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Work-Related Eye Injury


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41. Treatments for Acute Pain: A Systematic Review

0.97 (95% CI 0.80 to 1.17); 74% (99/134) vs. 67% (83/123) at 3 days, RR 1.09 (95% CI 0.93 to 1.28) Additional opioid analgesics, % (n/N): 0.5% (1/182) vs. 0% (0/183) at 90 minutes; 9% (16/182) vs. 4% (8/183) at 3 days, RR 2.01 (95% CI 0.88 to 4.58) Woo, 2005 120 Good A. Diclofenac 25 mg every 8 hours for 3 days B. Indomethacin 25 mg every 8 hours for 3 days A. Acetaminophen 1000 mg every 6 hours for 3 days Limb injury after trauma (sprain, contusion, wound, crush, fracture); 2 hours and 3 days n (...) = not significant; RR = relative risk; SD = standard deviation; SEM = standard error of the mean; SPADI = Shoulder Pain and Disability Index; VAS = visual analog scale Oral NSAID Versus Topical NSAID One fair quality trial (n=100) based in the United Kingdom compared topical ibuprofen versus oral ibuprofen (400 mg) for acute soft tissue injuries. 122 There were no differences in 52 median pain intensity at rest or with movement at 1 or 2 days, and the time to improvement in pain was similar in both groups. KQs

2021 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

43. Working Against Cancer: Giving Professionals the Right Tools for the Job

, can pose the potential of significant patient safety risk. 34,35 Further to their consequences on safety, persistent high levels of work-related stress also extensively affect cancer care providers’ well-being, leading to psychological distress, compassion fatigue, exhaustion and burnout. Healthcare professionals are human and have limits. We cannot, collectively, continue to refuse to face their daily reality. It is time to end the practice of placing impossible workloads on the shoulders (...) , another source of occupational chemical risk for the cancer workforce reported to our Network is entailed by exposure of pathologists to formaldehyde. This chemical, widely used as a fixative and preservative of tissue samples in pathology laboratories, has adverse effects on health both acutely, such as severe allergic reactions of the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, and over the long term, such as cancer, as recognised by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. 31,32 Maintaining Europe’s

2021 Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe

44. The impact of fatigue in the healthcare setting

background information [2]. Defining Fatigue Fatigue can be caused by a number of factors both work and non-work related and usually refers to impairment in task performance at an individual’s normal capacity. Causes and contributing factors of fatigue Experiencing fatigue for a variety of reasons, the two major causes of fatigue for healthcare workers are disruption of circadian rhythm sleep and sleep deprivation and the literature provides a number of strategies to prevent and manage fatigue both (...) , exposure to harsh environment, or loss of sleep” [3]. Fatigue is a result of prolonged mental or physical exertion; it can affect people’s performance and impair their mental alertness, which leads to dangerous errors [3-9]. Fatigue can be attributed to prior non-work related and work related physical and/or mental processing activities [4] and can be influenced by time of day and how long an individual has been awake [6]. Full Review Fatigue in healthcare 4 Causes and contributing factors of fatigue

2019 Monash Health Evidence Reviews

45. Safe nurse staffing levels in acute hospitals

that work-related physical injuries occurred at least once a month during the past year, at hospital and regional level in 2019 160 KCE Report 325 Safe nurse staffing levels in acute hospitals 13 Figure 103 – Percentage of nurses reporting that complaints from patients/family occurred at least once a month during the past year, at hospital and regional level in 2019 160 Figure 104 – Percentage of nurses reporting that verbal abuse by patients/family occurred at least once a month during the past year (...) reporting that wrong medication, time or dose occurred at least once a month during the past year, at hospital and regional level in 2019 157 Figure 97 – Percentage of nurses reporting that pressure ulcers occurred at least once a month during the past year, at hospital and regional level in 2019 157 Figure 98 – Percentage of nurses reporting that patient falls with injury occurred at least once a month during the past year, at hospital and regional level in 2019 158 Figure 99 – Percentage of nurses

2020 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

46. Picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) and guidelines on diagnostic display devices, third edition

GSDF =10% DICOM GSDF or sRGB =20% DICOM GSDF or sRGB =20% DICOM GSDF or sRGB =20% Luminance (min/max) 1/350 cd/m 2 1/350 cd/m 2 1/350 cd/m2 0.8/250 cd/m 2 0.8/250 cd/m 2 0.8/250 cd/m 27 Picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) and guidelines on diagnostic display devices Third edition 6. Recommendations Primary diagnostic work Primary diagnostic work relates to the critical diagnostic reading of medical images to produce a legally binding radiological report. Diagnostic (...) to the control of temperature, humidity, seating and desk ergonomics, input devices, noise levels and interruptions to workflow. Each of these factors, along with appropriate displays, has an impact on employee fatigue. Regardless of the comfort level of the reading environment, users should be advised to ambulate regularly and take appropriate eye rests to prevent strain injury. The most widely suggested strategy by optometrists is the 20-20-20 rule. For every 20 minutes of close screen work, take a 20

2019 Royal College of Radiologists

47. Management of Poisoning

with soap and water and the patient can be observed for symptoms (pg 101). Grade D, Level 3 D For patients with an ocular exposure of methyl salicylate or salicylic acid, the eye(s) should be irrigated with room temperature tap water for 15 minutes. If after irrigation the patient is having pain, decreased visual acuity or persistent irritation, refer to an ophthalmologist (pg 101). Grade D, Level 4 Management of salicylate poisoning D Intubation of the salicylate-poisoned patient can be detrimental (...) Department (ED) workload, giving a poison exposure rate of 1.7 per thousand population. The estimated case fatality rate was 0.8 per thousand ED attendances for poisoning. It is of note that most accidental poisonings involves young patients (mean age 31.8 years) in their economically active years with a sizeable number occurring as a result of work related toxic exposures (8.1%). Also noteworthy is that the proportion of children ( 1 hour). • Lethargy / drowsiness. • Aspiration / Mallory-Weiss

2020 Ministry of Health, Singapore

48. Treatment of Patients with Schizophrenia

symptoms (American Psychiatric Association 2013a). Worldwide, schizophrenia is one of the top 20 causes of disability (GBD 2017; Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators 2018). Economic burdens associated with schizophrenia are high (Chapel et al. 2017; Jin and Mosweu 2017), with an estimated cost of over $150 billion annually in the United States based on 2013 data (Cloutier et al. 2016). Lost productivity due to unemployment and caregiving each account for approximately one-third (...) and mortality among individuals with schizophrenia. About 4%-10% of persons with schizophrenia die by suicide, with rates that are highest among males in the early course of the disorder (Drake et al. 1985; Heilä et al. 2005; Hor and Taylor 2010; Inskip et al. 1998; Laursen et al. 2014; Nordentoft et al. 2011; Palmer et al. 2005; Popovic et al. 2014; Saha et al. 2007; Tanskanen et al. 2018). Additional causes of death also include other unnatural causes, such as accidents and traumatic injuries

2020 American Psychiatric Association

49. Staff and associate specialist (SAS) grade handbook

commitments, etc. • Access to office accommodation and a computer in each directorate where SAS doctors are employed. This should include email and suitable storage facilities for confidential work, related papers, books, etc. • Adequate support and time allocation to allow SAS doctors to fully participate in the employer’s appraisal process (including access to appraisal training) and the necessary CPD and study leave requirements, which are a natural consequence of appraisal • Adequate and fully funded (...) your career, as well as helping to face some of these challenges working alongside over 10,000 anaesthetists. Finally, if any more reasons are required, the subscription fees may well be tax deductible, saving you money!! List of benefits: • Personal injury and life insurance of up to £1m for transfers • Subscription to Anaesthesia and Anaesthesia News • Access to Learn@ • Access to guidelines app • Discounted rate for Association meetings and conferences • Regional seminars and core topics

2020 Association of Anaesthetists of GB and Ireland

51. Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

brain injury: a randomised controlled trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2019 Mar;90(3):333-41. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2018-319315. PMID: 30554135. 28. Karatzias T, Brown M, Taggart L, et al. A mixed-methods, randomized controlled feasibility trial of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) plus Standard Care (SC) versus SC alone for DSM-5 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in adults with intellectual disabilities. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2019 Jul;32(4):806-18. doi: 10.1111/jar (...) the number of participants with a history of traumatic brain injuries, SUD, or suicidal ideation/behavior, and mean number of trauma types per participant. As part of this PTSD-Repository update, we abstracted additional details about many of these important variables (e.g., suicide-related inclusion/exclusion criteria as well as ES-3 outcomes), and also documented when these data were not reported in primary studies so that users of the PTSD-Repository are aware of the source of missing data

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

52. Screening for impaired vision in community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older in primary care settings

by decreased participation in social, work or leisure activities, as well as difficulties in family relationships; symptoms of depression; injuries from accidents, including falls; or the loss of driving privileges. 6–9 Many people with impaired vision become aware of it and obtain help on their own. Self-reported data on vision care from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey 10 showed that 59% of adults aged 65 years and older had consulted an eye care pro- fessional in the previous year (...) :10.1503/cmaj.171430/-/DC2 Podcasts: author interview at KEY POINTS • Impaired vision is a risk factor for functional limitations, fall- related injuries and quality of life in older people. • Most provincial governments in Canada cover comprehensive eye examinations by eye care practitioners for adults aged 65 years and older. 6 • A systematic review found low-quality evidence that screening in primary health care settings for impaired vision in adults

2018 CPG Infobase

53. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Full Text available with Trip Pro

. CVD prevalence excluding hypertension (CHD, HF, and stroke only) is 9.0% overall (24.3 million in 2016). In 2016, 2 744 248 resident deaths were registered in the United States. Ten leading causes accounted for 74.1% of all registered deaths. The 10 leading causes of death in 2016 were the same as in 2015; these include heart disease (No. 1), cancer (No. 2), unintentional injuries (No. 3), chronic lower respiratory diseases (No. 4), stroke (No. 5), Alzheimer disease (No. 6), DM (No. 7), influenza (...) and pneumonia (No. 8), kidney disease (No. 9), and suicide (No. 10). Seven of the 10 leading causes of death had a decrease in age-adjusted death rates. The age-adjusted death rates decreased 1.8% for heart disease, 1.7% for cancer, 2.4% for chronic lower respiratory diseases, 0.8% for stroke, 1.4% for DM, 11.2% for influenza and pneumonia, and 2.2% for kidney disease. The age-adjusted rate increased 9.7% for unintentional injuries, 3.1% for Alzheimer disease, and 1.5% for suicide. In 2016, ≈17.6 million

2019 American Heart Association

54. Child Abuse, Elder Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence

Child Abuse, Elder Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence ACS TRAUMA QUALITY PROGRAMS BEST PRACTICES GUIDELINES FOR TRAUMA CENTER RECOGNITION OF Child Abuse, Elder Abuse, and Intimate Partner Violence Released November 2019Table of Contents Introduction 4 Best Practices Guidelines for Trauma Center Recognition: Child Abuse 5 1. Overview 6 2. Assessment 9 a. Clinical Screening 9 b. History 14 c. Bruising and Oral Injuries 16 d. Burns 20 e. Abusive Head Trauma 22 f. Eye Findings in Abusive Head (...) Trauma 25 g. Abdominal Injuries 28 h. Skeletal Injuries 30 i. Laboratory Screening 34 j. Imaging for Suspected Child Abuse 36 3. Intervention 43 a. Communicating with Families 43 b. Trauma-Informed Care 44 c. Teamwork 48 d. Mandated Reporting 50 Best Practices Guidelines for Trauma Center Recognition: Elder Abuse 51 1. Overview 52 2. Assessment 55 a. Identifying High-Risk Patients 55 b. Physical Signs 59 c. Screening 61 d. Laboratory Screening 62 e Imaging for Suspected Elder Abuse 63 3. Intervention

2019 American College of Surgeons

55. Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

, such as witnessing actual or threatened death, injury, or violence, including sexual violence and threats of harm. Although recent clinical practice guidelines and reviews exist, providing a single, updatable source of PTSD treatment trials would be useful for clinicians, researchers, and policymakers. Purpose. To provide detailed information on PTSD treatment research, we systematically abstracted data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PTSD interventions. The National Center for Posttraumatic Stress (...) the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID). Less than half of the studies reported loss of PTSD diagnosis or clinically meaningful viii response/remission of symptoms. Several other data elements were infrequently reported, including the number of participants with a history of traumatic brain injuries and the number of trauma types. Conclusions. The data abstracted from 318 RCTs of treatments for PTSD can be used to create a publicly available data

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

57. Australian Airborne Pollen and Spore Monitoring Network Interim Standard and Protocols

by Burkard Manufacturing Co. Ltd., UK are highly recommended. If a 7-day drum is used, then the transparent Melinex tape should be used. A specific type of adhesive is not required but a Silicone (polydimethylsiloxane) based adhesive is recommended. 10.3 Work Health and Safety Requirements All work related to airborne pollen and spore monitoring in Australia must be conducted in a safe and healthy manner. Work health and safety should be a major consideration when siting a pollen trap and for all (...) alcohol (e.g., Gelvatol). Highly recommended: To enhance visualisation by light microscopy staining of pollen with Fuchsin. Surface Examined Minimum: 10% of the whole deposition area which can be achieved with 3 longitudinal (horizontal) transects. Highly recommended: 4 longitudinal transects to capture good representation of taxa that are present in low concentrations. Counting Magnification 40x objective and 10x ocular lens (400x magnification). Conversion Factor Atmospheric pollen or fungal spore

2018 Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy

58. Improving Quality of Life: Substance Use and Aging

to grow faster than in most other developed countries. • Rates of substance use and substance use disorders among older adults are projected to increase over the next few decades. • Risk factors for substance use among older adults stem from difficulties adjusting to the lifestyle changes and challenges experienced during aging, including the loss of meaningful work-related activities (e.g., retirement), social isolation and the presence of chronic medical conditions. • Not all older adults follow

2018 Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

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