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41. Long-Term Efficacy of Psychosocial Treatments for Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Long-Term Efficacy of Psychosocial Treatments for Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review Background: Recent evidence suggests that psychosocial treatments, particularly cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), are effective interventions for adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of this review was to determine the long-term efficacy of psychosocial interventions in improving clinically relevant variables, including ADHD core (...) type and setting, and control group type) on effect size (ES) estimates. Results: Up to 680 of a total of 1,073 participants assessed pre-treatment were retained at follow-up. Treatment groups showed greater improvement than control groups in self-reported total ADHD symptoms, inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity, in addition to CGI and global functioning. Blind assessors also reported a large ES in within-subject outcomes. Studies using dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) in a group setting

2018 Frontiers in psychology

42. Taekwondo Practice in Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

by (Responsible Party): Maamer Slimani, University of Genova Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuro-developmental/behavioral disorders among adolescents. Sport and physical activity seem to play a major role in the development of cognition, memory, selective attention and motor reaction time, especially among adolescents with ADHD. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a one (...) and a half year long Taekwondo (TKD) intervention on cognitive function in adolescents with ADHD. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Behavioral: Taekwondo practice Other: CONTROL Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 40 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Prevention

2018 Clinical Trials

43. Performance monitoring and post-error adjustments in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: an EEG analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance monitoring and post-error adjustments in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: an EEG analysis Recently, research into attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has focused increasingly on its neurobiological underpinnings, revealing (among other things) frontal lobe alterations. Specifically, action-monitoring deficits have been described, including impaired behavioural adjustments following errors. Our aim was to examine the neurophysiological background (...) of post-error behavioural alterations in an adult ADHD sample for the first time, hypothesizing that people with ADHD would differ from controls in neurophysiological markers of cognitive preparation and stimulus processing, specifically following errors.In total, 34 people with ADHD and 34 controls participated in an electroencephalography measurement while performing a flanker task. The final number of electroencephalography samples included in the analyses ranged from 23 to 28. We recorded event

2018 Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience

44. The Effects of Peer Co-led Educational Group Intervention for Adults With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Product: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by Norwegian University of Science and Technology: Behavior therapy Peer groups Patient satisfaction Feasibility studies Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Pathologic Processes Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic Manifestations Nervous System Diseases (...) of a 2-session peer co-led educational group program designed to address specific challenges faced by adults diagnosed with ADHD at an outpatient clinics in mid-Norway. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Behavioral: Group-based education Behavioral: Waiting list Other: Standard treatment Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants

2018 Clinical Trials

45. Are psychiatric comorbidities and associated cognitive functions related to treatment response to methylphenidate in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Are psychiatric comorbidities and associated cognitive functions related to treatment response to methylphenidate in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Methylphenidate (MPH) has been found to be an effective medication for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, there are neither consistent nor sufficient findings on whether psychiatric comorbidities and associated cognitive functions of ADHD are related to treatment response to MPH in ADHD children.This study (...) investigated whether psychiatric comorbidities, IQ, and neurocognitive deficits are related to treatment response to MPH in ADHD children. In some ways, it is preferable to have a drug that the effectiveness of which to a disorder is not affected by its associated cognitive functions and psychiatric comorbidities. On the other hand, it is likely that the baseline symptom severity of ADHD is associated with the effectiveness of MPH treatment on the symptoms post treatment.A total of 149 Chinese boys (aged 6

2017 Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment

46. Cognitive?Behavioural Therapies for Young People in Outpatient Treatment for Non?Opioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive?Behavioural Therapies for Young People in Outpatient Treatment for Non?Opioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review CognitiveBehavioural Therapies for Young People in Outpatient Treatment for Non‐Opioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review - Filges - 2015 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access CognitiveBehavioural Therapies (...) treatment interventions that are developmentally appropriate for this population ( ; , ). CognitiveBehavioural Therapy (CBT) interventions include a variety of such practical elements. As a structured yet flexible, individualized and multicomponent intervention, CBT is adaptable and can be tailored to deal with the challenges associated with specific substances and the individual needs of young people. The focus of this review is on young people enrolled in treatment for drug use, regardless of how

2015 Campbell Collaboration

47. Cognitive-behavioural therapy in medication-treated adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and co-morbid psychopathology: a randomized controlled trial using multi-level analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive-behavioural therapy in medication-treated adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and co-morbid psychopathology: a randomized controlled trial using multi-level analysis. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by high rates of co-morbid psychopathology. Randomized controlled trials of multimodal interventions, combining pharmacological and psychological treatments, have shown a robust treatment effect for ADHD (...) symptoms but outcomes for co-morbid symptoms have been mixed. This may be accounted for by the type of intervention selected and/or by methodological problems including lack of follow-up and low power. The current study addressed these limitations in a parallel-group randomized controlled trial conducted in Iceland.A total of 95 adult ADHD patients who were already being treated with medication (MED) were randomly assigned to receive treatment as usual (TAU/MED) or 15 sessions of cognitive-behavioural

2015 Psychological Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

48. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 1 Quality Department Guidelines for Clinical Care Ambulatory ADHD Guideline Team Team Leaders John M O'Brien, MD Family Medicine Jennifer G. Christner, MD Child Behavioral Health Team Members Bernard Biermann, MD, PhD Child/Adolescent Psychiatry Barbara T Felt, MD Child Behavioral Health R Van Harrison, PhD Medical Education Paramjeet K Kochhar, MD General Pediatrics Consultant Darcie-Ann Streetman, PharmD College of Pharmacy Initial Release August, 2005 (...) of child’s self-identified impression of function, both strengths and weaknesses • Clinician’s observations of child’s behavior • Physical and neurologic examination Note: From ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents, American Academy of Pediatrics, Nov. 2011 Table 4. Treatment Options for ADHD For pre-school aged children, first line is behavior therapy. If not significantly improved, prescribe

2013 University of Michigan Health System

49. Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy in Adolescents With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

. The intervention consists of 12 weekly cognitive behavioral therapy sessions addressing core difficulties and concerns of the adolescent population with ADHD. The investigators wish to determine the efficacy of group therapy in adolescents with ADHD who receive medical treatment but still have impairing ADHD symptoms. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Behavioral: cognitive behavior group therapy Other: Treatment as usual Not Applicable Study Design (...) Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Estimated Enrollment : 96 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor) Primary Purpose: Treatment Official Title: Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy in Adolescents (14-18 Years) With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Study Start Date : January 2017 Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2020 Estimated Study Completion Date

2016 Clinical Trials

50. Group-based Cognitive-behavioral Therapy for Adults With Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Inattentive-type

, and 4. The CBT for ADHD-I protocol reduces core symptoms of ADHD-I as well as symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety, and improves quality of life. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Behavioral: Cognitive-behavioral therapy Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 40 participants Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Primary Purpose (...) : Treatment Official Title: Group-based Cognitive-behavioral Therapy for Adults With Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Inattentive-type: a Pilot Study Study Start Date : August 2016 Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2017 Actual Study Completion Date : June 2017 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Cognitive-behavioral therapy Behavioral: Cognitive-behavioral therapy Outcome Measures Go

2016 Clinical Trials

51. Effects of d-Methylphenidate, Guanfacine, and Their Combination on Electroencephalogram Resting State Spectral Power in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of d-Methylphenidate, Guanfacine, and Their Combination on Electroencephalogram Resting State Spectral Power in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Psychostimulant medications are the gold standard of treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, a significant minority (∼30%) of individuals with ADHD fail to respond favorably. Noradrenergic agents are increasingly used as ADHD monotherapies or adjuncts for suboptimal stimulant response, yet knowledge (...) information-Single Versus Combination Medication Treatment for Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; http://clinicaltrials.gov/; NCT00429273.Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2017 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

52. Effects of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the Visual Memory of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

: No Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder behavioral deficits cognitive function polyunsaturated fatty acids visual memory Additional relevant MeSH terms: Layout table for MeSH terms Disease Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity Hyperkinesis Pathologic Processes Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Neurodevelopmental Disorders Mental Disorders Dyskinesias Neurologic (...) biological understanding in explaining the relationship between polyunsaturated fatty acids and visual memory among children with ADHD. The results will significantly contribute to the knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms of ADHD, especially the polyunsaturated fatty acids related to the behavioral/visual memory deficits of ADHD. Condition or disease Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Detailed Description: Because attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an early onset and long

2017 Clinical Trials

53. Prevention of Comorbid Depression and Obesity in Attention-deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder

to prevent these comorbid disorders rarely exist. In a pilot randomized-controlled study we test two newly developed intervention programmes that do not involve medication: bright light therapy and physical exercise. Both interventions will be supported by a mobile Health application to monitor and feedback intervention success and booster patients' motivation. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Depression Obesity Behavioral: Bright light therapy (...) Behavioral: Physical exercise Phase 2 Detailed Description: The risk for comorbid major depressive disorder and obesity is increased in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and adolescent ADHD predicts adults major depressive disorder and obesity. Nonpharmacological interventions to prevent these comorbidities are urgently needed. Bright light therapy (BLT) improves day-night rhythm and is an established therapy for major depression in adolescents and adults

2017 Clinical Trials

54. The influence of comorbid asthma on the severity of symptoms in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The influence of comorbid asthma on the severity of symptoms in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. The current study examined the association between asthma and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a clinical pediatric sample.Demographic and neuropsychological data for children with a billing diagnosis of ADHD were extracted from a clinical database. Families completed standard rating scales. Seventy-one patients with a co-morbid asthma diagnosis were (...) , and emotional internalizing compared to girls with only ADHD.Findings suggest that in children with ADHD, co-morbid asthma is associated with increased behavioral and internalizing symptoms, with distinct gender differences present. Increased behavioral and internalizing symptoms seen in children with both asthma and ADHD may be due to the burden of their medical condition. No difference was found on cognitive variables, suggesting chronic hypoxia may be less influential in explaining these differences

2017 Journal of Asthma

55. A National Description of Treatment among United States Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A National Description of Treatment among United States Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors.Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey (...) treatment ever received (39%), followed by parent training (31%), peer intervention (30%), and cognitive behavioral therapy (20%). Among alternative treatments, 9% were currently taking dietary supplements, and 11% had ever received neurofeedback. Most children (67%) had received at least 2 of the following: current medication treatment, current school supports, or lifetime psychosocial treatment; 7% had received none of these 3 treatment types.A majority of school-aged children and adolescents

2017 Journal of Pediatrics

56. Use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Token Economy to Alleviate Dysfunctional Behavior in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Token Economy to Alleviate Dysfunctional Behavior in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Medication has proved highly efficacious as a means of alleviating general symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, many patients remain functionally impaired by inappropriate behavior. The present study analyzed the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with the Token-Economy (TE) technique to alleviate problem (...) behavior for 25 participants with ADHD, all children (19 boys, mean age 10.11) on long-term methylphenidate medication, who were given 20 CBT sessions with 10 weeks of TE introduced as of session 5. Their ten most acute problem behaviors were selected and written records kept. On weekdays, parents recorded each inappropriate behavior and provided a suitable model for their actions. At weekly sessions, problem behaviors were counted and incident-free participants rewarded with a token. To analyze

2015 Frontiers in Psychiatry

57. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

adolescents with ADHD, it can be made widely available to these adolescents in the community. This would help them improve their academic, social, and emotional functioning and ultimately their long term outcomes. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioural & Skills Training Behavioral: Supportive Group Therapy Other: Treatment as Usual - community resources Drug: Methylphenidate or amphetamine product Phase 4 Detailed (...) Therapy Group Intervention for Adolescents With Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Study Start Date : October 2010 Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2020 Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2020 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Cognitive Behavioural & Skills Training Participants can choose to be on medication or not. If they decide to take medication

2015 Clinical Trials

58. Cognitive behavioral therapy for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive behavioral therapy for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder beginning in childhood, and about half of patients have symptoms lasting into adulthood. Adult ADHD causes various impairments of emotional, self-esteem, and executive function and life quality aspects. Furthermore, adverse outcomes include academic and occupational failures, traffic (...) accidents and substance abuse, which would be a family and social burden. A combination of medication and psychotherapy is recommended as the treatment for adult ADHD, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been validated mostly with evidence-based researches. However, there has been a lack of randomized controlled trials of CBT for patients in China. Moreover, booster sessions of CBT for other disorders have proven effective in reducing recurrence and improving long-term outcomes, which has

2015 Trials Controlled trial quality: uncertain

59. Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescents: A Systematic Review. (Abstract)

Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent in adolescents and often persists into adulthood, most studies about treatment were performed in children. Less is known about ADHD treatment in adolescents.To review the evidence for pharmacological and psychosocial treatment of ADHD in adolescents.The databases of CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and the Cochrane Database (...) Scale (score range, 0 [least symptomatic] to 54 [most symptomatic]), both stimulant and nonstimulant medications led to clinically significant reductions of 14.93 to 24.60 absolute points. The psychosocial treatments combining behavioral, cognitive behavioral, and skills training techniques demonstrated small- to medium-sized improvements (range for mean SD difference in Cohen d, 0.30-0.69) for parent-rated ADHD symptoms, co-occurring emotional or behavioral symptoms, and interpersonal functioning

2016 JAMA

60. Family Behavior Therapy (FBT) for Young People in Treatment for Non?opioid Drug Use: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

point to the fact that many research projects have empirically validated different kinds of treatment approaches for young drug users as effective (e.g. ; ; ; ). The current dilemma in the field of youth substance abuse treatment is that it is not clear what works best, as the research suggest that most interventions lead to reduced drug use. While there are some promising individual‐based cognitive, cognitivebehavioral and motivational therapies ( ; ; ; ), family‐based approaches may also show (...) some promise. Family therapy covers a range of different interventions and is based on different manuals and varying theoretical sources such as behavioral and cognitive behavioral theory, structural and strategic family theory, and family systems theory ( ; ). Some reviews have suggested that these family‐based therapies are superior to individual‐based programs in reducing youth drug use ( : ; ). Young people with persistent drug use have unique needs due to their particular cognitive

2015 Campbell Collaboration

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