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Windows Powershell

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1. Windows Powershell

Windows Powershell Windows Powershell Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Windows Powershell Windows Powershell Aka (...) : Windows Powershell From Related Chapters II. Background Commands are shown in Pascal Case for readability, but they are typically used in lower case In most cases, Powershell is case insensitive script files (.ps1) from within powershell command line Get-Help About_Scripts a script starts with a period (".") and then the file path: . ".\myfile.ps1" If a script in the same directory, precede the script file name with ".\" Scripts can also be used within pipelines Comments # precedes each plain text

2018 FP Notebook

2. Windows Powershell

Windows Powershell Windows Powershell Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Windows Powershell Windows Powershell Aka (...) : Windows Powershell From Related Chapters II. Background Commands are shown in Pascal Case for readability, but they are typically used in lower case In most cases, Powershell is case insensitive script files (.ps1) from within powershell command line Get-Help About_Scripts a script starts with a period (".") and then the file path: . ".\myfile.ps1" If a script in the same directory, precede the script file name with ".\" Scripts can also be used within pipelines Comments # precedes each plain text

2015 FP Notebook

3. Microsoft Windows Server

and Role features (as well as feature) Get-WindowsFeature -ComputerName myOtherServer.domain.edu Get-WindowsFeature | where-object 'installed' -eq $true Add-WindowsFeature -ComputerName myOtherServer.domain.edu -Name DNS -IncludeManagementTools References Bender (2016) Windows Server Admin Fundamentals Using Powershell, Pluralsight VI. Management: Set-Up GUI Power Management Control panel: Hardware - Power options Power plan defaults to Balanced Set to "High Performance" if high loads, high latency (...) Microsoft Windows Server Microsoft Windows Server Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Microsoft Windows Server Microsoft

2018 FP Notebook

4. Microsoft Windows Run Command

Command Microsoft Windows Run Command Aka: Microsoft Windows Run Command From Related Chapters II. Approach Run Command prompt can be opened with WIN-R (or WIN-X on windows 8+) Pressing the Windows button, brings up a search box that will also recognize commands Commands are case insensitive (but pascal case is used below for easier recognition) Powershell accepts any of these commands Some commands with parameters may require to run command in quotes with IEX Example: IEX "shutdown -r" III. Technique (...) : Accessories Calc Calculator CharMap Character Map Notepad Notepad Application IV. Technique: Audio and Video Desk.cpl Display properties MmSys.cpl Sounds and Audio V. Technique: Command prompt Cmd Command window, dos prompt Powershell Powershell command window VI. Technqiue: Files and Folders Explorer Open File Explorer VII. Technique: Remote Connections MsTsc Remote Desktop Connection TelNet Telnet Client VIII. Technique: System Settings and Start-Up RegEdit Registry Editor MsConfig System Configuration

2018 FP Notebook

5. Microsoft Windows Server

and Role features (as well as feature) Get-WindowsFeature -ComputerName myOtherServer.domain.edu Get-WindowsFeature | where-object 'installed' -eq $true Add-WindowsFeature -ComputerName myOtherServer.domain.edu -Name DNS -IncludeManagementTools References Bender (2016) Windows Server Admin Fundamentals Using Powershell, Pluralsight VI. Management: Set-Up GUI Power Management Control panel: Hardware - Power options Power plan defaults to Balanced Set to "High Performance" if high loads, high latency (...) Microsoft Windows Server Microsoft Windows Server Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Microsoft Windows Server Microsoft

2015 FP Notebook

6. Microsoft Windows Run Command

Command Microsoft Windows Run Command Aka: Microsoft Windows Run Command From Related Chapters II. Approach Run Command prompt can be opened with WIN-R (or WIN-X on windows 8+) Pressing the Windows button, brings up a search box that will also recognize commands Commands are case insensitive (but pascal case is used below for easier recognition) Powershell accepts any of these commands Some commands with parameters may require to run command in quotes with IEX Example: IEX "shutdown -r" III. Technique (...) : Accessories Calc Calculator CharMap Character Map Notepad Notepad Application IV. Technique: Audio and Video Desk.cpl Display properties MmSys.cpl Sounds and Audio V. Technique: Command prompt Cmd Command window, dos prompt Powershell Powershell command window VI. Technqiue: Files and Folders Explorer Open File Explorer VII. Technique: Remote Connections MsTsc Remote Desktop Connection TelNet Telnet Client VIII. Technique: System Settings and Start-Up RegEdit Registry Editor MsConfig System Configuration

2015 FP Notebook

7. Microsoft Internet Information Services

Microsoft Internet Information Services Microsoft Internet Information Services Aka: Microsoft Internet Information Services From Related Chapters II. Management: Powershell Set-up Run Powershell as admin Import-Module WebAdministration Required to run IIS commandlets inside powershell IIS: Powershell treats IIS as a drive letter Dir Will list three directories: AppPools, Sites, SslBindings IIS Typing IIS at the powershell prompt will open IIS GUI Adding a new site (with and without www header) Import (...) :\inetpub\logs\logparserstudio) V. References Evans (2011) IIS for Developers, Pluralsight Schaefer (2014) Professional Microsoft IIS 8, Wrox Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Microsoft Internet Information Services." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Medical Informatics About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access

2018 FP Notebook

8. Visual Studio Code

: Visual Studio Code , VS Code From Related Chapters II. Pitfalls Node Wrong Node version Use LTS (latest stable version), which in 2016 is roughly 4.5 (not 5+) Typescript Make sure the environ paths are correct, and that npm path precedes typesccript path Path for typescript should be most recent version "Edit Environmental Variables > System Variables > Paths" (Windows) C:\Users[USERNAME]\AppData\Roaming\npm C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SDKs\TypeScript\1.8 III. Technique: Starting Open from (...) /Navigate for file Ctrl-Shift-F Search within all files in current folder Ctrl-Shift-J Advanced search option settings Definitions F12 Go to definition Alt-F12 Peek Definition Side-by-side windows Ctrl-B Toggle explorer side-bar visibility Ctrl-click on a second file in the "explorer" side-bar Open selected file in side-by-side panel Ctrl-\ Split the current active panel into two parts Ctrl-1, Ctrl-2, or Ctrl-3 Switch between panels Text Editor Shift-Alt-F Auto-format code Ctrl-/ Toggle line comment Alt

2018 FP Notebook

9. Asp.Net Entity Framework

Entity Framework Aka: Asp.Net Entity Framework From Related Chapters II. Approach: Code First Precautions Avoid changing database object class names (breaks the migrations) If this occurs, see corrupted database below Starting with asp.net mvc project with identity Open Package Manager (Alt-"/.") and select correct default project Type "Update-Database" If at non-powershell command prompt, type "dotnet ef database update" Subsequent migrations Open Package Manager (Alt-"/.") and select correct (...) ) values ('dataitem')") Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Asp.Net Entity Framework." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Medical Informatics About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656

2018 FP Notebook

10. Notebook Computer

) - reboot machine Reinstall application Slow performance Loaded applications are monopolizing resources (reboot machine) Limited hard drive space or system RAM Frozen Operating System Application frozen (close with Task Manager or powershell Stop-Process) System frozen (identify what changed before system freeze, boot into safe mode or recovery disk) Unable to decrypt email Encryption key is missing Mail program - application incombatibility Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing (...) ) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Notebook Computer." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Medical Informatics About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 chapters. Content

2018 FP Notebook

11. Computer Storage Device

significant performance benefit TRIM command can be used with SSD to mark open areas of writeable memory Self Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) Various software packages (e.g. Crystal Disk Info) predicts drive failure before it occurs (based on disk metadata) File Recovery Software Acronis Backup Windows File History (must be enabled) Apple Time Machine Windows command line utilities (run in Powershell) Background Command line tools are largely replaced by powershell (and graphical (...) Storage Device Aka: Computer Storage Device , Solid State Hard Drive , Mechanical Hard Drive , RAID Array From Related Chapters II. Background: Windows Disk Format Partition Tables GUID Partitition Table (GPT) Typical partition table for most disks since allows virtually unlimited disk size (9 Zettabytes = 9 Billion Terabytes) Master Boot Record (MBR) Older legacy systems and tools (e.g. Microsoft Recovery Tool still creates MBR) allow a maximum of 2 terabytes File systems New Technology File System

2018 FP Notebook

12. Computer Network

(e.g. Acrylic WiFi, Ekahau Heat Mapper, inSSIder) Windows command line (most have been replaced by Powershell commands) Ipconfig Ipconfig /all : shows all configuration information Ipconfig /release : relinquishes DHCP assigned local IP lease Ipconfig /renew : reassigns an IP lease to the requesting client Ping Type "ping" (or ping /?) without any parameters and will give help Ping localhost : Confirms basic IP stack works on client system (default to IPv6 addresses) Ping -4 locahost : Same (...) Client (Fat Client) Fully installed operating systems and needed software Thin Client (Slim Client) User device that is smaller, lower cost, limited resource (memory, processing power) Relies on a networked connection to a more powerful server that performs much of the application functionality Operating system with deployed applications (e.g. Citrix) Zero Client (e.g. Dell Wyse) Operating system and applications are deployed (e.g. remote desktop in Windows) III. Background: Network Layouts (network

2018 FP Notebook

13. IP Address

Address , Subnet Mask , Host IP Address , DHCP Server From Related Chapters II. Approach: Configuration Server Static IP Addresses Client DHCP generated dynamic IP Addresses (see below) III. Approach: Utilities Windows built in utilities Run command, ncpa.cpl (network connections) Powershell IpConfig /all Lists all network adapters and their IP Addresses, physical addresses (MAC) Netstat Lists all TCP connections Applications (Windows) TCPview (app from sysinternals.com) Shows port usages (...) - Secure (HTTPS) 445: Server Message Box Protocol (SMB) - file sharing (includes Windows shares and active directory) 636: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol - Secure (LDAP) - used by active directory, user/group management 3389: Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) Registered ports (1024 to 49151) Business-defined ports (2 businesses could assign the same port and conflict) Dynamic ports or ephemeral ports (49152 to 65535) Software may switch to a dynamic port after initially connecting on well known port

2018 FP Notebook

14. Git Distributed Revision Control System

Distributed Revision Control System Git Distributed Revision Control System Aka: Git Distributed Revision Control System From Related Chapters II. Precautions These git related notes are intended for the author of this website to have a quick reference for his own use Use these git related notes with caution (there are pitfalls, and there are likely better commands) III. Background: Windows Set-up Run git via powershell instead of Git-Bash Use Posh-Git package Use Powershell without the ISE (which (...) otherwise tends to hang) Open via windows explorer Type powershell in the Address Bar (older windows versions) Add powershell-here menu option using powershell (windows 7) Use open powershell here menu option (windows 8) IV. Technique: Git Commands Adding (Staging) git add PATH Stage specified in the file path (e.g. PATH of '*.txt' would add all files in dir with txt extension, quotes required) PATH may contain subfolders (e.g. mainFolder/subfile.txt) git add -A Stages all files (new, modified, deleted

2018 FP Notebook

15. Unified Medical Language System

network Organizational tree structure of concepts Specialist Lexicon Natural Language processing tools IV. Approach: Installing UMLS (on Windows) Background This is what I do to install UMLS on Windows in MS SQL Server Note that this is a time consuming process (days) that I only perform every 2-3 years Obtain UMLS nse Download UMLS Use the teminology_download_script Edit the curl-uts-download.bat (based on the README.txt Create a powershell file to download all files from the above URL Example: c (...) server in task manager services to have my.ini changes take affect Navigate to the META output directory (e.g. output\2014AB\META) Scripting the database creation and indexing Option 1: Batch file Edit the "populate_mysql_db.bat" file Double click the modified bat file (or run in powershell) rates and populates the database and applies database table indexes This will run for a very long time and with minimal to no screen output Will output to mysql.log Option 2: Import the SQL file into MySQL

2018 FP Notebook

16. Notebook Computer

) - reboot machine Reinstall application Slow performance Loaded applications are monopolizing resources (reboot machine) Limited hard drive space or system RAM Frozen Operating System Application frozen (close with Task Manager or powershell Stop-Process) System frozen (identify what changed before system freeze, boot into safe mode or recovery disk) Unable to decrypt email Encryption key is missing Mail program - application incombatibility Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing (...) ) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Notebook Computer." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Medical Informatics About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 728 chapters. Content

2017 FP Notebook

17. Computer Storage Device

significant performance benefit TRIM command can be used with SSD to mark open areas of writeable memory Self Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) Various software packages (e.g. Crystal Disk Info) predicts drive failure before it occurs (based on disk metadata) File Recovery Software Acronis Backup Windows File History (must be enabled) Apple Time Machine Windows command line utilities (run in Powershell) Background Command line tools are largely replaced by powershell (and graphical (...) Storage Device Aka: Computer Storage Device , Solid State Hard Drive , Mechanical Hard Drive , RAID Array From Related Chapters II. Background: Windows Disk Format Partition Tables GUID Partitition Table (GPT) Typical partition table for most disks since allows virtually unlimited disk size (9 Zettabytes = 9 Billion Terabytes) Master Boot Record (MBR) Older legacy systems and tools (e.g. Microsoft Recovery Tool still creates MBR) allow a maximum of 2 terabytes File systems New Technology File System

2017 FP Notebook

18. IP Address

Address , Subnet Mask , Host IP Address , DHCP Server From Related Chapters II. Approach: Configuration Server Static IP Addresses Client DHCP generated dynamic IP Addresses (see below) III. Approach: Utilities Windows built in utilities Run command, ncpa.cpl (network connections) Powershell IpConfig /all Lists all network adapters and their IP Addresses, physical addresses (MAC) Netstat Lists all TCP connections Applications (Windows) TCPview (app from sysinternals.com) Shows port usages (...) - Secure (HTTPS) 445: Server Message Box Protocol (SMB) - file sharing (includes Windows shares and active directory) 636: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol - Secure (LDAP) - used by active directory, user/group management 3389: Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) Registered ports (1024 to 49151) Business-defined ports (2 businesses could assign the same port and conflict) Dynamic ports or ephemeral ports (49152 to 65535) Software may switch to a dynamic port after initially connecting on well known port

2017 FP Notebook

19. Asp.Net Entity Framework

Entity Framework Aka: Asp.Net Entity Framework From Related Chapters II. Approach: Code First Precautions Avoid changing database object class names (breaks the migrations) If this occurs, see corrupted database below Starting with asp.net mvc project with identity Open Package Manager (Alt-"/.") and select correct default project Type "Update-Database" If at non-powershell command prompt, type "dotnet ef database update" Subsequent migrations Open Package Manager (Alt-"/.") and select correct (...) ) values ('dataitem')") Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Asp.Net Entity Framework." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Medical Informatics About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656

2016 FP Notebook

20. Visual Studio Code

: Visual Studio Code , VS Code From Related Chapters II. Pitfalls Node Wrong Node version Use LTS (latest stable version), which in 2016 is roughly 4.5 (not 5+) Typescript Make sure the environ paths are correct, and that npm path precedes typesccript path Path for typescript should be most recent version "Edit Environmental Variables > System Variables > Paths" (Windows) C:\Users[USERNAME]\AppData\Roaming\npm C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SDKs\TypeScript\1.8 III. Technique: Starting Open from (...) /Navigate for file Ctrl-Shift-F Search within all files in current folder Ctrl-Shift-J Advanced search option settings Definitions F12 Go to definition Alt-F12 Peek Definition Side-by-side windows Ctrl-B Toggle explorer side-bar visibility Ctrl-click on a second file in the "explorer" side-bar Open selected file in side-by-side panel Ctrl-\ Split the current active panel into two parts Ctrl-1, Ctrl-2, or Ctrl-3 Switch between panels Text Editor Shift-Alt-F Auto-format code Ctrl-/ Toggle line comment Alt

2016 FP Notebook

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