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Work-Related Eye Injury

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21. Traumatic Brain Injury: Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology (Follow-up)

, to help recognize the symptoms of PTSD and to determine effective treatment options. For excellent patient education resources, see the patient education article . Glasgow Coma Scale The (GCS) defines the severity of a TBI within 48 hours of injury. Eye opening See the list below: Spontaneous = 4 To speech = 3 To painful stimulation = 2 No response = 1 Motor response See the list below: Follows commands = 6 Makes localizing movements to pain = 5 Makes withdrawal movements to pain = 4 Flexor (...) . Very young persons also commonly sustain TBI due to falls. Firearms are the third leading cause of TBI (12% of all TBIs) and are a leading cause of TBI among individuals aged 25-34 years. Gunshot-related, fatal TBIs are higher among men than among women and are more prevalent among African Americans than they are among whites. Work-related TBIs constitute an estimated 45-50% of all TBIs. Incidence varies from 37 cases per 100,000 people for military employees (57% are related to transportation

2014 eMedicine.com

22. Traumatic Brain Injury: Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology (Diagnosis)

, to help recognize the symptoms of PTSD and to determine effective treatment options. For excellent patient education resources, see the patient education article . Glasgow Coma Scale The (GCS) defines the severity of a TBI within 48 hours of injury. Eye opening See the list below: Spontaneous = 4 To speech = 3 To painful stimulation = 2 No response = 1 Motor response See the list below: Follows commands = 6 Makes localizing movements to pain = 5 Makes withdrawal movements to pain = 4 Flexor (...) . Very young persons also commonly sustain TBI due to falls. Firearms are the third leading cause of TBI (12% of all TBIs) and are a leading cause of TBI among individuals aged 25-34 years. Gunshot-related, fatal TBIs are higher among men than among women and are more prevalent among African Americans than they are among whites. Work-related TBIs constitute an estimated 45-50% of all TBIs. Incidence varies from 37 cases per 100,000 people for military employees (57% are related to transportation

2014 eMedicine.com

23. Traumatic Brain Injury: Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology (Treatment)

, to help recognize the symptoms of PTSD and to determine effective treatment options. For excellent patient education resources, see the patient education article . Glasgow Coma Scale The (GCS) defines the severity of a TBI within 48 hours of injury. Eye opening See the list below: Spontaneous = 4 To speech = 3 To painful stimulation = 2 No response = 1 Motor response See the list below: Follows commands = 6 Makes localizing movements to pain = 5 Makes withdrawal movements to pain = 4 Flexor (...) . Very young persons also commonly sustain TBI due to falls. Firearms are the third leading cause of TBI (12% of all TBIs) and are a leading cause of TBI among individuals aged 25-34 years. Gunshot-related, fatal TBIs are higher among men than among women and are more prevalent among African Americans than they are among whites. Work-related TBIs constitute an estimated 45-50% of all TBIs. Incidence varies from 37 cases per 100,000 people for military employees (57% are related to transportation

2014 eMedicine.com

24. Traumatic Brain Injury: Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology (Overview)

, to help recognize the symptoms of PTSD and to determine effective treatment options. For excellent patient education resources, see the patient education article . Glasgow Coma Scale The (GCS) defines the severity of a TBI within 48 hours of injury. Eye opening See the list below: Spontaneous = 4 To speech = 3 To painful stimulation = 2 No response = 1 Motor response See the list below: Follows commands = 6 Makes localizing movements to pain = 5 Makes withdrawal movements to pain = 4 Flexor (...) . Very young persons also commonly sustain TBI due to falls. Firearms are the third leading cause of TBI (12% of all TBIs) and are a leading cause of TBI among individuals aged 25-34 years. Gunshot-related, fatal TBIs are higher among men than among women and are more prevalent among African Americans than they are among whites. Work-related TBIs constitute an estimated 45-50% of all TBIs. Incidence varies from 37 cases per 100,000 people for military employees (57% are related to transportation

2014 eMedicine.com

25. Facial Trauma, Sports-Related Injuries

injury are motor vehicle accidents, domestic accidents, work-related accidents, violence, and sports. The causes vary in association with age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, and geographic location. [ , , ] Sports-related facial injuries account for 8% of all facial soft tissue injuries, with approximately 11-40% of all sports injuries involving the face. Injuries are most often due to direct hits with a ball or player-to-player contact. [ , ] In younger age groups, sports accidents have risen due (...) that elicits pain, crepitus, or the presence of a step-off suggests underlying fractures. Additionally, examine for laceration and hematoma of the scalp that may indicate underlying skull fracture or the source of profuse bleeding. Examination of the middle third of the face The eyes, nose, zygoma, and maxilla make up the middle third of the face. [ ] The examination of the eyes is extremely important, as injuries such as hyphema, ruptured globe, or are ophthalmologic emergencies. [ ] Initial determination

2014 eMedicine Surgery

26. Electrical Injuries (Diagnosis)

and constitute the fourth leading cause of work-related traumatic death. One third of all electrical traumas and most high-voltage injuries are job related. More than 50% of these occupational electrocutions result from power line contact (5-6% of all work-related deaths), and 25% result from using electrical tools or machines. The annual occupational death rate from electricity is 1 death per 100,000 workers, with a male-to-female ratio of 9:1. [ ] Previous Next: Pathophysiology The 3 major mechanisms (...) to the other hand. The most common abnormalities seen on an electrocardiogram (ECG) are sinus tachycardia, nonspecific ST- and T-wave changes, heart blocks, and prolongation of the QT interval. [ ] The most common electrical injury seen in children younger than 4 years is the mouth burn. [ ] These burns may cause facial deformities and growth problems of the teeth, jaw, and face. If a current travels close to the eyes, it may lead to cataracts. can develop within days of the injury or years later. can

2014 eMedicine Surgery

27. Electrical Injuries (Overview)

and constitute the fourth leading cause of work-related traumatic death. One third of all electrical traumas and most high-voltage injuries are job related. More than 50% of these occupational electrocutions result from power line contact (5-6% of all work-related deaths), and 25% result from using electrical tools or machines. The annual occupational death rate from electricity is 1 death per 100,000 workers, with a male-to-female ratio of 9:1. [ ] Previous Next: Pathophysiology The 3 major mechanisms (...) to the other hand. The most common abnormalities seen on an electrocardiogram (ECG) are sinus tachycardia, nonspecific ST- and T-wave changes, heart blocks, and prolongation of the QT interval. [ ] The most common electrical injury seen in children younger than 4 years is the mouth burn. [ ] These burns may cause facial deformities and growth problems of the teeth, jaw, and face. If a current travels close to the eyes, it may lead to cataracts. can develop within days of the injury or years later. can

2014 eMedicine Surgery

28. Burns, Lightning Injuries

are dangerous in thunderstorms is that they distract the individual from paying attention to the weather and hearing thunder, the primary warning signal for lightning (see Telephone injuries below). Although lightning injuries during recreational activities tend to predominate in industrialized countries, work-related lightning injuries also occur but have decreased markedly as many industries have adopted lightning safety guidelines for their workers. In the last few years, the vast majority of those (...) lightning, less substantial housing, and, consequently, many more lightning injuries and deaths. [ , , ] In developing countries with more labor-intense agrarian societies, the proportion of work-related injuries and deaths is probably higher. [ , ] Indoor exposures Deaths inside buildings are rare in the United States and are usually to the infirm who are unable to escape secondary fires. [ ] In general, being inside a substantial, habitable building such as a house, library, or school is one

2014 eMedicine Surgery

29. Lightning Injuries (Diagnosis)

are dangerous in thunderstorms is that they distract the individual from paying attention to the weather and hearing thunder, the primary warning signal for lightning (see Telephone injuries below). Although lightning injuries during recreational activities tend to predominate in industrialized countries, work-related lightning injuries also occur but have decreased markedly as many industries have adopted lightning safety guidelines for their workers. In the last few years, the vast majority of those (...) lightning, less substantial housing, and, consequently, many more lightning injuries and deaths. [ , , ] In developing countries with more labor-intense agrarian societies, the proportion of work-related injuries and deaths is probably higher. [ , ] Indoor exposures Deaths inside buildings are rare in the United States and are usually to the infirm who are unable to escape secondary fires. [ ] In general, being inside a substantial, habitable building such as a house, library, or school is one

2014 eMedicine Surgery

30. Lightning Injuries (Diagnosis)

are dangerous in thunderstorms is that they distract the individual from paying attention to the weather and hearing thunder, the primary warning signal for lightning (see Telephone injuries below). Although lightning injuries during recreational activities tend to predominate in industrialized countries, work-related lightning injuries also occur but have decreased markedly as many industries have adopted lightning safety guidelines for their workers. In the last few years, the vast majority of those (...) lightning, less substantial housing, and, consequently, many more lightning injuries and deaths. [ , , ] In developing countries with more labor-intense agrarian societies, the proportion of work-related injuries and deaths is probably higher. [ , ] Indoor exposures Deaths inside buildings are rare in the United States and are usually to the infirm who are unable to escape secondary fires. [ ] In general, being inside a substantial, habitable building such as a house, library, or school is one

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

31. Lightning Injuries (Overview)

are dangerous in thunderstorms is that they distract the individual from paying attention to the weather and hearing thunder, the primary warning signal for lightning (see Telephone injuries below). Although lightning injuries during recreational activities tend to predominate in industrialized countries, work-related lightning injuries also occur but have decreased markedly as many industries have adopted lightning safety guidelines for their workers. In the last few years, the vast majority of those (...) lightning, less substantial housing, and, consequently, many more lightning injuries and deaths. [ , , ] In developing countries with more labor-intense agrarian societies, the proportion of work-related injuries and deaths is probably higher. [ , ] Indoor exposures Deaths inside buildings are rare in the United States and are usually to the infirm who are unable to escape secondary fires. [ ] In general, being inside a substantial, habitable building such as a house, library, or school is one

2014 eMedicine Surgery

32. Lightning Injuries (Overview)

are dangerous in thunderstorms is that they distract the individual from paying attention to the weather and hearing thunder, the primary warning signal for lightning (see Telephone injuries below). Although lightning injuries during recreational activities tend to predominate in industrialized countries, work-related lightning injuries also occur but have decreased markedly as many industries have adopted lightning safety guidelines for their workers. In the last few years, the vast majority of those (...) lightning, less substantial housing, and, consequently, many more lightning injuries and deaths. [ , , ] In developing countries with more labor-intense agrarian societies, the proportion of work-related injuries and deaths is probably higher. [ , ] Indoor exposures Deaths inside buildings are rare in the United States and are usually to the infirm who are unable to escape secondary fires. [ ] In general, being inside a substantial, habitable building such as a house, library, or school is one

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

33. Burns, Ocular (Diagnosis)

. . Javadi MA, Yazdani S, Sajjadi H, et al. Chronic and delayed-onset mustard gas keratitis: report of 48 patients and review of literature. Ophthalmology . 2005 Apr. 112(4):617-25. . Merle H, Gerard M, Schrage N. [Ocular burns]. J Fr Ophtalmol . 2008 Sep. 31(7):723-34. . Xiang H, Stallones L, Chen G, Smith GA. Work-related eye injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US. Am J Ind Med . 2005 Jul. 48(1):57-62. . Christoffersen T, Olsen EG. Injury to the cornea due to fish bile. Scand J (...) of burn injury. Burns . 1996 Mar. 22(2):135-6. . Kuckelkorn R, Schrage N, Keller G, Redbrake C. Emergency treatment of chemical and thermal eye burns. Acta Ophthalmol Scand . 2002 Feb. 80(1):4-10. . Peate WF. Work-related eye injuries and illnesses. Am Fam Physician . 2007 Apr 1. 75(7):1017-22. . Occupational Safety and Health Standards. OSHA . June 18, 1998. Available at . Das S, Chohan A, Snibson GR, Taylor HR. Capsicum spray injury of the eye. Int Ophthalmol . 2005 Aug-Oct. 26(4-5):171-3. . Ikeda N

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

34. Burns, Ocular (Follow-up)

-onset mustard gas keratitis: report of 48 patients and review of literature. Ophthalmology . 2005 Apr. 112(4):617-25. . Merle H, Gerard M, Schrage N. [Ocular burns]. J Fr Ophtalmol . 2008 Sep. 31(7):723-34. . Xiang H, Stallones L, Chen G, Smith GA. Work-related eye injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US. Am J Ind Med . 2005 Jul. 48(1):57-62. . Christoffersen T, Olsen EG. Injury to the cornea due to fish bile. Scand J Work Environ Health . 1993 Oct. 19(5):358-9. . Avon Global (...) , Keller G, Redbrake C. Emergency treatment of chemical and thermal eye burns. Acta Ophthalmol Scand . 2002 Feb. 80(1):4-10. . Peate WF. Work-related eye injuries and illnesses. Am Fam Physician . 2007 Apr 1. 75(7):1017-22. . Occupational Safety and Health Standards. OSHA . June 18, 1998. Available at . Das S, Chohan A, Snibson GR, Taylor HR. Capsicum spray injury of the eye. Int Ophthalmol . 2005 Aug-Oct. 26(4-5):171-3. . Ikeda N, Hayasaka S, Hayasaka Y, Watanabe K. Alkali burns of the eye: effect

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

35. Burns, Ocular (Treatment)

-onset mustard gas keratitis: report of 48 patients and review of literature. Ophthalmology . 2005 Apr. 112(4):617-25. . Merle H, Gerard M, Schrage N. [Ocular burns]. J Fr Ophtalmol . 2008 Sep. 31(7):723-34. . Xiang H, Stallones L, Chen G, Smith GA. Work-related eye injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US. Am J Ind Med . 2005 Jul. 48(1):57-62. . Christoffersen T, Olsen EG. Injury to the cornea due to fish bile. Scand J Work Environ Health . 1993 Oct. 19(5):358-9. . Avon Global (...) , Keller G, Redbrake C. Emergency treatment of chemical and thermal eye burns. Acta Ophthalmol Scand . 2002 Feb. 80(1):4-10. . Peate WF. Work-related eye injuries and illnesses. Am Fam Physician . 2007 Apr 1. 75(7):1017-22. . Occupational Safety and Health Standards. OSHA . June 18, 1998. Available at . Das S, Chohan A, Snibson GR, Taylor HR. Capsicum spray injury of the eye. Int Ophthalmol . 2005 Aug-Oct. 26(4-5):171-3. . Ikeda N, Hayasaka S, Hayasaka Y, Watanabe K. Alkali burns of the eye: effect

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

36. Burns, Ocular (Overview)

. . Javadi MA, Yazdani S, Sajjadi H, et al. Chronic and delayed-onset mustard gas keratitis: report of 48 patients and review of literature. Ophthalmology . 2005 Apr. 112(4):617-25. . Merle H, Gerard M, Schrage N. [Ocular burns]. J Fr Ophtalmol . 2008 Sep. 31(7):723-34. . Xiang H, Stallones L, Chen G, Smith GA. Work-related eye injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US. Am J Ind Med . 2005 Jul. 48(1):57-62. . Christoffersen T, Olsen EG. Injury to the cornea due to fish bile. Scand J (...) of burn injury. Burns . 1996 Mar. 22(2):135-6. . Kuckelkorn R, Schrage N, Keller G, Redbrake C. Emergency treatment of chemical and thermal eye burns. Acta Ophthalmol Scand . 2002 Feb. 80(1):4-10. . Peate WF. Work-related eye injuries and illnesses. Am Fam Physician . 2007 Apr 1. 75(7):1017-22. . Occupational Safety and Health Standards. OSHA . June 18, 1998. Available at . Das S, Chohan A, Snibson GR, Taylor HR. Capsicum spray injury of the eye. Int Ophthalmol . 2005 Aug-Oct. 26(4-5):171-3. . Ikeda N

2014 eMedicine Emergency Medicine

37. Ocular prostheses in the last century: a retrospective analysis of 8018 patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

the population in terms of age and gender.Of 8018 ocular prosthesis wearers, 63% were males and 37% were females, with a mean age of 29 years. The most frequent cause of ocular prosthesis application was a traumatic event (54%), with work-related eye injuries being the most frequent single cause of ocular trauma reported. Other frequent causes were end-stage ocular diseases, tumors, and malformations, without significant differences in gender. Tumors and malformations showed a slight increasing trend over (...) time, while end-stage ocular diseases and work-related injuries remained unchanged, and other traumatic events decreased.The constantly high frequency of ocular prosthesis application for work-related injuries and end-stage ocular diseases suggests that preventive measures for these events have not been addressed accordingly, and might represent a neglected public-health issue.

2013 Eye

38. Characteristics and Outcomes of Work-Related Open Globe Injuries. (Abstract)

Characteristics and Outcomes of Work-Related Open Globe Injuries. To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated for open globe injuries sustained at work and to compare these results to patients injured outside of work.Retrospective chart review of 812 consecutive patients with open globe injuries treated at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 1999 and 2008.A total of 146 patients with open globe injuries sustained at work were identified and their characteristics (...) and outcomes were compared with the rest of the patients in the database.Of the patients injured at work, 98% were men, and the average age of the patients was 35.8 years (17-72 years). The most common mechanism of injury was penetrating trauma (56%); 38 patients examined had intraocular foreign bodies (IOFB). Nine work-related open globe injuries resulted in enucleation. There was a higher incidence of IOFBs (P = .0001) and penetrating injuries (P = .0005) in patients injured at work. Both

2010 American Journal of Ophthalmology

39. Workplace health: long-term sickness absence and capability to work

the sickness absence profile and changing trends to be monitored across the organisation. The data should include information on: the duration and frequency of absence the cause of absence (and whether work related) factors that may be associated with sickness absence such as job role, salary band, department and location of workplace. [2019] [2019] 1.1.9 Regularly review the data on trends in sickness absence to identify: areas in which intervention may be needed to support employees' health and wellbeing (...) Employment and support allowance (ESA) is a 2-tier system of benefits that will be replaced by the introduction of Universal Credit. All claimants who are out of work because of ill health or a disability are entitled to claim ESA (paid at the same rates as job seeker's allowance). Those deemed capable of work at some time in the future (by a medically administered 'work capability' test) are placed in a work-related activity group. Those deemed not capable of work because of the severity

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

40. Post-traumatic stress disorder

abuse work-related exposure to trauma, including remote exposure trauma related to serious health problems or childbirth experiences (for example, intensive care admission or neonatal death) war and conflict torture. [2005, amended 2018] [2005, amended 2018] 1.1.3 When assessing for PTSD, ask people specific questions about re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal, dissociation, negative alterations in mood and thinking, and associated functional impairment. [2005, amended 2018] [2005, amended 2018 (...) sessions if needed, particularly in relation to significant dates (for example trauma anniversaries). [2018] [2018] 1.6.13 Consider eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) for children and young people aged 7 to 17 years with a diagnosis of PTSD or clinically important symptoms of PTSD who have presented more than 3 months after a traumatic event only if they do not respond to or engage with trauma-focused CBT. [2018] [2018] T o find out why the committee made the 2018 recommendations

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

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