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1. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. (PubMed)

suggest that cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective in treating adults with ADHD, especially when combined with pharmacological treatment. CBT aims to change the thoughts and behaviours that reinforce harmful effects of the disorder by teaching people techniques to control the core symptoms. CBT also aims to help people cope with emotions, such as anxiety and depression, and to improve self-esteem.To assess the effects of cognitive-behavioural-based therapy for ADHD in adults.In June (...) Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental condition characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, along with deficits in executive function, emotional regulation and motivation. The persistence of ADHD in adulthood is a serious clinical problem.ADHD significantly affects social interactions, study and employment performance.Previous studies

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2018 Cochrane

2. Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with ADHD Discover Portal Discover Portal Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Published on 21 August 2018 doi: Cognitive behavioural therapy improves the core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, compared with a range of other treatments (...) . In the UK, 3 to 4% of adults are thought to have the condition. In adults, it can affect social interactions, study and work performance. Drug treatments are often used to manage the symptoms. Previous studies suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective for treating adults. CBT aims to change a person’s thoughts and behaviours by teaching techniques to control the core attention and executive deficits of ADHD and to modify the distorted negative beliefs and self-esteem

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

3. Comparing Alliance in Two Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies for Adolescents With ADHD Using a Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Comparing Alliance in Two Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies for Adolescents With ADHD Using a Randomized Controlled Trial. Alliance is defined as the client-therapist bond and their ability to collaborate on therapeutic activities. Treatment for adolescents with ADHD is rarely studied in terms of alliance. In this study, two cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT; one structured treatment aimed at planning skills and one less-structured solution-focused treatment, both delivered in the style (...) of Motivational Interviewing) were compared with regard to alliance and alliance-outcome association. The influence of therapist competence on this alliance-outcome association was also evaluated. The alliance between 69 adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and their therapists was measured early in treatment, using the Therapy Process Observational Coding System for Child Psychotherapy-Alliance scale. Observer-rated therapist competence was measured using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity scale

2019 Behavior therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

4. Third Generation Cognitive Behavioural Therapy vs Treatment-as-usual for ADHD

Third Generation Cognitive Behavioural Therapy vs Treatment-as-usual for ADHD Third Generation Cognitive Behavioural Therapy vs Treatment-as-usual for ADHD - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Third Generation Cognitive Behavioural Therapy vs Treatment-as-usual for ADHD (Hyper-mCBT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03437772 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : February 19, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

5. Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with ADHD Discover Portal Discover Portal Cognitive behavioural therapy could benefit adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Published on 21 August 2018 doi: Cognitive behavioural therapy improves the core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, compared with a range of other treatments (...) . In the UK, 3 to 4% of adults are thought to have the condition. In adults, it can affect social interactions, study and work performance. Drug treatments are often used to manage the symptoms. Previous studies suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective for treating adults. CBT aims to change a person’s thoughts and behaviours by teaching techniques to control the core attention and executive deficits of ADHD and to modify the distorted negative beliefs and self-esteem

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Group cognitive-behavioural therapy may reduce symptoms and impairment in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) into adolescence is associated with a broad range of negative outcomes 1 and high rates of treatment discontinuation. 2 While clinical guidelines recommend non-pharmacological therapies as the first-line treatment for adolescents with ADHD 3 the evidence to support this recommendation is sparse and generally not convincing. More specifically there is inadequate evidence to properly support the efficacy of either group or individual cognitive-behavioural therapy (...) Group cognitive-behavioural therapy may reduce symptoms and impairment in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Group cognitive-behavioural therapy may reduce symptoms and impairment in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see

2015 Evidence-Based Mental Health

7. A randomized controlled trial reporting functional outcomes of cognitive-behavioural therapy in medication-treated adults with ADHD and comorbid psychopathology. (PubMed)

A randomized controlled trial reporting functional outcomes of cognitive-behavioural therapy in medication-treated adults with ADHD and comorbid psychopathology. Studies assessing psychological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults are increasingly reported. However, functional outcomes are often neglected in favour of symptom outcomes. We investigated functional outcomes in 95 adults with ADHD who were already treated with medication and randomized to receive (...) treatment as usual (TAU/MED) or psychological treatment (CBT/MED) using a cognitive-behavioural programme, R&R2ADHD, which employs both group and individual modalities. RATE-S functional outcomes associated with ADHD symptoms, social functioning, emotional control and antisocial behaviour were given at baseline, end of treatment and three-month follow-up. The Total composite score of these scales is associated with life satisfaction. In addition, independent evaluator ratings of clinicians who were

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2016 European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. Cognitive behavioural therapy for ADHD in adults: systematic review and meta-analyses. (PubMed)

Cognitive behavioural therapy for ADHD in adults: systematic review and meta-analyses. Systematically review and analyse the efficacy of CBT versus treatment as usual in adults with ADHD. The literature was systematically searched ending the 28 March 2014. Standardised mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. CBT was efficacious in reducing symptoms of ADHD (SDM -1.0, 95% CI -1.5 to -0.5) when evaluated by the patients, but not when evaluated by a clinician. Symptoms (...) of depression and anxiety were significantly reduced when self-reported (SMD -1.0, 95% CI -1.6 to -0.5 and -1.0, 95% CI -1.3 to -0.3, respectively) and evaluated by a clinician (SMD -0.9, 95% CI -1.7 to -0.2 and -0.9, 95% CI -1.6 to -0.1). The clinical global impression scores improved more in the group randomised to CBT (-1.0; 95% CI -1.6 to -0.4). CBT seems efficacious in some domains affecting adult patients with ADHD, but needs further evaluation.

2016 Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders

9. Social skills training for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged 5 to 18 years. (PubMed)

comorbidities.The social skills interventions were described as: 1) social skills training, 2) cognitive behavioural therapy, 3) multimodal behavioural/psychosocial therapy, 4) child life and attention skills treatment, 5) life skills training, 6) the "challenging horizon programme", 7) verbal self-instruction, 8) meta-cognitive training, 9) behavioural therapy, 10) behavioural and social skills treatment, and 11) psychosocial treatment. The control interventions were no intervention or waiting list.The (...) examined the benefits and harms of social skills training on social skills, emotional competencies, general behaviour, ADHD symptoms, performance in school of children with ADHD, and adverse events.To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of social skills training in children and adolescents with ADHD.In July 2018, we searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, 4 other databases and two trials registers.We also searched online conference abstracts, and contacted experts in the field

2019 Cochrane

10. Neurofeedback, sham neurofeedback, and cognitive-behavioural group therapy in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial. (PubMed)

Neurofeedback, sham neurofeedback, and cognitive-behavioural group therapy in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial. Many studies suggest that electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback might be beneficial in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, numbers of well controlled studies are low and neurofeedback techniques are regarded as highly controversial. The present trial examined the efficacy (...) (compared with sham neurofeedback) and efficiency (compared with meta-cognitive therapy) of a standard EEG neurofeedback protocol in adults with ADHD.We did a concurrent, triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial using authorised deception in adults with ADHD from one centre (University of Tübingen) in Tübingen, Germany. Participants were eligible if they fulfilled the DSM-IV-TR criteria for ADHD, were aged between 18 years and 60 years, and had no or stable use of medication for at least 2 months

2017 The Lancet. Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

11. Cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a proof of concept randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a proof of concept randomised controlled trial. To investigate efficacy, patient acceptability and feasibility of formulation-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). NICE guidelines for adult ADHD recommend further research into psychological treatments.Sixty participants with adult ADHD were randomly allocated to treatment as usual (TAU) vs. TAU (...) plus up to 16 sessions of individual formulation-based CBT for ADHD.Adding formulation-based CBT to TAU for ADHD significantly improved ADHD symptoms on the Barkley Current Symptoms Scale and scores on the Work and Social Adjustment Scale. Adjusted effect sizes (ES) were 1.31 and 0.82 respectively. There were also significant improvements on secondary outcomes including independently evaluated clinical global improvement, self-rated anxiety, depression, global distress and patient satisfaction

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2017 Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Acute and chronic effects of physical activity on cognition and behaviour in young people with ADHD: a systematic review of intervention studies

Acute and chronic effects of physical activity on cognition and behaviour in young people with ADHD: a systematic review of intervention studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne (...) and abstract, followed by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6

2016 PROSPERO

13. Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults [Cochrane Protocol]

Cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults [Cochrane Protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) by full-text screening of the eligible articles for final inclusion. In each phase, 2 observers will independently assess each article. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion, or by consulting a third investigator. ">Procedure for study selection Example : Title-abstract screening: 1. Not an original full research paper (e.g. review, editorial) 2. Not an in vivo animal study 3. No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about

2015 PROSPERO

14. ADHD

to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include , and (Cognitive behavioural therapy). Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials (...) suggest that cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective in treating adults with ADHD , especially when combined with pharmacological treatment. CBT aims to change the thoughts and behaviours that reinforce harmful effects of the disorder by teaching people techniques to control the core symptoms. CBT also aims to help people cope with emotions, such as anxiety and depression, and to improve self-esteem. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of cognitive-behavioural-based therapy 2018 7. Non

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

15. Protocol for a proof of concept randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult ADHD as a supplement to treatment as usual, compared with treatment as usual alone. (PubMed)

Protocol for a proof of concept randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult ADHD as a supplement to treatment as usual, compared with treatment as usual alone. ADHD is prevalent in adults and frequently associated with impairment and distress. While medication is often the first line of treatment a high proportion of people with the condition are not fully treated by medication alone, cannot tolerate medication or do not wish to take it. Preliminary studies suggest (...) that psychosocial approaches are a promising adjunctive or alternative treatment option. To date, individual cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) has been found to be efficacious in three randomized controlled trials (RCTs). There is a need for more RCTs to be carried out in order to replicate these results in different sites, to further investigate the acceptability and feasibility of CBT in this population and to further develop CBT approaches based on a psychological model. This randomized controlled trial

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2014 BMC psychiatry Controlled trial quality: predicted high

16. Interventions with Parents in the Early Years for improved health outcomes: a focus on behaviour and cognitive development/school readiness

Interventions with Parents in the Early Years for improved health outcomes: a focus on behaviour and cognitive development/school readiness 1 | P a g e Institute of Public Health in Ireland Equity Action Work Package 6: Literature Review Interventions with Parents in the Early Years for improved health outcomes: A focus on behaviour and cognitive development/school readiness November 2013 Dr. Noëlle Cotter noelle.cotter@publichealth.ie 2 | P a g e Introduction There are multiple influences (...) on parenting in the early years as a context within which progressive universalism can be applied to considerable benefit. This review was guided by a social determinants of health approach in considering what interventions with parents of children in the early years demonstrate longer 1 The Scottish Government (2012) National Parenting Strategy. 3 | P a g e term positive health impacts. The two key areas of interest were school readiness/behaviour and cognitive development with a focus on intervention

2014 Institute of Public Health in Ireland

17. Amphetamines probably the best first-choice treatment for adults with ADHD

of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that interferes with functioning or learning. ADHD affects 3-4% of adults in the UK, who may develop far-reaching, long-lasting negative effects. Treatment can involve drugs and psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioural therapy. Drug treatments include stimulants (e.g. methylphenidate and amphetamines) and non-stimulants (e.g. atomoxetine). It is not clear which drugs are most effective, as they are usually tested against placebos, rather than (...) % of adults in the UK, who may develop far-reaching, long-lasting negative effects. Treatment can involve drugs and psychological interventions such as cognitive behavioural therapy. Drug treatments include stimulants (e.g. methylphenidate and amphetamines) and non-stimulants (e.g. atomoxetine). It is not clear which drugs are most effective, as they are usually tested against placebos, rather than against each other. Network meta-analyses allow comparisons of drugs, even if they have not been directly

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

18. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of adults with ADHD: a meta-review

on symptoms for the treatment of adult ADHD for mindfulness, dialectical behaviour therapy , and cognitivebehavioural therapy (CBT), but they were not necessarily based on randomised evidence. Therefore, these approaches still need further research before being possibly integrated in standard practice. In a recent meta-analysis of studies conducted in adults with ADHD, CBT was found efficacious in reducing patient-rated symptoms (SMD −1.0, 95% CI −1.5 to −0.5), but not clinician-rated symptoms. Of note (...) formulations in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review of head-to-head studies . Cairncross M , Miller CJ . The effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapies for ADHD: a meta-analytic review . Chandler ML . Psychotherapy for adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a comparison with cognitive behaviour therapy . Vidal-Estrada R , Bosch-Munso R , Nogueira-Morais M , et al . Psychological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults

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2017 Evidence-Based Mental Health

19. Cognitive behaviour therapy in medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Cognitive behaviour therapy in medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood is not fully treated by psychopharmacological treatment alone. The main aim of the current study was to evaluate a newly developed cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) based group programme, the Reasoning and Rehabilitation for ADHD Youths and Adults (R&R2ADHD), using a randomized controlled trial.54 adults with ADHD (...) already receiving psychopharmacological treatment were randomly allocated to an experimental (CBT/MED) treatment condition (n = 27) and a 'treatment as usual' (TAU/MED) control condition (n = 27) that did not receive the CBT intervention. The outcome measures were obtained before treatment (baseline), after treatment and at three month follow-up and included ADHD symptoms and impairments rated by independent assessors, self-reported current ADHD symptoms, and comorbid problems.The findings suggested

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2011 BMC psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Interventions to Prevent Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Clinical Alzheimer's-Type Dementia

to facilitate analysis; strength of evidence was assessed by MCI or CATD incidence and cognitive outcome domain. Results. We identified 263 eligible studies addressing 13 classes of interventions: cognitive training, physical activity, nutraceuticals, diet, multimodal interventions, hormone therapy, vitamins, antihypertensive treatment, lipid lowering treatment, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antidementia drugs, diabetes treatment, and “other interventions.” We found no high-strength (...) no benefit in cognitive performance included: vitamin E in women; B 12 plus folic acid for executive/attention/processing speed; and angiotensin-converting enzyme plus thiazide versus placebo and angiotensin receptor blockers versus placebo on brief cognitive screening tests. We found low-strength evidence that the selective estrogen receptor modulator raloxifene reduced risk of probable MCI, but also that estrogen replacement with or without progesterone therapy increased risk of MCI and CATD. Physical

2017 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

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