, such as executive

2016 Journal of attention disorders

10. Randomized Controlled Trial of Exercise for ADHD and Disruptive Behavior Disorders. (PubMed)

Randomized Controlled Trial of Exercise for ADHD and Disruptive Behavior Disorders. The objective of this study is to test the feasibility and impact of a 10-wk after-school exercise program for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or disruptive behavior disorders living in an urban poor community.Children were randomized to an exercise program (n = 19) or a comparable but sedentary attention control program (n = 16). Cognitive and behavioral outcomes were collected pre (...) -/posttest. Intent-to-treat mixed models tested group-time and group-time-attendance interactions. Effect sizes were calculated within and between groups.Feasibility was evidenced by 86% retention, 60% attendance, and average 75% maximum HR. Group-time results were null on the primary outcome, parent-reported executive function. Among secondary outcomes, between-group effect sizes favored exercise on hyperactive symptoms (d = 0.47) and verbal working memory (d = 0.26), and controls on visuospatial

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2016 Medicine and science in sports and exercise

11. Alternatives to medication for children and young people with ADHD

-pharmacological interventions offer an alternative and complementary approach for treating ADHD. NICE guidelines currently recommend psychoeducation and support, CBT, changes to diet, exercise and parent-training; yet many other treatments have been investigated (NICE, 2018). This systematic review evaluated the evidence for non-pharmacological interventions in children and adolescents published between 2009 and 2016 (Goode et al, 2018). As well as medication, NICE guidance recommends psychoeducation (...) and support, CBT, changes to diet, exercise and parent-training for ADHD. Methods The authors followed standard protocols for conducting systematic reviews recommended by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and the US-based Agency for Healthcare Research Quality (AHRQ). They searched for original research studies in the PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases for the period January 2009 – November 2016. Several inclusion criteria were specified

2019 The Mental Elf

12. Commentary: 'Ready or not here I come': developmental immaturity as a driver of impairment and referral in young-for-school-grade ADHD children. A reformulation inspired by Whitely et al. (2019). (PubMed)

Commentary: 'Ready or not here I come': developmental immaturity as a driver of impairment and referral in young-for-school-grade ADHD children. A reformulation inspired by Whitely et al. (2019). The search for objective biological tests, sufficiently reliable, and predictive enough to be diagnostic of psychiatric disorders, continues apace - yet their discovery remains a distant dream. It seems increasingly unlikely that current diagnostic structures and concepts map biologically in a straight (...) forward way - with heterogeneity within, and sharing across, existing diagnostic boundaries being the biological rule rather than the exception. Indeed, it now appears that the science of biological psychiatry is more likely to redraw those boundaries than it is to confirm and mark them (Sonuga-Barke, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016, 57, 1). Clinical identification of childhood psychiatric disorders therefore remains, for the foreseeable future at least, an exercise in regulated

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2019 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

13. Overweight in family members of probands with ADHD. (PubMed)

-but not parental ADHD-was predictive of offspring overweight (mothers OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.14-1.73, fathers OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.41-2.36). Being overweight runs in ADHD families, yet is not specifically linked to ADHD within families. Shared unhealthy lifestyle factors (including nutrition, sleep, exercise, stress) as well as genetic factors shared by family members likely explain the findings. (...) Overweight in family members of probands with ADHD. The widely reported association between ADHD and overweight may be attributable to genetic and environmental factors also present in unaffected family members. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the association between ADHD and overweight within families. A cohort was used of families with at least one member with ADHD, recruited as part of the Dutch node of the International Multicenter ADHD Genetics (IMAGE) study

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2019 European child & adolescent psychiatry

14. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy v. treatment as usual in adults with ADHD: a multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02463396). Participants were randomly assigned to MBCT + TAU (n = 60), an 8-weekly group therapy including meditation exercises, psychoeducation and group discussions, or TAU only (n = 60), which reflected usual treatment in the Netherlands and included pharmacotherapy and/or psychoeducation. Primary outcome was ADHD symptoms rated by blinded clinicians. Secondary outcomes included self-reported ADHD symptoms, executive (...) Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy v. treatment as usual in adults with ADHD: a multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial. There is a high need for evidence-based psychosocial treatments for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to offer alongside treatment as usual (TAU). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a promising psychosocial treatment. This trial investigated the efficacy of MBCT + TAU v. TAU in reducing core symptoms in adults with ADHD.A

2018 Psychological Medicine

15. Don’t ignore ADHD in adults

the beginning of a discussion about how we should be more mindful of ADHD in adults and ways to help. Behavioral therapy is useful, meditation, exercise and some alternative methods, including natural remedies and even some video games, have been proven to be found to be helpful in patients. There are also many diagnoses in between the spectrum that need to be understood. This is just an emphasis on how ignoring and placing a stigma on ADHD in adulthood needs to come to an end. Next time a patient walks (...) Don’t ignore ADHD in adults Don't ignore ADHD in adults Don’t ignore ADHD in adults | | March 6, 2018 385 Shares Eight-year-old Tommy has trouble paying attention in school, is always restless in class, unable to complete his tasks, hyperactive both in school and home and his teacher discusses the possibility of him having ADHD with his parents. They decide to take him to see a pediatric psychiatrist. After some analysis, he’s diagnosed with ADHD, prescribed with Ritalin and is on his way home

2018 KevinMD blog

16. ADHD and lifestyle habits in Czech adults, a national sample (PubMed)

and/or consequences of certain lifestyles.The targeted population was adults aged 18-65 years. The total sample was 1,012 (507 males and 505 females). The Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS V. 1.1) was administered to evaluate the current symptoms of ADHD and a questionnaire regarding lifestyles that are pertinent to ADHD, exercise, drug use, and diet.An ASRS score of 4-6 points was found in 11.4% of the male population and 9.7% of the female population (5-6 points indicate very high-intensity symptoms). A score (...) ADHD and lifestyle habits in Czech adults, a national sample Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been added as a diagnosis to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM5) in 2013, thus making ADHD, which has been classically known as a childhood disorder, a life-long disorder. Those suffering from the condition show very specific behavioral traits, which manifest as lifestyle habits; they also show comorbidities that can be the symptoms

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2018 Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment

17. PART B: Efficacy and Safety of AEVI-001 in Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Without mGluR Mutations

PART B: Efficacy and Safety of AEVI-001 in Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Without mGluR Mutations PART B: Efficacy and Safety of AEVI-001 in Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Without mGluR Mutations - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. PART B: Efficacy and Safety of AEVI-001 in Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Without mGluR Mutations The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03609619 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : August 1, 2018 Last Update Posted

2018 Clinical Trials

18. Single-dose Potassium Supplementation in Patients With ADHD for Whom the Anesthetic Lidocaine is Ineffective

Single-dose Potassium Supplementation in Patients With ADHD for Whom the Anesthetic Lidocaine is Ineffective Single-dose Potassium Supplementation in Patients With ADHD for Whom the Anesthetic Lidocaine is Ineffective - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Single-dose Potassium Supplementation in Patients With ADHD for Whom the Anesthetic Lidocaine is Ineffective The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03563573 Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation First Posted : June 20, 2018

2018 Clinical Trials

19. Co Morbid Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) and Developmental Co Ordination Disorder (DCD)

: NCT03595826 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : July 23, 2018 Last Update Posted : August 21, 2018 See Sponsor: University of KwaZulu Information provided by (Responsible Party): Pam Dawson, University of KwaZulu Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study aims to establish and present the prevalence figures and demographics of the co-morbidity of ADHD and DCD. It further aims to design an exercise intervention, to be utilised in the management of the symptoms of both (...) : The Effects of Exercise Therapy on the Co-Morbidity of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Developmental Co-Ordination Disorder. (DCD) Actual Study Start Date : May 2, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2018 Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: 1. Neurostimulant pharmaceutical drugs.. 1.Participants receiving medicinal

2018 Clinical Trials

20. A Study of Identity Building in Children With ADHD

. For general information, Layout table for eligibility information Ages Eligible for Study: 8 Years to 12 Years (Child) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Patient group: Child aged 8 to 12, clinical diagnosis of ADHD according to DSM-V criteria Informed consent signed by the holder (s) of the exercise of parental authority and specifying the decision of the child himself, Subject having French as mother tongue, Subject affiliated to the social (...) security system. Control group: Child aged 8 to 12, Not suffering from ADHD according to DSM-V criteria Informed consent signed by the holder (s) of the exercise of parental authority and specifying the decision the child himself, Subjects with French as their mother tongue, Subject affiliated to the social security system. Exclusion Criteria: Sensory disorders, Pathology of the brain (head trauma, epilepsy, others), Major psychiatric comorbidity (current depressive episode, schizophrenia, bipolar

2018 Clinical Trials

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