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Work-Related Eye Injury

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181. Health aspects of Down syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Management Efforts such as , screening for common problems, medical treatment where indicated, a good family environment, and work-related training can improve the development of children with Down syndrome. Education and proper care can improve . Raising a child with Down syndrome is more work for parents than raising an unaffected child. Typical childhood are recommended. Health screening Recommended screening Testing Children Adults Hearing 6 months, 12 months, then yearly 3–5 years and 6 months (...) % 60% 90% Shortened hands 60% Increased skin on back of neck 80% Short neck 60% 80% 60% Narrow 76% 57% 75% in the 56% Flexible ligaments 75% 53% Proportionally large tongue 75% Protruding tongue 47% Abnormal 70% 40% Flattened nose 68% ~35% Separation of first and second toes 68% 20% Physical Feet of a boy with Down syndrome People with Down syndrome may have some or all of these physical characteristics: a , slanted eyes, , a flat , a , and a protruding tongue due to a small mouth and relatively

2012 Wikipedia

182. Specialty (medicine)

specialties in 1994 and 2002 found higher job satisfaction in those specialties with more patient contact. Rates of burnout also varied by specialty. See also [ ] , including – branch of clinical medicine that provides health advice to organizations and individuals concerning work-related health and safety issues and standards. See . – branch of that provides healthcare services to disaster survivors; guides medically related , , and throughout the disaster life cycle and serves as a liaison between (...) (not to be confused with ). and other malignant diseases, often grouped with hematology. OPH Surgery Retina, Cornea Diseases of the visual pathways, including the eyes, brain, etc. Maxfacs, OMS Surgery Oral and Craniofacial surgery (Head and neck) Facial cosmetic surgery Craniomaxillofacial trauma Disease of the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. ORS Surgery , , adult reconstruction, spine surgery, foot and ankle, musculoskeletal oncology, orthopedic trauma

2012 Wikipedia

183. Hypothermia

cold-related emergency department visits occurred per year and in the years 1999 to 2004, an average of 647 people died per year due to hypothermia. Of deaths reported between 1999 and 2002 in the US, 49% of those affected were 65 years or older and two-thirds were male. Most deaths were not work related (63%) and 23% of affected people were at home. Hypothermia was most common during the autumn and winter months of October through March. In the United Kingdom, an estimated 300 deaths per year (...) ) Stage 3 , not shivering Severe 20–28 °C (68.0–82.4 °F) Stage 4 No Profound <20 °C (68.0 °F) Hypothermia is often defined as any body temperature below 35.0 °C (95.0 °F). With this method it is divided into degrees of severity based on the . Another classification system, the Swiss staging system, divides hypothermia based on the presenting symptoms which is preferred when it is not possible to determine an accurate core temperature. Other cold-related injuries that can be present either alone

2012 Wikipedia

184. Facial trauma Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Cause [ ] Injury mechanisms such as falls, assaults, , and vehicle crashes are common causes of facial trauma in children as well as adults. Blunt assaults, blows from fists or objects, are a common cause of facial injury. Facial trauma can also result from wartime injuries such as and . Animal attacks and work-related injuries such as industrial accidents are other causes. Vehicular trauma is one of the leading causes of facial injuries. Trauma commonly occurs when the face strikes a part (...) , they have the potential to cause and , with long-term physical and emotional results. Facial injuries can cause problems with eye, nose, or jaw function and can threaten eyesight. As early as 400 BC, is thought to have recorded a relationship between blunt facial trauma and blindness. Injuries involving the eye or eyelid, such as , can threaten eyesight; however, blindness following facial trauma is not common. Incising wounds of the face may involve the . This is more likely if the wound crosses a line

2012 Wikipedia

185. Leptospirosis

contact with infected blood or body fluids. Rowers, kayakers and canoeists also sometimes contract the disease. It was once mostly work-related but is now often also related to and recreational activities. Pathogenesis [ ] Through (test tube) experimental data, it is shown that Leptospira enters through breaches in the skin, then into the bloodstream. This is followed by the invasion of the host cells such as human epidermal melanocytes. The bacteria later attached to the cells of the blood vessels (...) the eyes and . Muscle pain usually involves the and the lower back. The most characteristic feature of Leptospirosis is the conjunctival suffusion ( without ) which is not commonly found in other illnesses. Other characteristic findings on the eye includes and . Rash is rarely found in leptospirosis. When rash is found, other alternative diagnoses such as and should be considered. However, rashes can be found in front of the in the case of “Fort Bragg Fever” which was recorded among the soldiers

2012 Wikipedia

186. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

to twelve and occur in more than one environment (e.g. at home and at school or work). The symptoms must be for a child of that age and there must be clear evidence that they are causing social, school or work related problems. International Classification of Diseases [ ] In the tenth revision of the ( ) by the , the symptoms of " " are analogous to ADHD in the DSM-5. When a (as defined by ICD-10) is present, the condition is referred to as hyperkinetic conduct disorder . Otherwise, the disorder (...) and withdrawal can overlap with some ADHD. These disorders can also sometimes occur along with ADHD. Medical conditions which can cause ADHD type symptoms include: , , , , , , , untreated , and . Primary sleep disorders may affect attention and behavior and the symptoms of ADHD may affect sleep. It is thus recommended that children with ADHD be regularly assessed for sleep problems. Sleepiness in children may result in symptoms ranging from the classic ones of yawning and rubbing the eyes, to hyperactivity

2012 Wikipedia

187. Bipolar disorder

, an individual or feels energetic, happy, or irritable. Individuals often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences. The need for sleep is usually reduced during manic phases. During periods of depression, there may be crying, a negative outlook on life, and poor eye contact with others. The risk of among those with the illness is high at greater than 6 percent over 20 years, while occurs in 30–40 percent. Other mental health issues such as and are commonly associated (...) but refuses treatment. Severe behavioral problems, such as agitation or combativeness, may be managed with short term antipsychotics or . In periods of mania, it is recommended that be stopped. If antidepressants are used for periods of depression, they should be used with a mood stabilizer. (ECT), while not very well studied, may be tried for those who do not respond to other treatments. If treatments are stopped, it is recommended that this be done slowly. Many individuals have financial, social or work

2012 Wikipedia

188. Mental health professional

some unmet need. Some of the reasons for the workforce shortage include high turnover rates, high levels of work-related stress, and inadequate compensation. Annual turnover rate is 33% for clinicians and 23% for clinical supervisors. This is compared to an annual PCP turnover rate of 7.1%. Compensation in behavioral health field is notably low. The average licensed clinical social worker, a position that requires a master's degree and 2000 hours of post graduate experience, earns $45,000/year (...) techniques, and may involve long-term community clients with brain injuries seeking jobs, education and community housing.] In the 1970s, psychiatrists were considered to be hospital-based, assessment, and clinical education personnel which were not involved in establishing community programs. They were often criticized for serving the "young, white, urban, professional" as their main clientele groups, though piloting services such as hospital social day care which are now in senior programs. Specialties

2012 Wikipedia

189. Characteristics and Outcomes of Work-Related Open Globe Injuries. (Abstract)

Characteristics and Outcomes of Work-Related Open Globe Injuries. To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated for open globe injuries sustained at work and to compare these results to patients injured outside of work.Retrospective chart review of 812 consecutive patients with open globe injuries treated at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 1999 and 2008.A total of 146 patients with open globe injuries sustained at work were identified and their characteristics (...) and outcomes were compared with the rest of the patients in the database.Of the patients injured at work, 98% were men, and the average age of the patients was 35.8 years (17-72 years). The most common mechanism of injury was penetrating trauma (56%); 38 patients examined had intraocular foreign bodies (IOFB). Nine work-related open globe injuries resulted in enucleation. There was a higher incidence of IOFBs (P = .0001) and penetrating injuries (P = .0005) in patients injured at work. Both

2010 American Journal of Ophthalmology

190. Workplace health: long-term sickness absence and incapacity to work

that did not report on return-to-work or work-related outcomes were excluded. A large number of studies were excluded from the evidence reviews for this reason. Studies of return-to-work interventions that were planned, designed, delivered, managed or funded solely by local authorities were excluded. Similarly studies of return-to-work interventions that operate without any primary care or workplace Workplace health: long-term sickness absence and incapacity to work (PH19) © NICE 2018. All rights (...) of methodological issues were identified: Some of the evidence considered originated from interim evaluations. When final evaluations of these activities are published, they may fill part of the gap in the evidence. Work-related outcomes (rather than health) were the primary outcomes of interest for this guidance. However, improvements in work-related outcomes were not the primary outcomes or the main aim of some of the included studies (such as expert patient programmes). Consequently, data such as detailed

2009 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

191. Submission to the Prime Minister's Commission on Nursing and Midwifery

who have no permanent address and in places where nurses are required to work with people in the sex industry. In the last decade, nurses have emerged as key innovators in the development of improved pathways of care, further enhancing the patient experience and health improvement. Examples include critical care outreach, which happens both in the hospital and community; minor Injuries and ailments; older people’s services; intravenous therapy specialists; surgical pre-operative assessment; acute

2009 Royal College of Nursing

192. Position Statement: the management of patients with physical and psychological problems in primary care - a practical guide

such as migraine or sinusitis (McWhinney, 1997). One limitation in using a biomedical model in general practice is the practical separation of mind and body. Consider the following clinical scenario: c ase s t u D y 1 David is 45 years of age and has not worked for 15 years following a brief episode of low back pain at work. His examination by his family physician at the time of injury was unremarkable and he was treated initially with advice and symptomatic medication. However, his symptoms recurred 2 weeks (...) , 1979). For example, individuals who lack support, live alone or have not been married have a substantially increased risk of death after a myocardial infarction – socially isolated men in particular are twice as likely to die over a 3-year period after an infarct than non-isolated men. In the case history outlined above (Case study 1) the doctor’s initial response to the patient’s back injury was an entirely appropriate initial biomedical response to an acute (short-term) episode. However

2009 Royal College of General Practitioners

193. A controlled comparison study to evaluate different management strategies for workplace trauma

A controlled comparison study to evaluate different management strategies for workplace trauma EARLY INTERVENTION FOLLOWING TRAUMA: A CONTROLLED LONGITUDINAL STUDY AT ROYAL MAIL GROUP Other titles from IES: Workplace trauma and its management: a review of the literature Rick J, Perryman S, Young K, Guppy A, Hillage J HSE Contract Research Report 170/98, 1998. ISBN 0 7176 1552 9 Cognitive Factors’ Influence on the Expression and Reporting of Work-Related Stress Daniels K, Jones D, Perryman S (...) , Rick J, Fergusson E HSE Research Report RR170, 2004. ISBN 0 7176 2770 5 Best Practice in Rehabilitating Employees Following Absence Due to Work-Related Stress Thomson L, Rick J, Neathey F HSE Research Report RR138, 2003. ISBN 0 7176 2715 2 Review of Existing Supporting Scientific Knowledge to Underpin Standards of Good Practice for Key Work-Related Stressors, Phase 1 Rick J, Thomson L, Briner R, O'Regan S, Daniels K HSE Research Report RR024, 2002. ISBN 0 7176 2568 0 A catalogue of these and all

2006 Publication 1430

194. Provocative factors in asthma

be obtained. Information can be requested from the work site, including material safety data sheets. Walk-through visits of the workplace may be necessary. Industrial hygiene data and employee health records can also be obtained. Temporal associations are not sufficient to diagnose work-related asthma, and objective tests are necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Workers with asthma symptoms should not be told to leave their job until the diagnosis is proven because part of the diagnostic work-up of OA may (...) compounds detectable in indoor air are irritating to the eyes and the upper respiratory tract. Preventing respiratory effects of irritants consists of reducing exposure. During periods of increased outdoor pollution, patients can minimize exposure by remaining indoors or reducing exercise outdoors. Reduction of indoor pollutants can be achieved by avoiding exposure to cigarette smoke, by ensuring adequate venting of gas stoves and ensuring that wood stoves are air tight. Pregnant and breastfeeding

1999 CPG Infobase

195. Health interventions for the metal working industry: which is the most cost-effective? A study from a developing country

COMMENTARY - Selection of comparators The interventions considered at analysis were chosen because they seemed to be the currently used health interventions in the authors' setting to reduce incidence, disability and mortality associated with work-related injuries. You must decide which is the most widely used health technology for reducing incidence, disability and mortality related with work injuries in your own setting. Validity of estimate of measure of effectiveness The authors reported (...) of combining primary studies Not reported. Investigation of differences between primary studies Not reported. Results of the review The coverage rates were 80% for the use of safety goggles, 96% for safety shoes, 70% for lower back supports, 96% for gloves, 83% for helmets, 100% for aprons, 43% for education and 70% for training. The efficacy rates for reducing incidence of work injury, according to the type of injury, were: 99 to 100% for eye-related injuries by using goggles; 100% for foot wound

2002 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

197. Study of REN-1654 in Patients With Sciatica Pain

, have requested for or been advised by their physicians to receive local, regional, or spinal (articular, epidural, intrathecal or nerve root block) injections of medications for pain treatment or surgical intervention for their sciatica symptoms. Although subjects who report work-related injuries will be allowed to enroll, subjects will be excluded if they are involved in litigation related to the current episode of sciatica. Subjects with a screening creatinine laboratory value of ≥ 2.0 mg/dL (...) vision, such as age-related macular degeneration, lazy eye (amblyopia), double vision, or any optic nerve inflammation; presbyopia and other non-pathological visual acuity deficits are not exclusionary); Glaucoma or history of ocular hypertension (intraocular pressures greater than 21 mmHg). Cognitive or psychiatric disorders that may diminish compliance with study procedures, including maintenance of a daily pain diary and accurate dosing of study medication. Subjects who, at time of enrollment

2005 Clinical Trials

198. Night Terrors and Parasomnias

, or even outside it. Complex tasks such as eating, work-related activities or sexual behaviour may be performed and the patient may talk. Patients usually awake confused and amnestic for any of their activity. It usually occurs during NREM (non-dreaming) sleep and can be worsened or precipitated by sleep deprivation. The patient may wake or simply go back to sleep in their bed or somewhere else, without coming to until the morning. Somnambulistic sexual behaviour It is also known as sexsomnia, or sleep (...) more protracted waxing and waning phases of the phenomenon. Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder [ ] This is enactment of the experience of dreams during REM sleep. Kicking, punching, flailing limbs, grabbing, shouting, talking and sitting-up are typical behaviours. It may occur acutely in those withdrawing from alcohol or other sedatives, or chronically when it tends to be the patient's family or bed partner bringing the problem to medical attention. It may present because of injury

2008 Mentor

199. Stress and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

-refractory combat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial with blinded, staggered onset of stimulation. Trials. 2014 Sep 1015:356. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-356. ; Interventions to improve work outcomes in work-related PTSD: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2011 Oct 3111:838. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-838. ; Considering trauma exposure in the context of genetics studies of posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review. Biol Mood Anxiety (...) refugee healthcare assessment. This should be a part of any comprehensive physical and mental health screen. Differential diagnosis . Specific . . Adjustment disorders. . Enduring personality change after catastrophic experience. . Neurological injury or disease. . Complicated grief reaction. Malingering. Management Much more detail about the nature of various types of management, including psychological therapies, can be found in the NICE full guidelines. [ ] General principles Single-session

2008 Mentor

200. Chemical burns Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chemical burns To report a burn unit's experience with chemical burns and to discuss the fundamental principles in managing chemical burns.A chart review.A burn centre at a major university-affiliated hospital.Twenty-four patients with chemical burns, representing 2.6% of all burn admissions over an 8-year period at the Ross Tilley Regional Adult Burn Centre. Seventy-five percent of the burn injuries were work-related accidents. Chemicals involved included hydrofluoric acid, sulfuric acid (...) estimation of the extent of injury, identification of systemic toxicity, treatment of ocular contacts and management of chemical inhalation injury. Individualized treatment is emphasized.

1996 Canadian Journal of Surgery

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