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Wired Connection Interface

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1. Wired Connection Interface

Wired Connection Interface Wired Connection Interface Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Wired Connection Interface Wired (...) Connection Interface Aka: Wired Connection Interface From Related Chapters II. Types: Computer to device interfaces USB USB 3.1 transfer rates of 10 GBits/s USB 3 transfer rates of 5 GBits/s (900 mA charging) USB 2 transfer rates of 480 MBits/s (500 mA charging) Adapters: Type A (standard desktop), Type B (micro, mini), Type C (new, reversible) Computer USB ports can be disabled via group management in windows (enterprise security measure) Old, largely defunct Firewire (IEEE 1394) Transfer rates 400-800

2018 FP Notebook

2. Wired Connection Interface

Wired Connection Interface Wired Connection Interface Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Wired Connection Interface Wired (...) Connection Interface Aka: Wired Connection Interface From Related Chapters II. Types: Computer to device interfaces USB USB 3.1 transfer rates of 10 GBits/s USB 3 transfer rates of 5 GBits/s (900 mA charging) USB 2 transfer rates of 480 MBits/s (500 mA charging) Adapters: Type A (standard desktop), Type B (micro, mini), Type C (new, reversible) Computer USB ports can be disabled via group management in windows (enterprise security measure) Old, largely defunct Firewire (IEEE 1394) Transfer rates 400-800

2017 FP Notebook

3. Four-Wire Interface ASIC for a Multi-Implant Link (PubMed)

Four-Wire Interface ASIC for a Multi-Implant Link This paper describes an on-chip interface for recovering power and providing full-duplex communication over an AC-coupled 4-wire lead between active implantable devices. The target application requires two modules to be implanted in the brain (cortex) and upper chest; connected via a subcutaneous lead. The brain implant consists of multiple identical "optrodes" that facilitate a bidirectional neural interface (electrical recording and optical (...) stimulation), and the chest implant contains the power source (battery) and processor module. The proposed interface is integrated within each optrode ASIC allowing full-duplex and fully-differential communication based on Manchester encoding. The system features a head-to-chest uplink data rate (up to 1.6 Mbps) that is higher than that of the chest-to-head downlink (100 kbps), which is superimposed on a power carrier. On-chip power management provides an unregulated 5-V dc supply with up to 2.5-mA output

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2017 IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems

4. Towards a Reduced-Wire Interface for CMUT-Based Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging Systems (PubMed)

small size, this system-on-a-chip (SoC) front-end should connect to the back-end imaging system with a minimum number of wires to preserve the critical mechanical properties of the guide wire. We present a 40 MHz CMUT array interface SoC, which will eventually use only two wires for power delivery and transmits image data using a combination of analog-to-time conversion (ATC) and an impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) wireless link. The proof-of-concept prototype ASIC consumes only 52.8 mW (...) Towards a Reduced-Wire Interface for CMUT-Based Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging Systems Having intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging capability on guide wires used in cardiovascular interventions may eliminate the need for separate IVUS catheters and expand the use of IVUS in a larger portion of the vasculature. High frequency capacitive micro machined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) arrays should be integrated with interface electronics and placed on the guide wire for this purpose. Besides

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2016 IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems

5. A novel interface for the telementoring of robotic surgery. (PubMed)

). Perioperative variables of operative time and blood loss were similar between in-room and remote mentored cases. Robotic skills assessment showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). Mentors preferred remote over in-room telestration (P = 0.05); otherwise no significant difference existed in evaluation of the interfaces. Remote cases using wired (vs wireless) connections had lower latency and better data transfer (P = 0.005). Three of 18 (17%) wireless sessions were disrupted; one was converted to wired (...) A novel interface for the telementoring of robotic surgery. To prospectively evaluate the feasibility and safety of a novel, second-generation telementoring interface (Connect(™) ; Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA) for the da Vinci robot.Robotic surgery trainees were mentored during portions of robot-assisted prostatectomy and renal surgery cases. Cases were assigned as traditional in-room mentoring or remote mentoring using Connect. While viewing two-dimensional, real-time video

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2014 BJU international

6. Microtubule-associated protein 6 mediates neuronal connectivity through Semaphorin 3E-dependent signalling for axonal growth (PubMed)

Microtubule-associated protein 6 mediates neuronal connectivity through Semaphorin 3E-dependent signalling for axonal growth Structural microtubule associated proteins (MAPs) stabilize microtubules, a property that was thought to be essential for development, maintenance and function of neuronal circuits. However, deletion of the structural MAPs in mice does not lead to major neurodevelopment defects. Here we demonstrate a role for MAP6 in brain wiring that is independent of microtubule binding (...) . We find that MAP6 deletion disrupts brain connectivity and is associated with a lack of post-commissural fornix fibres. MAP6 contributes to fornix development by regulating axonal elongation induced by Semaphorin 3E. We show that MAP6 acts downstream of receptor activation through a mechanism that requires a proline-rich domain distinct from its microtubule-stabilizing domains. We also show that MAP6 directly binds to SH3 domain proteins known to be involved in neurite extension and semaphorin

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2015 Nature communications

7. Brain-computer interface

( BCI ), sometimes called a neural-control interface ( NCI ), mind-machine interface ( MMI ), direct neural interface ( DNI ), or brain–machine interface ( BMI ), is a direct communication pathway between an enhanced or wired and an external device. BCI differs from in that it allows for bidirectional information flow. BCIs are often directed at researching, mapping, assisting, augmenting, or repairing human cognitive or sensory-motor functions. Research on BCIs began in the 1970s at the (UCLA (...) was very rudimentary. He inserted wires under the scalps of his patients. These were later replaced by silver foils attached to the patient's head by rubber bandages. Berger connected these sensors to a , with disappointing results. However, more sophisticated measuring devices, such as the double-coil recording , which displayed electric voltages as small as one ten thousandth of a volt, led to success. Berger analyzed the interrelation of alternations in his EEG wave diagrams with . EEGs permitted

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2012 Wikipedia

8. Delivering novel therapies in the 21st century

through multiple chronic iterations during the product development. Future clinical development steps 1. Move into large animal models and identify the right structure for keyhole implantation of devices. 2. Develop functional, safe neural interfaces to connect electronic hardware to soft biology. This is a longstanding bioengineering challenge that, once solved, will allow application of technology to different nerves impacting a range of diseases. 3. Develop the full device implant system including (...) years, with advantages including: • Small size distribution. • Natural composition. • Stability in physiological fluids. • Reduced immunogenicity. • Ability to modify the vesicles to impart extra functions. • Ability to modify surface chemistry to introduce new functionality, like changing targeting or distribution, or adding biosensing capabilities. Measuring cell chemistry Physical triggers to get nanotechnology to interface with cells are being investigated for drug delivery. One mechanism uses

2019 Academy of Medical Sciences

9. New and emerging technologies in neurophysiology and operating theatres

. Conventional clinical EEG involves individual, small metal electrodes that are attached to the scalp using a thick paste. This paste acts as both an adhesive and a conducting medium for electrical impulses (originating in the brain) to be transmitted from the scalp to the electrodes. These are ‘wired’ electrodes; a thin cable or lead connects each electrode to the EEG monitoring system. However, research and development activities have resulted in ‘dry’ electrodes which do not require the use of paste (...) with patients (for example, ADHD or mental health conditions). This should occur under the general supervision of a qualified neurofeedback practitioner (typically a psychologist or psychiatrist). For these roles, technicians would require brief specialised training and certification in neurofeedback techniques, protocols and software interfaces. Currently there is no category of technician specific to non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

10. ESC/EACTS Guidelines on Myocardial Revascularization

Trial DANAMI 3-DEFER The Third DANish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: DEFERred stent implantation in connection with primary PCI DANAMI-3− PRIMULTI The Third DANish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: PRImary PCI in MULTIvessel Disease DAPT Dual antiplatelet therapy DCB Drug-coated balloon DEFINE-FLAIR Define Functional Lesion Assessment of Intermediate Stenosis to Guide

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2018 European Society of Cardiology

11. ACR–ASNR Practice Parameter for the Performance of Non-Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Guided Procedures

induced field inhomogeneities.” One way is to generate current in a thin copper wire wrapped around the catheter shaft. Another is to use “active tracking” techniques achieved by mounting a single or multiple micro receive coils connected to the receive channel of the MRI system to the tip of the catheter [96-106]. Augmented steering of catheters can currently be achieved by mechanical tip-deflecting catheters [106- 109]. D. Patient Care 1. Preprocedural care a. The clinical history and relevant

2019 American Society of Neuroradiology

13. Improving the health of the public by 2040

to achieve this through changes to training and continuing professional development. Our recommendation on the establishment of regional hubs of engagement will catalyse more structured, long-term and effective connection between practitioners and researchers, and ensure that health and social care is based on best available evidence. We also set out how to support decisions on wider implementation of, or disinvestment in, interventions by recommending that all major policies and programmes which impact (...) in all areas of science and technology. • Bring together and ensure necessary research capacity across the full range of disciplines required to address future challenges. • Ensure an appropriate interface between researchers, policymakers and practitioners. 2. In pursuit of this aim, to address the following questions in the context of the future health of the UK population: • What are expected to be the main challenges by 2040, and what are the opportunities to address them? • What are the research

2017 Academy of Medical Sciences

14. Identifying the Effects of Using Telecommunications Technology to Provide Clinical Care at a Distance

outcomes for the use of videoconference among individuals diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder.(4) • One recent medium-quality review reported that providing patients with telerehabilitation at home via audio-video technology improved physical functioning following surgery, as compared to usual care.(3) • One recent high-quality review found the connection of audio-visual communication between a hospital and remote critical care unit • One older medium-quality review found that both

2017 McMaster Health Forum

15. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Current State of the Science: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

, % Fibromuscular dysplasia 25–86 , , , Pregnancy 2–8 , , , Multiparity (≥4 births) 8.9–10 , Inherited arteriopathy and connective tissue disorder (see ) 1.2–3.0 , Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, α 1 -antitrypsin deficiency, polycystic kidney disease Exogenous hormones 10.7–12.6 , Oral contraceptives, postmenopausal therapy, infertility treatments, testosterone, corticosteroids Systemic inflammatory disease <1–8.9 , Systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn disease, ulcerative (...) manifest as arterial stenosis, aneurysm, tortuosity, or dissection. Multifocal FMD is the most common type of FMD and is defined angiographically as areas of alternating stenosis and dilatation resulting in a string-of-beads pattern ( ). Focal FMD appears angiographically as a single concentric or tubular narrowing; <10% of cases of FMD are of this type. FMD is not currently considered a connective tissue disorder, which for the purposes of this document refers to conditions in which arterial fragility

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2018 American Heart Association

16. Technology Assessment: EarlySense for Monitoring Vital Signs in Hospitalized Patients

, and selection process; manages the research portfolio of each Center; facilitates editorial review processes; ensures methodological consistency and quality of products; produces “rapid response evidence briefs” at the request of VHA senior leadership; collaborates with HSR&D Center for Information Dissemination and Education Resources (CIDER) to develop a national dissemination strategy for all ESP products; and interfaces with stakeholders to effectively engage the program. Comments on this evidence (...) (RR), and bed motion. Low-acuity systems do not provide cardiac waveforms (rhythm strips). They can display oxygen saturation if that is monitored using a separate system. EarlySense does not interface with the electronic medical record. Every 0.5 seconds, an updated HR reading is established based on analysis of the heart pulse pattern for the last 8 seconds, and an updated RR reading based on analysis of the last 1 minute of the respiration pattern. The system provides alerts if any

2016 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

17. The Learning Healthcare System and Cardiovascular Care: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Care in America that outlined the rationale and structure for the LHS. The authors argued that recent advances in information processing and connectivity, healthcare organizational design, and reimbursement policies centered on quality rather than quantity of care provided the necessary tools for the creation of the LHS. Accordingly, they called for systematic redesign of the healthcare system, focusing on 4 major domains: science and informatics, patient-clinician partnerships, incentives (...) often receive care from multiple providers using different and poorly integrated EHR systems, thus making it difficult to completely track patients across practices or systems. Furthermore, critical clinical data are often recorded in unstructured, narrative text, complicating its use in LHS applications. Development of optimal EHR user interfaces is needed to minimize the deleterious effects of “alert fatigue” and other counterproductive effects of EHR-clinician interaction. In addition, effective

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2017 American Heart Association

18. Video laryngoscopes to help intubation in people with difficult airways

monitors can be angled, rotated or flipped to improve the airway view. Monitors can incorporate a video output port to connect an external monitor and a USB or memory card to download and save images and recordings. Single or multiple internal power sources (rechargeable or non-rechargeable batteries) are used to power the camera, light source and display monitor. A separate charging unit is used for rechargeable components. Video laryngoscopes may comprise reusable (monitor and camera) and disposable (...) multimedia interface; LCD, liquid crystal display; LED, light-emitting diode; PC, personal computer; SD, secure digital; SP , single patient; TFT-LCD, thin film transistor liquid crystal display; USB, universal serial bus; V, volt; VGA, video graphics array; VL, video laryngoscope. Innovations A conventional direct laryngoscope moves the tongue to create an unobstructed, direct view of the glottic entrance, to help placement of the tracheal tube. However, it can be challenging to see the vocal cords

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

19. Assessing Cardiac Metabolism

on the system. A brief historical perspective on metabolic flux measurements is given in the . Lastly, the discovery of epigenetics , has broadened the conception of intermediary metabolism in the heart, because the substrates required for all 4 forms of epigenetic changes, (ie, DNA methylation, covalent histone modifications, ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling, and noncoding RNA–mediated pathways), are all derived from, or connected to, intermediary metabolism of energy-providing substrates. Several

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2016 American Heart Association

20. Developing the Pediatric Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit: A Clinical Report by the NASPGHAN Endoscopy and Procedures Committee

for culture or pancreatic stimulation test. Table 5 gives an overview of endoscopic accessories. Light Source and Video Processor The endoscope is connected to a light source and video processor that transmits an image to software for further manage- ment. The processor and light source may be separate units versus a combined unit depending on the manufacturer (Table 6). Xenon gas is used in the light source in newer units rather than halogen in older units. It should be noted that the endoscope, light (...) source, and video processor are not interchangeable between manufacturers. The video processors have either standard (SD) analog or digital high definition (HD) video output with variable zoom features. Many of the new processors have narrow band imaging that is used in the detection of dysplastic lesions in adults, although pediatric use has not been defined. The cost of each unit is highly dependent on the digital interface and resolution of each processor. Image Management The images (single still

2016 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

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