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Work-Related Eye Injury

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81. Predicting severe brain injuries from apparent minor head trauma without a scan

are broadly in line with 2014 NICE guidance to use multiple criteria to assess likelihood of severe brain injury, although these specific decision rules are not mentioned. Citation and Funding Easter JS, Haukoos JS, Meehan WP, et al. JAMA. 2015;314(24):2672-81. This work was supported in part by grants K12 HS019464-01, Physician Scientist Award (Dr Easter), and K02 HS017526, an Independent Scientist Award (Dr Haukoos), both from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, R01AI106057 from the National (...) , and pedestrians struck by motor vehicles, may help identify patients at increased risk of severe intracranial injuries. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is used to assess the severity of head injuries based on the state of consciousness of a person. It assigns the best eye opening, verbal response, and motor scores up to a total of 3-15 points, where three is least conscious and 15 is totally alert. Clinical decision rules included in this study: New Orleans Criteria Older than 60 years Intoxication Headache Any

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

82. CRACKCast E064 – Chemical Injuries

in Perspective Chemicals are everywhere, >10,000 new ones are made every year → be afraid! Most susceptible organs: skin, eyes, lungs Most commonly release substances: Volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) Herbicides Acids Ammonia Cement Drain cleaner Gasoline Pathophysiology: Most cause damage through a chemical reaction with the skin 1) Describe the difference between Alkali and Acid injuries Acidic compounds: Cause protein denaturation and coagulative necrosis with the skin The necrosis forms eschar → which (...) of eyes, skin with water Secure airway if necessary with large bore tube Cement When in contact with water → forms a basic solution Can cause heat-related or blast induced burns Image from https://c1.staticflickr.com /2/1245/1027393112_7cd83fb81c.jpg Needs copious irrigation, skin often needs grafting Phenol and derivatives “Starting materials for organic polymers and plastics” Highly reactive, corrosive proteins causing cell wall destruction and coagulative necrosis. ** dilute phenol solutions

2017 CandiEM

83. Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury

Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury | Innovation Observatory toggle menu Menu Search View All Filter by Speciality Filter by Year Filter by Category This search function provides links to outputs produced by NIHR Innovation Observatory. These are briefing notes or reports on new or repurposed technologies. This search will not return all technologies currently in development as these outputs are produced (...) as required for our stakeholders. > > > Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury March 2017 The Portable Neuromodulation Stimulator or PoNS™, developed by Helius Medical Technologies, is a non-invasive device that is designed to deliver neurostimulation through the tongue to treat balance disorders caused by mild to moderate Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). The device is intended to be used as part of targeted functional

2017 NIHR Innovation Observatory

84. Eye injury in the Israeli Defense Force: "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure" (PubMed)

patients recorded in the IDF Trauma Registry (ITR) in whom ocular injury related to combat or to training was documented were reviewed.There were 129 patients with documented eye injury sustained during combat or training between 1997 and 2013: 75% of injuries were related to combat and the remainder occurred during training. Penetrating fragmental injuries accounted for 74% of combat related injuries and 28% of training related injuries. Sixty-six percent (66%) of these casualties were subsequently re (...) -classified as no longer fit for combat duties. Combat related injuries resulted in a higher incidence of severe injuries compared to training related injuries (P<0.05).Despite optimal medical care, the majority of soldiers who sustain eye injuries during military service suffer from substantial disability and most are no longer fit for combat service. A majority are discharged from military service. Protective eyewear could potentially prevent penetrating fragmental wounds which are the most common cause

2015 Injury

85. Pediatric eye injuries due to nonpowder guns in the United States, 2002-2012. (PubMed)

Pediatric eye injuries due to nonpowder guns in the United States, 2002-2012. To identify epidemiologic trends in nonpowder gun-related pediatric eye injuries and to determine factors associated with severe injury requiring hospital admission.US emergency department data on pediatric eye injuries between 2002 and 2012 were reviewed using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Literature review was conducted to determine trends in visual outcomes after treatment and use of eye (...) protection.In 2012 roughly 3,161 children were treated in US emergency departments for nonpowder gun-related eye injuries. Since 2010 rates of severe nonpowder gun pediatric eye injury have increased by over 500% (P = 0.039). Specifically, while rates of hospital admission due to paintball gun eye injury have dropped precipitously (P = 0.0077), rates of admissions for air gun eye injuries have increased by over 600% since 2010 (P = 0.033). Children sustaining eye injury due to air guns are more likely

2015 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

86. The eye of the endourologist: what are the risks? A review of the literature. (PubMed)

Medline database was searched for identification of studies on hazards to the eye of the endourologist. All articles published in English until September 2018 were considered.Twenty-three publications were included in this analysis. The incidence of eye contact with patient body fluids or irrigation solutions during endoscopic procedures ranged between 37.50 and 100%. Laser-induced eye injuries were reported in 37.9% of all kind of adverse events related to laser use in urology. The eye lens dose (...) The eye of the endourologist: what are the risks? A review of the literature. During endourological procedures, the eye of the urologist is exposed to hazards such as contact with body fluids and irrigation solutions as well as laser injury, and X-ray radiation absorption. The resulting potential injuries and damages to the eye have not been summarily reviewed to date. The objective was to review the different risks of exposure to the eyes of urologists during endourological procedures.The

2019 World journal of urology

87. Eye movements and retinotopic tuning in developmental prosopagnosia. (PubMed)

Eye movements and retinotopic tuning in developmental prosopagnosia. Despite extensive investigation, the causes and nature of developmental prosopagnosia (DP)-a severe face identification impairment in the absence of acquired brain injury-remain poorly understood. Drawing on previous work showing that individuals identified as being neurotypical (NT) show robust individual differences in where they fixate on faces, and recognize faces best when the faces are presented at this location, we

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2019 Journal of vision

88. Epidemiology of Eye-Related Emergency Department Visits. (PubMed)

with eye problems presenting to EDs across the United States were eligible for inclusion. A weighted count of 11 929 955 ED visits were categorized as possibly emergent (emergent), unlikely to be emergent (nonemergent), or could not be determined. Data were analyzed from March 1 to May 30, 2015.Population-based incidence rates of eye-related ED visits, incidence rates of eye injuries, relative proportions of emergent vs nonemergent eye-related ED visits among different age groups, and independent (...) Epidemiology of Eye-Related Emergency Department Visits. Determining the epidemiology of eye-related emergency department (ED) visits on a national level can assist policymakers in appropriate allocation of resources.To study ED visits related to ocular conditions for all age groups across the United States.Nationally representative data from the US Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) were used to analyze ED visits from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2011 (6 years). All patients

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2016 JAMA ophthalmology

89. Abusive Head Trauma and the Eye in Infancy

chapters, whereby each topic will be followed by the related bibliography to facilitate finding references related to a particular topic. i. Aetiological factors and experimental models ii. Clinical features and pathology iii. Differential diagnosis and confounding conditions iv. Guidance for the ophthalmologist. References (1) The Ophthalmology Child Abuse Working Party. Child abuse and the eye. Eye 1999;13(1):3-10. (2) Adams G, Ainsworth J, Butler L, Bonshek R, Clarke M, Doran R, et al. Update from (...) in infant models (7);(15). 3. Tangential acceleration is associated with much more brain deformation and shear than an equivalent linear acceleration. This may account for the relationship between retinal haemorrhages and shaking injury in infants (11). 4. Severe eye injuries are likely to be associated with the severe level of forces that cause severe brain injuries (5);(13). Speculation that hypoxia might cause retinal haemorrhages in the context of cervical injury-related apnoea, is not supported

2013 Royal College of Ophthalmologists

90. Prevention of infections associated with combat-related eye, maxillofacial, and neck injuries. (PubMed)

Prevention of infections associated with combat-related eye, maxillofacial, and neck injuries. The percentage of combat wounds involving the eyes, maxillofacial, and neck regions reported in the literature is increasing, representing 36% of all combat-related injuries at the start of the Iraq War. Recent meta-analysis of 21st century eye, maxillofacial, and neck injuries described combat injury incidences of 8% to 20% for the face, 2% to 11% for the neck, and 0.5% to 13% for the eye (...) and periocular structures. This article reviews recent data from military and civilian studies to support evidence-based recommendations for the prevention of infections associated with combat-related eye, maxillofacial, and neck injuries. The major emphasis of this review is on recent developments in surgical practice as new antimicrobial studies were not performed. Further studies of bacterial infection epidemiology and postinjury antimicrobial use in combat-related injuries to the eyes, maxillofacial

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2011 Journal of Trauma

91. Aerosol Container-Related Eye Injuries in the United States: 1997-2009. (PubMed)

Aerosol Container-Related Eye Injuries in the United States: 1997-2009. To quantify and characterize eye injuries related to aerosol container consumer products treated in United States hospital emergency departments (EDs) from 1997 through 2009.Retrospective study.Descriptive analysis of aerosol container-related eye injury data derived from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, a stratified probability sample of hospital-affiliated United States EDs. Data collected included (...) demographic variables (gender and age), locale, diagnoses, and hospital disposition associated with aerosol container-related eye injuries treated in United States EDs from 1997 through 2009. Products associated with injury and mechanisms of injury also were extracted and analyzed.There were an estimated 10 765 (95% confidence interval [CI], 9842 to 11 688) visits to United States EDs for aerosol container-related eye injuries during the study period; 6756 (95% CI, 5771 to 7742; 63%) patients were male

2011 American Journal of Ophthalmology

92. Predicting severe brain injuries from apparent minor head trauma without a scan

are broadly in line with 2014 NICE guidance to use multiple criteria to assess likelihood of severe brain injury, although these specific decision rules are not mentioned. Citation and Funding Easter JS, Haukoos JS, Meehan WP, et al. JAMA. 2015;314(24):2672-81. This work was supported in part by grants K12 HS019464-01, Physician Scientist Award (Dr Easter), and K02 HS017526, an Independent Scientist Award (Dr Haukoos), both from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, R01AI106057 from the National (...) , and pedestrians struck by motor vehicles, may help identify patients at increased risk of severe intracranial injuries. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is used to assess the severity of head injuries based on the state of consciousness of a person. It assigns the best eye opening, verbal response, and motor scores up to a total of 3-15 points, where three is least conscious and 15 is totally alert. Clinical decision rules included in this study: New Orleans Criteria Older than 60 years Intoxication Headache Any

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

93. Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management

referral to nephrology services for moderate to severe acute kidney injury 26 2.3 Definition of acute kidney injury – system for staging and detection 28 2.4 Introducing renal replacement therapy 28 2.5 Preventing deterioration 29 3 Other information 31 3.1 Scope and how this guideline was developed 31 3.2 Related NICE guidance 31 4 The Guideline Development Group, National Collaborating Centre and NICE project team 33 4.1 Guideline Development Group 33 4.2 National Clinical Guideline Centre 34 4.3 (...) , assessment, initial treatment and referral for renal replacement therapy. The inpatient mortality of acute kidney injury varies considerably, depending on its severity, setting (intensive care or not), and many other Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management (CG169) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 5 of 38patient-related factors, but in the UK might typically be 25–30% or more. In view

2013 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

94. The NGAL Test for early diagnosis of acute kidney injury

diagnostic methods. Adv Adverse e erse ev vents and safety ents and safety The current clinical evidence has not measured any outcomes relating to patient safety and no adverse events have been reported. Costs and resource use Costs and resource use The average cost is £24 per NGAL T est. One study assessed the cost effectiveness of a different urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) biomarker for diagnosing acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery in patients in the UK compared (...) of 32K Ke ey points y points The NGAL T est (BioPorto) is intended to be used for detecting acute kidney injury. It got its CE mark in January 2011. Current NICE guidance (NICE clinical guideline 169) recommends using serum creatinine or urine output to detect acute kidney injury. Estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) may also be used for children and young people. The NGAL T est has been compared with serum creatinine and eGFR testing in clinical studies. There is limited clinical evidence

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

95. Injuries to the Eyes in relation to the Workmen's Compensation Act (PubMed)

Injuries to the Eyes in relation to the Workmen's Compensation Act 20761385 2011 03 29 2011 03 29 0007-1447 1 2252 1904 Feb 27 British medical journal Br Med J Injuries to the Eyes in relation to the Workmen's Compensation Act. 483-6 Evans J J JJ eng Journal Article England Br Med J 0372673 0007-1447 2010 8 27 6 0 1904 2 27 0 0 1904 2 27 0 1 ppublish 20761385 PMC2353216

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1904 British medical journal

96. Traumatic Neurology of the Eye in Relation to Cerebral and Other Injuries (PubMed)

Traumatic Neurology of the Eye in Relation to Cerebral and Other Injuries 16692641 2006 06 01 2018 11 13 0065-9533 21 1923 Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc Traumatic Neurology of the Eye in Relation to Cerebral and Other Injuries. 247-70 Scarlett H W HW eng Journal Article United States Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 7506106 0065-9533 1923 1 1 0 0 1923 1 1 0 1 1923 1 1 0 0 ppublish 16692641 PMC1318400 Br J Ophthalmol. 1918 Jul;2(7):353-84 18167806

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1923 Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society

97. Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy Compared to Treatment As Usual (TAU) in Psychiatric Inpatients With Severe Mental Disorder and a History of Psychological Trauma

a clinical point of view it is still an overlooked and even ignored component. There is scientific evidence that treating traumatic events at outpatient hospital services in patients with severe mental disorder improves both trauma-related symptoms and clinical symptoms. A first-line treatment for psychological trauma is Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. This therapy is recommended by the World Health Organization for treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and which has (...) . Our second hypothesis is that EMDR will be more effective than standard treatment alone in reducing the severity of trauma-related symptoms. Our third hypothesis is that EMDR will be more effective than standard treatment alone in improving functioning. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Severe Mental Disorder Psychological Trauma Behavioral: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type

2018 Clinical Trials

98. An Eye Tracking Study of Affective Disorder Patients With Suicide Risk

With Suicide Risk Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2018 Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019 Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: related topics: Groups and Cohorts Go to Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment Suicide Risk Group patients with affective disorders(eg. bipolar disorder, major depression disorder) also have a history of suicide attempt in the past 6 months. Behavioral: eye-tracking (...) , happy, neutral and suicide-related)and the changes of the pupil size were recorded. Healthy Control Group Behavioral: eye-tracking After completing a demographics form, theBeck Depression Inventory,Beck Anxiety Inventory,Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and Ruminative Response Scale-21, each participant has to go to the eye-tracking room and seats in a height adjustable chair and places their chin in a chin rest which was positioned to make sure all participants' eye are in the same location relative

2018 Clinical Trials

99. The Eye, Oxidative Damage and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PubMed)

, indeed, eye tissues, starting from the tear film, which normally are exposed to high oxygen levels, have strong antioxidant defenses that are efficient for protecting against ROS-related injuries. On the contrary, instead, the trabecular meshwork is not directly exposed to light and its endothelial cells are poorly equipped with antioxidant defenses. All this makes the eye a target organ of oxidative damage. This review focuses on the role of the polyunsaturated fatty acids in the human eye (...) The Eye, Oxidative Damage and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are known to have numerous beneficial effects, owing to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. From a metabolic standpoint, the mitochondria play a fundamental role in cellular homeostasis, and oxidative stress can affect their functioning. Indeed, the mitochondria are the main source of ROS, and an imbalance between ROS and antioxidant defenses leads to oxidative stress. In addition, aging

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2018 Nutrients

100. What’s in an eye roll? It is time we explore the role of workplace incivility in healthcare (PubMed)

delivery. For example, healthcare professionals who are exposed to incivility, even when not directed specifically at them, are at risk of inflicting iatrogenic injury. Within the complexity of hospital environments, incivility gets fueled and maintained by underlying beliefs such as "because we work in a high-pressure environment, it's okay to skip the niceties." Tackling these beliefs is key to taming workplace incivility. This article poses questions worthy of further scientific inquiry. Finally (...) What’s in an eye roll? It is time we explore the role of workplace incivility in healthcare A recent study of patient violence toward hospital physicians and nurses offers a welcome perspective in its classifying of aggressive behaviors as workplace violence. While patients and families are widely recognized as sources of rude behaviors, we need to shed light on passive aggressive and other low-level rude behaviors that take place frequently amongst hospital personnel as well. Studied under

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2018 Israel journal of health policy research

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