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Work-Related Eye Injury

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81. Interventions to Prevent Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Clinical Alzheimer's-Type Dementia

disease, frontotemporal, traumatic brain injury, or isolated post-stroke dementia), including some that can otherwise be well-identified. Because the literature currently does not use the term CATD, we specified whenever the diagnosis of dementia was defined. Some decline in cognition with aging is considered normal or inevitable, particularly for people past the age of 60 years. For example, reaction time and speed of processing are known to decline slowly throughout adulthood. Therefore, greater (...) or dementia, and did not examine the epidemiological literature on risk factors for cognitive decline or dementia. With the focus on CATD, the review does not include dementia due to specific, identifiable conditions such as Lewy body, infectious diseases, frontotemporal, and traumatic brain injury. The review does include studies addressing vascular components of mixed dementia, but clear post-stroke dementia is out of scope. Intermediate outcomes, such as measures of biomarkers and cognitive test

2017 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

82. Glasgow Coma Scale for Field Triage of Trauma: A Systematic Review

(components): eye (scored 1 to 4), verbal (scored 1 to 5), and motor (scored 1 to 6). Scores on each of these components are added to obtain the total Glasgow Coma Scale (tGCS) score, ranging from 3 to 15. Lower scores on the tGCS indicate lower levels of consciousness, generally correlating with more severe injury associated with poorer prognosis and requiring more intensive care. For patients with TBI, scores of 3 to 8 are generally considered to denote severe head injury, 9 to 12 moderate, and 13 to 15 (...) mild. 14 The 2011 field triage guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Expert Panel recommend transporting patients with tGCS scores of 13 or less to facilities providing the highest level of trauma care. 4 In some circumstances (e.g., trauma victims who are intoxicated, intubated, or whose other injuries influence response) it may not be possible to accurately assess the verbal and eye components of the GCS. In these cases, assessments may be primarily based

2017 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

83. Staff and Associate Specialist Grade Handbook (Third Edition)

with separate and identifiable time allocated for administration, education, audit and teaching commitments, etc. • Access to office accommodation and a computer in each directorate where SAS doctors are employed. This should include email and suitable storage facilities for confidential work, related papers, books, etc. • Adequate support and time allocation to allow SAS doctors to fully participate in the employer’s appraisal process (including access to appraisal training) and the necessary CPD and study (...) immense support and continue to do so. None of the success would have been possible without this and it has been a pleasure and privilege to be a part of the SAS Committee. It is important to maintain the momentum and go on to greater achievements in the future. Dr Ramana Alladi Former AAGBI SAS Committee Chair 3. WHy jOIN THE AAGBI? Benefits of joining include: • Personal injury and life insurance cover of up to £1 million for patient transfer • Subscription to Anaesthesia – the renowned

2017 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

85. Biofeedback for Everyday Stress Management: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

outputs ( ; ). In other auditory designs, the quality of pre-selected music is modified by the biofeedback data in real time ( ; ; ). As auditory displays liberate users' eyes, these systems can be used at work ( ) and when engaged in demanding tasks such as driving ( ). Six studies relate to the use of biofeedback systems that provide a combination of audio and visual displays. Biofeedback data are presented simultaneously in both auditory and visual modalities to enhance the user's perception

2018 Frontiers in ICT

86. Tapping into the wearable device revolution in the work environment: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

criteria. Findings This review identifies 23 categories of wearable devices. Further categorisation of the devices based on their utilisation shows they can be used in the work environment for activities including monitoring, augmenting, assisting, delivering and tracking. The review reveals that wearable technology has the potential to increase work efficiency among employees, improve workers’ physical well-being and reduce work-related injuries. However, the review also reveals that technological (...) opportunities to monitor the work-related stress, mood ( ; ; ; ; ), individual and social behaviour ( ; ) and progress ( ) of employees. For example, uses wearable fitness and activity monitoring sensors in conjunction with external devices (i.e. smartphones) with associated applications (i.e. the HealthyOffice smartphone application) for mood recognition of employees in the work environment through a mood recognition framework. The study identifies five intensity levels for eight different moods (i.e

2018 Information Technology & People

87. Assessing Fitness to Drive

of weather and glare • vehicle and equipment characteristics, for example, the type of vehicle, braking performance and maintenance • personal requirements, trip purpose, destination, appointments and time pressures • passengers and their potential to distract the driver. For commercial or heavy vehicle drivers there are a range of additional factors including: • business requirements, for example, rosters (shifts), driver training and contractual demands • work-related multitasking, for example (...) on Australian roads, and many tens of thousands hospitalised with serious injuries. The annual economic cost of road crashes in Australia is estimated to be $27 billion, which is accompanied by devastating social impacts. While many factors contribute to safety on the road, driver health and fitness to drive is an important consideration. Drivers must meet certain medical standards to ensure their health status does not unduly increase their crash risk. Assessing Fitness to Drive is a joint publication

2016 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

88. Interventions to Improve the Labour Market Situation of Adults with Physical and/or Sensory Disabilities in Low? and Middle?Income Countries: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

of disability. Studies focused on workrelated and non‐work related health conditions were both eligible for inclusion in the review. Finally, eligibility for the review was extended to both primary studies that incorporated the ICF diagnostic framework in identifying and selecting its subjects and studies that did not use this framework. Non‐eligible studies . Studies focused solely on (i) people with mental health conditions and/or intellectual impairments, (ii) those with chronic illnesses (...) entrepreneurial activities (such as rickshaw pulling), but excludes other forms of making a living, such as begging, foraging, and scavenging. Intermediate outcomes : Intermediate outcomes reflect the pathways through which the primary outcomes may be influenced. Studies that measured an intermediate job‐related outcome (i.e., where individuals are still in the process of preparing for, and gradually moving closer to, work) were eligible for inclusion in the review. Studies that only reported non‐workrelated

2015 Campbell Collaboration

89. Treatment of Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis: Official ATS/CDC/IDSA Clinical Practice Guidelines

liver injury. 8 Baseline for all patients. Further mon- itoringiftherearebaselineabnormalitiesorasclinicallyindicated. 9 HIVtestinginall patients. CD4 lymphocyte count and HIV RNA load if positive. 10 Patients with hep- atitisBorCriskfactor(eg,injectiondruguse,birthinAsiaorAfrica,orHIVinfection) should have screening tests for these viruses. 11 Fasting glucose or hemoglobin A1c for patients with risk factors for diabetes according to the American Diabetes As- sociation including: age >45 years, body (...) concentration of ?rst-line drugs than administration with food [54]. Any combination of otherwise unexplained nausea, vomiting, and abdominal painisevaluatedwithaphysicalexaminationandliverfunction tests, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate ami- notransferase (AST), bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase to as- sess for possible hepatotoxicity [55].Drug-induced hepatitis is the most frequent serious adverse reaction to the ?rst-line drugs. INH, RIF, and PZA can cause drug-induced liver injury

2016 American Thoracic Society

90. Age and the anaesthetist

to a basic state pension, the value of which relates to the number of years of contributions that have been paid. This is a set figure, unrelated to employment income or work-related pensions. In one year, £102 billion (5.8% of gross domestic product) [3] will be spent on basic state pensions, again coming out of current taxation. • Increases in longevity and the gradual accrual of treatable morbidities mean that those living longer in retirement are making more demands on the NHS and social services (...) . This demand is increasing year-on-year. Current expenditure on the NHS is > £115 billion and is increasingly difficult to contain. The combination of these factors and their projected costs is a huge burden for current and future governments. The single most effective strategy to manage the increasing costs is simply to decrease the period for which government-funded pensions (work-related and basic state) are paid to individuals. Since it is not possible to affect the date of death, this has resulted

2016 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

91. Canadian clinical practice guidelines for the management of anxiety, posttraumatic stress and obsessive-compulsive disorders

disorders, traumatic brain injury), or another mental disorder [26]. However, since comorbid conditions are common, the presence of some of these other conditions may not pre- clude the diagnosis of an anxiety or related disorder. Certain risk factors have been associated with anxiety and related disorders and should increase the clinician’s index of suspicion (Table 6) [4,9,33-37]. A family [33] or personal history of mood or anxiety disorders [34,35] is an important predictor of anxiety symptoms (...) ) that the individual feels driven to perform to reduce the anxiety generated by the obsessions Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ? Exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violation ? Intrusion symptoms (e.g., distressing memories or dreams, flashbacks, intense distress) and avoidance of stimuli associated with the event ? Negative alterations in cognitions and mood (e.g., negative beliefs and emotions, detachment), as well as marked alterations in arousal and reactivity (e.g

2014 CPG Infobase

92. Acute Workplace Hazards in Orthopedic Surgery: Resident Survey Regarding Splash and Workplace Violence Events. (Abstract)

Acute Workplace Hazards in Orthopedic Surgery: Resident Survey Regarding Splash and Workplace Violence Events. Orthopedic surgery residents are at risk for daily work-related hazards and exposures. Hazards related specific to this specialty includes radiation exposure, smoke inhalation (from electrocautery), and disease transmission through contact with surgical instruments or sharps during procedures. However, minimal research has been focused on other occupational hazard risks in orthopedic (...) respondents). The survey was conceptually divided into the following areas: (1) demographics; (2) training and attitudes concerning occupational hazards; (3) PPE provision and use; (4) sharps injuries and reporting; and (5) general safety knowledge and violence in the workplace. Those who answered yes to having a splatter event or receiving a threat at the hospital were compared to those who did not. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs

2020 Journal of Surgical Education

93. Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders in neurosurgery: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and exercise. Introduction Neurosurgeons and spine surgeons are exposed to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs), which can negatively impact their quality of life and career length. According to the World Health Organization definition, WMSDs include all health problems of the locomotor apparatus (the skeleton plus muscles, tendons, cartilage, ligaments, and nerves) and all relevant forms of ill health, ranging from mild or transitory disorders to irreversible and disabling injuries [ ]. Spine (...) Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders in neurosurgery: a systematic review Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders in neurosurgery: a systematic review | SpringerLink Search Search SpringerLink Search Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders in neurosurgery: a systematic review Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders in neurosurgery: a systematic review , , & , volume 162 , pages 2213 – 2220 ( 2020 ) 1041 Accesses 6 Altmetric Abstract Background Work-related musculoskeletal disorders

2020 Acta neurochirurgica

94. Occupational health and safety hazards faced by healthcare professionals in Taiwan: A systematic review of risk factors and control strategies Full Text available with Trip Pro

on objective assessments of existing risks and the most appropriate measures to deal with them. Conclusion This systematic review confirmed a positive correlation between OHS hazards (biological, physical, chemical, and psychosocial), and work-related injuries, occupational health problems, and work-related diseases. The burden of disease and attributable fraction of work-related diseases and occupational injuries has been shown to cause considerable social and economic losses for employees, families (...) in healthcare facilities globally, accounting for roughly 12% of the working population. The WHO also reports that all healthcare workers, including healthcare professionals, are exposed to occupational hazards. The International Labour Organization (ILO) reported that millions of healthcare workers suffer from work-related diseases and accidents, and many succumb to occupational hazards. Scholars and practitioners in the field of healthcare and occupational health and safety (OHS) are striving to raise

2020 SAGE open medicine

95. Autism in adults: diagnosis and management

or with a mild learning disability, who are having difficulty obtaining or maintaining employment, consider an individual supported employment programme. 1.4.12 An individual supported employment programme should typically include: help with writing CVs and job applications and preparing for interviews training for the identified work role and work-related behaviours carefully matching the person with autism with the job advice to employers about making reasonable adjustments to the workplace continuing (...) teams should work jointly to provide assessment and services to young people with autism. Diagnosis and management should be reviewed throughout the transition process, and there should be clarity about who is the lead clinician to ensure continuity of care. Autism spectrum disorder in adults: diagnosis and management (CG142) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 7 of 50K Ke ey priorities

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

96. Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of posterior segment intraocular foreign body in a tertiary hospital. Full Text available with Trip Pro

with the macular break and multiple surgeries.In a tertiary hospital of eastern China, most cases of IOFBs were work-related. The prognosis of the patients was really well in the patients with good presenting visual acuity. Nevertheless the prognosis was not good for those patients who had macular injury or underwent several surgeries because of retinal detachment, epiretinal membrane or proliferative vitreous retinopathy. Good facilities for eye protection are urgently in demand for the workers indeed. (...) Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of posterior segment intraocular foreign body in a tertiary hospital. To identify the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and visual outcomes in posterior segment IOFBs patients managed by PPV in a tertiary hospital.A retrospective chart review was performed for 56 patients, who had PPV for IOFBs removal between November 2013 and November 2015. The mechanisms of injury, the nature of the IOFBs, the BCVA before and after the surgery

2019 BMC Ophthalmology

97. Intravesical instillation with mitomycin C or bacillus Calmette-Guérin in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer

the incidence of necrosis and ulceration is to establish meticulous haemostasis after tumour resection and perform intraoperative cystography if there is any suspicion of bladder injury. [73] 9.2.3 How to manage side effects of MMC Intraperitoneal extravasation: initial management comprises immediate evacuation of the drug, followed by confirmation by cystography. Exploratory laparotomy is required to confirm evacuation of the drug and repair of the defect. [73,91] Extraperitoneal extravasation: management

2015 European Association of Urology Nurses

98. Beryllium - Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis of Beryllium Sensitization and Chronic Beryllium Disease.

, and the latency between exposure and manifestation of disease ranges from months to decades. [10, 17, 18] Because of this long latency, workers might file an initial claim years after a work-related exposure, or might need to re- open a claim filed years before, to receive care for their beryllium-related condition. Workers with beryllium sensitization require periodic medical evaluation (see Table 3) to monitor for progression to chronic beryllium disease, at least every 2-3 years, and more frequently (...) ] There is currently no vaccine or post-exposure prophylaxis for beryllium exposure. ESTABLISHING WORK-RELATEDNESS Beryllium sensitization and chronic beryllium disease as an industrial injury: An injury is defined as “a sudden and tangible happening, of a traumatic nature, producing an immediate or prompt result, and occurring from without, and such physical conditions as result therefrom.” The only requirement for establishing work-relatedness for an injury is that it occur “in the course of employment

2015 Washington State Department of Labor and Industries

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