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Work-Related Eye Injury

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6721. Prevention of Falls and Injurious Falls Among Elderly People

and home hazards in relation to age, gender, health and physical condition. To describe and assess the effects of prevention on the incidence of falls and injurious falls. To assess the effects of prevention on physical, cognitive and psychosocial functional abilities, quality of life and use of health and social services and deaths. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Enrollment : 592 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model (...) : Single Group Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Prevention Study Start Date : March 2003 Study Completion Date : March 2005 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Arms and Interventions Go to Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Incidence of falls and injurious falls Secondary Outcome Measures : Risk factors of falling Functional abilities Quality of life Use of health and social services Deaths Eligibility Criteria Go

2005 Clinical Trials

6722. MR Imaging of Knee Osteoarthritis and Acute Knee Injuries

will be measured in the OA and ACL groups to determine whether there is any distinction between these measures in OA and in traumatic ACL injury, cross-sectionally and longitudinally, and their relation to cartilage loss and OA progression. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 139 participants Observational Model: Case Control Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: MR Imaging of Knee Osteoarthritis and Acute Knee Injuries Study Start Date (...) MR Imaging of Knee Osteoarthritis and Acute Knee Injuries MR Imaging of Knee Osteoarthritis and Acute Knee Injuries - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. MR Imaging of Knee Osteoarthritis

2007 Clinical Trials

6723. Visual Prognosis in Non-Penetrating Corneal Blast Injuries

Behavioral: Visual quality of patients with corneal eye injuries Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants Observational Model: Cohort Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: Visual Prognosis in Non-Penetrating Corneal Blast Injuries Study Start Date : November 2004 Actual Study Completion Date : May 2007 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Groups and Cohorts Go to Intervention (...) Details: Behavioral: Visual quality of patients with corneal eye injuries Visual quality of patients with corneal eye injuries Outcome Measures Go to Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below

2006 Clinical Trials

6724. Injury risk of nonpowder guns. (Full text)

. A persisting problem is the lack of medical recognition of the severity of injuries that can result from these guns, including penetration of the eye, skin, internal organs, and bone. Nationally, in 2000, there were an estimated 21840 (coefficient of variation: 0.0821) injuries related to nonpowder guns, with approximately 4% resulting in hospitalization. Between 1990 and 2000, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission reported 39 nonpowder gun-related deaths, of which 32 were children younger than 15 (...) years. The introduction of high-powered air rifles in the 1970s has been associated with approximately 4 deaths per year. The advent of war games and the use of paintball guns have resulted in a number of reports of injuries, especially to the eye. Injuries associated with nonpowder guns should receive prompt medical management similar to the management of firearm-related injuries, and nonpowder guns should never be characterized as toys.

2004 Pediatrics

6725. Facial and ocular injuries associated with methamphetamine production accidents. (PubMed)

Facial and ocular injuries associated with methamphetamine production accidents. To evaluate the relative contribution of methamphetamine production-related accidents to facial and ocular injuries admitted to a regional burn unit.Retrospective observational case series.Chart review of all patients admitted to the Burn Unit at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics (UIHC) over a 16-month interval.Methamphetamine related accidents were responsible for thirteen (9.8%) of 132 patients (...) admitted with facial burns to UIHC during the study period. All victims were male. In addition to facial burns, eight patients (14 eyes) suffered chemical or thermal burns of the ocular surface of Hughes grade I or worse. One patient required full-thickness skins grafts for cicatricial ectropion of all four eyelids.In endemic areas such as Iowa, methamphetamine production accidents contribute to as many as 10% of admissions to burn care units for facial and ocular injuries.

2004 American Journal of Ophthalmology

6726. Combined topical anesthesia and sedation for open-globe injuries in selected patients. (PubMed)

Combined topical anesthesia and sedation for open-globe injuries in selected patients. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical anesthesia (TA) and IV sedation in surgery for less severe open-globe injury (OGI).Noncomparative consecutive interventional case series.Of 67 OGI cases reviewed at the Department of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy, in the period from 1999 to 2000, 10 eyes (14.9%) of 10 consecutive patients (age range, 6-58 years) were repaired (...) using TA and IV sedation. All patients belonged to the American Society of Anesthesiologists risk class I or II. Nine eyes had corneoscleral wounds, four had vitreous loss, two had traumatic cataract, and three had an intraocular foreign body (IOFB); one patient had interruption of a continuous penetrating keratoplasty suture. Preoperatively, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ranged from hand movement to 20/20.Corneoscleral suture was performed in nine patients, vitreous excision in four, uveal

2003 Ophthalmology

6727. Do motor vehicle airbags increase risk of ocular injuries in adults? (PubMed)

and use of eyewear and to estimate their possible relation to deployment of airbags.Analysis of the published reports revealed that airbag-induced eye injuries were not more frequently reported among wearers of eyeglasses than among nonwearers. However, open-eye injuries were reported three times more often among eyeglass wearers (P = 0.04), whereas all injuries from airbag chemicals occurred among nonwearers. With the exception of one orbital fracture with hyphema, all eye traumas (n = 7) in the FAS (...) and AB cohorts were mild (eyebrow laceration, lid contusion, bruising). The risk of airbag-related eye injury was 2.5% for any eye injury and 0.4% for severe eye injury. In single accidents when seat belts were used, the risks were 2.0% and 0.5%, respectively. In the accidents from the FAS data no difference was observed in the risk for eye injury between survivors in incidents involving airbag deployment and incidents not involving airbags. This risk was not found to be greater among eyeglass

2003 Ophthalmology

6728. Mass and shape as factors in intraocular foreign body injuries. (PubMed)

Mass and shape as factors in intraocular foreign body injuries. To relate the nature, mass, and shape of intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs) in a consecutive series of 69 patients to the mechanism, location, and visual outcome of the injuries and to compare these outcomes with data collected in our department over the last 70 years.Interventional case series of consecutive patients with IOFBs.Sixty-nine patients with unilateral IOFBs.All patients underwent surgical removal of the IOFB.Patient (...) between increased time to IOFB removal and the development of endophthalmitis. The frequency of posterior vitreous detachment was not increased in eyes with more severe injury or those in which surgery was deferred. Final BCVA> or =20/40 was achieved in 56% of the patients.Intraocular foreign bodies of greater mass were associated with worse outcomes. We have observed an 82% reduction in number of IOFB injuries presenting over the last 70 years and outcomes have improved with advances in surgical

2006 Ophthalmology

6729. Lawnmower injuries in the United States: 1996 to 2004. (PubMed)

in the 70 years and older age group had the highest riding mower injury incidence. Children younger than 15 years also had a substantial injury incidence. Individuals in the 15- to 19-year age group had the highest rate of hospitalizations caused by lawnmower injuries from 1996 through 2003, with 0.72 per 100,000 person-years (95% confidence interval 0.07 to 1.36). Debris from under the mower hitting a body part or entering the eye was the most common mechanism for lawnmower injury. The second most (...) common mechanism of injury was nonspecific pain onset after the ordinary operation of the mower. Fracture of 1 or more phalanges of the foot was the most common diagnosis among lawnmower injury hospitalizations, with 34.4%, followed by traumatic amputation of the toe, with 32.4%. There is an increasing trend of lawnmower injuries in the United States during the last 9 years.Lawnmower injuries increase with age, with peaks in persons older than 59 years. Given the high incidence of projectile-related

2006 Annals of Emergency Medicine

6730. The effect of retinal ganglion cell injury on light-induced photoreceptor degeneration. (PubMed)

The effect of retinal ganglion cell injury on light-induced photoreceptor degeneration. To determine the effect of optic nerve transection (ONT) and excitotoxic retinal ganglion cell (RGC) injury on light-induced photoreceptor degeneration.Age- and sex-matched rats underwent unilateral ONT or received intravitreal injections of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). The fellow eye received sham treatment, and 7 or 21 days later each eye was subjected to an intense photic injury. Maximum a- and b-wave (...) reductions in the mean a- and b-wave amplitudes. Seven days after intravitreal NMDA the b-wave amplitude was reduced, but the a-wave was unaffected. ONT and NMDA injection attenuated the light-induced reductions in the a- and b-wave. Rod opsin mRNA levels and rhodopsin kinase protein levels were also significantly greater in the axotomized and NMDA-treated eyes compared with the sham-treated fellow eyes after the photic injury. Structural protection in the RGC-injured eyes was also evident histologically

2004 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

6731. Injuries associated with regional anesthesia in the 1980s and 1990s: a closed claims analysis. (PubMed)

and 41% of nonobstetric neuraxial anesthesia claims were block related. Obstetrics had a higher proportion of neuraxial anesthesia claims with temporary and low-severity injuries (71%) compared with the nonobstetric group (38%; P injury compared with the nonobstetric group (P Eye blocks accounted for 5% of regional anesthesia claims.Obstetric claims were predominately associated with minor injuries. Permanent injury from eye blocks increased in the 1990s. Neuraxial cardiac arrest and neuraxial hematomas associated with coagulopathy remain sources of high-severity injury.

2004 Anesthesiology

6732. Child Labor in Ghana Cocoa Production: Focus upon Agricultural Tasks, Ergonomic Exposures, and Associated Injuries and Illnesses (Full text)

noted. Injuries and illnesses included musculoskeletal disorders, sprains, strains, lacerations to the head, fractures, eye injuries, rashes, and coughing.Children working in cocoa harvesting are exposed to physical and chemical hazards without proper training or personal protective equipment. Unless safety interventions occur, there are potential long-term adverse health consequences. (...) Child Labor in Ghana Cocoa Production: Focus upon Agricultural Tasks, Ergonomic Exposures, and Associated Injuries and Illnesses The goal of this study was to determine the occupational hazards experienced by children harvesting cocoa in western Ghana in order to design a vocational literacy life skills curriculum and radio social messaging campaign with a safety component to decrease hazardous work exposures in child agricultural work.An observational analysis was conducted of children aged 9

2005 Public Health Reports

6733. Visual outcome after fireworks injuries. (PubMed)

Visual outcome after fireworks injuries. The epidemiology and prognosis of fireworks-related injuries treated at a tertiary eye care center in less developed nations remain unknown.We conducted a prospective observational study that enrolled all consecutive eyes with fireworks-related ocular injury visiting our trauma clinic during a 1-year period. Eyes were graded by ocular trauma classification and followed for 6 months at least. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 6 months was considered (...) of intraocular foreign body (p = 0.026), and absence of endophthalmitis (p = 0.006). Besides poor visual outcome, bottle rocket injuries were more frequently associated with facial lacerations, intraocular foreign body, and endophthalmitis development.Fireworks-related ocular injuries commonly affect young male subjects of northern India. Visual outcome is better in eyes having better initial BCVA or closed globe injury and if relative afferent pupillary defect, bottle rocket injury, intraocular foreign body

2005 Journal of Trauma

6734. Gender differences in etiology and outcome of open globe injuries. (PubMed)

%). Projectile objects accounted for the majority of open globe injuries in men (54.9%) and were an infrequent cause in women (4.3%). Nearly one-third (31.8%) of the projectile injuries in men were work-related, and 19.7% occurred during home improvement projects. Compared with men, falls were more frequently responsible for globe injuries in women (55.3% versus 8.1%). Injuries limited to the cornea were more common in men than women (46.2% versus 23.4%), while more posterior globe injuries were more common (...) among women (46.8% versus 28.3% men). Women were more likely than men to have poor visual acuity at 3 months after injury.The causes and patterns of open globe injuries differ between men and women. In this series, the majority of injuries to men were caused by projectile objects related to work or home improvement projects. Open globe injuries in women were most often resulted from fall, and were more likely to cause rupture posterior to the limbus.

2005 Journal of Trauma

6735. Fourteen-year review of open globe injuries in an urban Korean population. (PubMed)

Fourteen-year review of open globe injuries in an urban Korean population. To review the epidemiology and prognostic factors related to visual outcome after open globe injuries.A retrospective case review during a 14-year period.The study was based on a sample of 321 patients (321 eyes) with open globe injuries. Gender of the sample was predominantly male (76.6%) and the average age was 38.8 years. Injuries occurred most frequently in autumn (37.7%) and in the work place (45.8%). The anatomic (...) site of the wound was corneal (zone I) in 148 eyes, corneoscleral (zone II) in 61 eyes, and scleral (zone III) in 92 eyes. Initial visual acuity was 4/200 or worse in 77.9% of patients and was significantly correlated with the zone of injury (linear by linear association p = 0.000). The elapsed time from injury to surgery was shorter than 48 hours in 90.7%. Primary repair was performed in 301 eyes and, subsequently, pars plana vitrectomy in 165 eyes, and cataract extraction in 67 eyes. Anatomic

2007 Journal of Trauma

6736. A Case of Photic Retinal Injury Associated with Exposure to Plasma Arc Welding (Full text)

A Case of Photic Retinal Injury Associated with Exposure to Plasma Arc Welding To report of photic retinopathy induced by plasma arc welding, and the OCT (optical coherence tomography) results of damaged retinal lesions.We describe a case report of a 37-year-old male, working in the steel industry, who presented with central scotoma in both eyes.On his first visit, one day after performing plasma arc welding with protective gear at work, his best corrected vision was 0.7 for both eyes (...) . Ophthalmic examination of the fundus showed a round yellow lesion with an approximate size of 300 micrometers superonasal to the fovea of both eyes. On his next visit, one month later, his vision had recovered to 1.0, his symptoms had improved, and the ophthalmoscopic examination of the fundus revealed that the round yellow spots had disappeared from both eyes.To our knowledge, this is the first report of photic retinopathy induced by plasma arc welding, and the OCT (optical coherence tomography) results

2006 Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO

6737. Effects of optic nerve injury, glaucoma, and neuroprotection on the survival, structure, and function of ganglion cells in the mammalian retina (Full text)

in the glaucomatous eye, and following optic nerve injury. In addition, a variety of different strategies for providing neuroprotection to the injured retina have been proposed. Many of these are based on the use of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a particularly potent neuroprotectant in the mammalian eye and the basis of our research in this area. Of particular importance is the fact that BDNF not only promotes ganglion cell survival following damage to the optic nerve, but also helps to preserve (...) the structural integrity of the surviving neurons, which in turn results in enhanced visual function. The studies presented here describe these attributes, and serve as the foundation for ongoing work that suggests a need to think beyond the eye in the development of future treatment strategies.

2008 The Journal of physiology

6738. Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Cataract

Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Cataract Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) The safety and scientific validity (...) efforts focus on preventing or slowing cataract development, as well as on determining the causes of cataract formation. The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) is a major research program to improve our understanding of the predisposing factors, clinical course, and prognostic factors of AMD and cataract. Eligible patients are randomized to treatment with placebo, antioxidants, zinc, or antioxidants plus zinc, and are followed for a minimum of 5 years. Study Design Go to Layout table for study

1999 Clinical Trials

6739. Traumatic ocular haemorrhage related to bungee jumping. (Full text)

Traumatic ocular haemorrhage related to bungee jumping. 7819181 1995 02 16 2018 11 13 0007-1161 78 12 1994 Dec The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Traumatic ocular haemorrhage related to bungee jumping. 948 Van Rens E E eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Acceleration Adult Athletic Injuries etiology Eye Hemorrhage etiology Eye Injuries etiology Female Humans Retinal Hemorrhage etiology Venous Pressure 1994 12 1 1994 12 1 0 1 1994 12 1 0 0

1994 The British journal of ophthalmology

6740. Occular trauma related to airbag deployment (Full text)

Occular trauma related to airbag deployment 12954703 2004 12 09 2008 11 20 1472-0213 20 5 2003 Sep Emergency medicine journal : EMJ Emerg Med J Occular trauma related to airbag deployment. 490 Wrigley F F Accident and Emergency Department, Mayday University Hospital, Croydon, UK. Hashemi K K Blakeley C J CJ eng Case Reports Journal Article England Emerg Med J 100963089 1472-0205 IM Accidents, Traffic Air Bags adverse effects Eye Injuries etiology Facial Injuries etiology Humans Male Middle Aged

2003 Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ

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