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Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale

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1. Comparison of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Zung Self-Rating Anxiety/Depression Scale (SAS/SDS) in Evaluating Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis. (PubMed)

Comparison of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Zung Self-Rating Anxiety/Depression Scale (SAS/SDS) in Evaluating Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis. This study aimed to compare the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety/Depression Scale (SAS/SDS) in evaluating anxiety and depression in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients.A total of 70 PsA patients were enrolled. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected (...) after enrollment. HADS-A and SAS were used to evaluate the anxiety of PsA patients, while HADS-D and SDS were used to evaluate the depression of PsA patients.Similar results were observed in detecting the rate of anxiety by HADS-A and SAS (27.1 vs. 21.4%, p = 0.424), and there was no difference in classifying the severity of anxiety by HADS-A and SAS (p = 0.347). The Spearman test also disclosed that HADS-A score was positively associated with SAS score (p <0.001). The rates of depression were

2019 Dermatology

2. Clarification of the cut-off score for Zung's self-rating depression scale. (PubMed)

Clarification of the cut-off score for Zung's self-rating depression scale. Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) is an established norm-referenced screening measure used to identify the presence of depressive disorders in adults. Despite widespread usage, issues exist concerning the recommended cut-off score for a positive diagnosis. First, confusion arising from the conversion of raw scores to index scores had resulted in a considerably higher cut-off score than that recommended being (...) from a medical professional for some kind of depressive disorder, whose diagnosis was positively confirmed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). The negative community sample (n = 172) was derived from a representative sample of adults whose absence of any depressive disorder was similarly confirmed by the PHQ.Mathematical models, including Youden's Index and the Receiver Operating Characteristics Curve, suggest that the recommended cut-off (a raw score of 40) is indeed too low. More

2019 BMC Psychiatry

3. Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale

Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Zung Self-Rating (...) Depression Scale Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Aka: Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale , Depression Screening with the Zung Scale , Zung Depression Rating Scale II. Background Twenty question survey completed by patient Likert Scale Format Asks half of questions positively and half negatively Negative Example: "I notice that I am losing weight" Positive Example: "I eat as much as I used to" Answers scored on 1 to 4 scale Minimal: None or a little of the time Severe: Most or all of the time III

2018 FP Notebook

4. Screening for anxiety and depression: reassessing the utility of the Zung scales. (PubMed)

Screening for anxiety and depression: reassessing the utility of the Zung scales. While the gold standard for the diagnosis of mental disorders remains the structured clinical interview, self-report measures continue to play an important role in screening and measuring progress, as well as being frequently employed in research studies. Two widely-used self-report measures in the area of depression and anxiety are Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS (...) ). However, considerable confusion exists in their application, with clinical cut-offs often applied incorrectly. This study re-examines the credentials of the Zung scales by comparing them with the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) in terms of their ability to predict clinical diagnoses of anxiety and depression made using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ).A total sample of 376 adults, of whom 87 reported being in receipt of psychological treatment, completed the two-page version of the PHQ

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2017 BMC Psychiatry

5. Assigning Clinical Significance and Symptom Severity Using the Zung Scales: Levels of Misclassification Arising from Confusion between Index and Raw Scores (PubMed)

Assigning Clinical Significance and Symptom Severity Using the Zung Scales: Levels of Misclassification Arising from Confusion between Index and Raw Scores The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) are two norm-referenced scales commonly used to identify the presence of depression and anxiety in clinical research. Unfortunately, several researchers have mistakenly applied index score criteria to raw scores when assigning clinical significance and symptom (...) of publications involving the Zung SDS and SAS scales are using incorrect criteria for the classification of clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety. The most common error-applying index score criteria to raw scores-produces a substantial elevation of the cut-off points for significance. Given the continuing usage of these scales, it is important that these inconsistencies be highlighted and resolved.

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2018 Depression research and treatment

6. Self-rated depression and eye diseases: The Beijing Eye Study. (PubMed)

adapted from Zung´s self-rated depression scale. The total score of depression symptoms was 80. Depression was defined as having a depression score >44.Out of 3468 study participants, 3267 (94.2%) individuals (1419 men) with an age of 64.5±9.7 years (range: 50-93 years) participated in the interview and answered all questions on depression. The mean depression score was 25.0±5.9 (median: 23.3; range:20-64). Depression (depression score >44) was present in 66 individuals (2.0%; 95% confidence interval (...) Self-rated depression and eye diseases: The Beijing Eye Study. To assess the prevalence of depression in the general population of Beijing and its association with ocular diseases.The population-based Beijing Eye Study was conducted in a rural and an urban region of Greater Beijing. The study participants underwent a detailed ophthalmological examination and an interview including questions on the socioeconomic background. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using a Chinese depression scale

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2018 PLoS ONE

7. Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale

Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Zung Self-Rating (...) Depression Scale Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale Aka: Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale , Depression Screening with the Zung Scale , Zung Depression Rating Scale II. Background Twenty question survey completed by patient Likert Scale Format Asks half of questions positively and half negatively Negative Example: "I notice that I am losing weight" Positive Example: "I eat as much as I used to" Answers scored on 1 to 4 scale Minimal: None or a little of the time Severe: Most or all of the time III

2015 FP Notebook

8. Preoperative Zung depression scale predicts patient satisfaction independent of the extent of improvement after revision lumbar surgery. (PubMed)

Preoperative Zung depression scale predicts patient satisfaction independent of the extent of improvement after revision lumbar surgery. Patient satisfaction ratings are increasingly being used in health care as a proxy for quality and are becoming the focal point for several quality improvement initiatives. Affective disorders, such as depression, have been shown to influence patient-reported outcomes and self-interpretation of health status. We hypothesize that patient psychiatric profiles (...) (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]), pain (visual analog scale [VAS]), depression (Zung self-rating depression scale), and Short Form 12 (SF-12) physical and mental component scores (PCS and MCS). Patient satisfaction was dichotomized as either "YES" or "NO" on whether they were satisfied with their surgical outcome 2 years after the surgery.A total of fifty-three patients undergoing revision neural decompression and instrumented fusion for same-level recurrent stenosis-associated back and leg pain were

2013 The Spine Journal

9. Preoperative Zung Depression Scale predicts outcome after revision lumbar surgery for adjacent segment disease, recurrent stenosis, and pseudarthrosis. (PubMed)

, pseudarthrosis, and same-level recurrent stenosis.Patient-reported outcome measures were assessed using an outcomes questionnaire that included questions on health-state values (EQ-5D), disability (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]), pain (visual analog scale), depression (Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale), and 12-Item Short Form Health Survey physical and mental component scores.One hundred fifty patients undergoing revision neural decompression and instrumented fusion for ASD (n=50), pseudarthrosis (n=47 (...) ), or same-level recurrent stenosis (n=53) were included in this study. Preoperative Zung Self-Reported Depression Scale score was assessed for all patients. Preoperative and 2-year postoperative visual analog scale for back pain and leg pain scores and ODI were assessed. The association between preoperative Zung Depression Scale score and 2-year improvement in disability was assessed via multivariate regression analysis.Compared to preoperative status, VAS-BP was significantly improved 2 years after

2011 The Spine Journal

10. Moderating role of self-efficacy on the associations of social support with depressive and anxiety symptoms in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (PubMed)

and anxiety symptoms and to examine whether or not self-efficacy moderates the associations of social support with depressive and anxiety symptoms in Chinese RA patients.A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted in northeast of China from December 2014 to January 2016. A total of 297 RA patients completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and General Self-Efficacy Scale. The associations (...) Moderating role of self-efficacy on the associations of social support with depressive and anxiety symptoms in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is significantly associated with depression and anxiety. Social support and self-efficacy are the coping resources of psychological distress. However, little research is available on the interaction of social support and self-efficacy in RA patients. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of depressive

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2017 Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment

11. Self- Perceived Stress in Relation to Anxiety, Depression and Health-related Quality of Life among Health Professions Students: A Cross-sectional Study from Bosnia and Herzegovina (PubMed)

, dentistry, nursing and speech therapy). Survey instruments were distributed at the conclusion of the spring semester during the last required lecture for each year and study programme class. Perceived stress was assessed using the 14-item Perceived Stress Scale. The students were evaluated for symptoms of depression and anxiety, using Zung's self-assessment inventory for depression and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). European Quality of Life-5 dimensions were used for describing (...) Self- Perceived Stress in Relation to Anxiety, Depression and Health-related Quality of Life among Health Professions Students: A Cross-sectional Study from Bosnia and Herzegovina The purpose of the present study was to examine self-perceived stress of health professions students at the Faculty of Medicine Foča, and to explore its association with anxiety, depression and health-related quality of life.The cross-sectional study enrolled 451 students at the Faculty of Medicine (medicine

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2017 Slovenian Journal of Public Health

12. Screening for Perinatal Depression

Depression Scale 20 5–10 Sensitivity 60% Yes Specificity 92% Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale 20 5–10 Sensitivity 45–89% No Specificity 77–88% e210 Committee Opinion Perinatal Depression OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY Copyrightªby he American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited. tConclusion Perinatal depression is a common complication of pregnancy with potentially devastating consequences if it goes (...) pregnancy and the postpartum period to assist with systematically identifying patients with peri- natal depression (Table 1). The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is most frequently used in the research setting and clinical practice for several reasons. The scale, which has been translated into 50 different languages, consists of 10 self-reported questions that are health literacy appropriate and take less than 5 mi- nutes to complete. The EPDS includes anxiety symp- toms, which

2018 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

13. Correlation between depression/anxiety symptom severity and quality of life in patients with major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder. (PubMed)

measured with the QIDS-16-SR (the 16 Item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Self Report), and Zung-SAS (Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale). The QOL was measured with the Q-LES-Q short-form (the Quality of Life, Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire). Correlation was assessed with regression analysis.The percentage of maximum possible scores (MPS) of Q-LES-Q was 72.1%, 70.5%, and 67.6% for euthymic MDD, BPI, and BPII, respectively. Increases in QIDS-16-SR total scores significantly (...) correlated to decreases in Q-LES-Q total scores, with an R2 = 0.61, R2 = 0.52, and R2 = 0.45 for MDD, BPI, and BPII, respectively. Increases in Zung-SAS scores also significantly correlated to decreases in Q-LES-Q total scores with an R2 = 0.20, R2 = 0.21, and R2 = 0.12 for MDD, BPI, and BPII. However, after controlling for depression severity, significant differences between Q-LES-Q and Zung-SAS scores disappeared in MDD and BP. After controlling for anxiety and other clinical variables, the negative

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

14. Low dietary calcium is associated with self-rated depression in middle-aged Korean women (PubMed)

Low dietary calcium is associated with self-rated depression in middle-aged Korean women It is thought that calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) may be related to mental disorders such as depression; however, there have been few studies investigating the association between Ca and Mg nutrition status with depression in middle-aged female adults. Study subjects in this study included 105 women between the ages of 41 and 57 years. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the Zung Self (...) -rating Depression Scale (SDS) score: Group I (SDS score < 33 percentile; n = 32), Group II (33 percentile ≤ SDS score < 67 percentile; n = 37), and Group III (67 percentile ≤ SDS score; n = 36). Anthropometric measurements, dietary intake survey using 3-day dietary records, SDS questionnaire and measurement of serum Ca and Mg were obtained and analyzed. No differences were observed in Ca, plant Ca, and Mg intake among the three groups. However, animal Ca intake by Group III was 141.3 mg, which

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2012 Nutrition research and practice

15. Personality, depression and anxiety in primary Sjogren's syndrome - Association with sociodemographic factors and comorbidity. (PubMed)

the Revisited NEO Personality Inventory Five-Factor model (NEO-PI-R), the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS [Version 16.0]. The relative size of the effect was assessed based on standardized estimates of effect size (d).Patients with pSS, similarly to RA patients had higher scores of Neuroticism (d = 0.46, p = 0.007) and lower scores of Extraversion (d = 0.51, p = 0.001) and Openness for experience (d = 0.65, p = 0.013 (...) Personality, depression and anxiety in primary Sjogren's syndrome - Association with sociodemographic factors and comorbidity. Patients with primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) have diminished health quality and fatigue, arthralgia along with dryness of the mouth and eyes have major impact on their psychological and social aspects of life. The purpose of this study was to determine psychological features of patients with pSS. We analyzed personality, depression and anxiety of patients with primary

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2019 PLoS ONE

16. Depression, anxiety, pain and quality of life in people living with chronic hepatitis C: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Scale CWP Chronic widespread pain DASS Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales DH Department of Health, UK EHC Extrahepatic condition FS Fibromyalgia syndrome HBV Hepatitis B virus HCSUS HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study (US) HCV Hepatitis C virus HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HDRS Hamilton Depression Rating Scale HRQOL Health-Related Quality of Life IFN Interferon therapy MCS Mental component score of the SF36 HRQOL scale MD Mean difference MOS Medical Outcomes Study NAFLD Non (...) Special senses conditions 140 11.17 Other extrahepatic conditions 140 Appendices 142 Appendix 1: Search strategy 142 Appendix 2: Methodological quality assessment: instrument 144 Appendix 3: Methodological quality assessment ratings 146 Appendix 4: Characteristics of included studies 156 Appendix 5: Interpretation of depression/anxiety scores 244 vii Abbreviations ART Antiretroviral treatment BAI Beck Anxiety Inventory BDI Beck Depression Inventory CES-D Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression

2015 EPPI Centre

17. Phenotypic and aetiological architecture of depressive symptoms in a Japanese twin sample. (PubMed)

Phenotypic and aetiological architecture of depressive symptoms in a Japanese twin sample. The phenotypic and aetiological architecture of depression symptomatology has been mostly studied in Western samples. In this study, we conducted a genetically informed factor analysis to elucidate both the phenotypic and aetiological architectures of self-reported depression among a Japanese adult twin sample.Depressive symptoms assessed by Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale were self-rated by 425 twin (...) pairs (301 monozygotic and 124 dizygotic twin pairs) in a community sample in Japan.An exploratory factor analysis extracted three symptom domains representing cognitive, affective and somatic symptomatology. A confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that a bi-factor solution fitted better than the alternative solutions, implying that depression may be defined as a combination of a single general construct and three factors specific to each of the three symptom domains. A multivariate genetic

2019 Psychological Medicine

18. Artificial intelligence based discovery of the association between depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. (PubMed)

Zung Self-Rating Depression Scales and Chalder Fatigue Scales, and meanwhile, to donate plasma and urine samples for 1H NMR-metabolic profiling. Artificial intelligence methods was used to analysis the underlying association between DD and CFS. Principal components analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were used to analyze the metabolic profiles with respect to gender and age. Variable importance in projection and t-test were employed in conjunction with the PLS-DA (...) Artificial intelligence based discovery of the association between depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. Both of the modern medicine and the traditional Chinese medicine classify depressive disorder (DD) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) to one type of disease. Unveiling the association between depressive and the fatigue diseases provides a great opportunity to bridge the modern medicine with the traditional Chinese medicine.In this work, 295 general participants were recruited to complete

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

19. A functional variant of CB2 receptor gene interacts with childhood trauma and FAAH gene on anxious and depressive phenotypes. (PubMed)

polymorphisms were genotyped of 921 volunteers from the general population. Phenotypic variables were measured by the Zung Self-related Depression Scale (ZSDS), The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Trait subscale, STAI-T) and the depressive and anxious subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-DEP and BSI-ANX). Early life trauma was assesssed by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CHQ). Using general linear models we tested possible associations between phenotypic variance and genotype distribution.There (...) A functional variant of CB2 receptor gene interacts with childhood trauma and FAAH gene on anxious and depressive phenotypes. Accumulating data suggest that CB2 receptor plays a crucial role in development of anxiety via regulatory function of stress response and neuroimmune crosstalk. Although animal experiments confirm this relationship, relevant human genetic studies on CB2 receptor gene (CNR2) in association with affective phenotype are absent.CNR2 R63Q and FAAH C385A functional

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

20. Patient reported outcomes after lumbar epidural steroid injection for degenerative spine disease in depressed versus non-depressed patients. (PubMed)

treatment. Based on previously validated values for the Zung Depression Scale (ZDS) as a screening tool for depression, patients were dichotomized into non-depressed (ZDS score ≤33) and depressed (ZDS score >33). The PRO change scores from baseline to 12 months were calculated. The mean absolute and change scores between the groups were compared using Student t test. Multivariable linear regression analysis for ODI, EQ-5D, NRS-LP, and NRS-BP was performed.A total of 161 patients with complete 12-month (...) radicular pain, correlative imaging findings of degenerative pathology, and failed 6 weeks of conservative care.The PROs measured included the (1) numeric rating scale for back pain (NRS-BP), (2) numeric rating scale for leg pain (NRS-LP), (3) disease-specific physical disability-Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and (4) preference-based health status-EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D).Patients who met the inclusion criteria underwent LESI. Patient-reported outcomes were collected at baseline and at 12 months following

2016 The Spine Journal

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