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Work-Related Eye Injury

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61. Occupational therapy for people with Parkinson's - best practice guide

-Parkinson’s medication adjustments may bring relief. • Sleep and night-time problems: for example, insomnia; sleep fragmentation; vivid or disturbing dreams; and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep disorder, also known as REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD), which causes dreams to be acted out physically, not uncommonly resulting in injuries to the person with Parkinson’s or their bed-partner. RBD occurs as a result of brain stem changes that disrupt the normal sleep paralysis that occurs during dreaming (...) of the condition. In the case of people with Parkinson’s, gene therapy could be developed to re-programme cells to make more dopamine, for example (Stoessl 2014). • Improved methods for diagnosis are also being explored – current efforts include testing of blood, saliva, skin secretions, the gut, eyes and even sense of smell. Meanwhile, hi-tech scans are becoming increasingly more sophisticated at imaging the brain, so as big data is collected this route may one day provide reliable diagnostic evidence. iii

2018 Parkinson's UK

62. Adult Asthma Care: Promoting Control of Asthma

. Pharmacological management is comprehensively addressed in the CTS 2012 Guideline Update (Lougheed et al., 2012). ? Work-related asthma. While it is acknowledged that work-related asthma G (WRA) affects many adults with asthma, recommendation statements specific to WRA have not been developed. However, many of the recommendations are relevant for health-care providers, including occupational health nurses, who practise with individuals in this population. This Guideline is designed to apply to all domains (...) of publication, neither the authors nor the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario (RNAO) gives any guarantee as to the accuracy of the information contained in them or accepts any liability with respect to loss, damage, injury, or expense arising from any such errors or omission in the contents of this work. Copyright With the exception of those portions of this document for which a specific prohibition or limitation against copying appears, the balance of this document may be produced, reproduced

2017 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

64. Interventions to Prevent Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Clinical Alzheimer's-Type Dementia

disease, frontotemporal, traumatic brain injury, or isolated post-stroke dementia), including some that can otherwise be well-identified. Because the literature currently does not use the term CATD, we specified whenever the diagnosis of dementia was defined. Some decline in cognition with aging is considered normal or inevitable, particularly for people past the age of 60 years. For example, reaction time and speed of processing are known to decline slowly throughout adulthood. Therefore, greater (...) or dementia, and did not examine the epidemiological literature on risk factors for cognitive decline or dementia. With the focus on CATD, the review does not include dementia due to specific, identifiable conditions such as Lewy body, infectious diseases, frontotemporal, and traumatic brain injury. The review does include studies addressing vascular components of mixed dementia, but clear post-stroke dementia is out of scope. Intermediate outcomes, such as measures of biomarkers and cognitive test

2017 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

66. Interventions to Prevent Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Clinical Alzheimer's-Type Dementia

disease, frontotemporal, traumatic brain injury, or isolated post-stroke dementia), including some that can otherwise be well-identified. Because the literature currently does not use the term CATD, we specified whenever the diagnosis of dementia was defined. Some decline in cognition with aging is considered normal or inevitable, particularly for people past the age of 60 years. For example, reaction time and speed of processing are known to decline slowly throughout adulthood. Therefore, greater (...) or dementia, and did not examine the epidemiological literature on risk factors for cognitive decline or dementia. With the focus on CATD, the review does not include dementia due to specific, identifiable conditions such as Lewy body, infectious diseases, frontotemporal, and traumatic brain injury. The review does include studies addressing vascular components of mixed dementia, but clear post-stroke dementia is out of scope. Intermediate outcomes, such as measures of biomarkers and cognitive test

2017 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

67. Glasgow Coma Scale for Field Triage of Trauma: A Systematic Review

(components): eye (scored 1 to 4), verbal (scored 1 to 5), and motor (scored 1 to 6). Scores on each of these components are added to obtain the total Glasgow Coma Scale (tGCS) score, ranging from 3 to 15. Lower scores on the tGCS indicate lower levels of consciousness, generally correlating with more severe injury associated with poorer prognosis and requiring more intensive care. For patients with TBI, scores of 3 to 8 are generally considered to denote severe head injury, 9 to 12 moderate, and 13 to 15 (...) mild. 14 The 2011 field triage guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Expert Panel recommend transporting patients with tGCS scores of 13 or less to facilities providing the highest level of trauma care. 4 In some circumstances (e.g., trauma victims who are intoxicated, intubated, or whose other injuries influence response) it may not be possible to accurately assess the verbal and eye components of the GCS. In these cases, assessments may be primarily based

2017 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

68. Staff and Associate Specialist Grade Handbook (Third Edition)

with separate and identifiable time allocated for administration, education, audit and teaching commitments, etc. • Access to office accommodation and a computer in each directorate where SAS doctors are employed. This should include email and suitable storage facilities for confidential work, related papers, books, etc. • Adequate support and time allocation to allow SAS doctors to fully participate in the employer’s appraisal process (including access to appraisal training) and the necessary CPD and study (...) immense support and continue to do so. None of the success would have been possible without this and it has been a pleasure and privilege to be a part of the SAS Committee. It is important to maintain the momentum and go on to greater achievements in the future. Dr Ramana Alladi Former AAGBI SAS Committee Chair 3. WHy jOIN THE AAGBI? Benefits of joining include: • Personal injury and life insurance cover of up to £1 million for patient transfer • Subscription to Anaesthesia – the renowned

2017 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

69. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Pharmacologic Treatment of Chronic Insomnia in Adults: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline

impairment), and work-related accidents. General treatment measures for insomnia include the treatment of comorbid medical and psychiatric conditions, modifying sleep-interfering medications and substances, and optimizing the sleep environment. Specific treatments for insomnia fall into two primary categories. Non-pharmacological therapies, largely cognitive behavioral in nature, have been the subject of numerous meta-analyses and practice guidelines. , – Pharmacological therapy, including over

2017 American Academy of Sleep Medicine

70. Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Reaction

electronic media, television, movies, or pictures, unless this exposure is work related. Criterion B. Presence of nine (or more) of the following symptoms from any of the five categories of intrusion, negative mood, dissociation, avoidance, and arousal, beginning or worsening after the traumatic event(s) occurred: Intrusion Symptoms 1. Recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive distressing memories of the traumatic event(s) 2. Recurrent distressing dreams in which the content and/or affect of the dream (...) repeatedly exposed to details of child abuse) Note: This does not apply to exposure through electronic media, television, movies or pictures unless this exposure is work-related. VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder June 2017 Page 9 of 200 DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for PTSD Criterion B. Presence of one (or more) of the following intrusion symptoms associated with the traumatic event(s), beginning after the traumatic event(s

2017 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

71. Trauma (penetrating)

. 2004;27(2):206-10 Lecuona K. Assessing and managing eye injuries. Community Eye Health. 2005;18(55):101-4 Lay summary Full or partial penetration of the outer coat of the eye (the clear part, the cornea or the white part, the sclera) can result from industrial, work-related or DIY injuries, or from assaults with sharp objects. Such injuries occur three times as frequently in males as in females. Because they are so close to the eyeball, the eyelids may be injured also. The optometrist will check (...) Trauma (penetrating) Trauma (penetrating) submit The College submit You're here: Trauma (penetrating) Trauma (penetrating) The CMGs are guidelines on the diagnosis and management of a range of common and rare, but important, eye conditions that present with varying frequency in primary and first contact care. Share options Aetiology Partial or full-thickness injury of outer wall of eye caused by sharp object Common causes include: assault, industrial or work-related accident, DIY injury

2018 College of Optometrists

72. Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults

after a seizure, and by recordings during sleep or following sleep deprivation. 16, 37, 38 Incidental epileptiform abnormalities are found in 0.5% of healthy young adults, but are more likely in people with learning disability and psychiatric disorders, patients with previous neurological insult (for example head injury, meningitis, stroke, cerebral palsy), and patients who have undergone neurosurgery. 39-41 Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults 3 • Diagnosis 2 +10 | In a patient in whom (...) for children the risks are higher after less than two years of seizure freedom than for more than two years. 153 Diagnosis and management of epilepsy in adults 4 • Treatment 2 + 2 - 2 + 1 + 1 ++20 | The effect of different rates of AED withdrawal on the risk of seizure recurrence has not been adequately studied. Important factors influencing a decision about AED withdrawal in adults include driving, employment, fear of further seizures, risks of injury or death with further seizures and concerns about

2015 SIGN

73. Autism in adults: diagnosis and management

or with a mild learning disability, who are having difficulty obtaining or maintaining employment, consider an individual supported employment programme. 1.4.12 An individual supported employment programme should typically include: help with writing CVs and job applications and preparing for interviews training for the identified work role and work-related behaviours carefully matching the person with autism with the job advice to employers about making reasonable adjustments to the workplace continuing (...) teams should work jointly to provide assessment and services to young people with autism. Diagnosis and management should be reviewed throughout the transition process, and there should be clarity about who is the lead clinician to ensure continuity of care. Autism spectrum disorder in adults: diagnosis and management (CG142) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 7 of 50K Ke ey priorities

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

74. Interventions to Improve the Labour Market Situation of Adults with Physical and/or Sensory Disabilities in Low? and Middle?Income Countries: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

of disability. Studies focused on workrelated and non‐work related health conditions were both eligible for inclusion in the review. Finally, eligibility for the review was extended to both primary studies that incorporated the ICF diagnostic framework in identifying and selecting its subjects and studies that did not use this framework. Non‐eligible studies . Studies focused solely on (i) people with mental health conditions and/or intellectual impairments, (ii) those with chronic illnesses (...) entrepreneurial activities (such as rickshaw pulling), but excludes other forms of making a living, such as begging, foraging, and scavenging. Intermediate outcomes : Intermediate outcomes reflect the pathways through which the primary outcomes may be influenced. Studies that measured an intermediate job‐related outcome (i.e., where individuals are still in the process of preparing for, and gradually moving closer to, work) were eligible for inclusion in the review. Studies that only reported non‐workrelated

2015 Campbell Collaboration

75. Acute Workplace Hazards in Orthopedic Surgery: Resident Survey Regarding Splash and Workplace Violence Events. (Abstract)

Acute Workplace Hazards in Orthopedic Surgery: Resident Survey Regarding Splash and Workplace Violence Events. Orthopedic surgery residents are at risk for daily work-related hazards and exposures. Hazards related specific to this specialty includes radiation exposure, smoke inhalation (from electrocautery), and disease transmission through contact with surgical instruments or sharps during procedures. However, minimal research has been focused on other occupational hazard risks in orthopedic (...) respondents). The survey was conceptually divided into the following areas: (1) demographics; (2) training and attitudes concerning occupational hazards; (3) PPE provision and use; (4) sharps injuries and reporting; and (5) general safety knowledge and violence in the workplace. Those who answered yes to having a splatter event or receiving a threat at the hospital were compared to those who did not. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs

2020 Journal of Surgical Education

76. Developing evidence informed, employer-led workplace health

; their health, in turn, impacts on these environments. This includes the circumstances in which people work. For example, people’s health may impact on the work environment if they enter into work with pre-existing health conditions or challenging social conditions; conversely, the conditions of people’s working lives may lead to ill health due to work-related injuries, stress, anxiety and depression, substance abuse, cardiovascular disease or cancer. The workplace thus presents an ideal arena in which (...) relationship and can be addressed in the workplace setting (Black 2008). The conditions of people’s working lives, which are closely intertwined with their physical and psychosocial health, can lead to ill health due to work-related injuries, stress, anxiety and depression, substance abuse, cardiovascular disease or cancer (Burton 2010). For working-age adults, the workplace presents an arena in which to promote health and integrate healthy measures into lifestyles. Ill health impacts on people’s working

2016 EPPI Centre

78. Canadian clinical practice guidelines for the management of anxiety, posttraumatic stress and obsessive-compulsive disorders

disorders, traumatic brain injury), or another mental disorder [26]. However, since comorbid conditions are common, the presence of some of these other conditions may not pre- clude the diagnosis of an anxiety or related disorder. Certain risk factors have been associated with anxiety and related disorders and should increase the clinician’s index of suspicion (Table 6) [4,9,33-37]. A family [33] or personal history of mood or anxiety disorders [34,35] is an important predictor of anxiety symptoms (...) ) that the individual feels driven to perform to reduce the anxiety generated by the obsessions Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ? Exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violation ? Intrusion symptoms (e.g., distressing memories or dreams, flashbacks, intense distress) and avoidance of stimuli associated with the event ? Negative alterations in cognitions and mood (e.g., negative beliefs and emotions, detachment), as well as marked alterations in arousal and reactivity (e.g

2014 CPG Infobase

79. Assessing Fitness to Drive

of weather and glare • vehicle and equipment characteristics, for example, the type of vehicle, braking performance and maintenance • personal requirements, trip purpose, destination, appointments and time pressures • passengers and their potential to distract the driver. For commercial or heavy vehicle drivers there are a range of additional factors including: • business requirements, for example, rosters (shifts), driver training and contractual demands • work-related multitasking, for example (...) on Australian roads, and many tens of thousands hospitalised with serious injuries. The annual economic cost of road crashes in Australia is estimated to be $27 billion, which is accompanied by devastating social impacts. While many factors contribute to safety on the road, driver health and fitness to drive is an important consideration. Drivers must meet certain medical standards to ensure their health status does not unduly increase their crash risk. Assessing Fitness to Drive is a joint publication

2016 Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

80. Treatment of Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis: Official ATS/CDC/IDSA Clinical Practice Guidelines

liver injury. 8 Baseline for all patients. Further mon- itoringiftherearebaselineabnormalitiesorasclinicallyindicated. 9 HIVtestinginall patients. CD4 lymphocyte count and HIV RNA load if positive. 10 Patients with hep- atitisBorCriskfactor(eg,injectiondruguse,birthinAsiaorAfrica,orHIVinfection) should have screening tests for these viruses. 11 Fasting glucose or hemoglobin A1c for patients with risk factors for diabetes according to the American Diabetes As- sociation including: age >45 years, body (...) concentration of ?rst-line drugs than administration with food [54]. Any combination of otherwise unexplained nausea, vomiting, and abdominal painisevaluatedwithaphysicalexaminationandliverfunction tests, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate ami- notransferase (AST), bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase to as- sess for possible hepatotoxicity [55].Drug-induced hepatitis is the most frequent serious adverse reaction to the ?rst-line drugs. INH, RIF, and PZA can cause drug-induced liver injury

2016 American Thoracic Society

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