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1. Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism

Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism We use cookies on this website. By using this site, you agree that we may store and access cookies on your device. Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services Physical activity for persons with ADHD or autism Share: Reading time approx. 8 minutes Exercise has attracted attention as a potential helpful intervention in persons with ADHD or autism. Effects (...) are often emphasized on cognition, social-emotional, and motor development. The purpose of this report was to systematically review published systematic reviews on examining the effects of all types of exercise interventions in persons with ADHD or Autism. Question What systematic reviews are there on exercise interventions for persons with hyperactivity and inattention (for example in ADHD or autism)? Identified literature Table 1. Systematic reviews with low/medium risk of bias. ADHD = Attention

2019 Swedish Council on Technology Assessement

2. The Acute Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Flexibility and Task-Related Heart Rate Variability in Children With ADHD and Healthy Controls. (PubMed)

The Acute Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Flexibility and Task-Related Heart Rate Variability in Children With ADHD and Healthy Controls. To investigate cognitive flexibility and task-related heart rate variability following moderately intense aerobic exercise and after watching a video in both children with ADHD and healthy controls.Using a cross-over design, participants completed cognitive assessments following exercise and a physically inactive control condition. Behavioral (...) performance was assessed using the Alternate Uses task. Heart rate variability was recorded via electrocardiography during the cognitive task.The statistical analysis revealed that in comparison with the control condition, both groups showed higher cognitive flexibility following aerobic exercise. Moreover, decreased low frequency and high frequency power was observed in the exercise condition.The findings suggest that exercise elicits similar benefits for cognitive flexibility in children with ADHD

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2018 Journal of attention disorders Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3. Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students With ADHD

Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students With ADHD Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students With ADHD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Acute Effects of Exercise in College Students (...) by (Responsible Party): Cynthia M. Hartung, University of Wyoming Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The overall objective of this study is to examine physical exercise as an intervention for ADHD. The rationale for the proposed study is that physical exercise could serve as an effective treatment for college students with ADHD that has low costs, low risks, and ancillary health benefits and may address the limitations of existing treatments. The central hypothesis is that college students

2018 Clinical Trials

4. A Meta-Analytic Review of the Efficacy of Physical Exercise Interventions on Cognition in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and ADHD.

A Meta-Analytic Review of the Efficacy of Physical Exercise Interventions on Cognition in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and ADHD. This review evaluates the efficacy of using physical exercise interventions on improving cognitive functions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review includes a meta-analysis based on a random-effects model of data reported in 22 studies with 579 participants aged 3-25 year old (...) . The results revealed an overall small to medium effect of exercise on cognition, supporting the efficacy of exercise interventions in enhancing certain aspects of cognitive performance in individuals with ASD and/or ADHD. Specifically, similar to the general population literature, the cognitive benefits of exercise are not consistent across all aspects of cognitive functions (i.e., some areas are not improved). The clinical significance of the reported effect sizes is also considered.

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2018 Journal of autism and developmental disorders

5. Managing childhood and adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with exercise: A systematic review. (PubMed)

Managing childhood and adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with exercise: A systematic review. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting some 8-10% of children worldwide. Increasing research has shed light on the life course of the disorder, suggesting that majority of children with ADHD will continue to have persistent symptoms into adulthood. The mainstay of ADHD management has been pharmacologic (...) and behavioural/psychological interventions, with little attention paid to exercise as a potential management strategy. A systematic review, examining both the short-term and long-term effects of exercise on children with ADHD, is timely and necessary to guide further research in this area.Using the keywords [exercise OR physical OR activity OR sport] AND [attention deficit hyperactivity disorder OR ADHD OR ADDH], a preliminary search on the PubMed and Ovid database yielded 613 papers published in English

2017 Complementary Therapies In Medicine

6. Alternatives to medication for children and young people with ADHD

-pharmacological interventions offer an alternative and complementary approach for treating ADHD. NICE guidelines currently recommend psychoeducation and support, CBT, changes to diet, exercise and parent-training; yet many other treatments have been investigated (NICE, 2018). This systematic review evaluated the evidence for non-pharmacological interventions in children and adolescents published between 2009 and 2016 (Goode et al, 2018). As well as medication, NICE guidance recommends psychoeducation (...) and support, CBT, changes to diet, exercise and parent-training for ADHD. Methods The authors followed standard protocols for conducting systematic reviews recommended by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and the US-based Agency for Healthcare Research Quality (AHRQ). They searched for original research studies in the PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases for the period January 2009 – November 2016. Several inclusion criteria were specified

2019 The Mental Elf

7. Overweight in family members of probands with ADHD. (PubMed)

-but not parental ADHD-was predictive of offspring overweight (mothers OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.14-1.73, fathers OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.41-2.36). Being overweight runs in ADHD families, yet is not specifically linked to ADHD within families. Shared unhealthy lifestyle factors (including nutrition, sleep, exercise, stress) as well as genetic factors shared by family members likely explain the findings. (...) Overweight in family members of probands with ADHD. The widely reported association between ADHD and overweight may be attributable to genetic and environmental factors also present in unaffected family members. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the association between ADHD and overweight within families. A cohort was used of families with at least one member with ADHD, recruited as part of the Dutch node of the International Multicenter ADHD Genetics (IMAGE) study

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2019 European child & adolescent psychiatry

8. Commentary: 'Ready or not here I come': developmental immaturity as a driver of impairment and referral in young-for-school-grade ADHD children. A reformulation inspired by Whitely et al. (2019). (PubMed)

Commentary: 'Ready or not here I come': developmental immaturity as a driver of impairment and referral in young-for-school-grade ADHD children. A reformulation inspired by Whitely et al. (2019). The search for objective biological tests, sufficiently reliable, and predictive enough to be diagnostic of psychiatric disorders, continues apace - yet their discovery remains a distant dream. It seems increasingly unlikely that current diagnostic structures and concepts map biologically in a straight (...) forward way - with heterogeneity within, and sharing across, existing diagnostic boundaries being the biological rule rather than the exception. Indeed, it now appears that the science of biological psychiatry is more likely to redraw those boundaries than it is to confirm and mark them (Sonuga-Barke, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016, 57, 1). Clinical identification of childhood psychiatric disorders therefore remains, for the foreseeable future at least, an exercise in regulated

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2019 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

9. Effects of Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention on ERP measures of attentional control in children with ADHD. (PubMed)

Effects of Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention on ERP measures of attentional control in children with ADHD. A primary goal of this study was to examine the impact of an Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention (multi-faceted treatment consisting of computerized cognitive training, physical exercise, and behavior management) on ERPs of attentional control (P3 & N2) in children with ADHD. The secondary goal was to test the differences between children (...) with and without ADHD on ERP and Go/No-Go behavioral measures. A total of twenty-nine participants (M age = 7.14 years; 52% male; 41.4% white) recruited from the IBBS efficacy study comparing IBBS to Treatment-As-Usual (TAU) completed a Go/No-Go task before and after treatment as brain activity was recorded using EEG. Thirty-four matched healthy controls (HC) completed the same EEG procedures at a single time point. Following treatment, the Go P3 latency was significantly earlier for the IBBS group relative

2019 Psychiatry research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Sweat it out? The effects of physical exercise on cognition and behavior in children and adults with ADHD: a systematic literature review (PubMed)

Sweat it out? The effects of physical exercise on cognition and behavior in children and adults with ADHD: a systematic literature review As attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood, effective yet safe treatment options are highly important. Recent research introduced physical exercise as a potential treatment option, particularly for children with ADHD. The aim of this review was to systematically analyze (...) potential acute and chronic effects of cardio and non-cardio exercise on a broad range of functions in children with ADHD and to explore this in adults as well. Literature on physical exercise in patients with ADHD was systematically reviewed based on categorizations for exercise type (cardio versus non-cardio), effect type (acute versus chronic), and outcome measure (cognitive, behavioral/socio-emotional, and physical/(neuro)physiological). Furthermore, the methodological quality of the reviewed papers

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2016 Journal of neural transmission

11. The Effects of Physical Exercise on Functional Outcomes in the Treatment of ADHD: A Meta-Analysis. (PubMed)

The Effects of Physical Exercise on Functional Outcomes in the Treatment of ADHD: A Meta-Analysis. An increasing number of studies suggest possible beneficial effects of exercise in alleviating ADHD functional outcomes. The current study provides a quantitative meta-analysis of the available studies investigating this relationship.Studies reporting on the effects of physical exercise on motor skills and executive functions in children with ADHD were identified through Cochrane, PsycInfo, PubMed (...) , Web of Science databases. Ten publications were selected. Random-effects model was used to calculate effect sizes.There was a significant effect of exercise on ADHD functional outcomes (g = 0.627). Longer exercise intervention duration was consistently associated with larger effect sizes. Effect sizes were not related to exercise intensity, mean age of participants, or gender distribution.Results suggest that exercise has a modest positive impact on ADHD functional outcomes, such as executive

2016 Journal of attention disorders

12. Randomized Controlled Trial of Exercise for ADHD and Disruptive Behavior Disorders. (PubMed)

Randomized Controlled Trial of Exercise for ADHD and Disruptive Behavior Disorders. The objective of this study is to test the feasibility and impact of a 10-wk after-school exercise program for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or disruptive behavior disorders living in an urban poor community.Children were randomized to an exercise program (n = 19) or a comparable but sedentary attention control program (n = 16). Cognitive and behavioral outcomes were collected pre (...) -/posttest. Intent-to-treat mixed models tested group-time and group-time-attendance interactions. Effect sizes were calculated within and between groups.Feasibility was evidenced by 86% retention, 60% attendance, and average 75% maximum HR. Group-time results were null on the primary outcome, parent-reported executive function. Among secondary outcomes, between-group effect sizes favored exercise on hyperactive symptoms (d = 0.47) and verbal working memory (d = 0.26), and controls on visuospatial

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2016 Medicine and science in sports and exercise Controlled trial quality: uncertain

13. The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise in the Treatment of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02788851 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First

2016 Clinical Trials

14. Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD

Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more (...) studies before adding more. Pilot Trial Comparing Computerised Cognitive Exercises to Tetris in Adolescents With ADHD The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02728011 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : April 5, 2016 Last Update Posted : April 5, 2016 Sponsor: Region Syddanmark

2016 Clinical Trials

15. Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients

Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Methylphenidate (Ritalin®) Effect During Exposure to Exercise and Heat Stress in ADD/ADHD Treated Patients The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02704546 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified March 2016 by Sheba Medical Center

2016 Clinical Trials

16. Effects of Physical Exercise Intervention on Motor Skills and Executive Functions in Children With ADHD: A Pilot Study. (PubMed)

Effects of Physical Exercise Intervention on Motor Skills and Executive Functions in Children With ADHD: A Pilot Study. This study examined the effect of a 12-week table tennis exercise on motor skills and executive functions in children with ADHD.Fifteen children with ADHD received the intervention, whereas 15 children with ADHD and 30 typically developing children did not. The Test of Gross Motor Development-2, Stroop, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) were conducted before and after (...) the intervention.After the intervention, the ADHD training group scored significantly higher in the locomotor as well as object-control skills, Stroop Color-Word condition, and WCST total correct performance compared with the ADHD non-training group, and we noted improvements in the locomotor as well as object-control skills, Stroop Color-Word condition, and three aspects of the WCST performances of the ADHD training group over time.A 12-week table tennis exercise may have clinical relevance in motor skills

2015 Journal of attention disorders Controlled trial quality: uncertain

17. Effects of combined exercise on physical fitness and neurotransmitters in children with ADHD: a pilot randomized controlled study. (PubMed)

Effects of combined exercise on physical fitness and neurotransmitters in children with ADHD: a pilot randomized controlled study. [Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of a jump rope and ball combined exercise program on the physical fitness the neurotransmitter (epinephrine, serotonin) levels of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 12 boys attending elementary school, whose grade levels ranged from 1 (...) -4. The block randomization method was used to distribute the participants between the combined exercise group (n = 6) and control group (n = 6). The program consisted of a 60-min exercise (10-min warm-up, 40-min main exercise, and 10-min cool down) performed three times a week, for a total of 12 weeks. [Results] The exercise group showed a significant improvement in cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance and flexibility after 12 weeks. A significant increase

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2015 Journal of physical therapy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. Exercise Interventions in Children and Adolescents With ADHD: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Exercise Interventions in Children and Adolescents With ADHD: A Systematic Review. Exercise has attracted attention as a potential helpful intervention in children with ADHD. Effects are emphasized on cognition, social-emotional, and motor development.A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC to analyze the efficacy of different types of exercise interventions in children and adolescents with ADHD. Seven studies (...) examining the acute and 14 studies examining the long-term effects were included.The largest effects were reported for mixed exercise programs on ADHD symptomatology and fine motor precision. However, because of the large differences in the study designs, the comparability is limited.At this time, no evidence-based recommendation can be formulated regarding frequency, intensity, or duration of exercise. Nevertheless, some first trends regarding the effects of certain types of exercise can be identified

2015 Journal of attention disorders

19. The effects of a home-based sensorimotor program on executive and motor functions in children with ADHD: a case series (PubMed)

executive and motor functions in children with ADHD. This conclusion suggests the need to develop various exercise programs that can relieve the symptoms of ADHD in children and improve their abilities to adapt at home or school. (...) The effects of a home-based sensorimotor program on executive and motor functions in children with ADHD: a case series [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to learn about the effects of a home-oriented program based on sensorimotor activities on executive and motor functions in children with ADHD. [Participants and Methods] In this study, a home-based sensorimotor program was conducted for two male children diagnosed with ADHD. The participants performed the program with their parents four

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2018 Journal of physical therapy science

20. ADHD and lifestyle habits in Czech adults, a national sample (PubMed)

and/or consequences of certain lifestyles.The targeted population was adults aged 18-65 years. The total sample was 1,012 (507 males and 505 females). The Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS V. 1.1) was administered to evaluate the current symptoms of ADHD and a questionnaire regarding lifestyles that are pertinent to ADHD, exercise, drug use, and diet.An ASRS score of 4-6 points was found in 11.4% of the male population and 9.7% of the female population (5-6 points indicate very high-intensity symptoms). A score (...) ADHD and lifestyle habits in Czech adults, a national sample Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been added as a diagnosis to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM5) in 2013, thus making ADHD, which has been classically known as a childhood disorder, a life-long disorder. Those suffering from the condition show very specific behavioral traits, which manifest as lifestyle habits; they also show comorbidities that can be the symptoms

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2018 Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment

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